Taken from Riyadh ul Jannah
Translated by Hafiz Ghulam Muhammad Bora
Published by Islamic Da’wah Academy, Leicester, England
LA ILAHA ILLALLA HU MOHAMMAD UR RASOO LILLAH – Tawheed of the Almighty ALLAH ta’ala and Risalat of Prophet Muhammad (saws), the sound of which echoes around the globe. Amazing though it sounds, but fortunately for the Muslims of the world, it is an established fact. Have a look at a map of the world and you will find Indonesia [a Muslim country] right on the eastern side of the earth’s central land mass. Indonesia consists of many numerous islands, the principle ones being Java, Sumatra, Borneo and Celebes, all of which are well known. It is the largest Muslim country in the world with 180 million inhabitants. As soon as dawn breaks on the eastern island of Celebes, at approximately 5.30 am local time, Fajr Azan begins. Thousands of Mu’azzins in eastern Indonesia commence proclaiming the Tawheed [Oneness] of the Almighty, Omnipotent and Omniscient ALLAH ta’ala and Risalat [Universal Apostleship] of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (saws). The process then continues and advances towards the western islands of Indonesia. The time difference between the eastern and western islands of Indonesia is one and a half hours.
Hence, one and a half hours after the echoes has been completed in Celebes, it echoes in Jakarta and Java island. Sumatra then follows suit and before this auspicious process of calling Azan ends in Indonesia, it has already begun in Malaysia, Burma is then next in line, and within an hour of its commencement in Jakarta, it reaches Dacca, the capital of Bangladesh. No sooner the calling of Azan ends in Bangladesh, it has already prevailed in western India, from Calcutta to Luknow. It then advances towards to Bombay and the environment of entire India resounds with this glorious proclamation. Srinagar and Sialkot [a city in north Pakistan] have the same timing for Azan. The difference between Sialkot, Kota, Karachi and Gowadar [a city in Baluchistan, a province of Pakistan] is forty minutes, and within this time, Fajr Azan is heard throughout Pakistan. Before it ends in Pakistan, it has already begun in Afghanistan and Muscat. The time difference between Muscat and Baghdad is one hour. Azan resounds during this one hour in the environments of Hijaz-e-Muquaddas, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait and Iraq. The time difference between Baghdad and Alexandra in Egypt is again one hour. Azan continues to resound in . . Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Somalia and Sudan during this hour. Alexandria and Istanbul [the principal city of Turkey] are situated on the same geographical longitude. The time difference between eastern and western Turkey in one and half hours, and during this time it is echoed with the call to prayer. Alexandra and Tripoli [the capital of Libya] are located at an hour’s difference from one another. It continues into Algiers, . Tunis, Rabat and Marrakech. The process of calling Azan thus continues throughout the whole of Africa. Therefore the proclamation of the Oneness of ALLAH ta’ala and the Apostleship of Prophet Muhammad (saws) that had begun in the eastern islands of Indonesia reaches the eastern shores of the Atlantic ocean after nine hours. Prior to the Azan reaching the shores of the Atlantic, the process of Zuhr Azan has already commenced in eastern Indonesia, and before it reaches Dacca, Asr Azan has started. This has hardly reached Jakarta, one and a half hours later, then the time for Maghrib becomes due and no sooner has Mahgrib time reached Sumatra, then the time for Isha Azan has commenced in Celebes! When the Mu’azzins of Indonesia are calling out Fajr Azan, the Mu’azzins in Africa are calling out the Azan for Isha. If we ponder over this phenomenon seriously, we can only conclude the amazing fact that thousands, if not hundreds of thousands, of Mu’azzins around the world are always proclaiming the Oneness of Almighty ALLAH ta’ala and the Apostleship of the noble Prophet (saws). Insha’ALLAH ta’ala, this universal and continuous calling of the Azan shall continue until the Day of Judgement. Ameen.
All praise be to ALLAH ta’ala.
Please read, learn, understand, practice and teach others the above. However please do not change their meaning.
Q&A ON THE ATHAAN
By Shaikh Ibn Baaz
Translated by Abu Yahya Eesa Starling
Question: Some of the people say that if the Athaan is not called at the beginning of it’s time then there is no reason for it because the Athaan is to notify that the prayer has entered (it’s time). What is your opinion your eminence in that? And is the Athaan legislated for the lone individual in the desert?
The Answer: If the muaththin has not called the Athaan at the beginning of it’s time it is not legislated for him to call it after that, if he is in a place where all the muaththins except him, have fulfilled that which was requested from them (calling the Athaan). (However), if the delaying is insignificant (short) then there is no problem with his calling the Athaan.
On the other hand, if there is no one in that area (city/town) except him, then calling the Athaan is incumbent upon him even if he were to delay it, for the Athaan in this case is a “collective duty” and no one is there to establish it except him; consequently making it an obligation upon him being that he is responsible for it (the Athaan) and that the people in most cases are waiting for him.
As for the traveler then the Athaan has been legislated for him even if he is alone. For what has been reliably reported in Al-Bukhaari on the authority of Aboo Sa`eed (radi Allahu ‘anhu) that he (sallAllaahu alaihi wasallam) said to a man, “If you were with your sheep in the desert then raise your voice with the call (to prayer) for indeed the range of the muaththin’s voice is not heard by a jinn nor a human nor a thing except that it witnesses for him on the day of resurrection.” This is reported from the Prophet (sallAllaahu alaihi wasalaam) and for the generality of other Hadeeth regarding the legislation of the Athaan and its benefits.
Question: Is the Athaan and the Iqaamah legislated for the women regardless if they were in town (city) by themselves or in the desert isolated or with a group?
The Answer: The Athaan nor the Iqaamah are legislated for the women regardless if they were in there city or traveling rather the Athaan and the Iqaamah are for the men as the authentic hadeeth of Allah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu alaihi wasalaam) have shown.