We present to you Dr. Marshall Johnson, Professor Emeritus of Anatomy and Developmental Biology at Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. There for 22 years he was Professor of Anatomy, the Chairman of the Department of Anatomy, and the Director of the Daniel Baugh Institute. He was also the President of the Teratology Society. He has authored more than 200 publications. We first met with Professor Johnson at the 7th Saudi Medical Conference, where a special committee was formed to investigate scientific signs in the Quran and the Sunnah.

When we met together with the committee, Professor Johnson asked us what our committee was doing. We told him that the subject of our study was the relationship between what the Quran and Sunnah have contained 1400 years ago and what modern scientists tell us. He asked: Like what? We said: For example, modern science tells us that the human prenatal development goes through several stages whereas the Quran mentioned these stages to us 1400 years ago.

Professor Johnson was appalled when he heard this. He expressed his feeling by simply saying: No ! no ! no! What kind of talk is that? We understood the effect of such statements upon him. We knew he was one of the foremost scientists in the United States. He knew, of course, that after the discovery of the microscope in the 16th century, physicians throughout the 17th century believed that a human beings origin began entirely in the males semen, specifically in the males sperm.

This picture was the evidence used by scientists in the 17th century, and partly in the 18th century, to support their belief that the human being was created wholly from the male sperm, but after the discovery of the ovum was larger than the sperm of the male. In this way they ignored the role of the man in the 18th century, just as they had ignored that of the woman in the 17th century.

It was not until the middle of the 19th century when the scientists began to discover that the human embryonic development took place in several successive stages. It was for this reason when Professor Johnson was told that this information has been in the Quran for 1400 years that he stood up and shouted: No ! No! So we in turn handed him a copy of the Quran and showed him the following verse which he read in the English translation:

“What is the matter with you, that you are not conscious of Allahs Majesty. Seeing that it is He who has created you in diverse stages.” (Quran 71:13-14).

Then we showed him this verse: “He creates you in the wombs of your mother, in stages, one after another, in three veils of darkness. ” (Quran 39:6).

At this, Professor Johnson sat down and said: But this could be explained in three possibilities. The first is that it can be mere coincidence. So we collected more than 25 texts and presented them to him. Then we asked him:Is it possible that these texts are coincidence?

Moreover, the Glorious Quran has given each of these stages a name: the first being the nutfah, or the drop of water, the second being the alaqah, a leech-like substance, the third being the mudghah, or a chewed-like lump, the fourth being bones, and then the clothing of the bones with flesh. Can all this be a coincidence? He flatly said: No.

Then we asked him: Then what remains? He said: The other possibility is that Muhammad had hold [of a] powerful microscope.

We said: You know that this sort of minute and specialized knowledge, which has been contained in the Quran, can only be obtained by very powerful microscopes. And anyone possessing such powerful microscopes must also possess very high technology, which must be reflected in his daily living, his house, his food, his control and management of war and quest for peace etc. And you know that technological advancement is a process of cumulative inheritance, passed in and proved upon from one generation to the other.

Professor Johnson laughed and said: In fact I saw the first microscope invented in the world. It does not magnify more than 10 times and does not even show a clear picture. The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), never had possession of scientific equipment or microscopes. The only thing that remains for us to say that he was a Messenger from Allah. After this, Professor Johnson began to take interest in the study of scientific signs in the Quran, concentrating in some of his research on the stages of embryonic development. While Dr. Moore and others discussed the external fetal appearance, Professor Johnson concentrated his presentation on the Qurans detailed descriptions of the internal as well as external of the fetus.

Professor Johnson: In summary, the Quran describes not only the development of external form, but emphasizes also the internal stages, the stages inside the embryo, of its creation and development, emphasizing major events recognized by contemporary sciences.

For example, this drawing of the mudghah [Fig. 6.1], or the chewed-like structure, is one of the things that Professor Johnson used as evidence.

Fig. 6.1 (Unable to display image)

This picture of the mudghah shows the external appearance of the embryo with its curved structure, and with visible protuberances and grooves resembling teeth-marks, we notice the swallows and the grooves, we also notice the curved surface, all which give the embryo its distinctive features while the embryo at this stage is only one centimeter in length.

