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Jinn

HE WHO MAKES OFFERING TO JINN HAVE NO GOOD DEEDS ACCEPTED UNTIL HE REPENTS

Permanent Committee for Research and Verdicts
Fatwa Islamiyah Page 17 vol:1
Translated by Abu Idrees Mohammed ibn Aslam

Question: Some students of knowledge told us that he who makes offering to jinn, neither his prayer nor Hajj would be accepted from him. When I heard this, I repented to Allah because I use to do so, and I performed Hajj, but they said that my Hajj was void? .Is it true that my Hajj is void? And if so, do I have to perform Hajj again?

Answer: Sacrificing animals for Jinn is Shirk. He who does so, and dies before repenting, would live in Hell-fire eternally. No good deed is acceptable in the state of Shirk. Allah says: {Were they to commit Shirk, their (good) deeds would have been nullified} Al-An’am 6:88. All praise to Allah Who has accommodated you to repent from this grave sin with which no good deed is accepted. Perform Hajj again, and if you are sincere in your repentance, Allah has promised to forgive those who repent, and replace their bad deeds with good ones. He says: {And those who do not worship another God besides Allah, nor kill another person that Allah has forbidden, except rightfully, nor commit adultery ( or fornication), and he who does so shall be punished. His torment shall be doubled on the day of Resurrection, and will live therein disgraced forever .Excluding those who repent, and believe and do good deeds, and Allah is Most Forgiving, Merciful} Al Furqan 25 : 68-70

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THE JINN ARE A CREATION THAT FEARS THE BELIEVERS MOST
By Shaykh Muhammad Al-Maliki
Title of Lecture: Ramadaan 1427 = 2006Date of the Lecture: Saturday, October 14th, 2006

Question: Yaa Shaykh may Allaah Preserve you.Is it true that the jinn/shayateen are repulsed by frankincense (bakhoor) and the angels are attracted to it? Do angels accompany cats and do jinns occupy vacant places and if a person moves into a house that has been vacant for a period of time are there any procedures that the Muslims should take to free the house of jinns/shayateen?

Answer: The Shaykh praised Allaah and sent salaah and salaam upon the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم then said: First of all let me give you this information and glad tidings: “The jinn are a creation that fears the Believers most.”

The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said to ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab [1]:يا عمر بن الخطاب ما سلكت طريقاً ولا دخلتفجاً شعبا إلا سلك شيطان طريقاً وشعبا غير الذي سلكتSo the shayateen – the jinn, they are scared of the Believers, but they have a sense, they can feel the fear and fright of mankind. So if you become scared of jinns, they become brave and they start scaring you.So what you need to do is what Allaah تعالى says – I am not bringing this from my mind but from what Allaah تعالى says and from my experience Allaah تعالى says:ذَلِكُمُ الشَّيْطَانُ يُخَوِّفُ أَوْلِيَاءهُ فَلاَ تَخَافُوهُمْ وَخَافُونِ إِن كُنتُم مُّؤْمِنِينَ{It is only Shaitân (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his Auliyâ’ [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger, Muhammad)]; so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers.} [Aal-‘Imraan 3:175]

So if you are a real Believer do not get scared of the Shayateen.

Regarding incense this is not true – this is commonly known by the Sufis. The Sufis say that the shayateen run away from the bukhoor, the incense, but it’s not true. The angels like any good smell whereas the shayateen doesn’t like good smells, rather they like bad smells. That’s why they whisper for one not to take a shower and they whisper for one not to clean up and that’s why when the kuffar go to the toilet – when they urinate or pass stool, they clean with paper only and they don’t clean well that’s why the shayateen control them.

Allaah تعالى says to the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم: أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا الشَّيَاطِينَ عَلَى الْكَافِرِينَ تَؤُزُّهُمْ أَزًّا{See you not that We have sent the Shayâtîn (devils) against the disbelievers to push them to do evil.} [Maryam 19:83]

And that’s why Yaa Ikhwaan we need to always be clean and that’s why the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم encouraged us always have wudū’ and to use perfume.The Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: حبب لي من دنياكم النساءوالطيبIt was made more beloved to me from your life the woman (the wife) and perfume. [2]

So it is good use perfume and incense, but don’t think that the shayateen will run away and the angels will come.

It’s true that the shayateen do not like good smells and the angels like the good smells; but at the same time don’t let this idea captivate your mind.

I say this because some people will be captivated by this idea, then one day they will forget to perfume and then they will then thinking “O Shaytaan is here, Shaytaan is there, jinn is here and jinn is there” and if anyone whistles or anyone says something, (they say) “O that’s Shaytaan” – this is bad.But what can turn Shayateen away? Akhi, remembrance of Allaah, remembrance of Allaah can turn Shaytaan away.

Allaah تعالى says: الَّذِينَ إِذَا ذُكِرَ اللَّهُ وَجِلَتْ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَإِذَا تُلِيَتْ عَلَيْهِمْ آيَاتُهُ زَادَتْهُم إِيمَانًا {… when Allâh is mentioned, feel a fear in their hearts and when His Verses (this Qur’ân) are recited unto them, they (i.e.the Verses) increase their Faith; and they put their trust in their Lord (Alone) …} [Al-Anfal 8:2]

And the other ayah: ألا بِذِكْرِ اللَّهِ تَطْمَئِنُّ الْقُلُوبُ {Verily, in the remembrance of Allâh do hearts find rest.} [Ar-Ra’d 13:28]

So do a lot of remembrance (adhkaar), the remembrance of the morning and evening, for entering the house, exiting the house, entering the toilet, exiting the toilet, entering the mosque, exiting the mosque, going into your car etc. You take all the remembrances that the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم taught us.

So Inshaa Allaah you will be protected.

And when you get to the house, it’s not true that a house that is abandoned for a while is captured (occupied) by the shayateen.

No, the shayateen are everywhere – they are in every house, they are with everyone.

Allaah تعالى says that everyone has a Qareen as in Surah Qaaf:قَالَ قَرِينُهُ {His companion (Satan/devil) will say…} [Qaaf 50:27]

So everyone has a qareen accompanying him from the jinn. So, how can you be protected from that?

You can be protected by continuous remembrance – by continuously being with Allaah (having Him in your thoughts) all the time.قُلْ إِنَّ صَلاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ{Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “Verily, my Salât (prayer), my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allâh, the Lord of the ‘Âlamîn (mankind, jinn and all that exists).} [Al-An’aam 6:162]

So you live for Allaah and Allaah will protect you.إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُدَافِعُ عَنِ الَّذِينَآمَنُوا{Truly, Allâh defends those who believe.} [Al-Hajj 22:38]

And in the hadeeth Qudsi: [3]ولا يزال عبدي يتقرب إلي بالنوافل حتى أحبهفإذا أحببته كنت سمعه الذي يسمع به وبصره الذي يبصر به ويده التي يبطش بها ورجلهالتي يمشي بهاولئن سألني لأعطينه وإن استعاذنيلأعيذنهHere Allaah تعالى is telling you that as much remembrance, worship and optional worship you do for Him, He will protect your eyes, your ears, your hands and your legs.

That means you are surrounded by protection from Allaah تعالى and Allaah تعالى will send the angels around you.

But when you go to a house whether it is an abandoned house or it is your house or it is someone’s house – even if it is your house whether empty or occupied, what you should do is say as-Salaam:لا تَدْخُلُوا بُيُوتًا غَيْرَ بُيُوتِكُمْ حَتَّىتَسْتَأْنِسُوا وَتُسَلِّمُوا عَلَى أَهْلِهَا{O you who believe! Enter not houses other than your own, until you have asked permission and greeted those in them.}[An-Nur 24:27]

And in the other ayah:فَإِذَا دَخَلْتُمْ بُيُوتًا فَسَلِّمُوا عَلَى أنْفُسِكُمْتَحِيَّةً مِنْ عِنْدِ اللهِ{But when you enter the houses, greet one another with a greeting from Allâh (i.e.say: السلام عليكم) As-Salâmu ‘Alaikum – peace be on you)}[An-Nur 24:61]

So even if it is unoccupied you say Assalaamu ‘Alaikum yourself as Allaah تعالى guides you.

By doing that, there will be no shayateen because as in the hadith the shayateen will stand by the door, when the person comes they listen, if he says Assalaamu ‘Alaikum – if he remembers Allaah the head Shaytaan will say ‘go back, go back you have no place here.’ But when you come into the house silent or saying any words other than the remembrance, He says ‘Ok come here you have a place to sleep you have food come, come’ and they come into your house. [4] This is the way you protect yourself from the shayateen, it is not related to the bukhoor or this or that – that is from Sufism. Wallaahu A’lam.

[1] Reference Pending

[2] Shaykh al-Albaani رحمه الله says Saheeh in Saheeh al-Jaami’ (#3124) with the following wording:

[حبب إلي من دنياكم النساء والطيبوجعلت قرة عيني فيالصلاة[3] Reported as part of a longer hadith in Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Kitaab al-Riqaaq (#6137) with the following wording:وما يزال عبدي يتقرب إلي بالنوافل حتى أحبه، فإذا أحببته: كنتسمعه الذي يسمع به، وبصره الذي يبصر به، ويده التي يبطش بها، ورجله التي يمشي بها،وإن سألني لأعطينَّه، ولئن استعاذني لأعيذنَّه

[4]Reported with the following wording in Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Kitaab Salaahtit-Taraaweeh (#1906) as part of a longer hadeeth.نعم البدعة هذه، والتي ينامون عنها أفضل من التي يقومونImaam Ahmad Bin Hanbal [Rahmahullah] Said: “Allah showers His Mercy upon the worshipper who approaches prayer in a state of humility and meekness towards Allah, in fear and supplicating Him with desire (for His Pleasure), and in hope (of His Mercy), making Salah to his Rabb, his most important consideration, dedicating his whispered utterances to Him and his back straight in his qiyam and his ruku.. and his sujud, poring out his heart and his feelings and struggling to perfect his acts of worship, for he knows not whether he will perform another prayer after it, or whether he will be overtaken (by death) before he can perform Salah again.”

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AL-JINN

Source http://www.inter-islam.org/faith/jinn.html

The Qur’aanic View about the Jinn

Allah has enlightened us on the subject of Jinn through the seventy second (72nd) Surah Surah Al-Jinn, revealed late in Makkah and various other aayaat in the Holy Qur’aan. The Holy Qur’aan reveals that Jinn are created from fire whereas the human beings are created from clay. Although they are invisible to human eyes, the jinn can see us. Like human beings they are also entrusted with responsibilities (careers, family life, etc.). They too will be rewarded for their righteousness and will receive punishment for their wickedness.

“I created jinn and mankind only that they may worship me.” (Al Zariyat:56)

“Whosoever fears the standing before his Lord, for him there are two paradises.” (Rahman:46)

“And among us ( the Jinns ) there are the righteous folk and among us there are far from that; we are sects having different rules.” (Jinn:11)

Views from Ahadith

Ahadith enlighten us further and some of these are quoted below:

1. Jinn have been given power to change their form and appear in front of human beings in various forms; such as an animal, a reptile, or even a human being. In a hadith from Abu Saeed Khudri , it is believed that a jinn came in the form of a gigantic serpent. It is narrated that: “A sahabi , returning from the battle of Khandaq saw his newly wed wife stood outside their house. He could not bear this sight and got extremely angry . He pointed the spear (at her), which he had in his hand , and asked her for an explanation. She asked him to go inside the house and see what was there before taking any further action against her. She was obviously scared by what she had seen. He entered the house and saw a huge python. He killed the python but as he was returning, it suddenly attacked him and it was not known which of the two had died first.

Upon learning about the above incident, the Holy Prophet remarked, “Indeed you will find some inhabitants within your household, so whenever you come across any of these warn them three times, if they go away it is alright otherwise you may kill them.” The serpent, it seems, was a jinn.

Shaytaan, who is also from the family of Jinn, came in the form of an old man on the day of Badr (the famous battle in the year 2 A.H.). He tried to uplift the morals of the kafir fighters but when he saw the army of the angels descending to aid the Muslims, he could not bear the sight of them and ran away.

2. It was the custom of Jahiliyyah to fear the Jinn. Throughout their journey whenever the mushrikeen would break the journey in a desert or in a jungle, They would seek the refuge of the Jinns in that area. This would encourage the Jinn to cause a lot of disturbance and also increase their revolt.

3. Upon the advent of the Holy Prophet , many jinns accepted the mission and message of the Holy Prophet. They heard the Qur’aan read by the Noble Prophet while performing Fajr salaah in Ukaz and they also began to believe in the Prophet. As such, amongst the Jinns, there too are different religions, groups, sects and cults such as Christians, Jews, etc,. Among those who call themselves Muslims there are sects like Ahle Sunnah, Qadiani, Shiahs, etc.

Human beings are superior to Jinns. The Jinns can never harm human beings if tackled in the right manner. When a jinn starts to like someone he follows him or her around. If he does something extraordinary and that person gets frightened, the Jinn will tease him more but if he reacts in a brave manner, the Jinn will disappear.

Mujahid, a student of Ibn Abbas says: “After Ibn Abbas’s death a shaytaan would constantly appear before me in the form of Ibn Abbas whenever I started salaah. This got so worse that at times I was forced to break my salaah. So I decided to confront him next time he appeared and so I hid a dagger in my pocket and started salaah. When he came in front of me, I took out the dagger and jumped on him. He disappeared instantly and therafter he never came back.”

4.2 Similarly, Hazrat Thanwi rahmatullahi alaihe has narrated that: “Once in the city of Kufa, in Iraq, a merchant arrived and was searching for a rented accommodation. All the properties were full and someone directed him to a house which was empty and believed to be haunted. He was so tired that he did not care and decided to rent the property. When he was retiring to bed a huge black jinn came in front of him. He immediately started to recite the ‘Ayatul Kursi’. The jinn also followed his recitation and when he read the words, ‘Wala ya’uduhu hifzuhuma’ (‘And their ( the sky and the earth) safeguarding does not burden him’) the Jinn could not follow and stopped. The person understood the consequences of the words and recited the same words again and again until the jinn faded away. The merchant went to sleep and in the morning when he got up he saw the burnt ashes in the place where the jinn appeared. He was burnt by the power of Allah.”

Actions & Precautionary Measures

5. As mentioned above human beings are superior to Jinns and as such can eliminate contact and any harm caused by them, if we adopt the ways taught to us by our Holy Prophet. These are:

  1. Do not stay in the state of impurity for a prolonged period.
  2. Perform salaah five times daily;
  3. Constant rememberance of Allah through zikr (the heart of a zakir is alive whereas a non -zakir’s heart is dead);
  4. If confronted by a Jinn then recite Auzu billah ……; Lahawla wa la quwwata….. and the last two chapters of Qur’aan, Qul auzu birrabinas and Qul auzu birabil falaq;
  5. Recite daily a few pages of Surah Baqara as shaytaan does not have the ability to enter a room in which Surah Baqara is read.

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EXCERPT FROM THE WORLD OF JINNS AND DEVILS

By Dr. Umar Sulaiman al-Ashqar

The causes of being possessed –

Ibn Taimiya explained, possession of the human by the jinn can occur from desires, lusts, passions, zealousness in the same way that a human is in accord with another human…And it also occurs, and this is the majority of the case, due to hatred and revenge. For example one of the humans harms a jinn or the jinn thinks the human was trying to harm them by urinating on some jinn or throwing some hot water on them, or a human might kill a jinn, even though a human might not have realized that.

Our obligation towards them

We mentioned that the jinn have been ordered to worship according to the prescribed law. If a Muslim is able to contact a jinn, in the same way that a human speaks to a jinn that has taken over a human body, the Muslim must seek to enforce the Islamic law upon the jinn, that is encourage the jinn to do good and so on.

If the possessed is from the first type above, due to desires, lust or passion, then it is a great lewd act that has been prohibited by Allah for humans and jinn. This is true even if it is with the approval of the other party – therefore, what must obviously be the ruling if the other party does not like it? It is a lewd and oppressive act. One must tell the jinn that and inform him that it is a prohibited act and provide evidence against such an act such that the ruling is clear to him. And inform him that is the rule of Allah and His Messenger that was sent to all the beings: human or jinn.

If it is from the 2nd type, where some human had harmed them, if the human was not aware of that, then inform the jinn that the human was acting in ignorance and that he did not intend to harm the jinn. Therefore he does not deserve the punishment that is being given to him. If the action occurred in the person’s house or on his property, then inform the jinn that the person was just acting in a manner that was permissible to him. And the jinn need not live in a place that belongs to a human without the human’s permission for they are allowed the dilapidated and abandoned buildings.

Ibn Taimiya said, If the jinn is wronging the human, then inform the jinn of the rule of Allah and His Messenger and provide evidences for him to establish proof against him. And order him to do good and forbid him from doing evil, in the same manner that one treats another human. As Allah says, “We never punish until We have sent a messenger” (al-Israa 15). And He says, “O you assembly of the jinn and humankind. Came there not unto you messengers of your own who recounted unto you of My tokens and warned you of the meeting of this your Day?” (al-Anaam 130).

Abusing the jinn and striking them

Ibn Taimiya mentions that it is obligatory to aid one’s brother who is being wronged. The one who is a victim of possession is being wronged. But aid is also only done with justice, as Allah has ordered. If one does not drive away the jinn with exhortation, proof and consultation, then it is allowed to abuse, strike or curse the jinn in order to drive it away. This is what the Prophet (pbuh) did with the devil who put a flame of fire in his face, he said ” I seek refuge in Allah from you, and I curse you with the curse of Allah.” He said that three times.

Ibn Taimiya also mentioned that one may be forced to strike the jinn in order to drive it away. One may strike the possessed numerous times as the strikes will harm the jinn and not the human who is being harmed, until the person comes to and he will not have felt a thing. There will be no mark left on the person himself. It has been the case that some have been struck 300 to 400 times on the leg, such that had it been a human he would have been killed. But it is the jinn that is being hit and screams. Ibn Taimiya has related that he himself has done and witnessed such an act on many occasions.

Using dhikr and Quranic reciting as help against the jinn

The best thing that can be used against the jinn in the case of possession is the mentioning of Allah and reciting the Quran, especially the verse of the throne (al-Baqara 255), “For whoever reads it, Allah will not stop to have a protector for him and Satan will not come close to him until morning.” This is in a hadith from Sahih al-Bukhari that was presented earlier.

Ibn Taimiya wrote, The numerous people who have experienced these events all confirm amazing effectiveness of this verse and warding off devils and breaking their spells. It has a great effect in repelling devils and breaking their spells. It has a great effect in repelling devils from humans, from the possessed and from those picked out by devils, such as wrongdoers, people with bad tempers, those who follow their desires and lusts, musicians and those who become ecstatic through whistling and clapping. If these verses are read over them with sincerity to Allah, the devils will leave. It will put an end to the mirages created by the devils. It will also disclose the falseness of those, the brothers of the devils, who perform miraculous acts. The devils inspire their devotees with some knowledge that the ignorant think are miracles that Allah grants His pious servants. In fact, they are simply satan’s acts of deception over his devotees, of those whom have earned Allah’s wrath and those who have gone astray.

What the healer must be like

It is necessary that the one who is trying to cure the possessed be of strong faith and full of conviction that the remembrance of Allah and Quranic recitation will have an effect on the person and the jinn. The stronger the faith, the stronger the effect on the jinn. Perhaps the person is stronger than the jinn in faith and, therefore he drives the jinn out. Perhaps the jinn is stronger and, therefore, he does not leave. Perhaps the person is weak in faith and the jinn has intended him harm. So the person must continue to make supplications and invoke the aid of remembrance of Allah and Quranic recitation, in particular the verse of the Throne.

Incantations and Invocations

Ibn Taimiya stated, Concerning curing the possessed by means of incantations and invocations, there are two types: One type is where the meaning of the incantation is clear. It is within what Islam allows to be said by a person, such as prayers to Allah and mentioning His name and His speech to His creation and so on. This type is allowed to be used as an incantation in the case of possession as is confirmed in the Sahih that the Prophet pbuh said, “What is permissible in incantations is what does not contain any polytheism.” And he also said, “If one of you is able to aid his brother, then he should do so.”

If the incantation contains statements that are forbidden, such as elements of some type of polytheism, or they have no understandable meaning to them, which might imply some words of disbelief, then it is not allowed for anyone to use such an incantation. This is the ruling even if the jinn should leave after its use because Allah and His Messenger have prohibited it due to its harm being greater than its benefit.

He also mentioned at another place that many of those people who use polytheistic incantations are unable to repel the jinn. Many times they are not able to over power the jinn when they ask them to kill or capture a jinn that has possessed a human. The jinn deceives them and makes it seem like they killed or captured that jinn.

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BELIEF IN THE JINN

By Abu’l-Hasan

(c) “Al-Jumu`ah” magazine

In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful

Last time, we talked about the unseen world of angels, and mentioned that having the correct belief in the angels is a requirement of faith. This time, we are going to discuss another unseen world; that of the jinn. Some people are skeptical of the existence of the jinn, while others resort to far-fetched, distorted interpretations of these creatures in order to suit their whims and personal fancies, such as claiming that the jinn are microbes. In this country, a certain heretical group teaches that the white man is the devil (evil jinn). This preposterous idea would imply either that the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu `alayhe wa-sallam was black, or that he was a devil (Allah forbid!). Both of these conclusions are clear blasphemy, for they contradict conclusive historical facts and common sense.

What are the jinn?

The reality, which it is obligatory to affirm, is that the jinn are an established world, unseen to us. They eat, drink and procreate, and among them are both righteous and wicked individuals. The word jinn itself comes the Arabic root meaning “something hidden which cannot be seen.”

The existence of the jinn is firmly corroborated by the Qur’an, authentic sunnah and consensus of scholars (Ijma`), and thus one who denies their existence is outside the pale of Islam. Suffice it to say that the word jinn and its derivatives occur at least 29 times in the Qur’an, and the word shaytaan and its plural shayaateen together occur more than 80 times. In fact, there is an entire surah called Surat al-Jinn (72), which speaks in clear, explicit terms about the jinn.

Their Creation

Ibn `Abbas radiallahu `anhu said, “Two thousand years before [mankind] was created, there were jinn on [the earth], and they caused corruption on the earth and shed blood. Then, Allah sent against them a troop of angels who beat them and then cast them away to the islands in the seas. So, when Allah said, (translated), “‘I am placing a viceregent upon the earth,’ they said, ‘Will You place therein one who will cause corruption therein and shed blood,’” [2 (Al-Baqarah), 30] i.e. just as those jinn did? Then, Allah said, (translated), “I know that which you do not know.” (Related by Al-Hakim.) Thus, jinn were created before mankind, as attested to clearly by the Qur’an also. Their origin is from fire. “And verily, We created mankind . . . and the jinn We had created before from smokeless fire.” [15 (Al- Hijr), 26-27] They are the descendants of Iblees, who disobeyed Allah’s command to prostrate to Adam, and became known as the Satan (Shaytaan).

We cannot ordinarily see them, unless they materialize. When they materialize, it is usually in an unpleasant or ugly form, such as a snake or a black dog, as opposed to angels (who materialize into pleasant and handsome forms). In the battle of Badr, Iblees materialized into the form of a man named Suraqah ibn Malik, and urged on the disbelievers, saying, “There is none who can overcome you today,” [8 (Al-Anfaal), 48] Then, Allah sent the angel Jibreel (Gabriel) against him, and when Iblees saw him he cried out to the disbelievers, “I have nothing to do with you! I see that which you do not see! I fear Allah, and Allah is severe in retribution,” and then he fled.

Their Lifestyle

They are accountable, just as human beings are. “I created jinn and mankind only in order that they might worship Me.” [51 (Adh-Dhaariyaat), 56] There are believers amongst them, who will be rewarded, and disbelievers, who will be punished. “And indeed, there are amongst us Muslims and amongst us wrongdoers. As for those who accept Islam, they have sought out the right path. And, as for the wrongdoers, they will be firewood for Jahannam.” [72 (Al-Jinn), 14-15] Whenever Allah sent a prophet to mankind, the jinn of that time could also receive his message. Thus, some of them received the message of Prophet Moses `alayhis-salam. Some jinn came to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu `alayhe wa-sallam one night, and he went with them, recited Qur’an to them, and taught them about Islam. (Related by Muslim.)

They eat and drink, and have fiqh regulations similar to ours. Just as we eat meat of animals over whose slaughter the name of Allah was recited, the jinn are allowed to eat bones of such animals, and therefore the Prophet sallallahu `alayhe wa-sallam has instructed us not use these for istinjaa’. On the authority of `Abdullah ibn `Umar : the Messenger of Allah sallallahu `alayhe wa-sallam said, “When one of you eats, he should eat with his right hand, and when one of you drinks, he should drink with his right hand, for Satan eats with his left hand and drinks with his left hand.” (Related by Muslim.) Satan also partakes of our food if we neglect to mention the name of Allah before eating.

A verse of the Qur’an indicates that they have conjugal relations. “Therein [in Heaven] are [women] of modest gaze, whom neither human being nor jinn have touched before.” [55 (Al- Rahman), 56] Another verse establishes that they beget children. “Will you then take [Iblees] and his offspring as protectors in preference to Me, although they are an enemy to you?” [18 (Al- Kahf), 50]

Although the jinn tend to have longer lifespans than ours, they also die and pass away, as evidenced by the Qur’an [7 (Al- A`raaf), 38] Iblees, however, has been given respite upto the Day of Arising. “[Allah] said, You are, then, among those given respite, upto the day of the time known [and appointed]” [38 (Saad), 81-82]

The shayaateen (devils)

The shayaateen (devils; the singular is shaytaan) are the disbelieving jinn, but the word shaytaan is also used for those disbelieving human beings who are active in corruption and fighting Islam. “Thus have We made, for every Prophet, an enemy, the shayaateen of mankind and jinn, inspiring one another with flowery discourses by way of deception.” [6 (Al-An`aam), 112] As for those jinn who are prominent in mischief-making, they are referred to as mareed (plural: maradah), meaning froward or rebellious. “Among mankind is he who disputes about Allah&127; without knowledge, and follows every froward shaytaan.” [22 (Al- Hajj),3]

Iblees has his throne in the sea, and he sends out his dispatchments who aggravate people. The greatest of them before him is the one who has caused the most fitnah. One of his workers comes and tells him, “I did not leave [my victim] until I brought about separation between him and his wife.” Iblees draws him near, and says to him, “Yes! You (are the best!)” (Related by Muslim.)

Eavesdropping on the heavens

The shayaateen go up into the heavens, trying to eavesdrop on the angels. `A’ishah radiallahu `anha said that she asked the Prophet sallallahu `alayhe wa-sallam about how it is that the fortune-tellers sometimes foretell something which turns out true. He replied that that is the word of truth which the jinn manages to catch, and so he comes and whispers it in the ear of the fortune-teller, and to one truth he adds a hundred lies. (Related by Bukhari and Muslim.) Allah sends meteorites against these eavesdropping shayaateen, but sometimes one of them might pass on what he has heard to another jinn.

Their effect on humans

Every human being is always accompanied by a jinn, who tries to incite him to evil, but the Prophet sallallahu `alayhe wa-sallam ‘s jinn was unable to harm him. On the authority of Ibn Mas`ud : The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) said, “there is not any one of you except that he has been assigned his companion from among the jinn and his companion from among the angels.” They said, “Even you, O Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “Even me, except that Allah has helped me against him, so that I am unharmed (or, so that he has accepted Islam), and so he orders me to do nothing but good.” (Related by Muslim.) Thus, terrible thoughts may sometimes occur to us, but we are not responsible for these promptings provided we neither allow them to take root within us, nor act upon them. The fact that we recognize them as evil is itself a sign of our faith.

Satan runs through the children of Adam with the running of blood. It is possible for jinn to enter human beings and possess them. “Those who consume interest (ribaa) do not arise except as he arises whom Satan has driven to madness by his touch.” [2 (Al- Baqarah), 275]

Protection from the shayaateen

In the authentic hadith related by Bukhari and Muslim, the Prophet sallallahu `alayhe wa-sallam has instructed us to recite the following supplication before having intercourse with our wives. “Bismillaah. Allaahumma jannibnash-shaytaana wa-jannibish- shaytaana maa razaqtanaa.” (In the name of Allah. O Allah! Spare us from Satan, and repel Satan from that wherewith You have provided us.) Then, if a child is conceived, Satan will never&127; harm him.

The shayaateen like to frequent filthy areas such as restrooms. Thus, we should ensure that we recite the sunnah supplication (narrated by Bukhari and Muslim) before entering the restroom, “Allaahumma innee a`oodhu bika minal-khubuthi wal-khabaa’ith.” (O Allah! I seek refuge with You from male and female devils.)

