THE UNDERSTANDING OF TABARRUK WITH AL US-SUNNAH
By Salih bin `Abdul-`Aziz bin Muhammad Aal ash-Shaikh
Definitions: At-Tabarruk means to seek blessings (barakah) in something. It is derived from al-Barakah, which means, or is often translated as blessing.
Al-Barakah is explained by ‘ziyadah’ (increase) and ‘namaa’ (growth).
Hence someone who performs tabarruk is seeking an increase/growth in something. The things for which growth and increase is desired are numerous: possessions, wealth, strength, offspring, success, etc.
Reason For the Talk: Abu Waaqid al-Laythee: “We went out with the Messenger of Allaah (sas) on the campaign to Hunain while we had just left disbelief (kufr) for Islaam. The pagans had a sidrah (lote-tree) called ‘Dhat Anwat’ where they would remain and hang their arms upon it. When we passed by it we said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, won’t you make for us another Dhat Anwat just like their Dhat Anwat?’. The Messenger of Allaah said, ‘Allaahu Akbar! By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, verily these are the ways of the earlier nations. You have said exactly as the Banu Israil have said to Musa, “Make for us a god just as their Gods He (Musa) said, ‘Verily you are an ignorant people’ (7:138)”.
Certainly, you will follow the ways of those who went before you.” [Tirmidhi - Sahih].
The Companions thought that the tree can bring some benefit and repel harm, which is shirk. They sought tabarruk through this tree. The last part of the hadeeth shows that this Ummah will certainly follow the ways of those nations that came before it. Hence, the need to discuss this topic.
This increase and growth (ziyadah, namaa) can exist in a number of ways:
In Physical Essences (Bodies) i.e. Humans
In the Characteristics and Attributes of things
This is in terms of the linguistic aspect. As for the Sharee’ah aspect, then that will be discussed later inshaa’allaah.
And We have placed therein Mountains on top of it and we have placed blessings (barakah) therein 41:10
And then We made to inherit those who were weak and oppressed the eastern and western parts of the earth, in which We had placed blessing (barakah) 7:137
We should have opened blessings (barakaat) for them from the heavens and the earth 7:96
And say (O Nuh), “O My Lord, cause me to land at a blessed place 23:29
2. Physical Essences
And We blessed him and Ishaaq, and from their offspring are those who do right and those who wrong themselves 37:113
O Nuh, come down from the ship with peace from Us and blessings on you and the people who are with you (and on some of their offspring) 11:48
3. Attributes of Things
But when you enter the houses, greet one another with the greeting from Allaah (As-Salaamu Alaikum), blessed and good 24:61
And this is a Blessed Reminder which We have sent down. Will you then deny it? [21:50]
So from the linguistic point of view, barakah, which is increase and growth, can be found in one of the three ways mentioned above; in places, physical essences or in the attributes of things.
The Sole Owner and Distributor of Barakah is Allaah
When one reflects upon the Qur’an one finds that it indicates that barakah is from Allaah and is to be requested from Him, the Most High. It is also He alone Who places it whomever He wills from His servants and in whatever He wills from His creation.
Blessed be Allaah, Lord of the Worlds 7:54
Blessed be He in Whose Hand is the Dominion 67:1
Blessed be He Who sent down the Criterion upon His Slave 25:1
Blessed be He who has placed in the heaven big stars 25:61
So Blessed be Allaah, the Best of all creators 23:14
Blessed be the Name of Your Lord, the Owner of Majesty and Honour 55:78
And this is indicated by the fact that the word “tabaaraka” occurs in the Qur’an being attached only to Allaah and nothing else. And this shows that all the Barakah belongs to Allaah, that it all originates from Him and that He gives Barakah to various categories from His creation.
The General (Restricted) and Absolute (Specific) Types of Barakah
The general restricted type of barakah is found in various things. Amongst them:
1. The Rain is blessed since an increase in tillage, plants, crop and life in general is obtained by it and there is also considerable growth on account of it.