If we were to make an incision in the embryo and dissect the internal organs, we would find that most of them are already formed, as it is apparent here. You can also see from this picture that some of the cells have already formed, while others are not yet completely formed.

How then would we describe this embryo? What do we say? Could we say it is the complete creation? Then we are describing the part which is already created, and if we say it is an incomplete creation, then we are describing the part which is not yet created, the question would be: Is it a complete creation or is it an incomplete creation? There is no better description of that stage of embryologenesis than the Quranic description which says: mudghah (chewed-like structure) partly formed and partly unformed (Quran 22:5).

Here is Professor Marshall Johnson giving the conclusion of his research: As a scientist, I can only deal with things which I can specifically see. I can understand the words that are translated to me from the Quran. As I gave the example before, if I were to transpose myself into that era,knowing what I knew today in describing things, I could not describe the things which were described. I see no evidence for the refutation of the concept that this individual, Muhammad, had to be developing this information from some place. So I see nothing here in conflict with the concept that divine intervention was involved in what he was able to write.

Yes, It is the Revelation. The only way left to mankind is to follow the example of those great scientists, acknowledging that Allah has revealed to Muhammad (sallallahu alaihi wa sallam), a Book from Allah knowledge. Allah has further promised that mankind will, over time, come to discover the signs which prove that the Quran is truly a Book revealed by Allah.

Allah, may He be Exalted and Glorified, said in the Quraan: ” And you shall certainly know the truth of it (all) after a while ” . (Quraan, 38:88).

Allah also said: ” For every prophecy is a limit of time, and soon shall you know it (Quraan 6:67).

And said: ” Soon will we show them our signs in the (furthest) regions (of the earth), and in their own selves, until it becomes manifest to them that this is the truth. Is it not enough that your Lord does witness all things.” (Quraan 41:53).

“The keys of the unseen are five: ‘Verily, Allah! With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily Allah is All-Knower, All-Aware (of things)’ Surah Luqman 31:34

Ibraahim ibn al-Mundhir told me that Ma’n told us that Maalik told me, from Abdullaah ibn Deenaar from Ibn Umar (ra), that the Messenger of Allah (saws) said: “The heys of the Unknown are five, which no one knows except Allah: no one knows what will happen tomorrow except Allah; no one knows what is in the wombs except Allah; no one knows when it will rain except Allah; no one knows in which land he will die; no one knows when the Hour will begin except Allah” (Sahih Al-Bukhari Kitaab Tafseer Al Quran Hadith No 4328)

It was reported from Anas that the Prophet(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah appoints an angel in the womb, who says, ‘O Lord, a nutfah (mixed drop of male and female sexual discharges)? O Lord, a ‘alaqah (a clot)? O Lord, a mudghah (lump of chewed flesh)?’ When Allaah decrees that it is to be created, (the angel) says, ‘O Lord, male or female? Doomed or blessed? What is his provision? What is his lifespan?’ And that is written in his mother’s womb.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 6595; Muslim, 2646. This version was narrated by al-Bukhaari).

Allah sends the angel to breathe the soul into the foetus as was reported by ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood, who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who is the most truthful (of human beings) and his being truthful (is a fact) told us: ‘The constituents of one of you is gathered in his mother’s womb for forty days, then it becomes a clot of blood within another period of forty days. Then it becomes a lump of flesh, and forty days later, Allaah sends His angel to it to breathe into it the soul. The angel comes with instructions concerning four things, so the angel writes down his livelihood, his death, his deeds and whether he will doomed or blessed.” (Reported by Muslim, 1528).

“Allaah knows what every female bears, and by how much the wombs fall short (of their time or number) or exceed. Everything with Him is in (due) proportion. All-Knower of the unseen and the seen, the Most Great, the Most High.” [al-Ra’d 13:8-9]

“Verily, Allaah! With Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs…” [Luqmaan 31:34] (Fataawa Islamiyyah li’l-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 488).