Reciting Ayat al-kursiyy [2 (Al-Baqarah), 255] at bedtime ensures that no devil will come close to you until the morning. (Related by Bukhari.) Saying “Laa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahoo laa shareeka lahoo lahul-mulku wa lahul-hamdu wa-huwa `alaa kulli shay’in qadeer” (There is no god but Allah, alone, without any partner, His is the kingdom, and His is praise, and He has power over all things) 100 times in the morning provides protection from Satan till the evening. (Related by Bukhari and Muslim)

In general, frequent remebrance of Allah and obedience to Him provides immunity from the shayaateen. “Whoever withdraws himself from the rembrance of [Allah] Most Gracious, We assign to him a shaytaan, to be his comrade.” [43 (Az-Zukhruf), 36] “[Satan] has no authority over those who believe and place trust in their Lord.” [16 (An-Nahl), 99]

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INN ACCORDING TO THE QURAN AND SUNNAH

The Different Types

Book – “The World of the Jinn and Devils”, p. 7

Ibn Abdul Barr said, “The jinn, according to the scholars of the language, are of different types:

If one is mentioning the jinn purely of themselves, the are called jinni.*

If one is mentioning the jinn that live among mankind, they are called aamar whose plural is amaar.

If one is mentioning the ones that antagonize the young, they are called arwaah.

If one is mentioning the evil ones that antagonize humans they are called shaitan for the singular [and shayateen for plural].

If they cause even more harm and become strong, they are called afreet.”**

*Notice the similar sound between jinni and english’s “genie”. TV and other media have twisted the concept of jinn; however, it is interesting to note its origin is from Islam. “I Dream of Jeannie” is a TV show based around a Genie (jinni, plural of jinn). In this show, Jeannie, the genie, frequently was given a request and the requestor never quite got what was requested as she was always creating unintentional mischief. However we understand that the shaitan among the jinn antagonize humans, not that they are kind beings who accidentally mess up on occasion. Those who seek aid (such as asking for favors or making request) from the jinni will find deception and a twisted type of aid that doesn’t really meet the requestor’s original request, but that satisfies the shaytaanic jinn’s desire for evil.

**An Ifrît (strong) from the jinns said: “I will bring it to you before you rise from your place (council). And verily, I am indeed strong, and trustworthy for such work.” [The Noble Qur'an 27:39]

Narration – Reported by al-Tahhaawi in Mushkil al-Athaar, 4/95, and by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 22/214

Abu Tha’labah al-Khushani said: “The Messenger of Allaah said: ‘The jinn are of three types: a types that has wings, and they fly through the air; a type that looks like snakes and dogs; and a type that stops for a rest then resumes its journey.” [Shaykh al-Albaani said in al-Mishkaat (2/1206, no. 4148): al-Tahhaawi and Abu’l-Shaykh reported it with a saheeh isnaad]

The Origin of the Jinn

The jinn are NOT fallen angels. They were created from a smokeless flame of fire. The first recorded jinn to be disobedient is Iblis. Disbelieving, disobedient jinn and humans are known as shayateen (satans).

The Noble Qur’an – Ar-Rahmaan 55.15: He created man (Adam) from sounding clay like the clay of pottery. And the jinns did He create from a smokeless flame of fire.

The Noble Qur’an – Al-Hijr 15.26-42: And indeed, We created man from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame of fire. And (remember) when your Lord said to the angels: “I am going to create a man (Adam) from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud. “So, when I have fashioned him completely and breathed into him (Adam) the soul which I created for him, then fall (you) down prostrating yourselves unto him.” So, the angels prostrated themselves, all of them together. Except Iblîs (Satan), – he refused to be among the prostrators. (Allâh) said: “O Iblîs (Satan)! What is your reason for not being among the prostrators?” [Iblîs (Satan)] said: “I am not the one to prostrate myself to a human being, whom You created from sounding clay of altered black smooth mud.” (Allâh) said: “Then, get out from here, for verily, you are Rajîm (an outcast or a cursed one).” [Tafsîr At-Tabarî] “And verily, the curse shall be upon you till the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).” [Iblîs (Satan)] said: “O my Lord! Give me then respite till the Day they (the dead) will be resurrected.” Allâh said: “Then, verily, you are of those reprieved, “Till the Day of the time appointed.” [Iblîs (Satan)] said: “O my Lord! Because you misled me, I shall indeed adorn the path of error for them (mankind) on the earth, and I shall mislead them all. “Except Your chosen, (guided) slaves among them.” (Allâh) said: “This is the Way which will lead straight to Me.” “Certainly, you shall have no authority over My slaves, except those who follow you of the Ghâwîn (Mushrikûn and those who go astray, criminals, polytheists, and evil-doers, etc.).

Solomon’s Experience with the Jinn

Allah made all the jinn subservient to the Prophet Sulaimaan (Solomon), a gift from Allah, swt, that will never be granted to another after him.

The Noble Qur’an – Saad 38.35-39: He said: “My Lord! Forgive me, and bestow upon me a kingdom such as shall not belong to any other after me: Verily, You are the Bestower.” So, We subjected to him the wind, it blew gently to his order whithersoever he willed, And also the Shayâtin (devils) from the jinns (including) every kind of builder and diver, And also others bound in fetters. [Saying of Allâh to Sulaimân (Solomon)]: “This is Our gift, so spend you or withhold, no account will be asked.”

The Noble Qur’an – Saba’ 34.12-14: And to Solomon (We subjected) the wind, its morning (stride from sunrise till midnoon) was a month’s (journey), and its afternoon (stride from the midday decline of the sun to sunset) was a month’s (journey i.e. in one day he could travel two months’ journey). And We caused a fount of (molten) brass to flow for him, and there were jinns that worked in front of him, by the Leave of his Lord, and whosoever of them turned aside from Our Command, We shall cause him to taste of the torment of the blazing Fire. They worked for him what he desired, (making) high rooms, images, basins as large as reservoirs, and (cooking) cauldrons fixed (in their places). “Work you, O family of Dâwud (David), with thanks!” But few of My slaves are grateful. Then when We decreed death for him [Sulaimân (Solomon)], nothing informed them (jinns) of his death except a little worm of the earth, which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick, so when he fell down, the jinns saw clearly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment.

The Noble Qur’an – An-Naml 27.17-19: And there were gathered before Sulaimân (Solomon) his hosts of jinns and men, and birds, and they all were set in battle order (marching forwards). Till, when they came to the valley of the ants, one of the ants said: “O ants! Enter your dwellings, lest Sulaimân (Solomon) and his hosts crush you, while they perceive not.” So he [Sulaimân (Solomon)] smiled, amused at her speech[] and said: “My Lord! Inspire and bestow upon me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favours which You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds that will please You, and admit me by Your Mercy among Your righteous slaves.”

Every human has a partner Jinn

Hadith – Sahih Muslim 6757, Narrated Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, similar narration 6759 by ‘Aisha, r.a. Allah’s Apostle said: There is none amongst you with whom is not an attache from amongst the jinn (devil). They (the Companions) said: Allah’s Apostle with you too? Thereupon he said: Yes, but Allah helps me against him and so I am safe from his hand and he does not command me but for good.

Distancing Oneself

Fiqh 4.124: Anas reported that the Prophet said, “The barrier between the eyes of the Jinn and the nakedness of the Children of Adam is [created] when a Muslim discards a garment and says, ‘In the name of Allah besides Whom there is no other god’.” (Ibn As-Sinni)

Hadith – Ahmad, an-Nasa’i, Dawud, al-Hakim and al-Baihaqi Qatadah related from ‘Abdullah ibn Sarjas who said, “The Messenger of Allah forbade urination into a hole.” Said Qatadah, “What is disliked about urinating into a hole?” Said he, “It is the residence of the jinn.” [Ibn Khuzaimah and Ibn as-Sakin classified it as sahih]

More About the Jinn

Hadith – Sahih Bukhari 4:533, Narrated Jabi bin ‘Abdullah: The Prophet said, “Cover your utensils and tie your water skins, and close your doors and keep your children close to you at night, as the Jinns spread out at such time and snatch things away. When you go to bed, put out your lights, for the mischief-doer (i.e. the rat) may drag away the wick of the candle and burn the dwellers of the house.” Ata said, “The devils.” (instead of the Jinns).

Hadith – Sunan of Abu Dawood, Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri : Muhammad ibn AbuYahya said that his father told that he and his companion went to AbuSa’id al-Khudri to pay a sick visit to him. He said: Then we came out from him and met a companion of ours who wanted to go to him. We went ahead and sat in the mosque. He then came back and told us that he heard AbuSa’id al-Khudri say: The Apostle of Allah said: Some snakes are jinn; so when anyone sees one of them in his house, he should give it a warning three times. If it return (after that), he should kill it, for it is a devil.

Hadith – Al-Muwatta 54.33:…The snake stirred on the end of the spear and the youth fell dead. No one knew which of them died first, the snake or the youth. That was mentioned to the Messenger of Allah said, “There are jinn in Madina who have become muslim. When you see one of them, call out to it for three days. If it appears after that, then kill it, for it is a shaytan.” “‘

Hadith – Muwatta, 49.21:…Shaytan does not open a locked door or untie a tied knot, or uncover a vessel.

Hadith – Tirmidhi #350: Allah’s Messenger said: Don’t cleanse yourself with dung or with bones for that is the food of your brothers from amongst the Jinn. [Transmitted by Tirmidhi, Nasa'i with this exception that he did not make mention of: The Food of your brothers from amongst the jinn.]

The Noble Qur’an – Ar-Rahmaan 55.56: Wherein both will be those (maidens) restraining their glances upon their husbands, whom no man or jinn yatmithhunna (has opened their hymens with sexual intercourse) before them.

Hadith – Abu Dawood 1046, Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib: Ali said on the pulpit in the mosque of Kufah: When Friday comes, the devils go to the markets with their flags, and involve people in their needs and prevent them from the Friday prayer. …

Allah will fill Hell with jinns and men all together

The Noble Qur’an – As-Saaffaat 37.158: And they have invented a kinship between Him and the jinns, but the jinns know well that they have indeed to appear (before Him) (i.e. they will be brought for accounts).

The Noble Qur’an – Huud 11.119: Except him on whom your Lord has bestowed His Mercy (the follower of truth – Islâmic Monotheism) and for that did He create them. And the Word of your Lord has been fulfilled (i.e. His Saying): “Surely, I shall fill Hell with jinns and men all together.”

The Noble Qur’an – Al-An’aam 6.130-131: O you assembly of jinns and mankind! “Did not there come to you Messengers from amongst you, reciting unto you My Verses and warning you of the meeting of this Day of yours?” They will say: “We bear witness against ourselves.” It was the life of this world that deceived them. And they will bear witness against themselves that they were disbelievers. This is because your Lord would not destroy the (populations of) towns for their wrongdoing (i.e. associating others in worship along with Allâh) while their people were unaware (so the Messengers were sent).

The Noble Qur’an – Al-A’raaf 7.179: And surely, We have created many of the jinns and mankind for Hell. They have hearts wherewith they understand not, they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not (the truth). They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones.

Fortune-tellers/Soothsayers

Hadith – Al-Bukhari 7.657, Narrated ‘Aisha, r.a: Some people asked Allah’s Apostle about the foretellers. He said. -They are nothing.” They said, -O Allah’s Apostle! Sometimes they tell us of a thing which turns out to be true.” Allah’s Apostle said, “A Jinn snatches that true word and pours it into the ear of his friend (the foreteller) (as one puts something into a bottle). The foreteller then mixes with that word one hundred lies.”

Muslim Jinn

The Noble Qur’an – Az-Zaariyaat 51.56: And I (Allâh) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone).

Hadith – Tirmidhi #861, Narrated Jabir ibn Abdullah, Tirmidhi reported and said: This is a gharib hadith. Allah’s Messenger came out to his companions and recited Surah ar-Rahman (55) from the beginning to the end, but they remained silent. Thereupon he said: I recited this before the Jinn on the night of Jinn, and their response was better than that of yours. When I came to these words: `Then which of the favours of your Lord do you deny?’ They said: Our Lord, there is nothing that we deny of Thy favour; to Thee is praise due.

The Noble Qur’an – Al-Jinn 72.1-14: Say (O Muhammad): “It has been revealed to me that a group (from three to ten in number) of jinns listened (to this Qur’ân). They said: ‘Verily! We have heard a wonderful Recital (this Qur’ân)! ‘It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allâh). ‘And exalted be the Majesty of our Lord, He has taken neither a wife, nor a son (or offspring or children). ‘And that the foolish among us [i.e. Iblîs (Satan) or the polytheists amongst the jinns] used to utter against Allâh that which was wrong and not right. ‘And verily, we thought that men and jinns would not utter a lie against Allâh. ‘And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the masculine among the jinns, but they (jinns) increased them (mankind) in sin and disbelief. ‘And they thought as you thought, that Allâh will not send any Messenger (to mankind or jinns). ‘And we have sought to reach the heaven; but found it filled with stern guards and flaming fires. ‘And verily, we used to sit there in stations, to (steal) a hearing, but any who listens now will find a flaming fire watching him in ambush. ‘And we know not whether evil is intended for those on earth, or whether their Lord intends for them a Right Path. ‘There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups each having a different way (religious sect, etc.). ‘And we think that we cannot escape (from the punishment of) Allâh in the earth, nor can we escape (from the punishment) by flight. ‘And indeed when we heard the Guidance (this Qur’ân), we believed therein (Islâmic Monotheism), and whosoever believes in his Lord shall have no fear, either of a decrease in the reward of his good deeds or an increase in punishment for his sins. ‘And of us some are Muslims (who have submitted to Allâh, after listening to this Qur’ân), and of us some are Al-Qâsitûn (disbelievers those who have deviated from the Right Path)’. And whosoever has embraced Islâm (i.e. has become a Muslim by submitting to Allâh), then such have sought the Right Path.”

Shaytaan

The shaytaan can be human or jinn…

The Noble Qur’an – Al-An’aam 6.112: And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies – Shayâtin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception). If your Lord had so willed, they would not have done it, so leave them alone with their fabrications.

Know your enemy…

The Noble Qur’an – Faatir 35.6: Surely, Shaitân (Satan) is an enemy to you, so take (treat) him as an enemy. He only invites his Hizb (followers) that they may become the dwellers of the blazing Fire.

The Noble Qur’an – Az-Zukhruf 43.62: And let not Shaitân (Satan) hinder you (from the right religion, i.e. Islâmic Monotheism), Verily, he (Satan) to you is a plain enemy.

Shaitaan tells you to fear people instead of Allah, swt…

The Noble Qur’an – Az-Zukhruf 43.62: It is only Shaitân (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his Auliyâ’ [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger, Muhammad)], so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers.

The jinn’s power is to Whisper/Deceive

The Noble Qur’an – An-Naas 114.1-6: Say: “I seek refuge with (Allâh) the Lord of mankind, “The King of mankind, “The Ilâh (God) of mankind, “From the evil of the whisperer (devil who whispers evil in the hearts of men) who withdraws (from his whispering in one’s heart after one remembers Allâh), “Who whispers in the breasts of mankind, “Of jinns and men.”

The Noble Qur’an – Al-An’aam 6.128: And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): “O you assembly of jinns! Many did you mislead of men,” …

The Noble Qur’an – Al-’Anaam 6.112: And so We have appointed for every Prophet enemies – Shayâtin (devils) among mankind and jinns, inspiring one another with adorned speech as a delusion (or by way of deception)….

The Noble Qur’an – An-Nahl 16.99-100: Verily! He has no power over those who believe and put their trust only in their Lord (Allâh).

His power is only over those who obey and follow him (Satan), and those who join partners with Him (Allâh) [i.e. those who are Mushrikûn - polytheists - see Verse 6:121].

The Noble Qur’an – Ibrahiim 14.22: And Shaitân (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: “Verily, Allâh promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, so you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a partner with Allâh (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).”

Supplication for one afflicted by whisperings in prayer or recitation…

Hadith – Sahih Muslim 5463, Narrated Uthman ibn Abul’As, r.a. Uthman came to Allah’s Messenger and said: Allah’s Messenger, the Satan intervenes between me and my prayer and my reciting of the Qur’an and he confounds me. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger said: That is (the doing of the Satan) who is known as Khinzab, and when you perceive its effect, seek refuge with Allah from it and spit* three times to your left. I did that and Allah dispelled that from me.

* this is a dry spit in the air

Seeking refuge IN the Jinn

The Noble Qur’an – Al-Jinn 72.6-7: ‘And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the masculine among the jinns, but they (jinns) increased them (mankind) in sin and disbelief. ‘And they thought as you thought, that Allâh will not send any Messenger (to mankind or jinns).

The Noble Qur’an – Ibrahiim 14.22: And Shaitân (Satan) will say when the matter has been decided: “Verily, Allâh promised you a promise of truth. And I too promised you, but I betrayed you. I had no authority over you except that I called you, so you responded to me. So blame me not, but blame yourselves. I cannot help you, nor can you help me. I deny your former act in associating me (Satan) as a partner with Allâh (by obeying me in the life of the world). Verily, there is a painful torment for the Zâlimûn (polytheists and wrong-doers, etc.).”

The Noble Qur’an – Al-An’aam 6.100-102: Yet, they join the jinns as partners in worship with Allâh, though He has created them (the jinns), and they attribute falsely without knowledge sons and daughters to Him. Be He Glorified and Exalted above (all) that they attribute to Him. 01. He is the Originator of the heavens and the earth. How can He have children when He has no wife? He created all things and He is the All-Knower of everything. . Such is Allâh, your Lord! Lâ ilâha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Creator of all things. So worship Him (Alone), and He is the Wakîl (Trustee, Disposer of affairs, Guardian, etc.) over all things.

The Noble Qur’an – Al-An’aam 6.128: And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): “O you assembly of jinns! Many did you mislead of men,” and their Auliyâ’ (friends and helpers, etc.) amongst men will say: “Our Lord! We benefited one from the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us.” He will say: “The Fire be your dwellingplace, you will dwell therein forever, except as Allâh may will. Certainly your Lord is AllWise, AllKnowing.”

Seeking refuge FROM the Evil Jinn

Say ” ‘audhu billah” (I seek refuge in Allah) and other dhikr (remembrance of Allah, swt) when the evil whisper of Shaitaan comes upon you, such as:

When becoming angry,

Having confusing or disobedient thoughts,

When approached by arrogants who dispute the Truth of the ayats of Allah, swt,

When about to recite Qur’an,

Or when in any situation that Quran and Sunnah teaches you is a result of the shaitaan.

The Noble Qur’an – Fussilat 41.36: And if an evil whisper from Shaitân (Satan) tries to turn you away (O Muhammad SAW) (from doing good, etc.), then seek refuge in Allâh. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.

The Noble Qur’an – Al-A’raaf 7.200-201: And if an evil whisper comes to you from Shaitân (Satan) then seek refuge with Allâh. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower. Verily, those who are Al-Muttaqûn (the pious – see V.2:2), when an evil thought comes to them from Shaitân (Satan), they remember (Allâh), and (indeed) they then see (aright).

The Noble Qur’an – Ghaafir 40.56: Verily, those who dispute about the Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allâh, without any authority having come to them, there is nothing else in their breasts except pride [to accept you (Muhammad SAW) as a Messenger of Allâh and to obey you]. They will never have it (i.e. Prophethood which Allâh has bestowed upon you). So seek refuge in Allâh (O Muhammad SAW from the arrogants). Verily, it is He Who is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.

The Noble Qur’an – An-Nahl 16.98: So when you want to recite the Qur’ân, seek refuge with Allâh from Shaitân (Satan), the outcast (the cursed one).

Hadith – Al-Muwatta 51.10: Yahya related to me from Malik that Yahya ibn Said said, “When the Messenger of Allah was taken on the Night Journey, he saw an evil jinn seeking him with a torch of fire. Whenever the Messenger of Allah turned, he saw him. Jibril said to him, ‘Shall I teach you some words to say? When you say them, his torch will be put out and will fall from him.’ The Messenger of Allah said, ‘Yes, indeed.’ Jibril said, ‘Say, ‘I seek refuge with the Noble Face of Allah and with the complete words of Allah which neither the good person nor the corrupt can exceed, from the evil of what descends from the sky and the evil of what ascends in it, and from the evil of what is created in the earth and the evil of what comes out of it, and from the trials of the night and day, and from the visitations of the night and day, except for one that knocks with good, O Merciful!” “‘

Audhu bi wajhi’llahi’ l-karim wa bi kalimati’llahi’t-tammati. Allati la yujawazu hunna barra wa la fajir, min sharri ma yanzil min as-sama, wa sharri ma yaruju fiha, wa sham ma dhara’ fi’l-ard, wa sharri ma yakhruju minha, wa min fitani’l-layli wa’n-nahar, wa min tawariqi’l-layli wa’n-nahar illa tariqan yatruq bikhayr ya Rahman!

Say Bismillah and then the du’a below before entering the toilet area…

Hadith – Al-Tirmidhi 358, Narrated Ali ibn Abu Talib: Allah’s Messenger said: The screen between the eyes of Jinn and the private parts of the sons of Adam as one of them enters the privy is that he should say: In the name of Allah. [This hadith has been transmitted by Tirmidhi and he said: It is a gharib hadith and its isnad is not sound.]

[Bismillahi] Allahumma inna ‘audhu bika minal khubthi wal khabaa’ith.

[By the Name of Allah]. Oh Allah, I seek protection in You from unclean spirits, male and female. [Abu Dawud 4/264, Ahmad 2/389]

The ayat “Al-Kursi” (2:255) is well-known as a means for repelling mischievious jinn…

The Noble Qur’an – Al-Baqara 2.255: Allah! La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the Ever, Living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists. neither slumber, nor sleep overtake Him. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is on earth. Who is he that can intercede with Him except with His Permission? He knows what happens to them (His creatures) in this world, and what will happen to them in the Hereafter. And they will never compass anything of His Knowledge except that which He wills. His Kursi extends over the heavens and the earth, and He feels no fatigue in guarding and preserving them. And He is the Most High, the Most Great (Ayat-ul-Kursi).

Hadith – Tirmidhi #2173, Narrated Jubayr ibn Nufayr [Darimi transmitted it in mursal form]. Allah’s Messenger said, “Allah finished Surat al-Baqarah with two verses which I have been given from His treasure which is under the Throne; so learn them and teach them to your womenfolk, for they are a blessing, a means of a approach (to Allah) and a supplication.”

Ibn Taimiya, Majmu, vol. 19, p. 55: “The numerous people who have experienced these events all confirm the amazing effectiveness of this verse in warding off jinn and breaking their spells. It [editor's note: ayat al-Kursi] has a great effect in repelling devils from humans, from the possessed and from those picked out by jinn, such as wrongdoers, people with bad tempers, those who follow their desires and lusts, musicians and those who become ecstatic through whistling and clapping. If these verses are read over them with sincerity to Allah, the jinn will leave. It will put an end to the mirages created by the jinn. It will also disclose the falseness of those, the brothers of the jinn, who perform miraculous acts. The jinn inspire their devotees with some knowledge that the ignorant think are miracles that Allah grants His pious servants. In fact, they are simply Shaytaan’s acts of deception over his devotees, of those whom have earned Allah’s wrath and those who have gone astray.”

Hadith – Tirmidhi #2145, Narrated An-Nu’man ibn Bashir: Allah’s Messenger said, “Two thousand years before creating the heavens and the Earth, Allah inscribed a book of which He sent down two verses with which He concluded surat al-Baqarah. The Devil will not come near a house in which they are recited three nights.” [Tirmidhi and Darimi transmitted it, Tirmidhi saying this is a gharib tradition.]

Make du’a (supplication) such as the following:

The Noble Qur’an – Al-Baqarah 2.286: Allâh burdens not a person beyond his scope. He gets reward for that (good) which he has earned, and he is punished for that (evil) which he has earned. “Our Lord! Punish us not if we forget or fall into error, our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which You did lay on those before us (Jews and Christians); our Lord! Put not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Pardon us and grant us Forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Maulâ (Patron, Supporter and Protector, etc.) and give us victory over the disbelieving people.”

Recite Surahs Al-Falaq (Chapter 113) and An-Nas (Chapter 114)..

Hadith – Al-Tirmidhi 1019, Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri: The Prophet used to seek protection against the Jinn and the evil eye till surahs al-Falaq and an-Nas were revealed. After they were revealed he stuck to them and discarded everything beside them. [Transmitted by Tirmidhi]

Hadith – Al-Tirmidhi 4563, Narrated Abu Sa’id al-Khudri: Allah’s Messenger used to seek refuge in Allah from jinn and the evil eye in men till the Mu’awwidhatan came down, after which he made use of them and abandoned everything else. [Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah transmitted it, Tirmidhi saying this is a hasan gharib tradition]

Action Items for the Muttaqun:

Recite the complete surah of al-Baqarah in your house.

Learn ayat-Al-Kursi and recite it frequently.

Learn the du’a in Qur’an 2:286.

Do not urinate in a hole.

Say Bismillah when changing clothes.

Seek refuge in Allah, swt, when approached by the evil whispers of Shaitaan.

Leave alone the shaitaan with their fabrications.

Do not fear the jinn, only Allah, swt. Know that jinn can be Muslim or shaitaan and male or female. Know that the shaitaan can come to you as human or jinn.

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THE WORLD OF THE JINN

Invitation to Islam, Issue 4, January 1998

Throughout history man has always had a deep attraction for the supernatural and the unseen. The existence of a world parallel to our own has always fascinated people. This world is commonly referred to as the spirit world, and almost every set of people have some concept of one. With some people, these spirits are no more then the souls of dead people- or ghosts. With others, spirits are either the forces of good or the forces of evil – both battling against one another to gain influence over humanity. However, both of these explanations are more in tune with folk tales and fantasy. The true explanation of such a world comes from Islam. Like every other way, Islam also claims to explain this realm of the unseen. It is from this realm that Islam explains to us about the world of the Jinn. The Islamic explanation of the Jinn provides us with so many answers to modem day mysteries. Without the knowledge of this world, the Muslims would become like the non-Muslims and be running around looking for any old answer to come their way. So, who or what are the Jinn?

Existence

The Jinn are beings created with free will, living on earth in a world parallel to mankind. The Arabic word Jinn is from the verb ‘Janna’ which means to hide or conceal. Thus, they are physically invisible from man as their description suggests. This invisibility is one of the reasons why some people have denied their existence. However, (as will be seen) the affect which the world of the Jinn has upon our world, is enough to refute this modern denial of one of Allah’s creation. The origins of the Jinn can be traced from the Qur’an and the Sunnah. Allah says: “Indeed We created man from dried clay of black smooth mud. And We created the Jinn before that from the smokeless flame of fire” (Surah Al-Hijr 15:26-27)

Thus the Jinn were created before man. As for their physical origin, then the Prophet (saws) has confirmed the above verse when he said: “The Angels were created from light and the Jinn from smokeless fire” [1]. It is this description of the Jinn which tells us so much about them. Because they were created from fire, their nature has generally been fiery and thus their relationship with man has been built upon this. Like humans, they too are required to worship Allah and follow Islam. Their purpose in life is exactly the same as ours, as Allah says: “I did not create the Jinn and mankind except to worship Me” (Surah Ad-Dhariyat 51:56)

Jinns can thus be Muslims or non-Muslims. However, due to their fiery nature the majority of them are non-Muslims. All these non-Muslim Jinns form a part of the army of the most famous Jinn, Iblis- the Shaytan[2]. Consequently, these disbelieving Jinns are also called Shaytans (devils). As for the Jinns who become Muslims, then the first of them did so in the time of the Prophet (saws) when a group of them were amazed by the recitation of the Qur’an. Allah orders the Prophet to tell the people of this event: “Say (O’ Muhammed): It has been revealed to me that a group of Jinn listened and said; ‘Indeed we have heard a marvellous Qur’an. It guides unto righteousness so we have believed in it, and we will never make partners with our lord’” (Surah Al-Jinn 72:1-2)

In many aspects of their world, the Jinn are very similar to us. They eat and drink, they marry, have children and they die. The life span however, is far greater then ours. Like us, they will also be subject to a Final Reckoning by Allah the Most High. They will be present with mankind on the Day of Judgement and will either go to Paradise or Hell.

Abilities

That which clearly distinguishes the Jinn from mankind, are their powers and abilities. Allah has given them these powers as a test for them. If they oppress others with them, then they will be held accountable. By knowing of their powers, we can often make sense of much of the mysteries which go on around us. One of the powers of the Jinn, is that they are able to take on any physical form they like. Thus, they can appear as humans, animals trees and anything else. Over the last few years the interest in the subject of aliens and UFO’s has become heightened. Programs such as the X-files and the Outer limits have increased the popularity of the theory that aliens exist. Thousands of people have sighted strange looking creatures all over the world. These sightings however, have still not proven substantially that aliens exist. Rather – and it seems more plausible all the sightings of such creatures were just Jinns parading in different forms. So the next time you see something that looks like E.T, its most probably just a wicked Jinn trying to scare and confuse you!