And We sent down blessed rain from the sky and produced from it gardens and grain that are reaped 50:9
2. Whatever has been placed on the Earth, is also from His Blessings.
And We have placed therein Mountains on top of it and we have placed blessings (barakah) therein 41:10
…The eastern and western parts of the earth, in which We had placed blessing (barakah) 7:137
3. Blessings in whatever comes down from the heavens and what comes out of the earth
And if the people of the towns had believed and feared Allaah (taqwaa) We certainly would have opened for them blessings from the heavens and the earth. There are other examples similar to these in which there is the general (restricted) type of barakah from by which benefit, goodness, growth and increase is obtained. However, it is not always the case that everything that comes from the heavens and earth that it always brings barakah. This is dependent upon other things, which if they are found, the barakah is given and if they are not, then the barakah will end. Hence, this is not absolute barakah and this thing does not in and of itself produce barakah. Eg. The rain might come down, but if it is not followed up by some sunshine and if the soil is not right, then the crops will not go. So this type of barakah sometimes occurs and sometimes it does not occur.
As for the absolute and specific type of barakah then that can be found in the following things:
1. The Prophets and the Messengers
And We blessed him and Ishaaq 37:113
O Nuh, come down from the ship with peace from Us and blessings on 11:48
And make me blessed wherever I may be 19:31
2. The Places of Worship
Glorified and Exalted is He Who took His Slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Masjid ul-Haram to Masjid ul-Aqsa, the neighbourhood of which we have blessed 17:1
Verily the first House (of worship) appointed from Mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing and guidance for the world (men and jinn) 3:96
3. Whatever Allaah has sent down of guidance and revelation
And this is a Blessed Reminder which We have sent down. Will you then deny it? [21:50]
And this is Blessed Book which We have sent down 6:155
This is a Book which we have sent down to you, full of blessings, that they may ponder over its verses 38:29
Hence the Qur’an is a Blessed Reminder, and reflecting upon its verses is a blessed action. From this reflection is the various sciences of the Qur’an, and also the Sunnah explains the general meanings of the Quran. So following the Qur’an and the Sunnah is blessed. And likewise, all the various sciences which arise from reflecting upon the verses of the Qur’an and understanding the Sunnah are also blessed. So the reciter, the jurist, the muhaddith then all of them perform actions which are blessed.
The above three examples contain the specific, unrestricted barakah. In other words, these things physically and as part of their e¨thesalafi
However, one or two clarifications need to be made here:
Firstly: The specific type of barakah in the places of worship such as Masjidul-Haram and Masjid ul-Aqsaa, then the barakah which they contain is not obtained by the physical parts of the masjid, such as the walls, the floor or the pillars etc. And it is a unanimous agreement of the Muslims that no one touches the pillars or walls of the Mosque seeking barakah thereby. However, the mosques are blessed and this is understood to mean the growth and increase in a person’s eemaan and subsequently in his sustenance etc. Also the increase in goodness that a worshipper attains when visiting them.
Thus, the reward for prayer in the Masjid is 25 or 27 times more than prayer at home, or alone. Then prayer in Masjid ul-Haram is 100,000 times more than in any other mosque. The prayer in the Prophet’s mosque is 1000 times better than the prayer in other mosques. And prayer in Masjid ul-Aqsaa is 500 times better than the prayer in other mosques. And thus, what is understood from this is the actual reward and benefit that a servant gets through a Masjid, since it is a place of worship, and knowledge and teaching etc.
Secondly: The Messengers and Prophets have two types of Barakah. The barakah of ittibaa’ and righteous action is also one of the two types of blessings of the Prophets and Messengers. Hence the follower of their Sunnah, who guides himself by their guidance will obtain growth and increase in the reward for his actions on account of having followed them.
The Barakah in The Book and the Sunnah is of Two Types
After this initial introduction has been made, it should now be clear that the Barakah in the Book and the Sunnah is of two types.
The First: The Barakah of the dhaat (physical essence) and whatever remnants are left from it. This type is for the Prophets and the Messengers and no one else is included amongst them, not even the best of the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger (sas), such as Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali. They do not share in this barakah.