Small note to consider before viewing the picture and reading the story behind it: Allaah sends the angel to breathe the soul into the fetus as was reported by ‘Abd-Allaah ibn Mas’ood, who said: “The Messenger of Allaah (saws), who is the most truthful (of human beings) and his being truthful (is a fact) told us: ‘The constituents of one of you is gathered in his mother’s womb for forty days, then it becomes a clot of blood within another period of forty days. Then it becomes a lump of flesh, and forty days later, Allaah sends His angel to it to breathe into it the soul. The angel comes with instructions concerning four things, so the angel writes down his livelihood, his death, his deeds and whether he will doomed or blessed.” (Reported by Muslim, 1528).

Check the picture out at

The picture is that of a 21-week-old unborn baby named Samuel Alexander Armas, who is being operated on by a surgeon named Joseph Bruner. The baby was diagnosed with spina bifida and would not survive if removed from the mother’s womb. Little Samuel’s mother, Julie Armas, is a obstetrics nurse in Atlanta. She knew of Dr. Bruner’s remarkable surgical procedure. Practicing at Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, he performs these special operations while the baby is still in the womb. In the procedure, a C-section removes the uterus and the doctor makes a small incision to operate on the baby. During the surgery on little Samuel, the little guy reached his tiny, but fully developed, hand through the incision and firmly grasped the surgeon’s finger. The photograph captures this amazing event with perfect clarity. The editors titled the picture, “Hand of Hope.” The text explaining the picture begins, “The tiny hand of 21-week-old fetus Samuel Alexander Armas emerges from the mother’s uterus to grasp the finger of Dr. Joseph Bruner as if thanking the doctor for the gift life.”

That picture says what a thousand words can not. Little Samuel’s mother said they “wept for days” when they saw the picture. She said, “The photo reminds us my pregnancy isn’t about disability or illness, it’s about a little person.” “The Hand” of the fetus. You can see the actual picture, and it is awesome…incredible.

Muslims declare SUBHAN’ALLAH when they see these types of miracles.



The Permanent Committee for Islaamic Research and Verdicts
Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa.imah lil-Buhooth al-‘Ilmiyyah wal-Iftaa. – Fatwa No.8844
al-Fataawa al-Muta’alliqah bit-Tibb wa Ahkaam al-Mardhaa – Pages 308-309

Question: A woman is grieving because she is not pregnant; And sometimes she cries and ends up thinking a lot and becomes withdrawn from life, so what is the ruling and what advice do you have for her?

Response: It is not befitting for this woman to grieve and cry because she is unable to conceive. This is because the natural ability in the man and the woman to conceive and have children, whether they be male only or female only or part male and part female, and the inability of the man and the woman to conceive – all of this is by the decree of Allaah (‘Azza wa Jall). He (Subhaanau wa Ta’aala) says:

{To Allaah belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. He creates what He wills. He bestows female (offspring) upon whom He wills, and bestows male (offspring) upon whom He wills. Or He bestows both males and females, and He renders barren whom He wills. Verily, He is All-Knower and is Able to do all things}, Soorah ash-Shooraa, Aayahs 49-50

So He (‘Azza wa Jall) is All-Knowing as to who is deserving of all these, and is All Able to do what He chooses.

And there is a good example for the female questioner in (the story of) Yahya ibn Zakariyyaa and ‘Eesaa ibn Maryam (upon them both be peace); Neither of the two had children, so, she is required to be content (with what Allaah has decreed for her) and ask Allaah for her needs, as He has the most encompassing Wisdom and Ability.

And there is no harm in her presenting herself to some of the specialist female doctors, and male doctors should she be unable to find a specialist female doctor. It is quite possible that which is preventing her from conceiving can be treated such as blocked tubes. And likewise, it is befitting that her husband present himself to a specialist male doctor since it is quite possible that he himself is the cause of his wife not being able to conceive.

And with Allaah lies all success and may Allaah send prayers and salutations upon our Prophet Muhammad (sal-Allaahu `alayhe wa sallam) and his family and his companions.


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