The ability to possess and take over the minds and bodies of other creatures is also a power which the Jinn have utilized greatly over the centuries. This however, is something which has been prohibited to them as it is a great oppression to possess another being. Human possession is something which has always brought about great attention. But the true knowledge of this subject is rare amongst the people. Over the last 3 decades the subject of possession has become very commercialised. During the 70′s films such as The Exorcist and Rosemary’s Baby were used to educate people about possession. However, because such institutions (the film industry) were heavily influenced by Christianity, knowledge of the subject was non-existent. Rather then educate people about Jinn possession, films such as The Exorcist just tended to scare the living daylights out of us![3] Only through Islam can we understand such a phenomena. We know as Muslims, that Jinns possess people for many reasons. Sometimes it is because the Jinn or its family has been hurt accidentally. It could be because the Jinn has fallen in love with the person. However, most of the time possession occurs because the Jinn is simply malicious and wicked. For this reason we have been told by the Prophet (saws) not to loiter in those places where the Jinns reside, e.g. graveyards, ruins, deserts, market places etc. We have also been commanded to recite the Qur’an frequently in our houses as the Prophet (saws) said: “Indeed, the shaytan flees from the house in which Surah Al-Baqarah (the 2nd chapter of the Qur’an) is recited” [4].

If a person does become possessed, then the name of Allah has to be used in expelling the Jinn. If we look at the practice of the Prophet and his companions, we find many duas (supplications) to exorcise the Jinn. All these duas invoke Allah to help the possessed person. How contrary this is to many modern-day exorcists. Many exorcists, Muslim and non-Muslim, often invoke the names of others besides Allah to exorcise the Jinn[5]. When the Jinn does leave, these people believe that their way was successful. However, this is a ploy of the Jinn, as it knows that if it obeys the exorcist, then it has succeeded in making him worship others besides Allah i.e. commit shirk. The Jinn often returns when the exorcist leaves, as it knows that nothing except the words of Allah can stop it from oppressing others.

It is not only humans which are possessed, but also animals, trees and other objects. By doing this, the evil Jinn hope to make people worship others besides Allah. The possession of idols is one way to do this. Not so long ago the world-wide phenomenon of Hindu idols drinking milk, shocked the world. From Bombay to London, Delhi to California, countless idols were lapping up milk. Ganesh[6] the elephant god, Hanuman the monkey god and even Shiva lingam, the male private organ(!), all seemed to guzzle down the milk as if there was no tomorrow! Unfortunately people were taken in by this (including Muslims) and many flocked to feed (?) the Hindu gods. Anyone who knows about Jinn possession, will undoubtedly know that this is a classic attempt to make people commit shirk. And it worked, as many people started to worship these lifeless pieces of wood and marble. Anyone with half a brain would say to themselves, ‘why on earth does a god need to be fed?!! Surely if Ganesh, Hanuman or Shiva were divine then they wouldn’t need feeding?’ However, such common sense seemed to be lacking as the Jinns played havoc with these gullible people.

The Occult

Through their powers of flying and invisibility, the Jinn are the chief component in occult activities. Voodoo, Black magic, Poltergeists, Witchcraft and Mediums can all be explained through the world of the Jinn. Likewise, so can the illusions and feats of magicians. Because the Jinn can traverse huge distances over a matter of seconds, their value to magicians is great. In return for helping them in their magic, the Jinns often ask for the magicians to sell their souls to them and even to Iblis. Thus the magicians take the Jinn and Iblis as lords besides Allah. In our day, some of the feats performed by magicians and entertainers are without doubt from the assistance of the Jinn. Making the Statue of Liberty disappear, flying across the Grand Canyon and retrieving a ship from the Bermuda Triangle[7], have all been done by the Jewish magician David Copperfield. There is NO way that a man could do such things without the assistance of the Jinn. It would not be surprising therefore, if David Copperfield had sold his soul to Iblis himself. Because of their involvement with the Jinn, and its result in shirk, the Prophet (saws) said: “The prescribed punishment for the magician is that he be executed by the sword” [8]. Some may argue that this is barbaric, but if, the likes of David Copperfield truly had powers, then they could just put their heads back on again!!

One of the most frequent activities associated with the Jinn, is fortune telling. Before the advent of the Prophet (saws) fortune-tellers and soothsayers were wide spread. These people would use their associates from the Jinn to find out about the future. The Jinns would go to the lowest heaven and listen to the Angels conversing amongst themselves about events of the Future which they heard from Allah. The Jinns would then inform the fortune-tellers. This is why before the time of the Prophet (saws) many fortune-tellers were very accurate in their predictions. However, upon the Prophet’s arrival the heavens were guarded intensely by the Angels, and any Jinn who tried to listen was attacked by meteors (shooting stars): “And We have guarded it (the heavens) from every accursed devil, except one who is able to snatch a hearing and he is pursued by a brightly burning flame” (Surah Al-Hijr 15:18)

The Prophet (saws) also said: “They (the Jinn) would pass the information back down until it reaches the lips of a magician or fortune-teller Sometimes a meteor would overtake them before they could pass it on. If they passed it on before being struck, they would add to it a hundred lies” [9]. Thus, it is clear from this as to how fortune-tellers get predictions of the future right. It is also evident as to why they get so many wrong. Men like Nostradamus [10] are an example, as some of his predictions of the future were correct whilst many were completely wrong. Unfortunately, the amount of fortune telling which occurs amongst the Muslims is also increasing. By visiting Muslim lands such as Morocco, one is able to see as to how much inter Jinn-fortune-teller activity there really is. If you look up at the sky on a clear night in Morocco, you will see the heavens ablaze with shooting stars! A clear display of the devils being chased away from the heavens.

Fortune-tellers also operate through the Qareen. The Qareen is the Jinn companion which is assigned to every human being. It is this Jinn which whispers to our base desires and constantly tries to divert us from righteousness. The Prophet (saws) said: “Everyone of you has been assigned a companion from the Jinn. The companions asked: Even you O’ Messenger of Allah? And the Prophet replied: Even me, except that Allah has helped me against him and he has submitted. Now he only tells me to do good” [11]. Because the Qareen is with a person all his life, it knows all that has happened to the person from the cradle to the grave. By making contact with the Qareen, the fortune-teller is thus able to make out that it is he who knows about the person. He looks in his crystal ball or the palm of a person and proceeds to amaze him with knowledge which no one else knows [12]. The severity of going to a fortune-teller is such that the Prophet (saws) said: “The prayer of one who approaches a fortune-teller and asks him about anything, will not be accepted for forty days or nights” [13] and: “Whosoever approaches a fortune-teller and believes in what he says, has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammed” [14]

The effects of the Jinn are not just limited to fortune-tellers. Other activities such as oujia boards and seances, which are used to contact the dead, are manipulated by the Jinn. ‘Are you there Charlie? Speak to us Charlie!!’ are the sort of words spoken by anxious relatives (names are obviously different!) seeking to make contact with their loved ones. And it is when the Jinn starts to talk and communicate as ‘Charlie’, that the people are truly fooled[15].

One of the biggest manipulations of the Jinn is through visions. Through these visions the Jinns are more likely to lead people away from the worship of Allah then any other way. When a person sees a vision in front of his eyes it is something which is very hard to explain away. Only by having knowledge of the world of the Jinn and conviction in Allah, can a person fight such a trial. The countless numbers of visions of Jesus Christ and the Virgin Mary over the centuries has been a popular choice for the devils. It almost seems as if leading Christians astray is the most easiest trick for the Jinns! Not only are Christians fooled by these visions, but often the Jinns possess and begin to talk from their voices. To the Christians this is known as the tongues of the Angels and thus a proof for their faith. However, the amount of unintelligible nonsense and rubbish which is heard is a clear proof that this is in fact the tongues of the devils! For other people, visions of their parents or relatives are commonplace. By taking on the form of peoples parents, the Jinns can convince people that the souls of dead people still mix with the people of the earth. This is why so many people believe in ghosts.

The onslaught of satanic visions has also hit the Muslims. Many Muslims claim to have seen visions of the Prophet Muhammed (saws) and even Allah! By doing this, Shaytan is able to lead astray the weak Muslims. Through such visions, Muslims are often told that the commands of Islam are not applicable to them. The Jinns tell them that Prayer, Fasting, Hajj etc. are not obligatory for them. It is a great deception and unfortunately one which has been very effective. The extent of satanic visions still continues to this day. The recent death of Diana Princess of Wales sparked off great love and adoration for this woman. In fact the grief of the British people was such, that it was as if Diana was something divine. No sooner had the mourning of Diana reached its peak, that visions of her were already being seen at Hampton Court Palace! If these visions did occur, the desire of Iblis and his army of Jinn to capitalise on this event, was evident. Such visions are clear attempts by Iblis to lead mankind away from the path of Allah [16].

The world of the Jinn is one which is both sinister and intriguing. By knowing of this world we can explain many of the mysteries and issues which bother us. By doing this we can avoid the extremes which the people have gone to; nothing being more extreme then worshipping others besides Allah. By learning the Tawheed of Allah, we defend ourselves from these hidden allies of Iblis: “Indeed he (Iblis) and his tribe watch you from a position where you cannot see them”(Surah Al-A’raf 7:27)

Maybe there is a Jinn sitting in the corner of your room right now, or even one behind you. If so, then how will you deal with this creation of Allah? Learn Islam properly and you will be able to deal with all of Allah’s creation – and not just the Jinn. By becoming true Muslims and followers of Islam, the fear of Iblis, Jinns and anything else will leave us – nothing will touch the Believer unless Allah wills.

Footnotes

1 Reported by Muslim – Eng. Trans. Vol. 4, p.1540, No.7134

2 It must be remembered that Iblis is a Jinn and not an Angel. The concept of the Devil being a fallen Angel is from Christianity and not Islam.

3 In fact when The Exorcist was first shown on cinema, it was so scary that many people fainted and one even died!

4 Authentic – Reported by Tirmidhee

5 Whilst Christians invoke the name of Jesus, many Muslims invoke the name of pious Muslim saints! The rituals which are conducted by many Muslims are more akin to voodoo then the exorcism practised by the Prophet and his companions!!

6 Ganesh, the elephant headed deity, seemed to be the biggest drinker! In fact it didn’t just stop at milk. At the time of these occurrences, a woman in India decided to see if Ganesh would drink anything else – so she offered him whiskey!! And Lo and behold Ganesh drank the Whiskey!!! Suffice to say, the woman was kicked out of India.

7 The ship which was recovered was more then 50 years old. It subsequently caught alight and was conveniently destroyed.

8 Authentic – Reported by Tirmidhee

9 Reported by Bukhari – Eng. Trans. Vol.7, p.439, No.657

10 Michel de Nostradamus was a famous French soothsayer of the 16th century.

11 Reported by Muslim – Eng. Trans. Vol.4, p.1472, No.6757

12 The classic example of how fortune tellers can be wrong is the case of Diana, Princess of Wales and Dodi Fayed. Both went to see a fortune teller who told Diana that she would live a long and happy life. A few weeks later, on August 31st 1997, Diana and Dodi Fayed were dead. After this the fortune tellers flew for cover, as their evil art showed its decadence.

13 Reported by Muslim – Eng. Trans. Vol.4, p.1211, No.5540

14 Authentic – Reported by Ahmed

15 Ouija boards are so misleading, that people have even managed to get in touch with the spirit of Jack the Ripper!!

16 An informative book on the world of the Jinn is Ibn Taymeeyah’s Essay on the Jinn translated by Abu Ameenah Bilal Phillips.

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CLOSING THE BATHROOM DOOR KEEPS JINN INSIDE?

Al-Manhaj

Question: What is the Daleel on the bathroom door being shut? Every time I go to the bathroom. Before I can get out good, My husband tells me to close the door real tight as if the Shaytaan is going to get out and tempt us all day. Does it really matter if the door is cracked or left open for a long period of time.

Answer: There is no proof for this claim. The Shaytaan (Devil) dwells in the bathrooms and restrooms but this does not mean that they are confined to them or that they enter through them. So even if you close the bathroom door, they still come in, from another door and that is such as if in the house, the name of Allaah is not mentioned or there are pictures or statuettes in it or there is no remembrance of Allaah or prayer in it – then the Devil lives in this kind of house. The Prophet SAWS said: ‘Verily the house in which Surah Al-Baqarah is recited, the Devil does not come near it.’ So he SAWS said the ‘house’ and he did not say the ‘bathroom’. The Devil is always in the bathroom, no doubt, but if the houses are void of the remembrance of Allaah, then the Devil resides there and eats with the person when he eats and sleeps when he sleeps and so on.

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RULING ON MAGIC, WITCHCRAFT, AND JINN PART 1

By The Islamic Email Circle

Praise be to Allaah.

Witchcraft or magic is knowledge that comes from the shayateen and is something that they do. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “They followed what the Shayaateen (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaymaan. Sulaymaan did not disbelieve, but the Shayaateen (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic [al-Baqarah 2:102]

“And they learn that which harms them and profits them not. And indeed they knew that the buyers of it (magic) would have no share in the Hereafter” [al-Baqarah 2:102]

“and the magician will never be successful, to whatever amount (of skill) he may attain” [Ta-Ha 20:69]

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Avoid the seven sins which doom a person to Hell.” They asked, “What are they?” He said, “Associating anything in worship with Allaah (shirk); witchcraft;…”

And the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “He is not one of us who practices witchcraft or has it done for him.”

No doubt the Shaytaan appears to fortune-tellers and describes the thieves to them, and tells them where stolen goods are, whether this is seen in the dish of water or in some other way. It is not permissible to ask these people anything or to believe them. “Whoever comes to a fortune-teller and believes him, has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him”. (Saheeh – narrated by Ahmad, 2/408; Abu Dawood, 3904; al-Tirmidhi, 135; Ibn Maajah, 639; al-Haakim, 1/8).

On this basis it is not permissible to appoint him to lead you in prayer, or to pray behind him, or to keep in touch with him in good times and in bad, or to give him anything even if he is in need, until and unless he repents. From al-Lu’lu’ al-Makeen min Fataawaa Ibn Jibreen, p. 19

It is not permissible to use witchcraft for any purpose whatsoever. Witchcraft or magic is falsehood, and all kinds of falsehood are kufr and evil doing. Sin cannot be a means of achieving something good. Beneficial things have to be sought through the prescribed means which involve no sin and whose consequences are safe. Allaah has given His slaves sufficient means in the things that He has permitted them, so they have no need for the things that He has forbidden. To Him be praise and thanks for His blessings. Shaykh ‘Abd al-Rahmaan al-Barraak

The fact that jinn can enter human bodies is proven in the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and by the consensus of Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah, and by real-life events. No one disputes this apart from the Mu’tazilah who give priority to their own rational analysis over the evidence of the Qur’aan and Sunnah. We will mention a little about this below:

Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Those who eat Ribaa will not stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by Shaytaan (Satan) leading him to insanity. That is because they say: ‘Trading is only like Ribaa’…” [al-Baqarah 2:275]

Al-Qurtubi said in his Tafseer (part 3, p. 355): “This aayah is proof that those people are wrong who deny that epilepsy is caused by the jinn and claim that its causes are only physical, and that the Shaytaan does not enter people or cause madness.”

Ibn Katheer said in his Tafseer (part 1, p. 32), after mentioning the aayah quoted above: “They will not rise from their graves on the Day of Resurrection except like the way in which the epileptic rises during his seizure, when he is beaten by the Shaytaan. This is because they will rise in a very bad state. Ibn ‘Abbaas said: the one who consumes ribaa will rise on the Day of Resurrection crazy and choking.”

According to a saheeh hadeeth narrated by al-Nasaa’i from Abu’l-Yusr, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to pray: “Allaahumma innee a’oodhu bika min al-taraddi wa’l-haram wa’l-gharaq wa’l-harq, wa a’oodhu bika an yatakhabatani al-shaytaan ‘ind al-mawt

( O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from being thrown from a high place, old age, drowning and burning; and I seek refuge with You from being beaten by the Shaytaan at the time of death).” Commenting on this hadeeth in Al-Fayd (part 2, p.148), al-Manaawi said: “[The phrase] ‘and I seek refuge with You from being beaten by the Shaytaan at the time of death’ means, lest he should wrestle with me and play with me, and damage my religious commitment or mental state (at the time of death) by means of his insinuating whispers which cause people to slip or lose their minds. The Shaytaan could take control of a person when he is about to depart this world, and misguide him or stop him from repenting…”

Ibn Taymiyah (Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 42/276) said: “The fact that jinn can enter human bodies is proven by the consensus of Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): ‘Those who eat Ribaa will not stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except like the standing of a person beaten by Shaytaan (Satan) leading him to insanity. That is because they say: ‘Trading is only like Ribaa’…’ [al-Baqarah 2:275].

And in as-Saheeh it is narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘The Shaytaan flows through the son of Adam as the blood flows through his veins.’”

‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal said; “I said to my father, ‘There are some people who say that the jinn do not enter the body of the epileptic.’ He said: ‘O my son, they are lying; the jinn could speak through this person.’”

Commenting on this, Ibn Qudaamah said: “What he said is well known, because a person may suffer an epileptic seizure and speak in a language that no one understands, and his body may be beaten with blows that would fell a camel, but the epileptic does not feel them at all, and he is also unaware of the words he is saying. The epileptic and others may be dragged about, or the carpet on which he is sitting may be pulled, and utensils may be moved about from place to place, and other things may happen. Anyone who witnesses such a thing will know for sure that the one who is speaking through the person and moving these things is not human.” And he said, may Allaah have mercy on him: “There is no one among the imaams of the Muslims who denies that jinn may enter the body of the epileptic and others. Anyone who denies that and claims that Islam denies it is lying about Islam. There is nothing in the proofs of sharee’ah to show that it does not happen.”

So the fact that jinn may enter human bodies is proven in the Qur’aan and Sunnah, and by the consensus of Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jamaa’ah, some of whose comments we have quoted above.

As regards the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): “but they could not thus harm anyone except by Allaah’s Leave” [al-Baqarah 2:102], this is undoubtedly a clear indication that the jinn cannot harm anyone through witchcraft or epilepsy or through any other kind of disturbance or misguidance, except with the permission of Allaah.

As al-Hasan al-Basri said: “Whomever Allaah wills, He gives them power over him, and whomever He does not will, He does not give them power over him, and they cannot do anything to anyone except with the permission of Allaah.” The Shaytaan (who is the disbelieving jinn) may gain power over the believers by making them sin and by making them neglect the remembrance and Tawheed of Allaah and sincerity in worshipping Him. But he has no power over the righteous slaves of Allaah, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily, My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism) — you have no authority over them. And All-Sufficient is your Lord as a Guardian” [al-Israa’ 17:65]

During the Jaahiliyyah the Arabs were well aware of this and mentioned it in their poetry. For example, the poet al-A’shaa likened his she-camel’s energy to that of one who was touched by the jinn, and said that it was the jinn who was giving her, her energy.

As regards the causes of epilepsy, Ibn Taymiyah explained (in Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 19/39) the causes. He said: “When the jinn touch a person with epilepsy, it may be because of desire or love, just as happens between one human and another… or it may – as is usually the case – be because of hatred and punishment, such as when a person has harmed them or they think that he has harmed them deliberately, either by urinating on them or pouring hot water on them or killing them, even if the person did that unknowingly. There are ignorant and wrongdoing ones among the jinn who may punish a person more than he deserves, or they may be playing with him and mistreating him, like foolish people among mankind.”

It is well known that Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaadah was killed by the jinn when he urinated in a hole in which was their dwelling place, and they said, “We have killed the leader of Khazraj Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaadah; we struck him with an arrow and we did not miss his heart.”

At the time of ‘Umar, a man was kidnapped by the jinn and stayed with them for four years, then he came back and told the people that some mushrik jinn had kidnapped him, and he stayed with them as a prisoner, then some Muslim jinn launched a campaign against them and defeated them, and brought him back to his family. This was mentioned in Manaar al-Sabeel and elsewhere. (See Manaar al-Sabeel, 2/88. The story of the kidnapped man was reported by al-Bayhaqi (7/445-446) and its isnaad was classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Irwaa’, 6/150, no. 1709).

The way to save oneself from this is to remember Allaah and speak His Name at the beginning of all things, as it was reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to mention Allaah in many cases, such as when eating, drinking, mounting his riding-beast, taking off his clothes for any reason, having intercourse and so on…

As regards treatment (of one whose body has been entered by the jinn), Ibn Taymiyah said (Majmoo’ al-Fataawa, 19/42): “When the jinn attack a person, they should be told of the rulings of Allaah and His Messenger, proof should be established against them, and they should be commanded to do what is good and told not to do what is evil, just as should be done in the case of people, as Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): ‘And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning)’ [al-Israa’ 17:15].”

Then he said: “If the jinn does not leave after being addressed in this manner, then it is permissible to rebuke him, tell him off, threaten him and curse him, as the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did with the Shaytaan when he came with a falling star to throw it in his face, and the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “I seek refuge with Allaah from you and I curse you with the curse of Allaah” – three times. (Narrated by al-Bukhaari).We may also seek help against the jinn by remembering Allaah (dhikr) and reciting Qur’aan, especially Aayat al-Kursi.

The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever recites it will remain under the protection of Allaah and no shaytaan (devil) will be able to approach him until the morning.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari). And al-Mi’wadhatayn (the last two soorahs of the Qur’aan) may also be recited.

As for psychiatrists who do not treat the epileptic in the manner described, they cannot do him any good at all. Reference: Masaa’il wa rasaa’il, Muhammad Mahmoud al-Najdi, p.23

It is not permissible to seek the help of the jinn in finding about what the problem is and how to treat it, because seeking the help of the jinn is shirk. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the males among the jinn, but they (jinn) increased them (mankind) in sin and transgression” [al-Jinn 72:6]

“And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): ‘O you assembly of jinn! Many did you mislead of men,’ and their Awliyaa’ (friends and helpers) amongst men will say: ‘Our Lord! We benefited one from the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us.’ He will say: ‘The Fire be your dwelling place, you will dwell therein forever, except as Allaah may will. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing’” [al-An’aam 6:128]

The meaning of the phrase ‘We benefited one from the other’ is that the men venerated the jinn and submitted to them and sought help from them, and the jinn served them by doing what they wanted and bringing them what they asked for. That includes informing them of the type of sickness and its causes, because the jinn can come to know of things that humans cannot; but they may tell lies, because they cannot be trusted, and it is not permissible to believe them. And Allaah knows best. Al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah li’l-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wa’l-Iftaa’

Protection from the harm of the jinn:

Because the jinn can see us while we cannot see them, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught us many ways to protect ourselves from their harm, such as seeking refuge with Allaah from the accursed Shaytaan, reciting Soorat al-Falaq and Soorat al-Naas (the last two Soorahs of the Qur’aan), and reciting the words taught by Allaah in the Qur’aan (interpretation of the meaning): “Say: ‘My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings (suggestions) of the shayaateen (devils). And I seek refuge with You, my Lord, lest they may attend (or come near) me.’” [al-Mu’minoon 23:97-98]

Saying Bismillaah (in the Name of Allaah) before entering one’s home, before eating or drinking, and before having intercourse will also keep the Shaytaan from entering the house or partaking with a person in his food, drink and sexual activity. Similarly, mentioning the name of Allaah before entering the toilet or taking off one’s clothes will prevent the jinn from seeing a person’s ‘awrah or harming him, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “To put a barrier that will prevent the jinn from seeing the ‘awrah of the sons of Aadam, let any one of you say ‘Bismillaah’ when entering the toilet.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 551; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 3611).

Strength of faith and religion in general will also prevent the jinn from harming a person, so much so that if they were to fight, the one who has faith would win. ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “A man from among the Companions of Muhammad met a man from among the jinn. They wrestled, and the human knocked down the jinn. The human said to him, ‘You look small and skinny to me, and your forearms look like the front paws of a dog. Do all the jinn look like this, or only you?’ He said, ‘No, by Allaah, among them I am strong, but let us wrestle again, and if you defeat me I will teach you something that will do you good.’ The human said, ‘Fine.’

He said, ‘Recite, ‘Allaah! None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever-living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists…’ [Aayat al-Kursi – al-Baqarah 2:255 – interpretation of the meaning].

The human said, ‘Fine.’ He said, ‘You will never recite this in your house but the Shaytaan will come out of it like a donkey breaking wind, and he will never come back in until the next morning.’” (Reported by al-Daarimi, 3247).

This is a brief summary about the jinn, and their nature and characteristics. Allaah is the Best of protectors and the Most Merciful of those who show mercy. For more information see ‘Aalam al-Jinn wa’l-Shayaateen by ‘Umar Sulaymaan al-Ashqar.

The practitioner of magic is the person who uses the shayaateen (devils) and gets close to the jinn by doing the things they like – such as sacrificing to them instead of to Allaah, calling upon them alongside Allaah, obeying them by disobeying Allaah by committing zinaa, drinking wine, eating haraam things, neglecting prayer, covering himself with najaasaat (impure things) and staying in dirty places – until the shayaateen respond to what he asks them, with a gentle and kind approach, to do, such as harming the people against whom he uses his magic, causing division between a man and his wife, telling him some unseen things, and telling him about stolen items and where lost things are. Such a person is a mushrik and a kaafir, because he worships both Allaah and the Shaytaan, which is major shirk (al-shirk al-akbar). So he is a kaafir, because Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning); “Sulaymaan did not disbelieve, but the Shayaateen (devils) disbelieved, teaching men magic” [al-Baqarah 2:102]

“but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said, ‘We are for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning this magic from us).’” [al-Baqarah 2:102]

There are many ahaadeeth which state that this is haraam, such as the hadeeth narrated from Safiyah bint Abi ‘Ubayd from one of the wives of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who narrated that he said: “Whoever goes to a soothsayer and asks him about something and believes him, his prayer will not be accepted for forty days.” (Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh).

Qusaybah ibn al-Mukhaariq said: “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: ‘Al-‘ayaafah, al-tiyarah and al-turuq [kinds of augury] are all part of al-jabt [witchcraft or idolatry].’” This was narrated by Abu Dawood with a saheeh isnaad.

Abu Dawood said: Al-‘ayaafah, al-khatt and al-turuq are all kinds of augury, whereby a bird is released and is watched to see whether it flies to the right or to the left. If it flies to the right it is taken as a good omen and if it flies to the left it is taken as a bad omen. Al-Jawhari said: al-jabt is a word which may be applied to idols, soothsayers, magicians, astrologers etc.

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever seeks knowledge from the stars is seeking one of the branches of witchcraft…” Narrated by Abu Dawood with a saheeh isnaad.

It was narrated that Mu’aawiyah ibn al-Hakam said: “I said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, I am still close to the time of Jaahiliyyah [i.e., I am new in Islam]. Allaah has brought Islam to us, but there are among us men who go to soothsayers (fortune tellers).’ He said, ‘Do not go to them.’ I said, ‘And there are men among us who practise augury [watch birds for omens].’ He said, ‘That is something which they make up. Do not believe them.’” (Narrated by Muslim).

It was narrated from Abu Mas’ood al-Badri that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade the price of a dog, the fee of a prostitute and the payment of a soothsayer. (Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim).

It was reported that ‘Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: “Some people asked the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) about soothsayers. He said, ‘They are nothing.’ They said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, sometimes they say something and it comes true.’ The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: ‘That is a word of truth that the jinn snatches and whispers into the ear of his familiar, but they mix a hundred lies with it.’” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari and Muslim).

It was narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Whoever comes to a soothsayer and believes what he says, or has intercourse with a woman in her back passage, has nothing to do with that which has been revealed to Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).” (Narrated by Abu Dawood).

… The scholars have stated that it is haraam to deal with such matters or to go to find out about them or to believe in them. It is haraam to pay them money, and anyone who is suffering from any of these things must hasten to repent from it. And Allaah knows best. Fataawa al-Imaam al-Nawawi, 230.

It was also commanded that the practitioner of magic should be executed, because of the hadeeth: “The hadd (prescribed punishment) for the practitioner of magic is a blow with the sword (i.e., execution).” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 1460; al-Daaraqutni, 3/114; al-Haakim, 4/360; al-Bayhaqi, 8/136; see al-Silsilah al-Da’eefah, 3/641, no. 1446)

On this basis, he is a kaafir even if he prays, fasts, reads Qur’aan and makes du’aa’, because shirk cancels out all good deeds. And Allaah knows best. Al-Lu’lu al-Makeen min Fataawa Ibn Jibreen, p. 11.

Black Magic and Satanic Possession

People who have had experience with such situations have related that the following are among the signs of a person who is possessed by jinn (or Satan):

Strong repulsion when hearing Qur’aan or Aathaan (call for prayers).

Episodes of losing consciousness and/or epileptic attacks, especially when Qur’aan is recited for the possessed person. Frequent nightmares during sleep.

Tendency to avoid people accompanied by out-of-the-norm behavior.