And no person can obtain the barakah of the Prophets, except the one who is upon what they called to (Tawheed and Obedience) and who guide themselves by their actions and who adhere to their commands and prohibitions. And an example of this is that the barakah of the presence of the Messenger (sas) did not benefit the Companions who disobeyed his command in the Battle of Uhud. (refer to 3:152). So they were made to suffer a great deal on account of their disobedience.
This type of barakah of the physical essence was cut off after the death of the Messenger (sas) except what remains of his physical essence after his death (eg. Hair). However, the certainty that something remains today and the truthfulness of that has diminished after the passing of time. Anyone making the claim has to provide isnaad to show that something is from the Messenger (sas) since many make that claim.
The Second: The Barakah of Righteous Action and Following the Messenger (sas). And everyone whose action agrees with the Sunnah of the Prophet (sas) attains this. Hence, every Muslim has barakah of action within him to the same extent that he follows the commands and prohibitions of Allaah, by doing the commanded things and avoiding the prohibited things. It is for this reason that there comes the hadeeth in Bukhaaree “Certainly there is within this tree a barakah like the barakah of the Muslim” concerning the date-palm tree. Therefore, every Muslim has barakah to the extent that he follows the Book and the Sunnah. However his barakah is the barakah of action and not the barakah of the physical body. This is only for the Messengers and Prophets, whose bodies are not consumed by the earth.
Likewise, the righteous servants of Allaah have the barakah of righteous action and following to the extent of what the possess of the requirements of that barakah. Hence, the Scholar of the Sunnah has the barakah of knowledge, the Hafidh of the Book of Allaah who guards its commandments has the barakah that results from that and so on. And the ones with the greatest Barakah are the greatest and most severe of them in following the Book and the Sunnah, those who adhere to all the obligatory duties and those who refrain from the prohibited matters.
So the issue here is that whoever is from the Prophets then he has both types of barakah, in the physical essence (i.e. his body) and also in his actions. And whoever is other them, then his barakah is only in his action and not in his physical body.
An example: Urwa’s father said, Aishah said, “I borrowed a necklace from Asma and it was lost. So Allaah’s Messenger sent a man to search fro it and he found it. Then the time for prayer came and there was no water. They prayed (without ablution) and informed Allaah’s Messenger about it and so the verse of tayammum was revealed. Usaid bin Hudair said to Aishah, ‘May Allaah reward you, whenever anything happened which you did not like, Allaah brought good for you and for the Muslims in that”. And he also said, “…O Family of Abu Bakr! This is not the first blessing of yours”. [Bukharee]. So here the barakah of tayammum was sent down, on account of Aishah. However this was not the barakah of the physical essence and Usaid bin Hudair was not seeking the barakah of the physical essence from Abu Bakr and his family such as what they used to do with the hair and other things from the Messenger (sas).
Likewise: When the Messenger (sas) married Juwairiyyah, Aishah said, “I never saw a woman in whom there was a greater barakah for her people than her” [Musnad and Abu Dawud in his Sunan]. So this was in reference to the fact that many from the tribe of Juwairiyyah were released after her marriage to the Prophet. So again, this shows that the barakah was not in Juwairiyyah physically, but because she married the Prophet (sas), a great barakah was bestowed upon her.
Hence, to conclude this section: Barakah of both types is only for the Prophets and Messengers, but as for other than them, then whatever barakah they possess it is only on account of following the guidance. To the extent that they follow the guidance, to that extent do they possess barakah. This is the understanding of Ahl us-Sunnah.
After understanding all of this we are now ready to discuss tabarruk through the Messenger (sas) and the righteous people.
Tabarruk through the Prophet Muhammad (sas)
The Prophet Muhammad (sas) is blessed in his physical body, in his characteristics and actions, and this barakah can also be brought about by his physical body, his characteristics and his actions
It is firmly established from the Companions that they used to seek blessings through certain things from his body which had separated from his body, such as his hair, or the water from the wudhoo’ or blood etc. These hadeeths have come in the two Saheehs and are authentic.
The Messenger (sas) has been given the greatest rank of barakah, more than all the other Messengers and from his various parts (such as hair etc.) barakah is brought about and it is permissible to seek barakah through them. A group from the Companions used to do this.
