Da’wah

TWO TYPES OF DA’WAH

Ash-Shaykh Aboo `Uthmaan Muhammad bin `Uthmaan al-`Anjaree

Translated by Aboo Sufyaan ‘Uthmaan Beecher

And His saying, Exalted is He:

“But they have broken their religion into sects, each group rejoicing in what it has.” [6]

– Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah criticizes by sincere advice, by eloquence and wisdom and handsome admonition, complying with the principles of the Sharee’ah.

Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah criticizes by open demonstrations, sit-ins and strikes, and through rousing the (people in the) street under the pretense of islaah (rectification) .

– Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah is concerned with the guidance of mankind to obedience to Allaah and adherence to His law(shar ‘).

Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah is concerned with the achievement of appeasing the people through success in elections, and then exerting pressure on the government to meet their partisan demands, the most important of which is their reaching power (in the government).

– Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah looks to the Muslim for what is apparent, and that verily he is from among the Muslims, and you address him with the name of Islaam.

Ad-Da’wah as-Siyaasiyyah looks to the Muslim for what is of benefit to the party (hizb) and the organization, so perhaps this is often the cause of their saying: “so and so is a secularist”, “so and so is a liberal”, “un-islaamic” , and so on.

– Ad-Da’wah ash-Sharee’ah, its leaders are the `Ulamaa ar-Rabbaaniyoon [7] recognized for their leadership and protection [of the Ummah], like : al-`Allaamah Muhammad Naasiruddeen al-Albaanee, al-`Allaamah `Abdul-`Azeez bin Baaz and al-`Allaamah Muhammad bin Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen – may Allaah have mercy upon them all -, so verily from them was an effect on hearts of the common Muslims and the students of knowledge… ….Continued. …>>>

6] Sooratul-Mu’ minoon (23):53

[7] [TN]: Those scholars known for their cultivating the people upon the correct belief, methodology and understanding of the Deen.

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THE ETIQUETTES AND ATTRIBUTES NECESSARY FOR THE DU’AAT TO ACQUIRE AND THE BEHAVIOR WHICH SHOULD BE PRESENT IN THEM

Ad-Da`wah ilallaah wa Akhlaaq ad-Duaat (p.36-41)

Shaykh `Abdul `Aziz ibn Baz

The Shaykh Abdullaah Ibn Adul Azeez Ibn Baaz(r) says: The etiquettes of the Duaat and the characteristics which are necassary for them have been explained by Allaah The mighty and Majestic in many different ayaat in different places in the Quraan.

The First of them: Sincerity

So it is Waajib upon the daaee to have Ikhlaas for the sake of Allaah The Mighty and Majestic He should not be desiring to show the people, or desiring to have a good image, nor should he desire the praises and rewards of the people. Instead the Daaee must call only to Allaah, seeking from this the Face of Allaah. He the One Free from All Imperfections says: Say: This is my way, I call unto Allaah, with Baseerah (insight, wisdom, knowledge based on Quraan and Sunnah)

And Allaah The Mighty And Majestic says:

And who is better in speech than one who invites to Allaah

So it is on you to have Ikhlaas and to only give da`wah to Allaah, and this is the most important characteristic, and a great attribute, meaning you should seek the Face of Allaah, and an abode in the Hereafter.

Second: Knowledge

To call the people to Allaah with knowledge, and not with ignorance.

Say: This is my way, I call unto Allaah with knowledge

So knowledge is a Fardh obligation in da`wah. So beware of giving da`wah while being in a state of ignorance(of what you are giving da`wah to). So ignorance destoys (the da`wah) it does not strengthen (the da`wah), and it makes corruption. not reformation and correction. O slave of Allaah, fear Allaah, and be warned of speaking about Allaah without knowledge, and do not call to anything except after having aqcuired knowledge of it, and having Baseerah into the saying of Allaah, and His Messenger. So it is upon the student of knowledge and the daaee to have the knowledge, and Baseerah about that which they are calling to, while knowing its proofs.