The jinn who possesses him might speak when Qur’aan is recited for the possessed person.

Madness, as stated in the Qur’aan (interpretation of the meaning): “Those who devour usury will not stand except as stands one whom Satan by his touch hath driven to [epileptic] madness…”2:275

As for a person struck by magic he might experience the following:

Dislike of one’s spouse, as indicated in the Qur’aan by the following verse (interpretation of the meaning): “And from these (angels) people learn that by which they cause separation between a man and his wife…” (Al-Baqarah, 2:102).

Different attitude in the house from that which is outside the house. For example, a person will feel that he is missing his family when is outside the house but when he goes home, love changes quickly to extreme hatred.

Inability to have sexual intercourse with one’s spouse.

Frequent miscarriage for pregnant women.

Sudden change in behavior without obvious reason.

Complete loss of appetite for food.

Thinking or imagining one has done something when in reality one has not.

Sudden obedience and/or love for a particular person.

It should be noted that if a person experiences some of the above symptoms this does not necessarily mean that he is either possessed by a jinn or struck by black magic. It might be due to physiological or psychological reasons.

As for curing this condition the following steps are recommended:

Putting one’s trust in Allah with sincere belief that He is the only cure for everything.

Reading Qur’aan and known supplications expressing seeking refuge, the most important and effective of which is sura 113 and 114, Al-Falaq and Al-Naas, which were used to cure the Prophet himself. Surah 112, Al-Ikhlaas, is recommended along with them, as well as the opening chapter of the Qur’aan, Al-Fatihah.

To cure black magic some have successfully used seven lotus-tree leaves or (Beri leaves). The leaves should be crushed, then mixed them with water enough for taking a bath. The following verses from the Qur’aan are then recited: verse Al-Kursi (2:255), Surah Al-Kafiroon (109), Surah 112 Al Ikhlaas, Surah 113 Al Falaq, Surah 114 Al Nass; the verses which mention magic recite three times each, which are: in Surah Al-Baqarah (2:102), Al-A’raaf (3:117-119), Yunus (10:79-82), and Taha (20:65-69). The possessed person drinks some of the water, and the rest is used to give him a bath.

Removing the elements of magic as was done by the Prophet when he was struck by black magic by a Jewish man called Lubaid Ben Al-‘Aasim.

Eating seven Aa’liya Al-Barniy dates popularly known as Ajwa (among the dates of Al-Madinah) first thing in the morning; if not possible, any dates will suffice, by the will of Allaah.

Cupping–removing excess blood.

Supplications.

Allaah is the Best of protectors and the Most Merciful of those who show mercy. He is the One who cures and there is no one else who can cure.

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THE UNSEEN AND THE SEEN WORLDS: JINN AMONG MANKIND

By Amira El-Zein, Georgetown University

Fons Vitae (Forthcoming Spring 2002)

ISBN 1-887752-08-0 paperback TBA

This is the first comprehensive book published in the West on the topic of jinn, whose influence and furtive presence among mankind in various incarnations has fascinated writers and poets throughout the centuries. This book tells the hitherto unknown story of the constant and living interaction between two races of intelligent beings at the heart of Islam, that of the jinn and that of mankind, an intersection that continues to work throughout the world, often to the mystification of mankind. This timely and much needed book provides an explanation of the phenomena of unseen entities whose influence is often felt and whose wisdom is appealed to by the Qur’an.A landmark work, El-Zein’s book relies on an extraordinary number of primary and secondary sources, drawing from the Qur’an, the hadith of the Prophet, various tafasir, the tales of the prophets, traditional and modern Middle Eastern poetry, Modern Arabic fiction, folk literature and a wealth of Sufi texts. The author demonstrates how the concept of jinn pervades all branches of specifically Muslim culture, and parallels the Muslim view of the jinn with other concepts of spiritual entities in other cultures and traditional religions across the world. Interestingly, the Muslim concept of the jinn is unique, for Islam is the only monotheistic revelation to address its message to both human beings and the jinn who share this universe and interact with humans in all its dimensions.Amira El-Zein teaches Modern Arabic and Medieval Literature at Georgetown University. She is a well-known poet, with two published books of poetry.

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QUESTIONS ABOUT JINN

By Hussein Sakr

Question 1: Who are the jinn?

The jinn are among the creatures that Allah (swt) created. Allah (swt) created angels, jinn, mankind, animals, plants and others. Jinn have some qualities like human beings. These qualities are intellect, discrimination, freedom, and the power to choose between right and wrong, between true and false, as well as between good and bad.

Question 2: When did Allah (swt) create the jinn?

Allah (swt) created the jinn before Adam (pbuh) was created. Both were created in heaven and lived in paradise. One may read in Surah Al-Hijr (The Rocky Tract) [Qur'an, 15:26-27]. However, nothing was mentioned about the duration of time of the jinn’s creation before Adam (pbuh).

Question 3: What are jinn created from?

Jinn are created from fire of hot wind [Qur'an, 15:27]; and from smokeless fire [Qur'an, 55:15]. They were originally made from fire and then molded and shaped in the form and shape that Allah (swt) wanted them to be. This means that they do not anymore possess their fiery nature. It is not known therefore, their final shape, form, and chemical composition. Since we cannot see them, therefore, it is not easy to do any analysis of their chemical nature. In contrast, mankind was created from soil, mud, and clay. They were molded as human beings. Our final form is no more mud or clay.

Question 4: Do jinn have bodies?

Yes and no! It depends upon the information that one has. One group of scholars believe that jinn do not have bodies of their own. They also do not inhabit bodies of other creatures. However, they do exist independently by themselves. Therefore, they do not know how they exist without bodies: smoke, flame, fire or what?

The other group of scholars do believe that jinn do have bodies either definite or subtle. If their bodies are definite then they have some density; otherwise, if they are subtle, then they are so fine that our weak eyes cannot see them. One may read Surah Al-A’raf (The Heights) [Qur'an, 7:27]. Even if they are subtle they should have weight and density similar to that of the air itself.

Question 5: Do jinn die?

Yes. Jinn do die. As long as they are creatures created by Allah (swt), they should die. They are creatures that marry, produce children, eat, drink, and die like all other creatures in the universe. One may read Qur’an Surah Al-Rahman (The Most Merciful) [Qur'an, 55:26-28].

Question 6: Do the jinn feel envy of us?

Yes. There are two types of evil eye: human and the jinn. One has to read regularly ‘A’oozu Billahi Minash-shaitanir Rajeem. Also, by reading Ayah Al-Kursi and Al-Mu’awwazatain, one will be protected from the evil eyes of both the jinn and mankind.

Question 7: Are there messengers and prophets from within the community of jinn?

Yes. Allah (swt) has sent prophets and messengers to jinn from within the jinn community. Also, Allah (swt) sent Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) to mankind, to jinn, and to other creatures. In Surah Al-An’am (The Cattle), Allah (swt) explains that He sent messengers to men and to jinn. See Qur’an [6:130].

Question 8: Do jinn have different religions, sects and denominations?

In Surah Al-Jinn (Ch. 72), Allah (swt) informs us that some jinn accepted Islam, while others refused. Those who refused have deviated, and developed for themselves different methods, different ways of life, and different religions, sects and denominations.

Question 9: Do jinn marry and have children?

Yes. Jinn do marry and they do have children. The way they marry is not known to us yet. We may be able to know the future if Allah (swt) wants us to know. People never knew about microbes, viruses, and the unseen micro creatures. Now we are able to know many things about their life cycles, their life duration, their methods of duplication or reproduction: sexually and asexually. The mere fact that we do not know how the jinn marry and reproduce does not negate their being married and reproduced. The Qur’an stipulates in Surah Al-Kahf (18:50) that they have offsprings. Similarly, the Qur’an states in Surah Al-Rahman (55:56) that jinn and human beings never touched (married) the ladies of paradise.

Question 10: Can human beings and jinn inter-marry?

Yes and no. It depends upon how one looks at it. It is a known fact in the Qur’an in Surah Al-Israa’ (17:64) that jinn may share with us our wealth and our children. The Hadith of the Prophet (pbuh) reconfirms this concept when he says that when a man has marital relationship with his wife, he should mention the name of Allah (swt). He should seek refuge in Allah (swt) from the outcast shaitan. Otherwise, shaitan folds himself up in the man’s urethra and shall have sexual relations along with him.

Moreover, when a man goes to his wife while she is in her menses, shaitan precedes him. She shall conceive and will bring forth a sterile person (Mukhannath). Such a sterile person is considered to be child of the jinn.

Question 11: Do jinn have animals as pets?

Yes. Jinn do have animals or beasts of their own. The Prophet (pbuh) mentioned that every piece of dung is fodder for the beasts of the jinn. However, we do not know what type of beasts the jinn have. The same thing is to be said as to the varieties of beasts, their number, their shape, their size, their weight and so on.

Question 12: Do jinn have homes of their own?

Yes. The jinn do have homes. They live all over the planet earth. However, there are special places that one may find them in abundance and on a regular basis. These are deserts, ruins, places of impurities such as dunghills, bathrooms and graveyards. They live in houses of human beings too. For those who enter their houses mentioning the name of Allah (swt), the jinn cannot have a place to stay overnight in that house. If the people of the house mention the name of Allah (swt) before eating, then the shaitan will not be able to eat with them.

Question 13: Is it true that animals see jinn and angels?

Yes. Animals do see angels and shaitan. When a rooster sees an angel, it starts crowing. However, when a donkey starts braying it is seeing a jinn.

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INVISIBLE DIMENSION OF EXISTENCE: JINN

Taken from The Way To Truth

The Characteristics of Jinn

Jinn are conscious beings charged with Divine obligations. The word jinn literally means something hidden or veiled from sight. As mentioned earlier, jinns are a species of invisible beings. A short Qur’anic chapter is named for them, and in it we learn that a band of jinn listened to Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, and some became believers: Say: “It has been revealed to me that a company of the jinn gave ear, and they said: ‘We have heard a wonderful Qur’an, which guides to righteousness, so we believe in it and we shall not join (in belief and worship) any (gods) with our Lord. And (we believe) that He-exalted be the glory of our Lord-has taken neither wife nor son …. Among us there are righteous folk and among us there are far from that. We are sects having different rules.,” (72:1-2, 11)

From this, we understand that jinn are conscious beings charged with Divine obligations

Recent discoveries in biology make it clear that God created beings particular to each realm in the universe. Jinn might have been created while the Earth was still a body of some sort of fire. They were created before Adam and Eve, and were responsible for cultivating and improving the world. Although God later superseded them with us, He did not exempt them from religious obligations.

Jinn are created from smokeless fire

The Qur’an states that jinn are created from smokeless fire (55:15). In another verse, it clarifies that this fire is scorching and penetrates as deep as the inner part of the body (15:27).

Jinn, like angels, are not bound by the constraints of time and space within which we move

Like angels, jinn move extremely fast and are not bound by the time and space constraints within which we normally move. However, since the spirit is more active and faster than jinn, a person who lives at the level of the spirit’s life and who can transcend what we know as limits of matter and the confines of time and space, can be quicker and more active than them. For example, the Qur’an relates that when Prophet Solomon asked those around him who could bring the throne of the Queen of Saba’ (Yemen), one jinn answered that he could bring it before the meeting ended and Prophet Solomon stood up. However, a man with a special knowledge from God replied: “I can bring it to you quicker than the blink of an eye,” and he did so (27:38-40).

Jinn can do more difficult things than human beings

Nothing is difficult for God Almighty. It is as easy for Him to create the universe as it is for Him to create a tiny particle. He has provided human beings, jinn, and angels with the power and strength appropriate for their functions or duties. As He uses angels to supervise the movements of celestial bodies, He allows humanity to rule the Earth, dominate matter, build civilizations, and produce technology.

Power and strength are not limited to the physical world, nor are they proportional to bodily size. We see that immaterial things are far more powerful than huge physical entities. For example, our memory is far more spacious and comprehensive than a large room. Our hands can touch a very near object, but our eyes can travel long distances in an instant, and our imagination can transcend time and space all at once. Winds can uproot trees and demolish large buildings. A young, thin plant shoot can split rocks and reach the sunlight. The power of energy, whose existence is known through its effect, is apparent to everybody. All of this shows that something’s power is not proportional to its physical size; rather the immaterial world dominates the physical world, and immaterial entities are far more powerful than material ones.

Appearance Of Angels And Jinn In This World

Angels and jinn can assume a form and appear in this world in the shape of any being. Here, we observe movement from the visible to the invisible: water evaporates disappears into the atmosphere, solid matter becomes a liquid or a gas (steam), and matter becomes energy (nuclear fission). Likewise, we observe movement from the invisible to the visible: gases become fluids, evaporated water becomes rain (as well as snow or hail), and energy becomes matter. Similarly, intangible thoughts and meanings in our minds can appear in the tangible form of letters and words in essays and books.

In an analogous way, such invisible beings as angels, jinn, and other spirit entities are clothed in some material substance, such as air or ether, and then become visible. According to Imam Shibli, if God wills, He allows them to assume a form when they utter any of His Names, for this functions like a key or a visa enabling them to assume a form and become visible in this world. If they try to do so without God’s permission, by relying on their own abilities, they are torn into pieces and perish.

We read in Qur’an 19:17 that the spirit God sent to Mary (the mother of Jesus), and whom Muslim scholars say is the Archangel Gabriel, appeared before her as a man. When Gabriel came to Prophet Muhammad, upon him be peace and blessings, with Revelation or God’s Messages, he rarely appeared in his original form. Rather, he usually came as a warrior, a traveler, or a Companion named Dihya. For example, he came as a warrior on horseback following the end of the Battle of the Trench and told the Prophet, upon him be peace: “O Messenger of God, you have taken off your armor but we, the angels, have not yet done so. God orders you to march upon the Banu Qurayza.” Once he came as a traveler dressed in white and, in order to instruct the Companions in religion, asked the Prophet such questions as: What is belief? What is Islam? What is ihsan (excellence or perfection of virtue)? When is the Day of Judgment?

Like angels and jinn, Satan (who belongs to the jinn) also can appear in different forms. It is narrated that before the Battle of Badr, he appeared to the leaders of the Quraysh as an old man from Najd and gave them some advice. Likewise, a Companion guarding the spoils of war caught a disguised Satan trying to steal some of the booty (most probably to lead other Companions to suspect that Companion). He entreated the Companion to release him, which he did-twice. On the third time, the Companion tried to take him to God’s Messenger. But Satan appealed: “Release me, and I will tell you how you can secure yourself against me.” The Companion asked what that was, and Satan replied that it was the Verse of the Throne (2:255). When informed of the event, God’s Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, commented: “That wicked one is a liar, but on that occasion he told the truth.”

The Qur’an relates that a group of jinn listened to God’s Messenger reciting the Qur’an and, when they returned to their people, said: “O people! Surely we listened to a Book that has been revealed after Moses, affirms what precedes it, and guides to right and the Straight Path” (46:30). The sura continues with what they thought about what they had heard. There are also Traditions that tell us that the Messenger, upon him be peace and blessings, recited parts of the Qur’an and preached his Message to the jinn.

Jinn can also appear as snakes, scorpions, cattle, donkeys, birds, and other animals. When our Prophet, upon him be peace and blessings, took the oath of allegiance from them in the valley of Batn al-Nakhla, he wanted them to appear to his community either in their own form or in other agreeable forms, not in the forms of such harmful animals as dogs and scorpions. He warned his community: When you see any vermin in your house, tell it three times: “For God’s sake, leave this place,” for it may be a friendly jinn. If it does not leave, it is not a jinn. If it is harmful, you may kill it.

The jinn who gave allegiance to God’s Messenger promised him: “If your community recites the basmala (In the Name of God, the All-Merciful, the All-Compassionate) before anything they do and cover their dishes, we will not touch their food or their drink.” Another Tradition says: [When you have relieved yourselves] do not clean yourselves with bones and dried pieces of dung, for they are among the foods of your jinn brothers.

Contact With Jinn And Their Influence On Human Beings

Some people have an innate ability to go into trance and contact beings from the invisible realms of existence. However, it should not be forgotten that whether these are angels or jinn, invisible beings have their own conditions of life and are bound to certain limits and principles. For this reason, one who gets in touch with jinn should be careful, for one may easily fall under their influence and become their plaything.

Some assert that the Mirza Ghulam Ahmad (1839-1908) of Qadiyan (India), fell victim to such tricks of jinn. He attempted to serve Islam by struggling against Hindu Yogism through the way of Fakirism, but evil spirits got control of him. First they whispered to him that he was a reviver (of religion), then that he was the Mahdi (Messiah), and when he was finally under their influence and control, told him to proclaim that he was an incarnation of God.

Sins and uncleanliness invite the influence of evil spirits and unbelieving jinns. People of a susceptible nature, those who tend to be melancholy, and those who lead a dissipated and undisciplined life are their primary targets. Evil spirits usually reside in places for dumping garbage or other dirty places, public baths, and bathrooms.

Do jinn cause certain illnesses?

Jinn can penetrate a body even deeper than X-rays. They can reach into a being’s veins and the central points of the brain. They seem to be like lasers, which are used in everything from computers to nuclear weaponry, from medicine to communication and police investigations, and to removing obstructions in our veins and arteries. So, when we consider that Satan and all jinn are created from smokeless fire that penetrates deep into the body, like radiation or radioactive energy, we can understand the meaning of the Prophetic Tradition: Satan moves where the blood moves.

Jinn can harm the body and cause physical and psychological illnesses. It might be a good idea for medical authorities to consider whether jinn cause certain types of cancer, since cancer is an unordered and diseased growth in the body that we describe as a kind of cellular anarchy. Maybe some jinn have settled in that part of the body and are destroying its cellular structure.

Although science does not yet accept the existence of invisible beings and restricts itself to the material world, we think it is worth considering the possibility that evil spirits play some part in such mental illnesses as schizophrenia. We constantly hear of cases that those who suffer from mental illness, epilepsy, or even cancer recover by reciting certain prayers. Such cases are serious and significant, and should not be denied or dismissed by attributing them to “suggestion” or “auto-suggestion.” When science breaks the thick shell in which it has confined itself and accepts the existence of the metaphysical realm and the influence of metaphysical forces, it practitioners will be able to remove many obstructions, make far greater advances, and make fewer mistakes.

The Employment Of Jinn In Different Tasks

Today, the doors to the metaphysical worlds are only slightly ajar. We are barely at the beginning of contact with jinn and devils. However, one day we will feel constrained to enter these worlds to solve many of their problems pertaining to this world.

The Qur’an states that God bestowed upon the House of Abraham the Scripture, Wisdom, and a mighty kingdom (4:54). This mighty kingdom manifested itself most brilliantly through the Prophets David and Solomon, upon them be peace. Prophet Solomon ruled not only a part of humanity, but also jinn and devils, birds and winds: God subdued unto him devils, some of whom dove for pearls and did other work (21:82). Solomon had armies of jinn and birds, and he employed jinn in many jobs: They made for him what he willed: synagogues, fortresses, basins like wells and boilers built into the ground (34:13); and Wind was also subdued to him; its morning course was a month’s journey and the evening course also a month’s journey (34:12). As pointed out earlier, the throne of the Queen of Saba’ was carried from Yemen to Jerusalem in the twinkling of an eye (27:40).

The verses relating to Solomon’s kingdom point to the final limit of humanity’s use of jinn and devils. These also suggest that a day will come when we can use them in many jobs, especially in communication. It is quite probable that they also will be employed in security affairs, mining and metal-work, even in space studies and historical research. Since jinn can live about 1,000 years, they may be useful in establishing historical facts.

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VISIONS OF THE JINN

Ibn Taymeeyah’s Essay on the Jinn (Demons)

CHAPTER THREE: DEMONIC VISIONS

Those involved in incantations and oaths often swear by some devils to help them against others. Sometimes the evil JINN fulfil their request but frequently they do not, especially when the JINN against whom help is sought is honored among them. Neither the one chanting incantations nor his incantations have any power to force the devils to help them. The reciter of incantations earnestly entreats a being whom he considered great – which may or may not be the case – to harm others who may conceivably be greater. In the case where someone entreats the JINN to harm someone whom the JINN hold in high esteem, they will ignore him. In fact, it may prevent them from even responding at all. Their situations is quite similar to that of humans except that human beings are generally more intelligent, truthful, just and trustworthy while the JINN tend to be ignorant, untruthful, oppressive and treacherous.

The point is that though the oaths and incantations of devil-worshippers may contain statements of idolatry and disbelief, they are frequently ineffective against the JINN. When requested to kill or apprehend another JINN who has possessed a human, the JINN will often mock those who make the request by falsely giving them the impression that they killed or detained the offending JINN. This is especially so in cases where humans believe in the illusions created by the JINN. The JINN usually communicate by either visions or voices ["The gleaning of hidden information by way of visions and voices has been well documented among clairvoyants and mediums. 'A medium' may be defined as a person through whose agency or through whose orgainsm there are received communications ostensibly from deceased human beings or other discarnate or remote entities. In what is called 'clairvoyant mediumship' -now popularly known as channelling- the meduim 'sees' or 'hears' the deceased friends and relatives of persons persent and relays messages from them. Generally speaking, the experiences concerned seem not to have the distinctness of ordinary perception but are rather a seeing or hearing 'in the mind's eye' or ear. Sometimes, however, the figures seen or voices heard may attain as hallucinatory vividness; the medium's experience then resembles that of one who witnesses an apparition." (Benjamin B. Wolman. ed., Handbook of Parapsychology, New York, Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1977, pp, 579-580)] with those seeking information among the idol-worshippers, Christians, Jews, and heretical Muslims driven astray by the devils. JINNS may take the form of a live picture portraying whatever the sorcerers and fortunetellers wish to know about. When these deviants see the image of what they sought, they then inform other humans about it. Some of them may know that the image is actually an illusion, while others may be deluded into believing that they are actually wintessing the real scene. JINNS may also make humans hear the voice of those whom they call upon who are far away. Such cases are frequent among idolaters, Christians, Jews and ignorant Muslims who seek refuge in those whom they consider holy. When some devotees call on their spiritual masters for help saying, “Oh my Lord so and so!” the JINN will address them in the voice of their masters. When the masters answer their request, the JINN, in turn, answer the devotees in the masters’ voice. This has happened to many people some of whom are known to me. The devils will often respond while talking the form of the one besought, whether dead or alive, even if he is unaware of those who call on him. Those committing Shirk in this fashion believe that the person beseeched has actually replied when in fact it is the JINN replying. This frequently happens to Christians who call on those whom they edify, whether dead or alive, like George or other holy figures [ROME, Feb 24 1989 (AFP) - A retired Italian roadman Renato Baron claims that he has been seeing and talking to the Virgin Mary for nearly three years now. Visions by Baron and about THIRTY others have attracted tens of thousands of people from Italy, France, Belgium, and West Germany to a hill near Venice, causing huge traffic jams.

Ambridge, Pennsylvania - A small Roman Catholic Church in a western Pennsylvania mill town is preparing for a deluge of pilgrims after a reported Good Friday miracle in which the eyes of a statue of Christ suddenly closed. The Rev. Vincent Cvitkovic, a Franciscan friar, and many of his parishoners reported that the eyes of a life-size statue which depicts the crucified Christ, which have been open for 60 years, closed during a prayer meeting. (The Times, Monday, April 10th 1989, no. 63, 364, p.8)

In 1981 a group of five children were playing on a hill just outside of a village in the Yugoslavian Republic of Bosnia - Herzegovina called Medugorje when a vision of a beautiful woman claiming to be the Blessed Virgin Mary appeared before them. Since 1981 some seven to eight million pilgrims from different countries, cultures and Christian traditions have climbed up the holy hill of Medugorje. At 7:30 every evening pilgrims and tourists anxiously crowd around the dark rectory of a nearby church staring at the stream of light which will signify that once more the children, who still gather there daily, are having their private audience with the Blessed Mother. (IRF, Newsletter of the International Religious Foundation, Inc., Vol II, No. 6, Nov-Dec 1987, pp 1-2).

Divine grace (salvation) is felt to be especially potent in places visited by Jesus Christ or Saints or by Mary; where they have appeared in visions. Major pilgrimage centers include Lourdes where visions of the Virgin Mary were first seen in 1858 and where healing has been occuring since that time. (John R. Hinnells, ed., Dictionary of Religions, Middlesex, England: Penguin Books Ltd., 1984, p. 284)]. It also occurs to heretical Muslims who call on the dead or those not present, and the devils take the form of the one called upon even without him realizing it. I know of many cases where this has occurred and the people called upon have told me that they did not know that they were called upon, though those beseeching them for help saw their images and were convinced that it was the actual person. More than one person has mentioned that they called on me in times of distress, each telling a different story about how I have responded. When I told them that I never answered any of them nor did I know that they were calling on me, some said that it must have been an angel. I told them that angels do not benefit those committing SHIRK and that it was actually a devil trying to further misguide them.