As for seeking barakah from the places where the Messenger (sas) went, such as a place in which he stopped and rested (on a journey) or a place in which he prayed or where he placed his foot or placed his hand etc., then there is no text or evidence that has been reported which shows that the barakah of the physical essence rubbed off onto these places such that they possessed barakah of the physical essence and that tabarruk should be made through them. And for this reason, none of the Sahaabah used to do this, neither during his life nor after his life.
Therefore, wherever the Messenger (saws) went or stopped then it is not correct to seek tabarruk through these things, this in this there is a glorification of such things and places for which it is not permissible for us to glorify and also this is one of the avenues which leads to shirk. Never did a people follow up the tracks of their Prophets except that they went astray.
Umar forbade this practice. Ma’roor bin Suwaid al-Asadi said, “I went along with Umar (from Makkah to Madinah). When we arose in the morning, Umar saw people going in a certain direction. He said, ‘Where are they going?’ and they said, ‘They are going to a mosque in which the Prophet prayed’. Umar said, “Verily the Prophet before you were destroyed because of their veneration of the places where the Prophets prayed. They used to follow the tracks of their Prophets and made them into places of worship. So whoever manages to pray in these (other) mosques when the time for prayer comes, then let him prayer and whoever misses the prayer at its time, then let him continue (and not to deliberately pray in these places). [Ibn Waddah al-Qurtubi in al-Bida, Ibn Abi Shaibah in his Musannaf with a sahih isnad].
This Umar is the same one about whom the Messenger (sas) said, “Verily Allaah Ajjawajall has placed the truth upon the heart and tongue of Umar” [Ahmad from Ibn Umar with sahih isnad, also in Abu Dawud, Ahmad with other chains of narration].
And there is not doubt that this statement about following the tracks of the Prophets and seeking what they touched as a means of barakah from Umar is from the truth that Allaah placed upon the tongue of Umar (ra).
Ibn Waddah al-Qurtubi (d. 270ish H) also states (p.34 al-Bida): “Malik bin Anas and others from the Scholars of Madinah would detest that people should go to those Masjids, and the following of the tracks of the Prophet (sas), unless it was Uhud or Quba”.
He also said, “Therefore you must adhere to the Imaams of guidance, those who are well known. And one of those who has passed before us has said, “How many matters are there which are well known considered to be good today, but which were considered evil by those who have passed before us.” [Refer also to the statement of Abdullah ibn al-Mubaarak d.181H].
Hence, the point here is that the Salaf used to dislike seeking tabarruk from places, and they used to dislike being attached to these places and hoping for their blessings.
There is no report to show other than this except for that of Ibn Umar (ra) about whom it is known that he used to follow the tracks of the Messenger (sas), such that he would pray where he would pray and so on. And there is no other truthful report about any other Companion that he used to do what Ibn Umar used to do.
So the answer to this is that Ibn Umar did not seek tabarruk from these places, since he did not hold them to contain barakah in their physical essence. However, he sought complete and perfect adherence and imitation of whatever the Messenger (sas) did. Hence, he did not seek tabarruk from these things but the barakah of imitation and adherence. But none of the other Companions made this a habitual practice and it is not reported from any of them, and they did not agree with him in this. Rather his own father, Umar forbade from this practice, and hence his statement has greater precedence over the action of Ibn Umar and his opinion and view. Hence, the truth is with Umar and the majority of the Companions. Also from another angle, Umar when he kissed the black stone, said, “You are only a stone and I only kiss you because I saw the Messenger (sas) kiss you.” So this shows the perfect understanding of ‘Umar and with this we reconcile the action of his son Ibn Umar, that he was only seeking to imitate the Messenger (sas) in action, not that he was seeking tabarruk from these places which the Messenger (sas) had travelled upon or touched etc.
Tabarruk Through the Righteous
It has already preceded that the barakah of the physical essence is only for the one for whom an authentic text exists from Allaah, that He has bestowed upon some barakah, such as for the Prophets and Messengers.
As for those besides them, from the Righteous then the barakah that they contain is the barakah of righteous action.
Some examples of the barakah of the actions of the righteous: that they call the people to goodness, make supplications for them, and that they bring about benefit to the creation because they behave benevolently and well towards them with pure and good intentions. So all of this brings about barakah for the general people. And this is brought about by their actions.