Third: Akhlaaq

From the Akhlaaq which are necessary to have is, O caller, is moderateness in your da`wah, and be gentle and patient in it. All the Messengers(a) were this way.

Beware of being strict and harsh in your da`wah. Be patient, and gentle (when dealing with the people). In this issue, some proofs have preceded, from them is the saying of Allaah The Mighty and Majestic: Invite to the way of your Lord with wisdom and good instruction, and argue with them in The way that is best

And the saying of Him, the Glorified One: So by Mercy from Allaah,(O Muhammad)you were lenient with them. And if you had been rude,and harsh in heart, they would have disbanded from about you.

And The saying of His the Most Majestic regarding Moosaa and Haaroon: And speak to him with gentle speech that perhaps he may be reminded or fear

And in an authentic Hadeeth, the Prophet(S) said: O Allaah, Whoever is a gaurdian over any of the affairs of my Ummaah and he is gentle with them, then be gentle with him. And whoever is a gaurdian over any of the affairs of my Ummaah, and he is harsh with them, then be harsh with him.

So it is upon you O slave of Allaah to be soft in your da`wah, and not to be harsh with the people. Do not make people turn away from the Deen because of your harshness, ignorance or similar behaviour. It is upon you to be gentle and pleasant in speech, so that your words may have an effect on the heart of your brother, or that it may have an effect on the one whom your da`wah is directed towards. Then the people will have a better appreciation of your da`wah. So unnecasary harshness causes people to become distant, not close. And it causes seperation, not unity.

From the necessary -or Waajib- ettiquetes and attributes that a daaee must have is action which is in accordance to what he is giving da`wah to.

He should not call to something and then not do it himself, or call to the abandonment of something whilst doing it himself. This are the conditions of the losers. We seek Allaahs refuge from this. It is those Muminoon who who call to the truth, act upon their da`wah and hurry towards righteousness and avoid the Haraam. These are the ones who will be successful and will be rewarded.

Allaah The Mighty and Majestic says: O you who believe, why do say that which you do not do? It is despised in the sight of Allaah that you say that which you do not do.

And Allaah The Glorified One said, in condemnation of the Jews in enjoining righteousness upon the people whilst forgetting it themselves:

Do you enjoin righteousness upon the people whilst you forget to practice it, and you recite from the Book? Have you no sense?

And it has been authentically reported on the Prophet(s) who said:

A man will be brought on the Day of Judgement and he will be thrown into Hell so that his intestines come out and he will go around just like a donkey goes around the millstone. The people of Hell will gather around him and say: O so and so (Fulaan), what happened to you? Did you not used to enjoin good on us and prohibit us from evil? So he will say: I used to order you with good and not do it myself, and I used to prohibit you from evil, and I did it.

This will be the condition of the one who calls to Allaah, enjoining the good and prohibiting the evil, whilst acting contrary to his word, or making statements that differ with his actions. We refuge in Allaah from this! So from the most important attributes, and the greatest of its obligations is to act according to his da`wah and stay away from those things that he prohibits. The daaee should have a praiseworthy personality and an excellent behaviour, while in a state of patience and calling to patience. The daaee should be sincere in his da`wah and strive in spreading goodness amongst the people, and keeping them away from falsehood. And with that he should supplicate for guidance for them(the people his is giving da`wah to). Say: May Allaah guide you, grant you the ability to accept the truth. May He help you with acceptance of the truth. (Hidaak Allaah wa faqak Allaah li qubool al Haqq Aaanak Allaah alaa qubool al Haqq).