Sometimes the Jinn will take the form of those admired and stand at ‘Arafat, and those who believe well of him will think that he actually stood in ‘Arafat. Many others have also been actually carried by the devils to ‘Arafat and other sacred places. In such cases they pass the Meeqaat (boundaries that may not be crossed while on Hajj, around Makkah) without formally entering the state of Ihraam, or performing many of the obligatory rites of Hajj like making the Talbeeyah (chant of response to God’s call) or circulating the Ka’bah, and walking between the mounts of Safaa and Marwah. Among them are some who do not even pass through Makkah, others who stand at ‘Arafat without performing the pre-requisite rite of casting stones at the Jamaraat etc. It is by these and other similar feats that Satan leads seemingly pious people in misguidance. Sincere devotees among heretics are in this way enticed to do acts wich are prohibited (Haraam) or despised (Makrooh) in the religion. Satan is able to make such misdeeds appealing to them by convincing them that they are among the Karaamaat (supernatural or quasi-miraculous feats) of the righteous. However they are, without a doubt, Satanic deceptions because Allaah cannot be worshipped by any religious injunction which is neither compulsory (Waajib) nor recommended (Mustahabb). Whoever performs an act of worship which is neither Waajib nor Mustahabb believing that it is so, has been deceived by Satan. Even if it is decreed that such a person will be forgiven due to his good intention and striving, the act itself is still unacceptable to Allaah [An example may be seen in the mistaken belief held by some that a man's head must be covered while he is in formal prayer - Salaah - as is the case among Jews or that a woman's hair to be covered while reading the Qur'aan. However, the Prophet saws did not order that it be done nor recommended it but merely followed the customs of his people during that time.]. Such acts are not among the things with which Allaah honors His pious servants who are close to Him, as there is no honor in performing prohibited (Haraam) or despised (Makrooh) acts [Such is the case of the celebration of the Prophet's saws birthday - 'Eed Meelaad an-Nabee - which probably began among ignorant Muslims trying to outdo or at least compete with the Christians's celebrations of Christmas. Meelaad celebrations are a form of innovation - Bid'ah - in religion which has been forbidden by the Prophet saws who said: "Whoever innnovates in this affair ouf ours - i.e. Islaam - something which does not belong to it will be rejected. - Reported by 'Aa'eshah and collected by Al-Bukaaree and Muslim]. Divine honor lies in protecting one whom Allaah loves from such acts and preventing him from doing them. For, committing misdeeds debases one who does them and does not in any way favor him, even if he is not punished for doing them. Doing despised or Haraam acts MUST decrease the spiritual level of both the one who does them as well as his followers who praise such acts and glorify him. For, heaping praise on prohibited and despised acts, and honoring the one who does them is definitely a form of deviation from the path of Allaah. The more and more a man innovates in the religion as a result of independent judgement (Ijtihaad), the further he becomes from Allaah, because innovation (Bid’ah) removes him from Allaah’s path; the divine path of “those who Allah has blessed from among the prophets, the sincerely truthful, martyrs and righteous” [An-Nisaa 4:69] unto the path of “those with whom Allaah is angry and those who have gone astray” [Al-Faatihah 1:7]. Ibn Taymeeyah mentioned the following [This begins a segment from vol.35 of Ibn Taymeeyah's compendium, Majmoo' al-Fataawaa.] historical incident concerning al-Hallaaj [Al-Husain ibn Mansoor al-Hallaj (858-922 CE) studied under the eminent Sufi teachers of his time (Tustaree, 'Amr Makee and Junaid) then broke with them and went out into this world to preach asceticism and mysticism in Khurasan, Ahwaz, Fars, India and Turkistan. On his return to Baghdad from Makkah in 908, many were attracted by his teachings, and disciples rapidly gathered around him. He taught that the five pillars of Islaam may be replaced by other works. He also taught about the existence of an uncreated Divine spirit (Rooh Naatiqah) which becomes united with the created spirit of the ascetic through desire of and submission to suffering. In his teachings the Saint (Walee) became the living and personal witness of God (H.A.R. Gibb and J.H. Kramers, Encyclopedia of Islam, Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1st ed., 1953, pp 127-80). Consequently he stated in his book: "If you do not recognize God, at least recognise His sign, I am the creative truth -Ana al-Haqq-, because through the truth, I am eternal truth. My friends and teachers are Iblees (Satan) and Pharaoh. Iblees was threatened with Hellfire, yet, he did not recant. Pharaoh was drowned in the sea, yet he did not recant, for he would not acknowledge anything between him and God (i.e. Hallaaj felt that Iblees' refusal to prostrate to Aadam and Pharaoh's statement "I am your Lord, most High" were correct!). And, I, though, I am killed and crucified and though my hands and feet are cut off; I do not recant." - Kitaab al-Tawaaseen, Massignon Press, Paris, 1913, vi, 32. The leading scholars from all orthodox schools of Islamic law as well as the leading Shi'ite scholars and some of his former Sufi teachers declared him a heretic and he was subsequently executed due to his refusal to retract his claim to be the personification of God on earth.] and a group of his followers, “Some of them requested some sweets from al-Hallaaj, so he got up and went to a spot a short distance away, then returned with a plateful of sweets. It was later discovered that it had been stolen from a candy shop in Yemen and carried by a devil to that area.” Ibn Taymeeyah went on to say, “Incidents similar to this have happened to others who, like al-Hallaaj, also achieved the pinnacle of satanic states, and we know of quite a few such people in our time as well as other times. For instance, there is a person presently residing in Damascus whom the devil used to carry from the Saaliheeyah mountain to villages around Damascus. He would appear out of the air and enter the windows of houses in which people were gathered to witness his ‘miraculous entrance.’” Ibn Taymeeyah also quoted another mystic master who admitted that he used to fornicate with women and sodomise young boys. The former mystic master said, “A black dog ["Abu Dharr reported: The Messanger of Allaah said: 'When any one of you stands for prayer it should be towards something that shields him equivalent (in height) to the back of a saddle, otherwise his prayer will be broken by passing of a donkey, a woman or a black dog.' I asked 'O Abu Dharr, what is the difference between a black dog, a red dog and tan-colored dog?' He replied, 'O son of my brother, I also asked Allaah's Messanger as you are asking me, and he said: 'The black dog is a devil.'" (Saheeh Muslim and all other in the six Saheeh books with the exception of Saheeh al-Bukhaaree)] with two white spots between his eyes would come to me and say, ‘Verily such and such a person has made an oath by you and he will come to you tomorrow to inform you about it. I have already fulfilled his need for your sake.’ [When questioned during his trial, the infamous New York City mass murderer of the seventies, "Son of Sam", claimed that a dog used to come in backyard of his house and tell him to kill his victims. It was assumed by the court and his psychiatrists that he was mentally deranged and the dog a figment of his imagination.] The person would then come to him the next day and the Sufi master would reveal the details of his oath to him and how it was fulfilled. The Sufi master went on to say, ‘I used to walk about the city and a black pole with a light on top of it would lead the way.’ ” Ibn Taymeeyah said, “When the Sufi master repented and began to pray, fast, and avoid the forbidden, the black dog went away.” He also narrated the following about another mystic master who had the aid of devils whom he would despatch to possess people: “When the family of the possessed would come to him seeking a cure, he would send a message to his demon companion and they would leave the possessed persons, as a result, the Shaykh would be given many dirhams for his services. Sometimes the Jinn would bring him dirhams and food which they stole from people, so much so that the Shaykh would request dates from his devils and they would take them from beehives in which some poeple had hidden their dates. When the beehive owners would look for their dates they would find them gone.” About yet another mystic, Ibn Taymeeyah relates, “There was a Shaykh knowledgeable in the religious sciences and Qur’anic recitation to whom the devils came and eventually managed to seduce. They told him that Salaah was no longer required of him and that they would bring him whatever he wished. As soon as he complied with their wishes, they began to bring him a variety of sweets and fruit. This continued until he was advised to repent by some scholars that he visited who were firmly following the Sunnah. He subsequently repented and repaid the owners of the sweets for what he ate while under the influence of the JINN.” He then went on to say, “Many of those who call on Shaykhs in time of need saying, ‘O master so and so, or Shaykh so and so, fulfill my need’ have seen an image of the Shaykh saying, ‘I will fulfill your need and put your heart at ease,’ then it fulfills their needs or repels their enemies. In such cases it is a devil taking the Shaykh’s form when they committed Shirk by associating partners with Allaah and calling on others beside Him.” Ibn Taymeeyah then went on to enumerate similar instances involving himself saying, “I know of many such incidences even among a group of my companions who called on me in times when they were struck by calamities. One was afraid of the Romans and another of the Tatars. Both of them mentioned that they called out to me, they saw me in the air and I repelled their enemies for them. I informed them that I did not hear their cries no did I repel their enemies. It was a devil taking my appearance to seduce them when they associated partners with Allaah the Almighty. Similar incidents have also happened to the students of my contemporaries among the scholars, whereby some of their students have sought refuge in them and have seen them fulfill their needs. The scholars have also denied doing so and indicated that it was in fact the work of devils.” [Majmoo' Al-Fataawaa, Vol. 35, pp. 112-116]

In another book, Ibn Taymeeyah said, “I know people whom the plants greet and inform them of their beneficial ingredients, however it is, in fact, Satan who has entered the plants and spoken to them. I also know of others to whom stones and trees speak saying, “Congratulations, Oh friend of Allaah” and when the people recite Aayatul-Kursee it stops. I am acquainted with yet others who have gone bird-hunting and the sparrows addressed them saying, “Take me so that the poor may eat me.” Such are cases of the evil JINN possessing the birds in the same way that others who, while in their house with the doors and vice versa [Many of those in our times who have claimed what is known as 'out-of-body experiences' or 'astral-travel' have recorded in vivid detail incidences simialr to those mentioned by Ibn Taymeeyah. Others have met beings which claimed to be guides, guardian spirits or their higher selves. However, the common thought which links most of these experiences is the ultimate expression of idolatry: that man is God, as was expressed by Al-Hallaaj and countless others before and after him.] He may even be taken through the closed city gates and back again swiftly by the JINN. Lights may shine on him or someone looking like his friend may call on him but, if he recites Aayatul-Kursee continually, it will all dissappear.” He also said, “Some mystics have also said that the JINN showed them something shiny like water and glass in which images or pictures of whatever they sought information would appear and they in turn wold inform people.” Ibn Taymeeyah me tioned other instances and then concluded by saying, “This is a so vast a topic that if I were to mention all that I knew, it would fill a very large volume.” [Ibn Taymeeyah, Al-Furqaan Bayna Awliyaa ar-Rahmaan wa Awliyaa ash-Shaytaan, pp. 87-92]

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THE WORLD OF THE JINN

By ‘Umar Sulaymaan al-Ashqar

Taken from “Aalam al-Jinn wa’l-Shayaateen”

Question: I have read in the Holy Qur’an what a jinn is, but I really don’t understand what they really are. Can you please send me more information on them. Peace be unto you!

Answer: Praise be to Allaah.

The Quran and Sunnah indicate that the jinn exist, and that there is a purpose for their existence in this life, which is to worship Allaah Alone, with no partner or associate. Allaah says (interpretation of the meanings): “And I (Allaah) created not the jinns and humans, except they should worship Me (Alone).” [al-Dhaariyaat 51:56]

“O assembly of jinns and mankind! Did there not come to you Messengers from amongst you, reciting unto you My Verses.” [al-An'aam 6:130]

The world of the jinn is an independent and separate world, with its own distinct nature and features that are hidden from the world of humans. Jinns and humans have some things in common, such as the possession of understanding and the choice between the way of good and the way of evil. The word jinn comes from an Arabic root meaning “hidden from sight.” Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “Verily he [Shaytaan] and his qabeeluhu [his soldiers from the jinn or his tribe] see you from where you cannot see them.” [Al-A'raaf 7:27]

Allaah has told us in His Book the essence from which the jinn were created. He says (interpretation of the meaning): “And the jinn, We created aforetime from the smokeless flame o fire.” [al-Hijr 15:27] “And the jinns did He create from a smokeless flame of fire.” [al-Rahmaan 55:15].

According to a hadeeth narrated by A’ishah, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The angels were created from light, the jinn were created from fire, and Aadam was created from that which has been described to you.” (Reported by Muslim, 5314).

Types of jinn

Allaah has created different types of jinn. Among them are some who can take on different forms, such as dogs and snakes; some who are like flying winds with wings; and some who can travel and rest. Abu Tha’labah al-Khushani said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The jinn are of three types: a types that has wings, and they fly through the air; a type that looks like snakes and dogs; and a type that stops for a rest then resumes its journey.” (Reported by al-Tahhaawi in Mushkil al-Athaar, 4/95, and by al-Tabaraani in al-Kabeer, 22/214. Shaykh al-Albaani said in al-Mishkaat (2/1206, no. 4148): al-Tahhaawi and Abu’l-Shaykh reported it with a saheeh isnaad).

The jinn and the sons of Aadam

Every individual among the sons of Aadam has a jinn who has been appointed to be his constant companion (qareen). Ibn Mas’ood said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “There is not one of you who does not have a jinn appointed to be his constant companion.” They said, “And you too, O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “Me too, but Allaah has helped me and he has submitted, so that he only helps me to do good.” (Reported by Muslim, 2814). Al-Nawawi said in his commentary on Muslim (17/175): “He has submitted; he became a believing Muslim. This is the apparent meaning. Al-Qaadi said: Know that the ummah is agreed upon the fact that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was protected from Shaytaan, physically and mentally, and with regard to his speech. This hadeeth contains a reference to the warning against the fitnah (temptation, trial) and whispers of the qareen (constant companion from among the jinn). We know that he is with us so we should beware of him as much as possible.

Their powers

Allaah has given the jinn powers that he has not given to humans. Allaah has told us about some of their powers, such as the ability to move and travel quickly. An ifreet from among the jinn guaranteed to the Prophet Sulaymaan (peace be upon him) that he would bring the throne of the Queen of Yemen to Jerusalem in a moment faster than that needed for a man to get up from where he was sitting. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “An ifreet (strong one) from the jinns said: “I will bring it [her throne] to you before you rise from your place (council). And verily, I am indeed strong, and trustworthy for such work.” One with whom was knowledge of the Scripture said: “I will bring it to you within the twinkling of an eye!” then when Sulaymaan saw it placed before him, he said, “This is by the Grace of my Lord.” [al-Naml 27:39-40]

The food and drink of the jinn

The jinn eat and drink. Ibn Mas’ood said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Someone from among the jinn called me, and I went with him and recited Quran for them.” He took us and showed us the traces of where they had been and the traces of their fires. They asked him for food and he said, “You can have every bone on which the name of Allaah has been mentioned that comes into your possession, as meat, and all the droppings as food for your animals.” The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “So do not use [these things] for cleaning yourselves [after relieving oneself], for they are the food and provision of your brothers.” (Reported by Muslim, 450). According to another report: “A delegation of jinn from Naseebeen came to me, and what good jinn they are! They asked me for food and I prayed to Allaah for them, so that they would not pass by bones or droppings, but they would find food on them.” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 3571). The believing jinn may eat any bone on which the name of Allaah has been mentioned, because the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not permit them to have anything on which Allaah’s name has not been mentioned those are for the kuffaar among the jinn.

The beasts of the jinn

According to the hadeeth narrated by Ibn Mas’ood, that we have quoted above, the jinn asked the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) for provision, and he said to them: “and [you can have] all the droppings as food for your animals.”

The dwelling-places of the jinn

The jinn live on this earth where we do. They are mostly to be found in ruins and unclean places like bathrooms, dunghills, garbage dumps and graveyards. Hence the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught us to take precautions when entering such places, by reciting the adhkaar (prayers) prescribed by Islam. One of these was reported by Anas ibn Maalik (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said: “When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) entered the toilet, he would say, “Allaahumma innee aâ’oodhu bika min al-khubuthi waâ’l-khaba’ith (O Allaah, I seek refuge with You from the evil ones, male and female).” (Reported by al-Bukhaari, 142; and Muslim, 375). Al-Khattaabi explained that khubuth is the plural of khabeeth (evil or dirty; masculine form), and khabaa’ith is the plural of khabeethah (evil or dirty; feminine form), and that what is meant is male and female shayaateen.

Some jinns are Muslims and some are kaafirs

Allaah tells us that some of the jinn said (interpretation of the meaning): “And some of us are Muslims, and of us some are al-qaasitoon (disbelievers “those who have deviated from the Right Path). And whosoever has embraced Islam, then such have sought the Right Path. And as for the qaasitoon, they shall be firewood for Hell.” [al-Jinn 72:14-15]

The Muslims among the jinn are of different levels as regards righteousness and taqwa. Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning): “[Some jinn said:] “There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups, each having a different way (religious sects, etc.)” [al-Jinn 72:11]

The story of how the first jinn of this ummah became Muslim was narrated by ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Abbaas, who said: “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) went out with a group of his Companions heading for the marketplace of ‘Ukaaz. This was when the shayaateen were prevented from getting any news from heaven, and shooting stars had been sent against them. The shayaateen went back to their people, who said, “What is the matter with you?” They said, “We cannot get news from heaven, and shooting stars were sent against us.” Their people said, “Nothing is stopping you from hearing news from heaven except some new event that must have happened. Go and look in the east and the west of the earth, and see if you can find out what it is that is stopping you from hearing news from heaven.” Those who went out in the direction of Tihaamah came upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in Nakhlah, when he was on his way to ‘Ukaaz, and found him leading his Companions in Fajr prayer. When they heard the Qur’aan, they listened to it and said, “By Allaah, this is what is stopping us from hearing news from heaven.” When they went back to their people, they said, “O our people, we have heard a wonderful Recital (the Qur’aan).. It guides to the Right Path, and we have believed therein, and we shall never join (in worship) anything with our Lord (Allaah). [al-Jinn 72:2 interpretation of the meaning]. Then Allaah revealed to His Prophet peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) the words (interpretation of the meaning): “Say (O Muhammad): “It has been revealed to me that a group of jinns listened (to this Qur’aan)” [al-Jinn 72:1], and Allaah revealed to him what the jinn had said.” (reported by al-Bukhaari, 731)

Their reckoning on the Day of Resurrection

The jinn will be called to account on the day of Resurrection. Mujaahid (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, concerning the aayah (interpretation of the meaning): “but the jinns know well that they have indeed to appear (before Him) (i.e., they will be brought to account)” [al-Saffaat 37:158]: “They will be brought to judgement.” Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Baab Dhikr al-Jinn wa Thawaabihim wa ‘Iqaabihim.

Protection from the harm of the jinn

Because the jinn can see us while we cannot see them, the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) taught us many ways to protect ourselves from their harm, such as seeking refuge with Allaah from the accursed Shaytaan, reciting Soorat al-Falaq and Soorat al-Naas (the last two Soorahs of the Qur’aan), and reciting the words taught by Allaah in the Qur’aan (interpretation of the meaning): “Say: “My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the whisperings (suggestions) of the shayaateen (devils). And I seek refuge with You, my Lord, lest they may attend (or come near) me.” [al-Mu'minoon 23:97-98]

Saying Bismillaah (in the Name of Allaah) before entering one’s home, before eating or drinking, and before having intercourse will also keep the Shaytaan from entering the house or partaking with a person in his food, drink and sexual activity. Similarly, mentioning the name of Allaah before entering the toilet or taking off one’s clothes will prevent the jinn from seeing a person’s ‘awrah or harming him, as the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said, “To put a barrier that will prevent the jinn from seeing the ‘awrah of the sons of Aadam, let any one of you say “Bismillaah” when entering the toilet.” (Reported by al-Tirmidhi, 551; Saheeh al-Jaami’, 3611).

Strength of faith and religion in general will also prevent the jinn from harming a person, so much so that if they were to fight, the one who has faith would win. ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: “A man from among the Companions of Muhammad met a man from among the jinn. They wrestled, and the human knocked down the jinn. The human said to him, “You look small and skinny to me, and your forearms look like the front paws of a dog. Do all the jinn look like this, or only you?” He said, “No, by Allaah, among them I am strong, but let us wrestle again, and if you defeat me I will teach you something that will do you good.” The human said, “Fine.” He said, “Recite, “Allaah! None has the right to be worshipped but He, the Ever-living, the One Who sustains and protects all that exists.” [Aayat al-Kursi al-Baqarah 2:255 interpretation of the meaning]. The human said, “Fine.” He said, “You will never recite this in your house but the Shaytaan will come out of it like a donkey breaking wind, and he will never come back in until the next morning.” (Reported by al-Daarimi, 3247)

This is a brief summary about the jinn, and their nature and characteristics. Allaah is the Best of protectors and the Most Merciful of those who show mercy.

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CURING MAGIC

By Shaikh Mash-hoor Hasan Salmaan

From His treatise Al-Ma’thoor fee ‘Ilaaj Al-Marboot wal-Ma’yoon wal-Mas’hoor (pg. 1-7) [An appendix to his checking on Imaam Al-Haitamee's (d. 974H) book Al-Adhkaar alatee tahrus Qa'iluhaa min Kaid-il-Jinn]

Translated by Isma’eel Alarcon

The source for the prescription of removing and abolishing magic is what has been authentically related from the Prophet ( ) in Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree (no. 5765) when he removed the magic that was placed on him by Lubaid Ibn A’sam, a man from Banoo Zuraiq who was an ally to the Jews, while being amongst the Muslims as a hypocrite. The magic was put on his comb and the hairs on the comb – which is the hair that falls from the head or beard while combing – in a skin of pollen of a male date-palm tree under a well-stone – which is a rock that is placed at the top of a well and cannot be uprooted, and sometimes it is found in the bottom of a well – in the well of Dharwaan. So the Prophet ( ) proceeded to the well until he removed it. And he ( ) said: “This is the well which I was shown (in a dream). Its water looked like the infusion of henna leaves and its date-palm trees looked like the heads of devils.”

Magic can also be cured by vomiting in the place where its harm is found, for that has an effect on one’s physical nature and it has an effect in agitating the body’s components and disturbing its substances. So if traces of the magic appear in an organ (i.e. such as the stomach), and the harmful substance can be vomited or ejected from that organ, then that would be very effective.

From the most effective cures for it, as stated by Ibn Al-Qayyim, is what exists from An-Nushra, which is a type of ruqyah (incantation). This type of remedy is given such a name since the sickness that is harming the afflicted person is caused to scatter. This means that the strength of this magic, which is from the effects of the evil and wicked souls, is uplifted and terminated by the divinely cures, such as dhikr (words of remembrance), du’aa (supplication) and qiraa’ah (recitation of the Qur’an). So if the heart is filled with Allaah and flowing with His Remembrance, and it is has a permanent place for the dhikr, du’aa and consciousness (of Allaah), which is not forsaken, then this is from the greatest of means that prevent magic from affecting the person. He (Ibn Al-Qayyim) said: “The most strongest effect that magic has is on weak hearts. This is why a majority of the people that are affected by it are women, children and people who are ignorant (of the Religion). This is since the wicked and evil souls are only active and effective against souls that readily accept them and which are inclined to what confirms to them.”

But the magic that was placed by Lubaid troubled and disturbed the Prophet (saws), in spite of his great position, true consciousness of Allaah and strong heart. However, perhaps he ( ) can be separated from that in that what he (Ibn Al-Qayyim) mentioned referred to the majority case, while what happened to the Prophet (saws) was an exception to that. And Allaah knows best. This was stated by Al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr.

Nushrah is of two types: The First: Undoing magic with magic just like it. This is from the acts of the devils and the following statement of Al-Hasan (Al-Basree) refers to it: “No one undoes magic except for one who does magic (himself).” So the one who dos this type of Nushrah and the one he does it to both get closer to the devil by something that he loves. So his work on the one who is under the magic is of no use.

The Second: Nushrah by making incantation (ruqyah), ta’awaudhaat and the allowed supplications. This is all legislated in the Religion. From the reports that have been transmitted describing the legislated type of Nushrah is:

First: What has been reported by Ibn Abee Haatim and Abu Ash-Shaikh on the authority of Ibn Abee Sulaim, who said: “It has been conveyed to me that these verses are a cure for magic, by the permission of Allaah. They are to be recited in a bowl in which there is water, then that is to be poured over the head of the one afflicted with magic:

“Then when they (i.e. the sorcerers) cast down, Musa said: ‘What you have brought is sorcery. Allaah will surely make it of no effect. Verily, Allaah does not set right the works of corrupt evildoers.” [Surah Yoonus: 81-82]

“Thus, the truth was confirmed, and all that they did (of magic) was made of no effect. So they were defeated there and returned disgraced. And the sorcerers fell down prostrate. They said: ‘We believe in the Lord of the ‘Alameen (different worlds of jinn, mankind, etc.) – the Lord of Musa and Haroon.’ Pharoah said: ‘You have believed in Musa before I gave you permission. Surely, this is a plot which you have plotted in the city to drive out its people, but you shall come to know.’ Surely, I will cut off your hands and your feet from opposite sides, then I will crucify you all.’ They said: ‘Verily, we are returning to our Lord.’” [Surah Al-A’araaf: 118-125]

“And throw down what is in your right hand! It will swallow up that which they have made. What they have made is only a magician’s trick, and the magician will never be successful, to whatever amount of skill he may attain.” [Surah Taha: 69]

Al-Haafidh Ibn Katheer mentioned this narration in his Tafseer (2/443) but did not follow it up with anything (i.e. he did not grade it’s authenticity)!

Muhammad Haamid Al-Fiqee, may Allaah have mercy on him, opposed him by saying: “Such a thing should not be acted upon, whether it is from the opinion of Laith Ibn Abee Sulaim or from the opinion of Ibn Al-Qayyim or anyone else. Rather only the Sunnah that has been established from Allaah’s Messenger (saws) must be acted upon. And nothing has been reported on him (saws) from what Ibn Abee Sualim or Ibn Al-Qayyim said, nor from what has been quoted from Wahb Ibn Munabbih. So it based on the ways of the Jews and not the guidance of the best of messengers (saws). And from the door of this slackness has entered many innovations and then major shirk. So it is upon the Muslim that is sincere to himself to bite with his molar teeth onto the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger (saws) and the rightly guided Khaleefahs. And he must avoid the newly invented matters (i.e. innovations), no matter who it is coming from. For everyone can either have his saying accepted or rejected, except the Messenger of Allaah ( ).”

Shaikh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn Baaz, may Allaah have mercy on him, refuted him and clarified that nothing that goes against the Religion was mentioned in what was stated by Ibn Abee Sulaim, and that his words fall under the general principles. He said: “I say that Shaikh Haamid’s opposition to what was stated by the commentator relating from Ibn Abee Sulaim, Ibn Al-Qayyim and Wahb Ibn Munabbih is not proper, but rather a mistake on the part of the Shaikh Haamid. This is because curing oneself by means of the Noble Qur’aan, sidr (herbs) and its types from the allowed forms of cures is not from the area of innovations, but rather from the area of medicine and healing remedies. And the Prophet ( ) said: ’O Servants (of Allaah)! Heal yourselves and do not heal yourselves with (things that are) Haraam (unlawful).’

And it is established in Sunan Abee Dawood, in the Book of Medicine, that the Prophet ( ) recited Qur’aan in a bowl of water and then poured it over a sick person.

So from this it is known that healing oneself with sidr (herbs) and reciting Qur’aan in water and then pouring it on a sick person do not have any prohibition with respect to the Religion. This is so long as the recitation of the Qur’aan is pure (i.e. void of incorrect pronunciation or deviations, etc) and the healing remedy is allowed (in the Religion, i.e. not alcohol). And Allaah grants success.”

And he (Ibn Baz) added to the narration of Laith in his treatise entitled “The Ruling on Magic and Sorcery” the following:”After reciting what (verses were) previously mentioned in water, some of it is to be drunk and the person should wash himself with the rest of it. By doing this, the sickness will come to an end.”

Second: What has been reported by Imaam Maalik in his Muwatta (2/951-952) (no. 12) on the authority of Sumaiyy, the servant of Abu Bakr from Al-Qa’aqaa’ Ibn Hakeem that Ka’ab Al-Ahbaar said:”If it were not for certain words that I say, the Jews would have made me a donkey.” So it was said to him: “What are they?” He said: “I seek refuge in the Face of Allaah, the Most Great, of which there is nothing greater than it. And (I seek refuge) in the perfect words of Allaah, which no righteous nor wicked person can transgress. And (I seek refuge) in all of His best names, those which I know and those which I don’t know ” from the evil of what He has created, brought into existence and produced.” [‘Aa’udhu bi-wajhillaahil-‘Adheem. Alladhee laisa shay’un a’adhama minhu. Wa bi-kalimaat-illaahit-Taammaat allatee laa yujawwizuhunnaa barrun wa laa faajir. Wa bi-asmaa’ihil-husnaa kullihaa, ma ‘alimtu minhaa wa ma lam a’alam - min sharri ma khalaqa wa bara’a wa dhara’a.]

The meaning of “…the Jews would have made me a donkey” is due to their performing magic on him. Perhaps he means by it, and Allaah knows best, that they would have confused me and misled me away from my guidance (of Islaam) until I became like the donkey that doesn’t know and understand anything. This expression is used to refer to stupidity and little comprehension.

A similar supplication to this was mentioned by the great scholar Ibn Hajr (Al-Haitamee) in his previous treatise, and it is useful against the plotting of the jinn. We have listed its sources of reference and spoken on them there.

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SHAYKH MUQBIL’S ADVICE TO THE JINN OF AHL US-SUNNAH

Taken from http://www.salafitalk.net

Source http://www.sahab.net/sahab/showthread.php?s=203bc87eed00f22091380ec523e8fe6f&threadid=309832

…So from them (the jinn) are evil corrupt kafirs and with them is the ignorant, and with them is the Sunni, and with them is the shiite, and with them is the soofe. And it has been narrated that a jinn came to Al A’mash (ÇáÃÚãÔ) So Al A’mash gave him permission to eat some food. Then Al A’mash asked him, “Do you have with you something from An Nahl? Meaning the people of desires. The Jinn replied yes. And we find the most evil of them are the raafida.

…so this affair is important; that the Jinn from Ahlus Sunna obtain knowledge in the deen of ALLAH. And the Lord of Might says in His glorious book, “And say, Oh my Lord increase me in knowledge.”(Chapter TAHA verse 114) And He says, “Is he then who knows that what has been revealed to you from your Lord is the truth like him who is blind? (Chapter Raad verse 19)

So how will the Jinn be able to distinguish between the truth and falsehood if they don’t obtain knowledge in the deen of ALLAH? especially while we are in this dark time period. So acquiring knowledge in the deen of ALLAH is a must.

And surely many from amongst mankind have been deceived by some of the “callers” to ALLAH. So they see a beard dyed with henna, and the thoub is half way up the shin, and the turban is rounded, so they say, “This one is the caller to ALLAH”. And surely you will find from amongst the Jinn these types also.

And I will give you an example from the hizbis from amongst mankind that we have with us and those that change the words from their proper places.

I and Abdul Majid Az Zindani were with the President, (The Sheik means the president of Yemen, Abdullah Salih, may ALLAH preserve him) so I said to the two of them, “I ask you two together to establish a proof that we are too stern”. Because they say that Ahlus Sunna are too stern. So the President was quiet, and that was appreciated from him. So Abdul Majid Az Zindani said, “As for me I have with me (as a proof) your speech (criticizing) the people.” So I said to him, verily the Prophet, peace and blessing be upon him, said to Mu’adh, “Are you a trouble maker oh Mu’adh”. And he said to Abi Dhar, “Verily you are a person with some traits of ignorance in you”. So the President looked at Abdul Majid Az Zindani, meaning (by his look) “well, what is your response?” And Abdul Majid Az Zindani didn’t have anything else to say except, “Verily that proof has been abrogated.” (Abolished)

And I want these words to be recorded here so that the Scholars of the Muslims, those that defend the hizbis will know how they (the hizbis) rule upon the proofs. Who preceded you oh Abdul Majid and said that this proof has been abrogated?

…And if the Jinn from Ahlus Sunna wish for ALLAH to raise them, then it is upon them to hold firm to the book of ALLAH and to the sunna of the Messenger of ALLAH, peace and blessing be upon him. For verily the Messenger of ALLAH said, “Whoever turns away from my sunna is not from me.” And I am impressed by the words of Sheik Al Islam Ibn Tamiya, may ALLAH have mercy upon him, he said, ALLAH only raises a person according to his level of holding firm to the sunna of the Messenger, peace and blessing be upon him.

…And returning to our advice to our brothers from amongst the Jinn, we advise them to attend the classes of knowledge; and perhaps some people think that they (the Jinn) don’t attend the classes of knowledge. And there was a man there from Sa’da, and a jinn used to come to him to study the Koran; but the jinn was ignorant; and perhaps even a devil. So the jinn used to deceive our companion from Sa’da, so if anyone became sick the jinn would say to him, “You must slaughter a black rooster”. So he would say to the jinn, “That is not permissible.” So the jinn would say, “This sickness is not cured except by slaughtering a black rooster.”