Among the effects of this barakah of action of theirs is what good Allaah brings about on account of them and what harm He repels on account of them.
And Your Lord would never destroy a township wrongfully, whilst its inhabitants are righteous 11:117
So this shows that the barakah of the righteous is in their actions and on account of their actions they bring about good for those besides them.
As for making tabarruk through them, such as seeking to kiss their hands thinking that they contain physical barakah or touching them etc. then all of this is forbidden for anyone besides the Prophets for numerous reasons:
There is no one who is equal to the Prophet (sas) in status so how can he reach the same level of barakah and excellence?
There is no Sharee’ah proof to show that anyone besides the Prophet (sas) has the same position as him with respect to seeking tabarruk from the physical parts of his body. What has been said by ash-Shaatibee in al-I’tisaam (2/6-7), “The Prophet (sas) never left anyone after himself anyone more superior than Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (ra), since he was his Khalifah and no one did this through him… and nor through ‘Umar (ra) and he was the best of the Ummah after him. Then likewise, ‘Uthman (ra) and then all of the Companions, with respect to whom there is no one who is more superior. There is not established from a single one of them any authentic report that states that someone would make tabarruk from them in any of these ways or what is similar to them . Rather they restricted themselves to following and imitating the actions and statements in which they (the Companions) followed the Prophet (sas). This, therefore is a unanimous agreement from them for the abandonment of these things.” And likewise they never did this with al-Hasan or al-Hussain (ra) and nor Fatimah (ra). So the barakah of physical essence does not continue through progeny. I.e. it is not inherited. And this is in refutation of the extreme Shi’a, the Rafidis, may Allaah curse them who claim otherwise. That preventing the means (that lead to an evil itself) is one of the principles of the Sharee’ah and this is contained in the Qur’an and the Sunnah in numerous places in hundreds of places. And for this reason the barakah of the physical essence has only been mentioned with respect to the Prophets and Messengers.. That performing this type of tabarruk with someone besides the Messenger (sas) is a means of fitnah for him since he might be led to amazement with his own soul, pride and arrogance and showing off. And all these things are prohibited.
Tabarruk is through acting upon the Book and the Sunnah and this is the type of barakah that remains extant today. As for barakah through the remnants of the Messenger (sas) (i.e. hair etc.) then whoever claims to be in possession of any artefact needs an isnaad to prove that it is indeed so, since this is an arena where shirk can quite easily be committed. However the certainty of proving this has diminished over time. Nevertheless, the Salaf affirm this type of tabarruk and that the Prophets and Messengers have the barakah of the physical essence and that with respect to the Final Messenger, Muhammad (sas), the Companions used to make tabarruk through his physical essence.
PERIODS AND PLACES OF BLESSING
By Shaykh ‘Abdul-Muhsin Al-Qaasim
All praise is due to Allaah, Lord of all the worlds. Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon the Messenger, his household and companions.
Fellow Muslims! Fear Allaah as He should be feared for fear of Allaah is light to the eyes and life to the hearts.
Dear Muslims! Human beings perform various deeds in this worldly life. The deeds that are in disobedience to Allaah will vanish and those performed to seek the pleasure of Allaah will remain. Allaah says, “Then, as for the foam it passes away as scum upon the banks, while that which is for the good of mankind remains in the earth.” (Ar-Ra’d 13:17)
Blessings are removed from anything done for the sake of other things besides Allaah. It is only Allaah Who blesses, and He gives blessings to whomever He wills among His creatures. Allaah says, “And blessed is He to Whom belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, and with Whom is the knowledge of the Hour, and to Whom you (all) will be returned.” (Az-Zukhruf 43:85)
Everything that is attributed to Him is blessed and His Name is blessed and the blessings are attained through Him. Allaah says, “Blessed be the Name of your Lord (Allaah), the Owner of Majesty and Honour.” (Ar-Rahmaan 55:78)
Brethren in faith! Allaah, in His mercy, gives favours and multiplies blessings. Increase in wealth and deeds, does not lie in much wealth and deeds nor does increase in age lie in the passage of months and years. Rather, the increase in wealth and life lie in blessings that are in them. It is through blessed deed that man attains good commendation in this world and abundance reward in the Hereafter.