Another person used to study in Riyadh, and a young jinni girl used to come to him to memorize Koran. So she used to sit behind him, and he would give her coffee, so she would take the coffee from him and drink it.

And another person used to study in the circles of knowledge, this particular day before he even realized it there was a voice saying, “Oh Sheik, Oh Sheik”, and those present did not know who was speaking. So the Sheik said, “Yes, what do you want.” So the jinn said, “These companions of yours, who are arriving, are throwing a stick, and it is not hitting anyone except us.”

So the Jinn are not prevented from attending the circles of knowledge. And a brother informed me that he was curing a person who had become possessed, so he (the jinn) said to him, “You are reading upon me, and I am a student of Abi Abdur Rahman Muqbil ibn Haadi Al Waadi. And this brother, the one who was doing the curing is the brother Naasir Al Kareemi; then the jinn said to him, “You used to have a house beneath the mountain”. And this was correct; the brother Naasir used to live beneath the mountain was he was here in Damaj. …

So there is nothing that prevents some of them from being present during the classes, and we say to them welcome. But as for those that cause harm and the devils, “And say “O my Lord! I seek refuge with Thee from the suggestions of the Evil Ones. “And I seek refuge with Thee O my Lord! Lest they should come near me.” (Chapter 23 verse 98) But as for the one that is present from the jinn and is well behaved, and benefits and returns and relays (the knowledge) to his people and does not harm his brothers; then it is no problem. (If he attends the lessons) And he studies the knowledge, and works by it, and calls to ALLAH. Because the deen is complete, comprehensive. ALLAH says, “O ye who believe! Enter into Islam whole-heartedly” (Chapter 2 verse 208)

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THE HADITH OF THE GHOUL

Abu Hurayrah, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated; “Allaah’s Messenger (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) assigned me to guard the Ramadhaan zakaah . Someone came and tried to take some of the food, so I grabbed him and said, “By Allaah! I will bring you before Allaah’s Messenger (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam)!’. He said, “I am poor, I have a family, and I am in dire need!’ Then I let him go.

In the morning, the Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said to me, O Abu Hurayrah! What did your prisoner do yesterday? I said, “O Messenger of Allaah! He complained that he was poor, that he had a family, and that he was in dire need, so I had mercy on him and let him go.’ He said, But he lied to you and he will come back.

Since I Allaah’s Messenger (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) had told me so, I knew that he would come back again so I waited for him. When he began to take the food I grabbed him and said, “I am taking you to Allaah’s Messenger (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) !’ He said, “Leave me, for I am poor and have a family. I will not return.’ So I had mercy on him and let him go.

In the morning, Allaah’s Messenger (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said to me, O Abu Hurayrah! What did your captive do? I said, “O Messenger of Allaah! He complained that he was poor, that he had a family, and that he was in dire need, so I had mercy on him and let him go.’ He (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, But he lied to you and he will come back. So I waited for him a third time.

When he began taking the food I grabbed him and said, I am taking you to Allaah’s Messenger (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam)! This is the third time! And you promised not to come back, but you came anyway!’ He said, ‘Let me go, I will teach you some words by which Allaah will give you some benefit.’ I asked, “What are they?’ He said, “Whenever you go to bed, recite aayat al-kursee- Allaahu laa ilaha illaa huwa al-hayyul-qayyum – until the end of the aayah . Then Allaah will appoint a guard to remain with you, and no shaytaan will come near you until the morning.’ So I let him go about his way.

Then in the morning, Allaah’s Messenger (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said to me, What did your captive do yesterday? I said, O Messenger of Allaah! He claimed that he would teach me some words by which Allaah would give me some benefit, so I released him.’ He said, And what was that? I said, He said, When you go to bed recite aayat al-kursee from the beginning until the end – Allaahu laa ilaha illaa huwa al-hayyul-qayyum , then Allaah will appoint a guard to remain with you, and no shaytaan will come near you until the morning.

One of the narrators added, nd they (the companions) were always trying to find something good. Then the Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, He told you the truth, but he lies. Do you know who it was that spoke to you these past three nights Abu Hurayrah? He (Abu Hurayrah) said, That was a shaytaan.

This is a well known hadeeth recorded by al-Bukhaaree in mu’allaq form [1] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn1] in his Saheeh , as well as at-Taareekh al-Kabeer . His version is also cited by al-Baghawee. Additionally, Ibn Hajar has shown that the hadeeth ‘s chain of narrators is connected by a variety of routes. [2] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn2]

In Fath ul-Baaree , Ibn Hajar mentioned a number of things that we can learn from this hadeeth besides some of the virtues of aayat ul-kursee , below are some of them; That the shayateen are aware of what benefits a believer. That wisdom may be taken from an evil person by which, although he did not benefit from it, one may benefit from it. That a person can know something and not act upon it. That a kaafir may believe some of what the believer believes, but that does not make him a believer. That a liar may tell the truth. That the shayateen usually lie. That they can appear in a form that can be seen by us, and that the aayah (as translated) below refers specifically to when they are in their natural form; «…And he and his kind can see you from a place that you cannot see them…» [Al-A ‘ raaf 7:27] That the jinn eat the food of humans. That they may appear to humans, with the exceptions mentioned above. That they speak the language of humans. That they are thieves and tricksters. That the jinn eat from food that Allaah’s name has not been mentioned over. That the thief’s hand is not cut off in the case of starvation. To accept one’s excuse and forgiving him when you think he is telling the truth. It demonstrates the Prophets’ awareness (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) of matters unseen. The permissibility of collecting zakaat ul-fitr before the night of fitr , and entrusting someone to guard it.

There are many hadeeth’s like that of Abu Hurayrah’s, mentioning the virtue of aayat al-kursee , and the strange visitor offering to inform the companion about it. The following is an example, and this time the visitor is called a ghoul; Abdurrahmaan Bin Abu Laylaa reported Once a ghoul came into Abu Ayyub’s shed and he caught her. He told the Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) about the incident, so he said; When you see her, then say, “In the name of Allaah, come and answer to Allaah’s Messenger. So she came back, and he said that to her and grabbed her, then she said to him, I will not return.’ So he released her. He came back and the Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said to him, What did your captive do? He said, I grabbed her, but she said she would not return, so I released her.’ He (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, She will return. I caught her a second time and a third, each time she said she would not return. So I went to the Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) and He said, What did your captive do? ‘ He said, I caught her, but she said she would not return.’ He (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, She will return. So he caught her again, and she said, Release me and I will teach you something to say and nothing will come near you. It is aayat al-kurs ee.’ So he came to the Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) to tell him. He said, She told the truth, and she is a liar. This hadeeth is recorded by Ahmad, at-Tirmi th ee and others. [3] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn3]

Abdullaah Bin Ubayy narrated that his father had a storage space that contained some dates. He went into it and found that some were missing. So he kept watch over it. Later he found a beast that resembled an adolescent boy in it. He said, So I gave him salaam s, and he return salaam s. So I said, What are you, a jinn or a human?’ He said, Jinn .’ I said, Show me your hand.’ He showed me his hand, it was the hand of a dog with hair like a dog’s. I said, Is this the way that jinn s are?’ He said, I know of the jinn what is worse than me.’ Ubayy said to him, What made you do as you have?’ He said, We have learned that you are a man who likes to give sadaqah , so we like to get some of your food.’ Ubayy said, s there something that will protect us from you?’ He said, This aayah , aayat al-kursee . [Whoever says it in the evening, he will be protected from us until the morning, and whoever says it in the morning, he will be protected from us until the evening.]‘ The next day Ubayy went to the Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) and informed him about what happened. He (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, The evil one told the truth. This hadeeth is recorded by an-Nasaa’ee in Aml al-Yawm wal-Laylah , al-Baghawee in Sharh as-Sunnah , al-Bukhaaree in at-Taareekh al-Kabeer , and Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh as well as others. [4] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn4]

There are other similar hadeeth s, with varyng degrees of authenticity, and in some of them the narrators call the creature a ghoul, sometimes the creature is a male, sometimes a female. Among the other similar narrations are the narrations of Mu’aa th, Buraydah, and Abu Usayd, the last two of which mention the ghoul. All of these hadeeth s support the existence of the ghoul due to their multiple routes of transmission – this is the saying of Ibn Hajar in Fath al-Baaree , al-Bayhaqee in Dalaa’il an-Nubuwah , Ibn Katheer in his Tafseer , and al-Mubaarakpooree in Tuhfat al-Ahwa th ee . After the narration of Abu Ayyub, al-Haakim said, These chains of narration, when combined together, make the hadeeth s’ level mashhoor (well known), and Allaah knows best. [5] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn5]

What is a Ghoul?

The most popular name for evil jinn s would be shayateen , and the ghoul falls under this category. However, a variety of opinions have been mentioned about the exact nature and characteristics of the ghoul. Some have even claimed that the ghoul is a kind of monkey!

As for the word ghoul (pl.; ghilaan ), it comes from one of the words meaning to murder or assasinate; ightiyaal for example. The more popular Arabic dictionaries define ghoul as the sorcerer or magician among the jinn , some have said that ghoul is the word for the jinn s that are seen at night, and that si’ laah is word for the jinn s that are seen during the day. Even in his Tafseer, Ibn Katheer said that ghoul is used for the jinn when it appears at night. Al-Jaahiz said, It is the name for every jinn that the traveler comes across, appearing in different forms and shapes, both male and female. [6] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn6] Ibn Hajar endorsed the view that the ghoul can change its appearance due to magic, and this is supported by the hadeeth of Ubayy above, the hadeeth of Mu’ath, as well as a narration from Abu Ayyub that mentions the ghoul first appearing as a cat, then changing. [7] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn7] Additionally this view is supported by the report recorded by Abdurrazzaaq in his Musanaf that the ghoul was mentioned to Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, and he said; Nothing can change from the form it was created in except by some kind of magic, so say the a th aan when you see them doing this kind of thing. [8] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn8]

Reports Denying the Ghoul

The Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, No adwaa , no tiyarah , and no ghoul. (Muslim)

There are a number of hadeeth s like this that mention the statement, Laa (no) ghoul . , such are found with al-Bukhaaree and Muslim as well as others. In light of the discussion above confirming the ghoul, the following is the explanation of the scholars rectifying the appearent contradiction between these two types of texts.

The statement No ghoul does not negate the actual existence of the ghoul, but it negates the superstitions commonly held in jahiliyyah about ghouls, i.e, that they are assasins, that they hijack travelers from the road, and that they eat people, etc. Additionally, when the Prophet said, Laa (no) ghoul he said the same about other things, like adwaa for example [9] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn9], yet he commanded a form of adwaa on other occassions, like fleeing from the area of plague if you hear about it before you reach it. And in one variation of the hadeeth mentioning adwaa , he (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said; But stay away from the leper like you would stay away from a lion. [10] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn10]

This is all related to the Qadr of Allaah, i.e., that the believers should not believe that fleeing the disease is the only way to save oneself from it. This is the interpretation of scholars like al-Bayhaqee, Ibn as-Salaah, Ibn Rajab and others. So the Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) did not negate the existence of adwaa , he only negated the pre- Islaam ic belief about it. Ibn Jareer at-Tabaree said, By his (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) saying, Laa (no) ghoul he negated what the people of jahliyyah were saying about it, that is about its abilities to harm and cause benefit, and to control humans in that way…and this is the same with the rest of what he mentioned that the Arab believed would harm him or benefit him, like adwaa , safr [11] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn11], and tiayrah (bad omens).” [12] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn12]

Imaam an-Nawawee said, …And the meaning of Laa (no) ghoul is they are not able to mislead anyone… [13] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn13]

Tools to Fight the Ghouls

The following are some of the things that are mentioned by the scholars for warding off ghouls;

The Name of Allaah

This was mentioned in the hadeeth of Abu Ayyub above.

Reciting Aayaat al-Kursee

In the previous hadeeth s, the ghouls themselves noted that this would protect against them, and the Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) stated that this was true.

Staying Inside During the Dead of Night: The Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said; Beware of socializing after the night settles, for you do not know what creatures Allaah lets out then. (Al-Haakim, graded hasan by al-Albaanee in as-Saheehah 4:346)

The Athaan: The scholars agree that the shayaateen leave when the a th aan is called. There are many hadeeth s stating this, and some of them mention calling it in case of the ghouls too. This position is supported by the combination of the hadeeth s mentioning the ghoul particularly in this regard, with their varying degrees of authenticity, when taken with the authentic report from Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, mentioned earlier which holds the status of hukm marfu – or a ruling raised to the Prophet (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam). [14] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftn14]

In Conclusion

Finally, the most important lesson from the narrations about the ghoul, is that a shaytaan may know some of the Qur’aan – he may even reach the level of hafiz of the Qur’aan – and he may have a great deal of knowledge about its virtues as well as other benefits related to the religion, but that doesn’t mean that everything he says is worth listening too.

Footnotes

[1] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref1] See Muhsin Khan’s translation v. 3, chapter 10, no. 505B. It appears in two other places also; the Book of the Beginning of Creation: Chapter on the attributes of Iblees and his army, and the Book of the Virtues of the Qur ‘ aan : Chapter on the Virtues of Soorat al-Baqarah . It is called mu’allaq (disconnected) as it appears in his Saheeh , because al-Bukharee did not mention actually hearing the narration from Uthmaan bin al-Haythum, the first person he narrated from in the chain.

[2] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref2] See Taghleeq ut-Ta’leeq , where he has cited the chains from Abu Bakr al-Ismaa’eelee, Abu Nu’aeem, and Ibn Khuzaymah. Refrences for the connections are also available from Fath ul-Baaree , and at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb by al-Mun th iree as well as others. [

3] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref3] It is no. 2309 in Shaykh al-Albaanee’s Saheeh Sunan at-Tirmi th ee .

[4] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref4] Among the others, al-Munthiree in at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb where the addition [ ] is taken from, see no. 655 of Saheeh at-Targheeb wat-Tarheeb by al-Albaanee.

[5] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref5] Al-Mustadrak . He has said this after quoting most of the versions of the many narrations. See al-Ghoul by Mashhoor Hassan Salmaan.

[6] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref6] Al-Haywaan .

[7] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref7] Mu‘aa th ‘s narration is recorded by al-Haakim, al-Bukhaaree in at-Taareekh al-Kabeer , at-Tabaraanee and others, “with a chain whose narrators are trustworthy” according to as-Suyootee in al-Khasaa ‘ is al-Kubraa, and Ibn Hajar has also quoted it. Ubayy’s narration with the cat is recorded by at-Tabaraanee in al-Mu ‘ jam al-Kabeer nos. 4012-14.

[8] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref8] Mashhoor Hassan Salmaan demonstrates that this report is saheeh in al-Ghoul p. 86-87.

[9] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref9] ‘Adwaa means to shun an infected person, believing that one will be protected from the infection due to that.

[10] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref10] It is recorded by al-Bukhaaree in disconnected form, but it is recorded connected by others. See as-Saheehah no. 783, by al-Albaanee.

[11] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref11] Safar; according to the definition endorsed by Ibn Hajar, and at-Tabaree, via the interpretation of Jaabir – one of the narrators of the hadeeth saying; No safar – it refers to the tape worm or a similar parasite. The Arabs used to say that it was more contagious than leprosy. So the negation was not of its existence, but of the superstitions surrounding it. See Fath ul-Baaree chapter 25 in the book of Medicine.

[12] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref12] Tah th eeb al-Aathaar . Note: Tiyarah is to use the occurance of a bird passing by as a sign of something. As for other omens he (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said; There is not tiyarah but the best of it (omens) is faa ‘ l . He was asked, “What is faa ‘ l ?” He (sall Allahu `alaihi wa sallam) said, The good news that one of you hears. Recorded by al-Bukhaaree. For further discussion see chapter 44 in the book of Medicine in Fath ul-Baaree.

[13] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref13] Sharh Muslim .

[14] [http://www.dkh-islam.com/bdnews/news_view/news_id/59#_ftnref14] See al-Ghoul by Mashhoor Hassan Salmaan for details of the hadeeth s that mention calling the a th aan to ward off ghouls in particular.

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MODEST WOMEN, DECEPTIVE JINN

By A.H. Fadlalla

Abstract: This article examines the perceptions of danger and disease among the Muslim Hadendowa of eastern Sudan as they underline their conceptualization of “foreignness” and its threat to fertility and procreation. By using “foreignness” as a double-edged category of power and danger, I demonstrate how ideas about the body and its state of sickness and health are expressed through idioms of “contested moralities” to delineate cultural constructions of gender, honor, identity, and regeneration in the face of increasing mobility, marginality, and social change. The article goes beyond the symbolic of embodiment and social boundaries to situate Hadendowa’s perceptions of danger and disease in their histories of interactions with different forms of national and international powers.

Say: ‘I take refuge with the lord of men

the king of men

the God of men

from the evil of the slinking whisperer

who whispers in the breasts of men

of jinn and men’ (Quran, 114)

Among the Muslim, patrilineal Hadendowa of eastern Sudan, perceptions of danger and sickness encompass a set of beliefs in the evil eye (lailit), spirits (jantaib or jinn), and mysterious diseases (tisaramt), whose explanations lie in the social construction of “foreignness” and its threat to procreation and social well-being. These anxieties of danger and disease particularly project an image of the modest woman as an embodiment of honor, affinity, and fertility that can be threatened by the unbound morality of the foreign world. Thus, contrasted images of male and female bodies are mapped on the social landscape to describe a “contested moral geography” (Auslander 1993) within which both men and women occupy precarious locations. Through these gendered models of body and space metaphorical categories and symbolic rituals are deployed internally and externally to comment on Hadendowa’s social order and how it should be maintained.

Such cultural ideas about danger, sickness, and health, anthropologists posit, can no longer be seen as indigenous isolates; their interpretations have to be sought in the connectivity of both local and global processes and relations of power that shape and reinforce their meanings and practices (e.g. Morsy 1990; Farmer 1995). Meanings and practices that mold and regulate the human body and tie individual experiences to broader schemes of power and knowledge (Foucault 1980; Abu- Lughod 1990; see also Asad 1993). In these regulatory fields, the body’s state of health and sickness signifies other social, political, and spatial relations (Douglas 1966; Boddy 1989; Lock and Scheper-Hughes 1990). Perceptions of healthy bodies are contrasted with ideas of sickness, hostilities, and social death (e.g. Kopytoff 1991; Farmer 1995). Pertinent to this, gendered representations of the body and its function, suffering, and well-being have brought into focus how conceptualization of gender identities, procreation, and women’s social place is central to theories of fertility and reproductive health (e.g. Beldsoe 1980; Boddy 1989; Delaney 1991; Inhorn 1994). Women’s bodies, as fertile wombs, become sites for symbolic rituals and ‘polyvocal’ discourses (Boddy 1989) that describe gender asymmetries and powerful others.

The Hadendowa constructions of foreignness, danger, and disease engage these theories and extend the notions of power, social boundaries, and gender asymmetries, (e.g. Douglas 1966; Boddy 1989; Inhorn 1994) further to delineate cultural perceptions of honor, identity, and regeneration in the face of increasing mobility, marginality, and external influence. An extension that takes as its center how gendered meanings of body and space are diagnostic of historical relations of power and political actualities of conflict and social interactions.

To read the article in its entirety go to http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/hcpds/wpweb/Fadlalla%20wp1206%20htm.htm

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THE ISLAMIC RULING ON MAGIC AND MAGICIANS

By Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan

Source: Things that Nullify One’s Islam (p.47-50) [1]

In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful

The seventh one: Magic, like as-sarf and al-’atf [2], whoever practices it or is pleased with it has disbelieved. [3]

The seventh kind of apostasy is magic, the practice of magicians. It is two types: genuine and illusionary.

The first type, genuine magic, consists of the magician blowing on tied knots, murmuring phrases and words over them, seeking assistance from the devils within these words, the hanging of charms, and writing the names of devils on talismans. This is what genuine magic is, and it is something that has an effect on the targeted person, either by him being killed, becoming sick, or his mind being affected.

The second type, illusionary magic, is when things are manipulated in a way that causes someone to think that what he sees is actually that way, while it is not true. A man is made to think that the magician has done the following things:

* He turned a rock turned into an animal;

* He killed someone and then brought him back to life, by cutting his head off and then replacing it;

* He pulled a car along by his hair or teeth;

* A car ran him over and did not harm him;

* He entered into a fire;

* He ate fire;

* He stabbed himself with some piece of iron;

* He stabbed himself in the eye with an iron skewer;

* Or that he ate a piece of glass.

All of these are kinds of fake tricks that have no truth in them, and they are like the magic of Fir’awn’s magicians. Allah, the Most High, has said: “He (Moosaa) was made to believe from their magic that they (the magicians’ sticks) were (snakes) moving about.” [4]

And Allah, the Most High, has said: “They put magic on the eyes of the people and sought to frighten them.” [5]

This is illusionary magic [6]. They call it al-qamrah, a trick that the magician does to the people’s eyes. When the qamrah wears off, things return to their normal states.

Magic is disbelief, and the proof is the statement of Allah, the Most High: “However, the devils disbelieved, teaching the people magic.” [7]

Both learning and teaching magic are disbelief in Allah, the Mighty and Majestic. It is also one of the kinds of apostasy. The magician is an apostate. If he was first a believer and then practiced magic, then he has apostated from the Religion of Islam [8]. He is to be killed without requesting him to repent according to some of the scholars, since if he repented openly, he is known as a person who deceives the people, and the knowledge of magic would still remain in his heart even after he has repented. The proof is His Statement: “And they (the two who taught magic) did not teach anyone before first saying, ‘We are merely a tribulation, so do not disbelieve.’ ” [7]

Allah the Majestic and Exalted sent down two angels from the heavens, teaching the people magic, as a trial and a test for the people [9]. When they came to those who desired to learn magic, they advised them, saying to them: “We are merely a tribulation, so do not disbelieve.” [7]. Meaning: “Do not learn magic.” So this proves that learning magic is disbelief.

FOOTNOTES

[1] From the TROID publication: Things that Nullify One’s Islam by Shaykh al-Islam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab, explained by Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan. Click here for information about ordering the book.

[2] As-sarf and al-’atf: Two different types of magic that involve turning people against each other (as-sarf) and causing them to love each other (al-’atf)

[3] The words in the box are from Shaykh al-Islam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab, and what follows is Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan’s explanation.

[4] A translation of the meaning of Soorah Taa-Haa (20):66

[5] A translation of the meaning of Soorah al-A’raaf (7):116

[6] Even illusionary magic can be considered disbelief in Allah. Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan, may Allaah preserve him, says in his book, Duroos fee Sharh Nawaaqidh al-Islam (p.146-147): Jundub ibn Ka’b, the Companion, killed a magician in the presence of one of the governors of Banee Umayyah. He came and found the magician playing games in front of the governor, pretending to kill a person and then bring him back to life by cutting off his head and then replacing it. This is a kind of illusionary magic. He was trying to convince the people that he was killing him and then putting his head back upon his shoulders. He did not actually do anything, he was only tricking the people with an illusion. So Jundub went up to him and struck him with his sword until he chopped his head off, and said, “If he was truthful, then let him bring himself back to life.” Translator’s note: Ibn ‘Abdil-Barr (may Allaah have Mercy on him) mentioned that the governor was al-Waleed ibn ‘Uqbah (may Allaah be pleased with him), and that he arrested Jundub for this action and wrote to the khaleefah ‘Uthmaan ibn ‘Affaan (may Allaah be pleased with him) about what happened. ‘Uthmaan then ordered him to be released and he was. (Alistee’aab, p.113)

[7] A translation of the meaning of Soorah al-Baqarah (2):102

[8] Shaykh Saalih discusses the impermissibility of using magic to cure magic and refutes the claim that Shaykh Ibn Baaz (may Allah have Mercy on him) allowed it. See: Question #32 in Appendix I: Questions and Answers (of the published version).

[9] Shaykh Saalih was asked, “How is it that the angels taught magic when teaching magic is a form of disbelief?” For his answer, refer to Question #31 in Appendix I: Questions and Answers (of the published version).

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THE JINN TESTIFY THAT AMONGST THEM ARE BELIEVERS AND DISBELIEVERS

Tafsir of Ibn Kathir

Allah says that the Jinns said about themselves,

[وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الصَّـلِحُونَ وَمِنَّا دُونَ ذَلِكَ] (There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary;) meaning, other than that.

[كُنَّا طَرَآئِقَ قِدَداً] (We are groups having different ways.) meaning, on numerous differing paths and having different thoughts and opinions. Ibn `Abbas, Mujahid and others have said,

[كُنَّا طَرَآئِقَ قِدَداً] (We are groups having different ways.) “This means among us are believers and among us are disbelievers.” Ahmad bin Sulayman An-Najjad reported in his (book of) Amali that he heard Al-A`mash saying, “A Jinn came to us, so I said to him, `What is the most beloved food to your kind’ He replied, `Rice.’ So we brought them some rice and I saw the morsels being lifted but I did not see a hand lifting it. So I asked him, `Do you have these desires (religious innovations) among your kind as we have among ours’ He replied, `Yes.’ Then I said, `Who are the Rafidah among you’ He said, `They are the worst of us.”’ I presented this chain of narration to our Shaykh, Al-Hafiz Abi Al-Hajjaj Al-Mizzi and he said its chain is authentic to Al-A`mash.

The Jinns stealing Information from the Sky before the the Messenger was sent and striking Them with flaming Fire after His Coming

Allah informs about the Jinns when He sent His Messenger Muhammad and revealed the Qur’an to him. Among the ways He protected it (the Qur’an) was by filling sky with stern guards guarding it from all of its sides. The devils were then expelled from the places where they used to sit prior to that. This was so that they could not steal anything from the Qur’an and tell it to the soothsayers, thereby causing matters to be confused and mixed up. If this happened it would not be known who was being truthful. Allah did this out of His kindness to His creation, His mercy upon His servants and His protection of His Mighty Book (the Qur’an). This is why the Jinns said, [وَأَنَّا لَمَسْنَا السَّمَآءَ فَوَجَدْنَـهَا مُلِئَتْ حَرَساً شَدِيداً وَشُهُباً - وَأَنَّا كُنَّا نَقْعُدُ مِنْهَا مَقَـعِدَ لِلسَّمْعِ فَمَن يَسْتَمِعِ الاٌّنَ يَجِدْ لَهُ شِهَاباً رَّصَداً ] (And we have sought to reach the heaven; but found it filled with stern guards and flaming fires. And verily, we used to sit there in stations, to (steal) a hearing, but any who listens now will find a flaming fire watching him in ambush.) meaning, whoever would like to steal some information by listening, he will find a flaming fire waiting in ambush for him. It will not pass him or miss him, but it will wipe him out and destroy him completely.

[وَأَنَّا لاَ نَدْرِى أَشَرٌّ أُرِيدَ بِمَن فِى الاٌّرْضِ أَمْ أَرَادَ بِهِمْ رَبُّهُمْ رَشَداً ] (And we know not whether evil is intended for those on earth, or whether their Lord intends for them guidance.) meaning, `we do not know if this — the matter which has occurred in the sky — is intended for those who are in the earth or if their Lord intends some guidance for them.’ They stated this in such a manner out of their etiquette in phrasing their speech, because they did not attribute the doing of evil to anyone and they attributed the good to Allah. Verily, it has been recorded in the Sahih,

«وَالشَّرُّ لَيْسَ إِلَيْك» (And evil is not attributed to You (Allah).) It used to be that shooting stars (meteors) occurred before this, however it did not happen much, rather only occasionally. As was reported in the Hadith of Ibn `Abbas when he said, “While we were sitting with the Messenger of Allah a shooting star flashed in the sky. So the Prophet said,

«مَا كُنْتُمْ تَقُولُونَ فِي هَذَا؟» (What did you all used to say about this) We replied, “We used to say that a great person has been born and a great person has died.” The Prophet said,

«لَيْسَ كَذَلِكَ، وَلَكِنَّ اللهَ إِذَا قَضَى الْأَمْرَ فِي السَّمَاء» (This is not so, rather whenever Allah decrees a matter in the heaven…)” and then he went on to narrate the rest of the Hadith which we have already mentioned in its entirety in Surah Saba’. This is what caused them to seek the reason for this occurrence. So they set out searching in the east and the west. Then they found the Messenger of Allah reciting (the Qur’an) while leading his Companions in prayer. Thus, they knew that this Qur’an was the reason for the sky being guarded. Therefore, some among them believed in it and the others became more rebellious in their transgression. A discussion of this has preceded in a Hadith of Ibn `Abbas concerning Allah’s statement in Surat Al-Ahqaf,

[وَإِذْ صَرَفْنَآ إِلَيْكَ نَفَراً مِّنَ الْجِنِّ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الْقُرْءَانَ] (And (remember) when We sent towards you (Muhammad) a group of the Jinn (quietly) listening to the Qur’an.) (46:29) There is no doubt that when so many shooting stars began appearing in the sky, it horrified humans and Jinns alike. They were very disturbed and alarmed by it. They thought that it was the destruction of the world. As-Suddi said, “The sky was never guarded except if there was a Prophet in the earth or the religion of Allah was victorious and dominant in the earth.” So the devils before the time of Muhammad had taken sitting stations for themselves in the heaven of this world and they would listen to the matters that occurred in the heaven. But when Allah sent Muhammad as a Prophet and Messenger, they were suddenly pelted one night (with the flaming, shooting stars). So the people of Ta’if were frightened because of this and they began to say, `The dwellers of the sky have been destroyed.’ This was because they saw the severe fires in the sky and the shooting flames. They began freeing their servants and abandoning their luxuries. So `Abd Yalayl bin `Amr bin `Umayr said to them and he was referred to for judgement among them “Woe to you O people of Ta’if! Hold on to your wealth and look at these guiding stars in the sky.If you see them remaining in their place, then the dwellers of the sky have not been destroyed, rather this has happened because of Ibn Abi Kabshah (– meaning Muhammad ). And if you look and see that you can no longer see these stars, then verily the dwellers of the sky have been destroyed.” So, they looked and saw that the stars still remained, and thus, they kept their wealth. The devils also were frightened during that night. They went to Iblis and informed him of what happened to them. So he (Iblis) said, “Bring me a handful of dirt from every land so that I may smell it.” So they brought it and he smelled it and said, “It is your friend in Makkah.” Then he sent a group of seven Jinns to Makkah, and they found the Prophet of Allah standing in prayer in Al-Masjid Al-Haram while reciting the Qur’an. They drew near to him eager to hear the Qur’an, until their chests almost pressed against him. Then they accepted Islam and Allah revealed their matter to His Messenger . We have mentioned this chapter in its entirety in the first section of the Kitab As-Sirah with lengthy discussion. Allah knows best and unto Him is all praise and blessings.

[وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الصَّـلِحُونَ وَمِنَّا دُونَ ذَلِكَ كُنَّا طَرَآئِقَ قِدَداً - وَأَنَّا ظَنَنَّآ أَن لَّن نُّعْجِزَ اللَّهَ فِى الاٌّرْضِ وَلَن نُّعْجِزَهُ هَرَباً - وَأَنَّا لَمَّا سَمِعْنَا الْهُدَى ءَامَنَّا بِهِ فَمَن يُؤْمِن بِرَبِّهِ فَلاَ يَخَافُ بَخْساً وَلاَ رَهَقاً - وَأَنَّا مِنَّا الْمُسْلِمُونَ وَمِنَّا الْقَـسِطُونَ فَمَنْ أَسْلَمَ فَأُوْلَـئِكَ تَحَرَّوْاْ رَشَداً - وَأَمَّا الْقَـسِطُونَ فَكَانُواْ لِجَهَنَّمَ حَطَباً - وَأَلَّوِ اسْتَقَـمُواْ عَلَى الطَّرِيقَةِ لاّسْقَيْنَـهُم مَّآءً غَدَقاً - لِّنَفْتِنَهُمْ فِيهِ وَمَن يُعْرِضْ عَن ذِكْرِ رَبِّهِ يَسْلُكْهُ عَذَاباً صَعَداً ] (11. `There are among us some that are righteous, and some the contrary; we are groups having different ways.’) (12.`And we think that we cannot escape Allah in the earth, nor can we escape Him by flight.’) (13. `And indeed when we heard the Guidance, we believed therein, and whosoever believes in his Lord shall have no fear, either of a decrease in the reward of his good deeds or an increase in the punishment for his sins.’) (14. `And of us some are Muslims, and of us some are Al-Qasitun. And whosoever has embraced Islam, then such have sought the right path.’ ”) (15. And as for the Qasitun, they shall be firewood for Hell.) (16. If they had believed in Allah, and went on the way, We would surely have bestowed on them water in abundance.) (17. That We might try them thereby. And whosoever turns away from the Reminder of his Lord, He will cause him to enter in a Sa`ad torment.)

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JINN, JINN POSSESSION AND AR-RUQYAH

Shaykh Fawzee Al Atharee

Translated By Aboo Hakeem – Spubs

Because the shuyookh (scholars) see this as being an issue that is widespread amongst the Muslims, they’ve decided to have this session solely for the discussion of this topic. So, for that purpose, In Shaa Allaah this session will be concerning the Jinn, Jinn Possession, Ar Ruqyah, and affairs related to that.

Shaykh Fawzee said, “This sickness is like other than it from the sicknesses amongst you. It is an affair that’s a must to be cured. It is a must that a person afflicted by it be cured, just as a person who had a physical sickness, a normal sickness, he’d go to the doctor. He’d have himself examined. He’d fine out what the best cure for himself would be. Likewise, in regards to this type of sickness, it too requires that a person be examined and given the correct cure.”

“It is possible, just as the sickness affected the body, it may weaken the body so much so that the person is not able to perform acts of worship. Likewise, this sickness of the person afflicted by the Jinn, it’s a sickness that is harmful to the body. It is possible that that sickness, just like a normal sickness, may affect and be of the sicknesses which are widespread, contaminant, and can spread to other than the person initially afflicted by it. He ends up afflicting the rest of his family because of the fact that he doesn’t receive that cure of that thing, and it spreads in and amongst his family. In that way, no doubt harm is obtained, or will come from that sickness, therefore it is a must that the sickness is cured.”

“We’ve found some people not liking that we discuss and deal with this issue, or not like that the person afflicted by that – that he is cured. It’s possible that the person may remain silent about this affair, knowing that it’s present for whatever reason. In actuality, he should deal with that affliction and get it cured as Allah said, “Ask the people of the reminder if you do not know.”

“So, the origin is that a person should go to a doctor and seek for himself to be examined. If there’s nothing that can be found by way of general medicine, and a general doctor, and there’s nothing after that that can be found then, indeed the affair should be returned back to the people of knowledge. As the Messenger (peace be upon him) has informed us, “There’s no sickness, except that sickness has with it a cure.”

“Indeed, this was an illness that was present amongst the Sahaabah (may Allah be pleased with them all). From them were those who were affected, and cured by way of the Qur-aan. This is referring to the narration: A woman came to the Messenger (peace be upon him) and she had her son with her. She sought from the Messenger that he should read upon her son because the Jinn afflicted him. So we see that this was something found present in and amongst some of the Sahaabah, and they used to seek a cure from this affair. Likewise, in this time, this is something widespread, and it has a cure and In Shaa Allaah we’re going to speak concerning that cure.”

The Shaykh said, “This issue of a person being affected by the Jinn is a natural affair. So, why should a person be shy in dealing with this affair, or shy away from it in regards to dealing with it, mentioning it to his relatives, and other than them who are near to him? Just like any other sickness, like the sickness of a fever, or other than that from the sicknesses, a person would mention that he had such and such sickness and he would deal with that sickness. We find that many of the people leave this affair and they do not mention this sickness and this affair even though they know that it is present.”

“From the cures in that regard, first and foremost, he clings to the Kitaab (Al Qur-aan) and the Sunnah. It is upon him to study At Tawheed. Indeed, the issue of studying Tawheed, we’ve found that it is something that affects the Jinn. It harms the Jinn. Indeed the Jinn are affected by the study of Tawheed, and we’ve seen this in actuality. A person who’s affected by the Jinn, he’s not able to be tranquil in the lessons of Tawheed. He’s not able to be serene in those lessons. Likewise, we’ve found this in some of the women. In the lessons of Tawheed, the women who were affected, they’re unable to be tranquil and serene.

It is possible that the Jinn will leave a person just by him studying Tawheed. Therefore, it is upon the individuals affected by this, that they cling to the study of Tawheed. Indeed the Jinn are individuals who do not like ‘ilm. They do not like knowledge because knowledge is something which is light! The Jinn are not settled in the body of the individual who seeks ‘ilm. He’s not settled. Rather he’s in a state of i’tiraab (being unsettled) in the night and day (their night).”

“For the person who’s affected by the Jinn, that which is upon him is the study of Tawheed, and that he studies the other sciences. It is upon him that he cures himself first, before other people cure him, and this is by him making a lot of adhkaar (dhikr pl.), and the different forms of dhikr that have occurred in the Book and Sunnah, especially those adhkaar that come at the end of each Salaat. So, a person fortifies himself, for instance, reciting Sooratul Falaq, and Naas, and those du’aa that have occurred in the Sunnah, and the statements of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him), “I seek refuge in the complete perfect Words of Allaah, from the evil that HE has created,” three times in the morning and three in the evening.”

“Likewise, the recitation of Aayaatul Kursee (2/255): The Messenger (peace be upon him) used to constantly recite Aayaatul Kursee. If this was the case with the Messenger (peace be upon him), than what is the case with other than him? It is upon you to protect yourself and your family with the likes of this recitation. Likewise, with the recitation of the Qur-aan, and that a person listens to the Qur-aan in his house, and car. A person does not go to those individual who utilizes the Jinn to cure the Jinn. He does not go to the magician. He goes to the individual who cures the Jinn upon the way of the Sunnah, and that they recite upon the way of the Sunnah. They do not cure the Jinn by way of utilizing the Jinn. It’s possible that a person may have a Jinn with him, and he’s not affected by the one’s who use magic to cure the Jinn. So it’s upon that person to seek the cure from one who cures by way of the Kitaab and Sunnah.”

“The Shaykh went on the mention that this affair of the Jinn, it is possible that he may leave the body of that individual by way of qiraa-a (recitation of the Qur-aan). It may leave by way of a person being constant in reciting the different adhkaar, different forms of remembrance upon himself. It is possible just by way of him doing that the Jinn may leave him without anybody reciting over him. Therefore a person afflicted by it should understand that he has to be patient, and know that his reward is with Allaah, just like the woman who was afflicted with epilepsy at the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him), and she used to have fits, as it occurred in the hadeeth of Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allah be pleased with him). She used to have those fits and she remained in that state until she died. So, it is possible that Allaah may test a servant with that, and it doesn’t leave him, it remains with him by way of a test for him. His reward will be with Allaah. Allaah may test a servant for more than one reason. Allaah may test a servant with the Jinn, for instance, for him being distant from Allaah. So, Allaah tests him by allowing him to be afflicted by way of the Jinn.”

“With the exiting of the Jinn, we have found that many individuals who once had a Jinn with them, after the recitation and the like, after being cured and the Jinn leaving them, they’ve became from amongst the strongest of the tulaabul ‘ilm (students of knowledge). Therefore a person needs to be strong upon making the qiraa-a, and know that the ajar (reward) for reciting the Qur-aan is with Allah.”

The Shaykh continued by saying, “The philosophers reject this affair, and its something which is a trial, a test for a person. It’s possible that it may be by way of a punishment for a person, just as Allaah has said, “And whoever stays away from the remembrance of Ar Rahmaan, then HE will make for him a shaytaan (devil), and he will be a partner for him.”

“So know, that this issue of the Jinn entering mankind, it is possible that the Jinn may enter a person at a time when he is heedless of Allaah. The majority of the time that a Jinn enters a person is when a person experiences extreme fear, or is extremely heedless, or sometimes from extreme joy. It is possible that Jinn may enter out of Ishq (extreme love) that it has for an individual. So it is possible that a male Jinn has seen someone from the females of the human beings and liked something from that individual so entered. And vice versa, a woman from the Jinn may have seen a human being and entered because of something that it loved from that individual.”

Some people – the Jinn enter into them because of that fact that the person constantly frightens himself concerning them. Or, he convinces himself that he has a Jinn and he doesn’t have anything. It is possible for instance, when a person is in a dark room, and he imagines that he saw something move and he believes it to be a Jinn. Or, he sees something fall upon the floor, something that is regular, but he believes it to be something from the Jinn. This may occur as the Shaykh mentioned because of the people imagining that they’ve seen something that is not in actuality. It is a must that a person is certain that that which they’ve seen, and that which they’re fearing is most definitely something from the Jinn so that the person doesn’t address himself with something that doesn’t really exist.”

There’s something that is known as a sickness connected to the blood of a person that has an affect on his brain. A person may believe he has Jinn, when actuality he has a sickness that connected to his blood. Or, there’s a possibility that that sickness may lead to the brain and make him speak strangely, or do strange things making the people or himself believe that he has a jinn, when in actuality it is a physical sickness that leads him to acting that way. Therefore it is a must that a person is certain that a Jinn is present, and not some sort of sickness that is a physical sickness.”

So, if it a person is certain that he’s sick, then it is upon him to recite upon himself with firm will and firm intent when he does so, so that he may remove that sickness. If after doing so, he finds that there’s nothing wrong with him, he should go and have himself examined at the hospital by way of the doctor.”

There are some people whom the Shaykh wanted to draw our intention to that utilizes the issue of Ar Ruqyah for the purpose of making money. It’s possible that these people are happy, or happier when a person is afflicted, and affected by this sickness than when the people are free of it, and the people are in good body, mind, and health. It is possible that we’ll find from the people who utilize Ar Ruqyah and make trade, and money from it – we find them holding tight to the arteries of a person until that person possibly passes away, passes out and becomes unconscious because of the manner in which he’s holding on to the arteries of that person (the jugular vein). So, the person believes that he has a Jinn, – in actuality it happens because of the fact that the person held on tightly to the jugular vein.”

The person who does this and removes the jinn, he knows and has it firm in his heart, that this Ruqyah is an ebaadah from the Ebaadaat (a worship from the acts of worship) and it’s something that he’s using it to draw closer to Allaah and not that he utilizes it to earn money. It’s possible that he may utilize it likewise, or they may be in that something from da’wah for the people who’s receiving that recitation. So, maybe he can advise them against listening to music, singing, and different types of evil deeds that a person may be upon.”

You’ll find that the people who are receiving that recitation, they’ll accept that statements of the person. And likewise, he (the Shaykh) mentioned that there are people from the Christians, the Jews and from amongst the Soofiyyah who are themselves magicians and claim to cure from the Jinn. So, they themselves possibly send out Jinns in order to afflict, and affect the people, so that the people would come to them. They’d cure those people of the Jinns that they themselves sent out. Therefore, it is something that a person should understand is another form from the forms of the conflict between the Awliyaa of Ar Rahmaan (the allies of Allaah) and the Awliyaa of Ash Shaytaan.”

Shaykh Fawzee continued by saying, “The sins, generally by committing them it is possible that they make it easy for the Jinn to enter the body of mankind. So, it comes to the stage of the individual that he’s so immersed in sin that he forgets the remembrance of Allaah, and he doesn’t remember HIM except a little. It is possible that he leaves the recitation of the Qur-aan, and it is possible that some of them leave the Salaat. For that reason we’ve found that the vast majority of those people who are affected by the Jinn they’re sinful individuals, they’re ‘usaat (sinners). Certainly it has occurred that some people who’re upon their religion, and practicing it, are affected by the Jinn but we’ve found that to be little.”

So, indeed the Messenger (peace be upon him) someone worked magic upon him. But, those who’re affected by the Jinn and are firm upon their religion are very, very few. The vast majority who’re affected are those who are sinful individuals.

So, the person who is affected, as we’ve mentioned it is for him to turn to the Ebaadah in its different forms, and to return to the qiraa-a of the Qur-aan, the performance of Salaat, return to ‘ilm, return to Tawheed as was mentioned, and that the person leaves alone the sins.

The Categories Of Jinn Are 3

As relates to a question, Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez (rahimahullah) mentions that Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah (rahimahullah) said, “From the Jinn are those Jinn who enter mankind just because they (the Jinn) are mischievous. They like to play around. He has free time, so he decides that he’s going to be mischievous with someone from amongst mankind, thus he enters him.”

From the Jinn are those who enter mankind because of ‘Ishq, or passionate love that they have for the human being. As for the one who enters because he’s playing, it is easy to remove him. As for the second type, it is certainly harder to remove it although Allaah has ability over everything.

As for the third type, it is the type of Jinn that enters because of adaawah (animosity). The human being did something unknowingly to that Jinn, so out of adaawah he enters him.

Q. Many of the brothers like to train and do physical exercise, and martial arts of the Orients. Is it permissible to study the philosophy of these people, like the Buddhists, the Taoists and their like if it is known that these people claim to do amazing things with the mind, body and strength? Is it a physical reality or do the Jinn aid them? Jazaakumullaahu khairaan.

A. Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez (rahimahullah) replied by saying, “As for referring to it as philosophy, it is something that is new to me. The origin is that these types of sports, exercises and such things in regards to their origin and ruling are permissible, like weight training and other than that. If a person intended by way of that the disobedience to Allaah, then obviously this is not permissible. As for the fact that these sports came from the Kuffaar, then this is not something that is a major concern to us, the main thing is that there is no opposition in that to the Sharee’ah, or in it is the wasting of time. We find, for instance a person spends the whole of his life just servicing his body, just like the person who has a sword, he spends his life servicing his sword, shining and polishing it, but he doesn’t fight with his sword.”

“Likewise, it doesn’t have anything in it that oppose the Sharee’ah like exposing his ‘awrah (private parts), or that he lives and dies for his club. As long as none of those affairs are present, then the performance of these arts are permissible, especially if a person wanted to perform them with the purpose of that which draws him closer to Allaah, and strengthens himself for Allaah, then this is something which is permissible.”

“As for it being connected to the Jinn, this is not something that is correct, in fact it is something that is incorrect, and Allaah has taught mankind that which they did not know. This is something that returns back to experience of those individuals, their own training and it doesn’t have a connection with the Jinn.”

“Generally, the issue of utilizing the Jinn in regards to these arts are something that returns back to the individual himself. It is possible that a person may involve himself in those arts and may utilize something from the Jinn, but that doesn’t necessitate that the art itself has its basis in the Jinn; just as we find some people are able to perform certain feats, jumps and the like but it returns back to the physical ability of that person.”

“If it is established that a person actually uses the Jinn in those arts, this is not permissible. Just as we find that some of the people are able to move objects with the mind, or for instance; carry themselves from one place to another like Baitul Maqdi by way of the Jinn. If a person uses that, then it would return back to the art, Wallaahu A’lam.”

Shaykh Fawzee (hafidhahullah) said, “Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah (rahimahullah) there are examples of people who’re carried by the Jinn and use them for their own purpose. Some of them were carried by the Jinn and passed by the Miqaat in Hajj and allowed them to land in front of the Kaâ’bah. This is something that Ibn Taymeeyah said the Jinns are able to do with the human beings.”

Q. Is it permissible for a Muslim to cure a non-Muslim affected by the Jinn? What are the circumstances? Jazaakumullaahu khairaan.

A. This is something that is permissible if the person is a male or female from amongst the disbelievers. What is the upon the person who’s doing that cure to call him to Islaam, perhaps Allaah will make him a Muslim by way of that person. So, it is possible that he may cure him. We’ve found that this happened to some of our brothers back home. They gave cure to some people from amongst the Kuffaar and those individuals became Muslim after receiving that cure. It is permissible, but call that person to Islaam.

Q. Are there any texts describing what the Jinn actually look like?

A. Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez (rahimahullah) said concerning the question, “As for right now I don’t know of any clear proof that explains that concerning their characteristics and what they look like exactly. But, we find that the Qur-aan has described to us something to make us understand what they look like, and they are ugly beings. When Allaah said concerning the Tree of Zaqqum, HE said that its fruits are as though they are the heads of shayaateen (devils), which indicates that they have ugly faces, and are ugly beings. Anything other than that by way of text, then nothing else comes to me concerning that and if Shaykh Fawzee knows anything, then perhaps he could benefit us by way of it.”

Shaykh Fawzee (hafidhahullah) said, “Concerning their form, then indeed as Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez mentioned, their forms are ugly forms just as was mentioned in the Qur-aan. So, we’ve found that we’ve read on some people that have with them this matter and their faces have come out of those people, and they have ugly faces. We’ve seen the change in their eyes and the change in their faces, which indicates that they’re very ugly, and that is as it relates to the shayaateen, the evil Jinn. As for a proof concerning the normal Jinn, then I don’t know of a proof describing their natural form. There are some people that we’ve seen from those whom we’ve recited upon; they have the form of mankind. Its possible that they have a beautiful form of an individual from amongst the humans.”

“On one occasion, we recited Ar Ruqyah on someone that had a female Jinn in him. When she came out, we found that her face was very beautiful. The person performing the cure said that we have not seen the like of her in beauty. It is possible that a person recites over someone and sees something very ugly. Some of the people, we’ve recited over them and their face changed from a normal face, to the face of a Jinn, but the face of the Jinn was a normal face like someone from amongst mankind “not an ugly face, neither was it a beautiful face, it was a normal face from amongst mankind. So, the face of that person changed from his normal face and became the face of someone else, but it was a regular face, not an ugly face, nor a very beautiful face.”

“Sometimes that Jinn take on the form of a scorpion, or snakes. From them are Jinn that remain present all the time in one place, and from them are those Jinns who travel from place to place, so indeed the Jinns take on different shapes and forms.”

Q. What they the characteristics of the one who performs the exorcism?

A. Shaykh ‘Abdul ‘Azeez said, “The Raaqee (person who performs the Ruqyah), it is a must that he is not a person who has made Ar Ruqyah a means of obtaining wealth, rather he does it seeking the Face of Allaah. Na’am, it is possible that some of the people have with them the ability to cure. Sick people are constantly brought to them, so they’re performing Ruqyah, being busy away from everything else. For this type of person, it is permissible for him to take something to make living easy for him, but not more than that which allows him to live, as it has occurred in the hadeeth of Abee Saâ’eed (rahimahullah), he performed Ar Ruqyah and was given something for it. We have seen some of the people perform Ar Ruqyah and take by way of it take a great amount of wealth and become very rich.”

It is upon the person who performs Ar Ruqyah to be strong in his Tawheed and ‘Aqeedah, not afraid and they must be firm. It is possible that if he performs Ar Ruqyah and the Jinn appears, that it may see something from weakness in him, thus enters him. Just like the person who stands to fight with a sword, he is not a fighter. So, a person therefore is strong in his ‘Aqeedah and Tawheed and he doesn’t fear the presence of the Jinn and he’s firm upon his religion.”

“Likewise, from his characteristics is that he doesn’t speak a lot to the Jinn if it begins to speak to him because the Jinn knows that that speech is easier upon him than the recitation of the Qur-aan. So, when the Jinn speaks, the best thing for that person to do is to busy himself by reciting the Qur-aan in order to weaken the Jinn by it. This is because we find some people speaking to the Jinn as though he is a journalist interviewing the Jinn. This is something that should be stayed away from. Rather, the person should busy himself with reciting the Qur-aan upon the individual, and do not be fooled by the Jinn who wants the person to speak so that he may stop reciting the Qur-aan.” “If a person is making Ruqyah upon a woman, the woman observes her full hijaab, and she has with her a mahram from those who are related to her from her mahareem. The person doesn’t hold on to her, he doesn’t hold on to her neck, or parts of her body. The person should fear Allaah with his gaze and he should not look at the woman or the sister who’s being exorcised. This is because, it may occur something from zinaa of the qalb (heart), and the person may be swayed in his performance of the Ruqyah.”

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CAN JINN OPEN DOORS

By Shiakh Hassan Bin Abdul Wahhaab Al Banna (May Allah preserve him)

Translated byAbu Abdis Salaam Al Juyaanee

Source http://www.salafyink.com/articles/jinns_doors.pdf

Shaykh Al-Banna was asked…

Question: O Noble Shaikh, a questioner asks; do Jinns have the ability to open doors?

Answer: In general Allah has saved the righteous believers from the likes of this type ofmischief. This is due to the fact that the Jinn are unseen and thus can do great harm ifthis protection was not there. However, this is not necessarily the case with regards tothose sinning people who have pictures and dogs in their houses or for the Kuffaar(disbelievers). With this having been said, it is important to note, that more importantly, one should be worried about the whispers of the shaiyaateen (devils); and not so muchwhether or note they can open doors. The shaiyaateen will not cease in trying toinfluence the Human Being by way of the whisper. They are always trying. Every time a servant seeks refuge with Allah they (the shaiyaateen) are repelled. They are repelled butthey do not leave. The more a servant seeks refuge with Allah the more distance isplaced between him and the shaiyaateen; whenever his is neglectful of seeking refuge inAllah, (and from making the prescribed thikr), the shaiyaateen draw closer and closer.This back and forth will be the case for the duration of an individual‘s life. Due to thisthe whisper from the shaiyaateen should be worried about and not whether or not theycan open doors. So what if you buy some bread, bring it home, put it on the table, and then one of the shaiyaateen takes and steals it from you. I mean, have you really beenharmed? This is nothing; rather one should be on his guard about the whisper, the whisper!!

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THE MAN WHO CAN SEE THE JINN AND MAKE THEM GO AWAY: AN ISLAMIC FAITH HEALER TALKS ABOUT HIS PROFESSION

By Hannah Wettig and Adnan El-Ghoul (Daily Star staff)

Friday, October 01, 2004

Source http://www.dailystar.com.lb/article.asp?edition_id=1&categ_id=1&article_id=8885

According to Islamic belief, a jinni can take any physical form or possess a human

BEIRUT: “The powers I command can help people who are willing to pay thousands of dollars for a glance of hope,” says faith healer, Abu Yussuf.

Otherwise known as Hajj Mazloum, Abu Yussuf was staying at his brother’s house in Bourj al-Barajne. Making his home in Detroit, Michigan, the healer was on his way to the Gulf, where he has many clients, he said, most of who have given up on conventional medical treatments.

Abu Yussuf says there is always plenty of work available for a faith healer. “Sixty percent of all houses in Great Britain are haunted by ghosts. In Scotland and the U.S., I have fixed many of them.”

Playing with his prayer beads, he explained further, “If your house is haunted, you hear voices. There may be a noise in the bathtub or closet, or you feel a wind when all windows are closed, or even something inside your body.”

Although what he describes sounds like your usual ghost story, Abu Yussuf derives his knowledge from the Koran. A pious man, he only answered, “Al-Hamdulillah” (thanks be to God) when asked if his wife was veiled.

According to Islam, Allah created Angels from light and jinn, or evil spirits, from smokeless fire. In the Sura called Adh-Dhariyat, or the Winnowing Winds, Allah says: “I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship me.”

While they do all kinds of things humans do, like eating, marrying and dying, the jinn also have extra powers: they can take any physical form they like.

In the article “The World of the Jinn” on the Islamic website al-sunnah.com, the author argues, “Over the last few years the interest in the subject of aliens and UFOs has become heightened. Thousands of people have sighted strange looking creatures all over the world … It seems plausible, all the sightings of such creatures were just jinn parading in different forms.”

Usually, however, jinn exist in another world, which humans can’t see – most humans, that is.

“When you concentrate like people do in meditation, you start to see,” says Abu Yussuf. Can he see the jinn? “Of course,” he smiles.

The first time Abu Yussuf saw the evil spirits was over 20 years ago, while reading the Koran. “I read a lot in the Koran and the Holy Bible. One time I was reading in the Koran and I felt something,” he says. What he felt exactly can’t be told, he adds; it is a secret. Since that day he has worked as a healer, freeing houses and people from jinn.

If a jinn takes possession of a human, it can have disastrous effects, according to Abu Yussuf. “From that day your life will change. They want to control your life,” he says. “With women, they will start making love to her. Lots of women feel that. The problem is lots of people don’t believe in them.”

The Islamic Web site explains, “Jinn possess people for many reasons. Sometimes it is because the jinn have fallen in love with the person. However, most of the time possession occurs because the jinn are simply malicious and wicked. For this reason we have been told by the Prophet not to loiter in those places where the jinn reside, e.g. graveyards, ruins, deserts, market places.”

While the Web site explains that jinn can be either good or evil, the ones who take possession of people are most likely bad, because they are not allowed to do so. “It is a great oppression to possess another being,” the Web site says.

Science interprets possession differently. Many people, who are taken to faith healers to exorcise jinn, are, according to psychiatry, mentally disturbed.

In the Arab Journal of Psychiatry, Yahia Younis discusses the case of a young woman who was taken to hospital in a state of great excitement, who upon admission was “screaming, singing in a loud voice, clapping and throwing her hands sideways.” Doctors put the woman on sedatives – as they had done two years earlier when she had arrived in the same condition.

She got better, but complained about the treatment by faith healers her family had taken her to in the interval. One healer had gripped her neck, shouting at her “Oh jinni, confess who you are.” Due to the healer’s hands, which nearly caused her to suffocate, she made up a name.

While Younis warns that unqualified doctors can do more harm than good, he also writes, “Non-physical methods like invocations, which are based on the Prophetic tradition, are religiously sanctioned. Religious beliefs and values may be used to enhance the effect of psychotherapeutic techniques.” On the other hand, faith healers may be well aware of modern psychology.