Blessing purifies the heart and the soul and it elevates man. If blessing enters a small thing it increases it and if it enters a much thing it makes it beneficial. No one can dispense of blessing. The Prophets and the Messengers even asked it from their Lord. Allaah’s Messenger said, “When Prophet Job was taking a bath naked, golden locusts began to fall on him. Job started collecting them in his clothes. His Lord addressed him, ‘O Job! Haven’t I given you enough so that you are not in need of them?’ Job replied, ‘Yes!’ By Your Honour (power)! But I cannot dispense with Your Blessings.’ “. (Al-Bukhaaree)
The Messengers and the preachers are blessed in their good deeds and in their invitation of people to righteousness and guidance. Allaah tells us that Prophet ‘Eesaa said, “And He has made me blessed wherever I be, and has enjoined on me Salaah (prayer), and Zakaah, as long as I live.” (Maryam 19:31)
Prophet Noah came down from the arch with blessings from Allaah. Allaah says, “It was said: “O Noah! Come down (from the ship) with peace from Us and blessings on you and on the people who are with you.” (Hood 11:48)
Prophet Noah asked Allaah to make him arrive at the blessed station saying, “And say: “My Lord! Cause me to land at a blessed landing-place, for You are the Best of those who bring to land.” (Al-Mu’minoon 23:29)
Allaah blessed Prophet Ibraaheem and his family. Allaah says, “And We gave him the glad tidings of Ishaaq (Isaac) – a Prophet from the righteous. We blessed him and Ishaaq (Isaac).” (As-Saaffaat 37:112-113)
Allaah also blessed Prophet Abraham and his household. He says, “They said: “Do you wonder at the Decree of Allaah? The Mercy of Allaah and His Blessings be on you, O the family (of Ibraaheem (Abraham)) Surely, He (Allaah) is All-Praiseworthy, All-Glorious.” (Hood 11:73)
Ibn Al-Qayyim said, “The blessed household of Abraham is absolutely the noblest household in the world, for all Prophets that emerged after Abraham emerged from his household and all friends of Allaah who will enter Paradise after them shall do so through them and their call.”
The Messenger of Allaah supplicated to his Lord for blessing in all that He gave him. He would say, “And bless me [O Allaah] in all that You give [me].” (At-Tirmidhee)
Muslims’ greeting when they meet one another is invocation of peace, mercy and blessings.
Brethren in faith! The glorious Qur’aan is full of blessings. It is blessed, detailed and the guardian Book. It is mercy, healing, explanation and guidance. Allaah says, “And this is a blessed Reminder (the Qur’aan) which We have sent down, will you then (dare to) deny it?” (Al-Anbiyaa 21:50)
Soorah Al-Baqarah is a blessed Soorah which we are commanded to learn. The Messenger of Allaah said, “Learn Soorah Al-Baqarah. For learning it is a blessing and abandonment of it is a loss. The sorcerers will have no power over it.” (Ahmad)
Increase in wealth and a blessed life lie in being kind to kith and kin. Allaah’s Messenger said, “Whoever desires an expansion in his sustenance and age, should keep good relations with his Kith and kin.” (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)
He who is honest in all his buying and selling and in all his transactions will be blessed in his earnings. The Messenger of Allaah said, “The seller and the buyer have the right to keep or return goods as long as they have not parted. If both the parties spoke the truth and described the defects and qualities (of the goods), then they would be blessed in their transaction, and if they told lies or hid something, then the blessings of their transaction would be lost.” (Al-Bukhaaree)
Dear brethren! It is Islaam’s keen desire for the wellbeing of the family and its attainment of blessings right from its very beginning that it recommends invoking blessing on the newly-wed couple. Aboo Hurayrah narrated that the Messenger of Allaah used to tell the newly-wed, “May Allaah bless you, may He bestow blessings on you and may He join you together in good.” (At-Tirmidhee)
The most blessed woman is the least in expenses. The happy marriage is the one in which easiness and facilitation are prevalent. Allaah’s Messenger said, “The greatest of all women in blessing is the least of them in expenses.” (Ahmad)
The blessed wife is the one who obeys her husband in lawful things and the blessed child is the one who grows up upon obedience to Allaah and upholds the Sunnah. He is the one who guards himself against sins.
Brethren in faith When the family head enters his house he starts by saluting members of his family, invoking Allaah’s blessing upon them. Anas narrated that Allaah’s Messenger told him, “Whenever you enter your house, say ‘Salaam’ for that will be blessing upon you and upon your family.” (At-Tirmidhee) The blessed man is the one who benefits others whenever he goes.
Dear brethren! If a servant moves closer to Allaah his time will be blessed and he will be able to carry out many good deeds in a short time. Aboo Bakr was able to visit a sick person and feed a destitute before the Fajr prayer. He was also fasting on the same day. Abu Hurayrah reported that Allaah’s Messenger said: Who amongst you is observing fast this day? Aboo Bakr said: It is I. He (again) said: Who amongst you has followed the bier today? Aboo Bakr said: It is I. He (the Prophet) again said: Who amongst you has served food to the needy? Aboo Bakr said: It is I. He (again) said: Who amongst you has today visited the sick? Aboo Bakr said: It is I. Thereupon Allaah’s Messenger said: “If these [noble qualities] are combined in a person he will enter Paradise.” (Muslim)
Dear Muslims! The best company is the company of righteous people and the purest gathering is the one in which Allaah is remembered, for Angels attend such a gathering. The sins of those who attend the gathering are forgiven. The Angel will say: ‘There was so-and-so amongst them, and he was not one of them, but he had just come for some need.’ Allaah would say, ‘These are the people whose companions will not be reduced to misery.’ ” (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)
This is some of the blessings that those who remember Allaah and their companions enjoy.
The blessed money is the one that has many benefits and that is spent in the way of righteousness and out of desire for Allaah’s pleasure. He who is contented with little lawful profit and is sincere in his transactions, blessings will be in his wealth and children. The Messenger of Allaah said, “If it [the money] is taken from lawful means and it is spent in rightful places, it will be a wonderful support for its owner.” (Al-Bukhaaree)
Worldly happiness can never be attained except by earning from lawful means. The wealth is augmented if it is spent in righteous ways. Allaah’s Messenger said, “No wealth is diminished through spending [in righteous ways].” (Muslim)
Fellow Muslims! Whatever wealth that is given without asking or longing for it will be blessed. The Messenger of Allaah said, “He who takes it [wealth] without desiring it, it will be blessed for him. But he who takes it out of desire for it, it will not be blessed for him.” (Ibn Hibbaan)
The Muslim should seek after blessing in his food. Your food will be blessed if you eat from what is nearest to you and you abstain from eating from the middle of the plate. It will also be blessed if you mention the Name of Allaah upon it. Allaah’s Messenger said, “Blessing comes into the middle of the food. Eat from its sides and do not eat from its middle.” (At-Tirmidhee)
The Messenger of Allaah also recommended that fingers and the plate should be thoroughly licked after eating in order to attain blessings. He said, “For you do not know in which part of [your food] is blessing.” (Muslim)
Eating together brings blessing as disunity causes the removal of blessing. The companions of Allaah’s Messenger told him, “Allaah’s Messenger, we eat but we are not satisfied. He said: Perhaps you eat separately. They replied: Yes. He said: If you gather together at your food and mention Allah’s name, you will be blessed in it.” (Aboo Daawood)
The most blessed and the most beneficial water is Zamzam. Allaah’s Messenger said, “It is blessed. It is food that nourishes.” (Muslim)
Dear Muslims! Allaah blessed some periods and places. Laylatul-Qadr is a blessed and highly honourable night. Allaah says, “We sent it (this Qur’aan) down on a blessed night.” (Ad-Dukhaan 44:3)
The beginning of the day after the Fajr prayer is a very blessed period and the time in which provisions and blessings are sent down. Allaah swears with this period in His glorious Book when He says, “And by the night as it departs. And by the dawn as it brightens.” (At-Takweer 81:17-18)
The Prophet supplicated for Allaah’s blessing in the beginning of the day. He said, “O Allaah! Bless for my Ummah [in what they do] early in the morning.” Sleeping after Fajr prayer and before the sunset makes one miss the beauty of the day.