According to Samir Tomb, a Lebanese specialist in parapsychology and astrology, faith in a healer and the methods used are the key elements to success.

He is hesitant to talk about other healers, he says, as each uses different methods and approaches. Tomb holds a degree from the University of Banco in France (Deauville), and is a member of the International Association of French speaking Astrologists.

He said that psychology can be a part of all kinds of healing. Even a medical doctor is more effective when he applies psychological techniques to a patient. “Psychological effects contribute 20 to 50 percent to any successful result,” he said. “When a patient feels secure and trusts in his or her healer, the benefits are better.”

Many people in Lebanon have stories to tell about violent exorcisms. Abu Yussuf talked about one case of a man who was brought in by his wife. “When I started reading the Koran to him he first asked his wife, ‘Why did you take me here?’ He then started shaking and giving me the black eye. He started fighting me, but he couldn’t reach me. His friend had to hold him.”

But how does Abu Yussuf know if somebody is really possessed by a jinn? After all, the man could have just gotten angry at his wife, or he could have been suffering from a psychosis. Would Abu Yussuf be able to tell if the two journalists visiting him are free of jinn?

Again he smiles, “Sure.” Abu Yussuf sits up straight on the armchair he had sunken into and asks this reporter to put out her hand. “No, not that one, the left,” he says. Waving his hands in circles, he starts to whisper verses. My hand trembles. Abu Yussuf’s diagnosis is short, “You are possessed by a jinn.”

“What about me?” the second reporter asks. Abu Yussuf gives him a short glance before saying most confidently, “No.”

The experience

Jinn buster

BEIRUT: We just wanted to interview the man who said he could drive away evil spirits, but then he discovered I was possessed by a jinn. Months later, we decided to visit faith healer Abu Yussuf again. He lives in Haret Hreik, where he has bought an apartment for his family. Since I still hadn’t gotten rid of the jinn that posses me, he agreed to exorcise it.

Abu Yussuf was in high spirits. He had just discovered a drug to cure AIDS, he said. Do we know how many people suffer from the disease in Lebanon? He also thought about running for elections in Lebanon, but then decided that the system was too corrupt.

I am told to sit on a chair, my hands resting, relaxed on my thighs. Abu Yussuf stands next to me, bending forward, reciting verses from the Koran in my ear. At first, I try to concentrate on the words, trying to make out the meaning. Then they all become one. Shaytan al-rajeem, shaytan al-rajeem … I fall into the rhythm. The shadows and lights reflected on the stone floor start to dance. My vision blurs. My hands start to sweat. I can feel my hands start to lift up – just a little bit, but strongly enough to make it hard to keep them down when I try. I have no idea how long this has all taken. It had been some 20 minutes until my hands and legs started shaking slowly, says my colleague later.

Abu Yussuf sits down and starts to chat with my colleague. Is it over? My hands are still up. Somebody tells me I can sit back on the couch.

Abu Yussuf scribbles something on a dish – verses from the Koran. His daughter brings some water which he pours on the dish. The verses dissolve, coloring the water green. “Drink,” says Abu Yussuf.

The jinn, he says, is now gone – and no Jinn will ever come back. “They know this person is protected.”

How can the whole process be so painless? “If someone knows what he is doing,” Abu Yussuf says, “it doesn’t have to hurt. This is why I made you sit up, so it goes out of your body through your hands and feet.”

But where did the jinn come from? How did I catch it? “Jinns are everywhere. The can always come,” he says.

And how does the jinn know Arabic? “In the whole world the jinn understands Arabic,” he explains. “They would also understand some true parts of the Bible and the Torah.”

I will soon feel better, I am told. I will be more successful in my career and personal life, now that the jinn can’t control me anymore.

Sounds good to me.

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THE REGULATION GOVERNING THE SEEKING OF HELP FROM JINNS AND SATAN AND MAKING VOWS TO THEM

By Shaykh Bin Baz (rahimahullah)

From `Abdul `Aziz bin Abdullah bin Baz to those Muslims – may Allah bless them and me – who adhere to the religion of Allah and remain committed to it. Amin.

May peace, mercy and blessings of Allah be upon you all.

Some friends sought to know from me about the actions of some uninformed brethren of our religion. They stated that these people, at times of calamities, invoke certain forces and seek their help; they invoke for instance, the jinns and give offerings and sacrifices of animals to them; some of them cry out saying, “O you Seven take him!”, meaning thereby seven chiefs of the jinns. They might also say, “O you Seven inflict on him such and such things … break his bones, drink his blood, mutilate his body.” Some of them may say, “O the jinn of noon time, O the jinn of Asr (evening) time, take him”. Such practices are prevalent in some of the southern areas. In addition to those, there is also the invoking of the dead, including the Prophets, the noble souls and angels and others. They are invoked and their help is sought, unfortunately, by many who profess the Faith of Islâm. They do so due to ignorance and due to the desire to imitate and follow what was practised by their forefathers; some of them may justify their actions by saying, “This is something in vogue, we do not mean anything by it nor do we have any faith in it.” Some friends also sought my opinion on having relationships of marriage with people known for such actions and on accepting their offerings; offering prayers for them, praying behind them and about belief in magicians and soothsayers who, I was told, claim knowledge of the sickness of a person and the reasons of the sickness by merely casting a look at anything on the body of the patient such as a turban, pyjamas, veil, etc.

In answer to the above, I wish to state the following:- Praise is to Allah, the One and Only Allah and blessings and peace upon the Prophet of Allah, who was the last of all Prophets; peace and blessings also upon his Family, his Companions and on all those who will abide by the path of right guidance until the Day of Judgement. Verily Allah the All-Mighty has created the human beings and the jinns in order to worship Him Alone and to abstain from worshipping, invoking, seeking the help and giving offerings and sacrifices and to offer all other worships to none other than Him. Allah has sent the Messengers to guide the people to this task and He revealed the Heavenly Books, the greatest of which is the Noble Qur’ân. It was revealed in order to convey this Message and to preach and to work for it besides cautioning the people against Shirk (polytheism) with Allah and against the worshipping of anyone other than Him. This is the purport of the Statement of Faith: “There is no god except Allah”; it clearly sets out the principle that there is no one else to be worshipped except Allah; thus it negates the concept of Godliness to anyone other than Allah; it affirms that Allah Alone and none other than Allah is to be worshipped. There are ample evidences on this in the Noble Qur’ân and in the Ahâdith (traditions) of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Allah says in the Noble Qur’ân: “And I (Allah) created not the jinns and men except they should worship Me (Alone).” (V.51: 56)

“And your Lord has decreed that you worship none but Him…” (V.17: 23)

“And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him)…” (V.98: 5)

“And your Lord said: Invoke Me, [i.e. believe in My Oneness (Islamic Monotheism)] (and ask Me for anything) I will respond to your (invocation). Verily! Those who scorn My worship [i.e. do not invoke Me, and do not believe in My Oneness, (Islamic Monotheism)] they will surely enter Hell in humiliation!” (V.40: 60)

“And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad peace be upon him) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor)…” (V.2: 186)

It is clear from the above verses that the human beings and jinns have been created by Allah in order to worship Him and He has ordained that none other than He be worshipped. The Divine Commandment has been conveyed in the Noble Qur’ân and through the Prophet (peace be upon them all) that people should worship the One and Only Allah and that invocation to Allah is an important form of worship; whoever is too arrogant to offer this worship shall be doomed to the Fire of Hell. Allah also says in the Noble Qur’ân that: “And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad, peace be upon him) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor)…” (V.2: 186)

Hence, it is a duty on all the worshippers to invoke Allah, the One and Only God because such invocation is a form of worship for which they have been created and commanded to act upon. The Noble Qur’ân says: “Say (O Muhammad, peace be upon him) Verily, my prayer, my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of the `Alamîn (mankind, jinns and all that exists). He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.” (V.6: 162, 163).

Allah has ordered His Prophet (peace be upon him) to inform the people that his prayer and service of sacrifice and life and death are all for Allah, the Lord of all creations, Who has no partner. The word `sacrifice’ here refers to the offering of animal as sacrifice; so if anyone offers a sacrifice to other than Allah, he then commits an act of Shirk, that is associating someone else with Allah.

It would be like praying to someone else other than Allah because prayer and sacrifice have equal importance in the Divine estimation and they are to be for Allah, the One and Only God. If anyone offers a sacrifice to other than Allah such as the jinns, the angels, and the dead and others in an attempt to seek nearness to them, then he is like a person who prays to other than Allah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has, as per an authentic Hadith (tradition) said: “Curse of Allah be upon those who offer sacrifice to other than Allah.”

Imâm Ahmad has, on the authority of Tariq bin Shihab, narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) had said: “Two men passed by a people who had an idol to which an offering had to be made by whoever passed by that idol. The people asked one of the two persons to give some offering, he said, that he had nothing to offer; they told him that he may offer anything, even a small fly; so the man gave a fly as an offering and he was allowed to pass. But his doom was the Fire of Hell. The second person was also asked to do accordingly but that person refused by affirming that he will not give as offering to anyone other than Allah. On his refusal, those people beheaded and killed him, but his ultimate abode was Paradise.” It can be noted from this narration that whoever gives an offering to an idol, though it might be only a fly, will be associating someone else as partner to Allah and therefore deserves punishment in Hell. So what to say of those who invoke the jinns, the angels and the pious people, seeking their help, offering vows to them and trying to gain proximity with them by giving sacrifices of animals to them. The purpose for which one does this is to protect his wealth or cure his illness or the safety of his cattle and his fields; he may also do that out of fear of the jinns. Such people become more deserving of torture in the Hell than that person who killed a fly as an offering to the idol. The Noble Qur’ân says: “Verily, We have sent down the Book to you (O Muhammad, peace be upon him) in truth: So worship Allah (Alone) by doing religious deeds sincerely for Allah’s sake only, and not to show off, and not to set up rivals with Him in worship. Surely, the religion (i.e. the worship and the obedience) is for Allah only. And those who take `Auliyâ’ (protectors and helpers) besides Him (say): `We worship them only that they may bring us near to Allah.’ Verily, Allah will judge between them concerning that wherein they differ. Truly, Allah guides not him who is a liar, and a disbeliever.” (V.39: 2, 3).

“And they worship besides Allah things that hurt them not, nor profit them, and they say: `These are our intercessors with Allah.’ Say: `Do you inform Allah of that which He knows not in the heavens and on the earth?’ Glorified and Exalted be He above all that which they associate as partners with Him!” (V.10: 18).

We learn from the above two verses that the polytheists had taken in lieu of Allah, some creations as their friends and protectors; they worshipped them and invoked them in awe and reverence and offered sacrifice and vows under the assumption that those friends and protectors act as intercessors and take them nearer to Allah. Allah the All-Mighty has proved their falsehood and has described them as liars, infidels, and polytheists; and Allah has pre-eminently transcended above the cult of polytheism. The Noble Qur’ân states: “…Glorified and Exalted be He above all that which they associate as partners with Him!” (V.10: 18).

It is thus clear that whoever takes a king or a Prophet or a jinn or a stone or a tree for the purpose of invocation along with Allah and seeks their help or tries to gain nearness to them by offering vows and sacrifices in the hope that they may intercede with Allah on his behalf, or in the hope of getting cured from some illness, or of safeguarding of wealth or safety for a person who is away or for any other purpose, commits the major crime of Shirk (polytheism) regarding which Allah states: “Verily, Allah forgives not that partners should be set up with Him in worship, but He forgives except that (anything else) to whom He pleases, and whoever sets up partners with Allah in worship, he has indeed invented a tremendous sin.” (V.4: 48)

“Verily, whosoever sets up partners in worship with Allah, then Allah has forbidden Paradise for him, and the Fire will be his abode. And for the Zalimun (polytheists and wrong-doers) there are no helpers.” (V.5: 72)

On the Day of Judgement intercession will be granted only to the people who believe in the Oneness of Allah and abide by it sincerely; it will not be granted to the polytheists as stated by the Prophet (peace be upon him) when he was asked about the people who will be fortunate to enjoy his intercession, he said: “Whoever says with all sincerity of his heart that there is no god but Allah only.”

The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said: “Every Prophet has an invocation that will be answered; and every Prophet hastened in his invocation, but I withheld my invocation so that I may intercede for my people on the Day of Judgement. Allah willing, my invocation will also include those of my nation who died without setting up partners to Allah.”

The polytheists of the early period believed in Allah as their Lord, Creator, and Sustainer but they relied on Prophets and friends and protectors, angels, trees and stones, etc. in the hope of gaining their intercession with Allah and nearness to Him as Allah said in the verses quoted above. Allah did not pardon them nor the Prophet (peace be upon him), “Indeed Allah has renounced them and has described them as infidels and polytheists. Allah has also disproved their claim that those gods will intercede for them with Allah and take them nearer to Him, the Prophet (peace be upon him) has fought battles against them in order to make them worship Allah, the One and Only Allah. In doing so, the Prophet (peace be upon him) acted according to the Divine Wish stated in the Noble Qur’ân: “And fight them until there is no more Fitnah (disbelief and polytheism: i.e. worshipping others besides Allah) and the religion (worship) will all be for Allah Alone (in the whole of the world). (V. 8: 39).

And the Prophet (peace be upon him) has said: “I have been ordered to fight people until they witness that there is no god except Allah and that Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah and perform the prayers, and give the Zakât (poor tax); if they do so, they shall enjoy safety from me in their lives and wealth except in what is due to Islâm and they shall be answerable to Allah.” The meaning of the phrase `until they witness that there is no god except Allah’ in this saying of the Prophet is that they should worship Allah Only and exclusively. The polytheists were afraid of the jinns and took refuge in them. In this context, Allah says in the Noble Qur’ân: “True, there were people among mankind who took shelter with the persons among the jinns, but they increased them in folly.” (V.72: 6).

The commentators of the Noble Qur’ân have interpreted the words `increased them in folly’ as their being struck with fear and panic because the jinns feel high and mighty when they see human beings seeking refuge in them and so they make themselves (that is the jinns) a greater source of fear and panic so that these human beings may increasingly worship them and seek refuge in them. But Allah has guided the Muslims to seek refuge in Him and in His Complete Words. Allah says: “And if an evil whisper comes to you from Satan then seek refuge with Allah. Verily, He is All-Hearer, All-Knower.” (V.7: 200).

“Say: I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of the day-break.” (V.113: 1)

“Say: I seek refuge with (Allah) the Lord of mankind.” (V.114: 1)

It is narrated in an authentic Hadîth that the Prophet (peace be upon him) has said: “Whoever alights at a place and says, `I seek refuge in the Complete Words of Allah from the evil that He has created’ will not be affected by any harm until his departure from that place.”

The person seeking safety and protection of his religion and who wishes to be away from Shirk (polytheism) in its major and minor forms will understand from the above quoted verses from the Noble Qur’ân and sayings of the Prophet (peace be upon him) that devotion to the dead and angels, jinns, etc. and invocation to them is an act of imitation of the pagans and polytheists and it is the worst form of Shirk. It is therefore a bounden duty that they keep away from such actions and also advise their brethren regarding it. Relationships of marriage are not admissible with those people who are known to indulge in polytheistic actions; it is also not permissible to eat from their offerings nor to pray for them or behind them until they repent to Allah the All-Mighty and invoke and worship Allah only. Invocation (Du’â) is worship; it is indeed the essence of worship. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has said: “Du’â is worship” and according to another version, “Du’â is the core and essence of worship.”

Allah the All-Mighty says: “And do not marry Al-Mushrikât (idolatresses etc.) till they believe (worship Allah Alone). And indeed a slave woman who believes is better than a (free) Mushrikah (idolatress etc.), even though she pleases you. And give not (your daughters) in marriage to Al-Mushrikûn till they believe (in Allah Alone) and verily, a believing slave is better than a (free) Mushrik (idolater etc.), even though he pleases you. Those (Al-Mushrikân) invite you to the Fire, but Allah invites (you) to Paradise and Forgiveness by His Leave, and makes His Ayât (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) clear to mankind that they may remember.” (V.2: 221).

Allah has forbidden Muslims from marrying disbelieving women; such women who worship idols, jinns and angels etc.; marriage is permissible with them only if they sincerely believe in and worship Allah, the One and Only Allah and accept the Message conveyed by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and proceed on the path shown by him. Allah has also forbidden the marriage of Muslim women to disbelievers until they sincerely believe in Allah and worship Him only and accept the Message conveyed by the Prophet (peace be upon him). The Noble Qur’ân states that: “A slave woman who believes is better than a disbelieving woman, even though she allures you. (V.2: 221) and that a man slave who believes is better than a disbeliever, even though he allures you, with his eloquence of speech, courage and chivalry, etc. Allah has then explained the causes for this preference over them by saying that they beckon you to the Fire because they belong to the Fire through their words, actions, manners, conduct and character. As regards the believers – men and women – they are the ones who beckon you to the Paradise through their character, conduct, words and deeds. So, how could the former be equal to the latter? And with regard to the hypocrites Allah the All-Mighty says: “And never (O Muhammad, peace be upon him) pray (funeral prayer) for any of them (hypocrites) who dies, nor stand at his grave. Certainly they disbelieved in Allah and His Messenger, and died while they were Fâsiqûn (rebellious – disobedient to Allah and His Messenger).” (V.9: 84)

In the above verse, Allah the All-Mighty has stated that one should not offer prayers to the hypocrite and the disbeliever because of their disbelief in Allah and in His Prophet. One should also not pray behind them nor make them as the Imâm of Muslims due to their disbelief and untrustworthiness and also due to the great animosity between them and the Muslims; yet another reason is that they are not from the people who pray and worship Allah; heresy and polytheism obliterate all actions. May Allah guard us from such actions. Allah the All-Mighty says in the context of forbidding Muslims from eating the offerings of the disbelievers and dead animals: “Eat not (O believers) of that (meat) on which Allah’s Name has not been pronounced (at the time of the slaughtering of the animal), for sure it is Fisq (a sin and disobedience of Allah). And certainly, the devils do inspire their friends (from mankind) to dispute with you, and if you obey them [by making Al-Maytata (a dead animal) legal by eating it], then you would indeed be Mushrikûn (polytheists): [because they (devils and their friends) made lawful to you to eat that which Allah has made unlawful to eat and you obeyed them by considering it lawful to eat, and by doing so you worshipped them, and to worship others besides Allah is polytheism].” (V.6: 121).

Allah the All-Mighty has forbidden the Muslims from eating dead animals and the animals sacrificed by the disbelievers because the sacrifices given by them are in the category of dead animals, although the Name of Allah may be mentioned; but such mentioning will have no effect for the reason that it is an invocation marred by belief in polytheism; so it cannot be accepted until the polytheist repents to Allah. Allah has permitted the consumption of food offered by the people of the Book (Scripture): “The food (slaughtered cattle, eatable animals, etc.) of the people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians) is lawful to you and yours is lawful to them.” (V.5: 5).

It is lawful because the people of the Book (Scripture) belong to a heavenly religion and claim to be the followers of Moses and Jesus, although this is a false claim. Allah has abrogated their religion and annulled by sending Muhammad (peace be upon them) as Messenger to all the peoples. However, Allah the All-Mighty has permitted us to accept the food of the people of the Book and to marry their women. The Divine sanction in this regard is due to certain considerations that have been explained by the Scholars. But such a sanction has not been granted with regard to the disbelievers and the polytheists who worship idos, dead people, Prophets, friends and protectors and others because whatever faith they profess is not based on any principle. In fact, all their professions of faith are total falsehoods; therefore, the animals slaughtered by them are dead animals and eating of it is not permissible.

As regards phrases used by people at times of anger such as `May the jinn strike you’; `May the jinn take you’; and `May the jinn fly away with you’ are phrases of abuse that are not permissible for the Muslims like all other phrases of abuse and curse, etc. This is not connected with polytheism. However, if the person uttering such words believes that the jinns have a sway over the affairs of the people without the permission of Allah and His will, he will be a disbeliever because Allah the All-Mighty is the Supreme Possessor and Disposer of everything; it is He Who bestows good or causes harm; nothing exists without His permission, His will and His pre-destined plan; Allah has ordered His Prophet to convey to the people: “Say (O Muhammad, peace be upon him): I possess no power of benefit or hurt to myself except as Allah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghaib (unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me. I am but a warner, and a bringer of glad tidings unto people who believe.” (V.7: 188).

If the leader of all mankind and the best of them, our Prophet (peace be upon him) does not possess any good nor any harm for himself except what is willed by Allah, how could any other human being do so? There are numerous verses in the Noble Qur’ân in this context.

As regards consulting the soothsayers, magicians, astrologers and others of their tribe who try to predict the unknown, it is a reprehensible act; to believe in them is more reprehensible and objectionable and it is a form of blasphemy because the Prophet (peace be upon him) has said: “The prayers of a person who consults a soothsayer about anything, will not be accepted for forty days”. (Narrated in the Sahih of Muslim).

It is also narrated on the authority of Mu’awiyah bin Al-Hakam As-Salami that the Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited consultation with soothsayers. It is narrated as transmitted by the compilers of As-Sunan – that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “He who believes in what a soothsayer says becomes a disbeliever in what has been revealed to Muhammad (peace be upon him).

There are several sayings of the Prophet in this context. Muslims therefore, should be on their guard against soothsayers, sorcerers and witchdoctors who claim knowledge of the unseen and deceive Muslims on the pretext of medical treatment or any other excuse. Muslims should beware of such people as forbidden and cautioned by the Prophet Õáì Çááå Úáíå æÓáã. In this category, is also included the claims of some people of knowledge of the unseen in the name of medicine; they claim knowledge of the condition of a sick person by smelling his turban or the veil in case of a woman and so on. In fact, such people seek only to deceive and confuse the minds of the innocent people so that they describe him as a person well-informed in medicine and in treating of illnesses; such a person may dispense some medicine which may perhaps cure the sick person; the cure is by the Will of Allah – but the sick person believes that he was cured because of that medicine. It is quite possible that the illness is caused by some of the jinns and evil spirits which are in the employ of that person who claims himself the knowledge of medicine, and they provide him with knowledge of the unseen which they are able to perceive. On the basis of that knowledge the impostor performs certain worships in order to please the jinns and the evil spirits so that they may withdraw from the sick persons. But they invariably leave behind certain harmful effects. This is something well-known about the jinns and evil spirits and those who employ them.

It is therefore, the duty of the Muslims to be on their guard against the above and they should advise each other to abstain from such beliefs and practices and to rely and depend on Allah only on all matters. However, it is not objectionable to use Ruqya (recitation of some Divine verses as a treatment for a disease) and the permissible medicines and treatment given by doctors on the basis of physical examination and ascertainment of the physical and mental causes of the illness. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has said: “Allah has created no disease for which there is no treatment; those who have studied it, know it and those who have ignored it do not know it.”

He has also said: “Every disease has a medicine and if the right medicine is chosen for the disease, the sick person will be cured, Allah willing.” and, “O servants of Allah, take medicines but do not take medicines that are forbidden.”

There are many such sayings of the Prophet on this subject. We pray to Allah the All-Mighty to reform all of us Muslims and to cure our minds and bodies from all evils.

May He guide us all to the right path and protect us from evil temptations and from obedience to the Satan and its friends and protectors. Verily, Allah has supreme power over everything; there is no power nor any strength except with Allah, the All-Knowing; and peace and blessings be upon the Prophet of Allah and his Family members and Companions.

24 comments

  1. i am a 45 years old man who had never been married due to a serious evil jinn problem.this evil jinn appears to me in my dream and we make love, and when i wakeup,i get sick and can not have any physical cantact with any real woman in the real world.no woman has interest in in me.every relationship that undertake,ends in a painful manner.in my dream,i am able to have a physical contact contact with a woman,but not in the rea world.please help,because,i want to get marry to a real woman on earth,not a jinn.is it possible that you make your phone number public so that i can call you and speak with you in person,please be help.


  2. there are some inaccurate statements here .

    for example : ” However, when a donkey starts braying it is seeing a jinn ” .

    the correct statement is ” However, when a donkey starts braying it is seeing a Devil”

    Among Jinn there are good ones and Evil ones .


  3. I’m sorry to hear that. Unfortunately I am not a raaqi so can’t assist you in that respect. However I can direct you to a very good and helpful group which you can join and ask for guidance on your problem…

    http://groups.yahoo.com/group/RuqyaShariyah/?yguid=93336017


  4. Thank you Ibn Tai’. I will look for the sentence and correct it insha’Allah.


  5. you are welcome … maybe the mistake is from the source or inaccurate translation.


  6. i hav a frnd..who says dat he was once possessed by jinns.n now he as a mumin jinn with him..he sais dat he knows if there is anything arowmd..he trys to make us bilyv him n b sceard of him..he said he can make anyone possess..is it possible..is he crazy???


  7. Allah knows best! Encourage your friend to do ruqyah upon himself to get rid of the jinn. Khair insha’Allah


  8. Koran Sura 17 Bani Isreal Ayat 88, and Sura 72 Jinn Ayat 14 beleiving muslim jinns both male and female are answerable to Allah? so when time is running out on this earth, will their abadat go waste and burn in hellfire , if they cannot fulfill the original command of Allah who commanded the jinns to prostrate to Adam – Insan e Kamil and show obesience before they become dead ?

    by Reza MohAmmed Damal January 21, 2010 at 5:14 pm Your comment is awaiting moderation.


  9. salam brother.
    my young brother had a jinn in him after going to Indonesia. so a shakh held a black pepper seed on both of my brother’s feet. the jinn inside started to burn, so we read ayat kursi over the the stugling body of my brother. you shoul ask the shakh in your local area to do ruqya on you. and my Allah help you and marry you with some pious muslim lady.

    wassalam


  10. Zerly- Asalamu alaikum, welcome to Islamic Articles and thank you for commenting. Ameen to your du’a. Was the black pepper seed recited over? How was it applied to your brother’s feet…as powder mixed into a paste or what?


  11. responding to by islamicarticles February 10, 2010 at 2:04 pm
    Salam every1 sorry for the delay in responce.

    My brother had a Black pepper seed on his feet one whole piece about two pieces not crush or power or paste on the feet.
    Please email for a faster reply zerly@hotmail.com


  12. i am facing a problem. i am married since six years having three children. i am living in gulf. since my marriage my wife always stay at her mother home in june july. since last two years i told her to stay with me for some reasons. last year july in sudden i say her face change in a moment(eyes very very red and also the bottom of the eye little area red and one inch area black. she give me the reason i have some mental stress. same this year 2010 july i saw her face suddenly changed in a moment.she give the same reason. then i saw her going to the washroom too much with no reason and one day i say she store water on the bath floor.one day i say her face up on the roof and mouth open under the shower.i saw things moving in my home by it self. one day in night i saw she is not on the bed with me, so i start looking for her in whole house and failed to find her. suddenly the sufa front of me ,her legs on it, she say what are u looking at and she told me i am praying here.

    When i married her, from the second day i was sick then in jail(return to home bcz,it was a false case) then court case and then stuck in brain cancer.i saw her she make my wearing clothes dirty by her nose.

    she is on the other hand recite Quran and praying also.

    Please tell me someone what i have to recite


  13. Mashallah this was the most beautiful story I have ever read. thanks a lot for sharing. May Allah bless you for this beautiful deed.


  14. Asalamu Alaikum, masha’Allah. Ameen to your du’a and may Allah bless you with good in this life and the next ameen.


  15. i have a problem that during night i feel that someone sleep with me and he does like my husband do.plz tel me why this happen.this was happening since i was child and didnot reach age of puberty.now iam married but still it is happening.


  16. You need to consult with a raaqi or a shaykh or the imam of your masjid.


  17. I NEED DUA A FOR PROTECTION AGAINST BLACK MAGIC. MAY ALLAH BLESS YOU.


  18. Mohammed- Ameen. May Allah bless you as well and protect you from all evil ameen. Go to this website and ask for help http://ruqyashariyah.org/home/


  19. shaik mashallah very informative, no doubt about it, may allah help to to guide people, but shaik one question how to find hidden magic and destroy it. is it permissible to use jinns in event of not getting help from rugiya al shariya as quran alows to eat pig meat in evnent near to death, even slah can be stopped in between to save life when snake or scopion attacks you ex, and not to return after treatment,


  20. I am not a shaykh. Read about ruqyah shariyah here http://islamicarticles.wordpress.com/healing. It is never permissible to use the jinn for anything http://islamqa.info/en/ref/10518/help%20jinn.


  21. asalaamu alaikum

    im having trouble finding a raaqi in the manchester who are genuine
    and go according to the quran and sunnah, would you happen to know anyone or reccomend?

    jazakallah


  22. Wa alaikum as-salam, you can sign up for this group and ask the raaqis http://ruqyashariyah.org/home and/or contact the owner of this website http://www.ruqyah.org


  23. Nice and educating


  24. […] http://islamicarticles.wordpress.com/jinn/ […]



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