The Sacred House of Allaah is the most blessed house. Allaah said, “Verily, the first House (of worship) appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and guidance for (the mankind and jinn).” (Aal ‘Imraan 3:96)
The Prophet’s city is a blessed place. A prayer performed in the Prophet’s mosque equals a thousand prayers performed in other mosques. Its dry measures are blessed and its dates are of high healing value. The Prophet said, “O Allaah, bless us in our city, bless us in our saa and bless us in our mudd. O Allaah, place a double blessing [there] along with every blessing.” (Muslim) The Prophet would also say, “O Allaah! Put in Al-Madeenah the double of the blessing You have put in Makkah.” (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)
An-Nawawee said, “This means the measure is blessed in that, the mudd that will not be enough for those who live outside Al-Madeenah will be enough for the inhabitants of city.”
Allaah also blesses some places in His earth. He says, Glorified (and Exalted) is He (Allaah) Who took His slave [Muhammad] for a journey by night from the Sacred Mosque [at Makkah] to Al-Aqsaa Mosque [in Jerusalem], the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed in order that We might show him of Our signs.” (Al-Israa 17:1)
Brethren in Islaam! There are merits in faith and good deeds in every place and time. Any time or place that can assist a person to carry out good deed is his best time. Salmaan said, “The earth sanctifies no one. It is one’s good deed that sanctifies one.”
Fellow Muslims! When people commit sins they will be visited with frequent punishments. The less the sins are committed in the land the more the blessings. Spread of sins is the reason for removal of blessings. Allaah says, “If they (non-Muslims) had believed in Allaah, and went on the Right Way (i.e. Islaam) We would surely have bestowed on them water (rain) in abundance, that We might try them thereby. And whosoever turns away from the Reminder of his Lord (i.e. this Qur’aan, – and practice not its laws and orders), He will cause him to enter in a severe torment (i.e. Hell).” (Al-Jinn 72:16-17)
Sins play major role in the removal of blessings from wealth, knowledge and deeds. Allaah’s Messenger said, “Man is deprived of sustenance because of the sin that he committed.” (Ibn Maajah)
Ibn Al-Qayyim said, “Generally, sin removes the blessings of religion and worldly life. The sinner will have no blessing in his life and religion.”
What is with Allaah cannot be attained except by obeying Him; and happiness is only attained by moving closer Allaah and doing much righteous deeds. It is by making a sincere return to Allaah that doors of sustenance are opened. Allah says, “And if the people of the towns had believed and had the Taqwâ (piety), certainly, We should have opened for them blessings from the heaven and the earth, but they belied (the Messengers). So We took them (with punishment) for what they used to earn (polytheism and crimes).” (Al-A’raaf 7:96)
Fellow Muslims! Removal of blessings causes lack of success and corruption on the heart. The most useful thing is the most blessed. Do not seek for blessing from things that Allaah and His Messenger have not ordained. It is through enjoining good and forbidding evil that souls are purified, conditions are reformed and the society is blessed.
If one is truthful in his word he will be endowed with wisdom and appropriateness. And he who earns money from unlawful means will not benefit from it. The Prophet said, “He who earns unlawfully is like one who eats but is not satiated.” (Al-Bukhaaree)
Dear brethren! Usury is useless and it destroys and causes distress. Allaah says, “Allaah will destroy usury and will give increase for deeds of charity. And Allaah likes not the disbelievers, sinners.” (Al-Baqarah 2:276)
False swearing may promote sales but it removes the blessings. Refusal to pay Zakaah to avoid the diminution of the property actually ruins the wealth. The Messenger of Allaah said, “Every day two angels come down from Heaven and one of them says, ‘O Allaah! Compensate every person who spends in Your Cause,’ and the other (angel) says, ‘O Allaah! Destroy every miser.’” (Al-Bukhaaree)
Adhere to the worship of your Lord in accordance to the Sunnah. Keep away from forbidden and ambiguous things, your money will be blessed for you.