So from the excellent manners of a daaee is supplicating, guiding, and being patient with the harms that come with this da`wah. When the Prophet(s) was informed that the tribe of Daws was becoming disobedient, he(s) said: O Allaah guide Daws and bring them close

So the daaee should make dua for guidance and ability to accept the truth for the one he is giving da`wah to, and he should have patience and enjoin patience in it. He should not despair, of have hoplesness, or say anything except that which is good. He should not be harsh and strict, he should neither say a statement which might cause aversion to the truth. However, if anyone commits aggression and injustice, then a different treament is given to those people, as Allaah the Most Majestic, and Most High says: And do not argue with the people of the Book except in a way that is good, except those who commit injustice.

So a dhaalim (one who commits injustice), who opposes the da`wah with evil and enmity, and seeks to cause harm, is to be dealt with in a different manner. If possible, such a person should be imprisoned, or something similar to that. This depends on the kind of opposition to the da`wah. However, as long as he causes no harm, then it is upon you to be patient, and self-evaluating, and to argue with him in ways that are best. If any personal harm was caused by that person, then harm should be endured with patience – as did the Messenger(a) and those who followed them in good, and righteousness, enduring harms in patience.

I ask Allaah the Majestic to grant us all the well being and the ability to give this da`wah with wisdom. May He correct our hearts and our actions, and that He grants us understanding of the Deen and evidence on it. Make of those who are guided, while guiding other, righteous, and teaching others righteousness. Surely He is the Most Majestic, the most Supreme, the Most Noble. And may Allaahs prayers, peace and blessings on His slave, and Messenger, and Prophet Muhammad, and on his Companions all those who follow him until the Day of Jugdement.

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SOME DAWAH TIPS

By Arshad

First off, make sure you have both ikhlaas and i’tibaa – sincerity in intention and correction of action. Is your intention truly to bring this person closer to the truth? Or is it to prove him wrong? Or to show off your oratory skills? Make sure your intention is solely for the pleasure of Allah. To bring this person closer to the truth and to guide him to the deen of Allah, al-Islam. And make sure you are performing this daawah in the correct manner, at the proper place and time.

– Know what you’re talking about. Make sure you have a sound, deep knowledge of what you say. Remember that Rasulullah, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, promised a seat in the Hell fire for whoever says a lie about him. Make sure what you say is absolutely correct. Be honest if you don’t know. If you do not have a solid knowledge of what you are saying, your contribution may be negative instead of positive.

– Have complete faith in what you’re saying with no doubt. It is said that what comes from the mouth goes to the ear, but what comes from the heart goes to the heart. The Arabic saying goes, if you do not have it, you cannot give it. If you don’t truly believe something, you can’t get someone else to. Your sincerity and certainty in your faith plays a large part in your successfulness at daawah.

– Practice what you preach. The best daawah is by way of example. Don’t discuss the importance of truth and honesty in Islam when you lie and cheat constantly. Make sure your actions express the beautiful beliefs and commands of Islam. Hypocricy turns people away.

– Don’t compromise Islam or it’s beliefs. Don’t feel the need to hedge around the truth because it will turn people away. Can men have four wives? Why can’t we date? Why don’t we accept homosexuality? Don’t be apologetic about certain aspects of Islam. Explain it in a way people can understand, but don’t change it or act like it’s incorrect or archaic.

– Do not become angry. Don’t let people effect you or cause you to change your conduct. Have adab always. If someone refuses to hear you out, walk away. Don’t sink to their level. Allah swt says what means in the Quran, “Hold to forgiveness; command what is right; but turn away from the ignorant”. He swt also says what means, “And when they hear vain talk, they turn away therefrom and say: ‘To us our deeds, and to you yours; peace be to you: we seek not the ignorant.’ It is true thou wilt not be able to guide every one whom thou lovest; but Allah guides those whom He will and He knows best those who receive guidance.” Don’t waste your time or energy with those who refuse to listen.

– Use proper functions. Go to interfaith programs and open discussions. – Stay away from missionaries. This cannot be emphasized enough. Their goal is to take your faith apart and cause you to doubt. Leave the missionaries to those who are trained to deal with them. Missionaries have been trained to seem friendly and willing to learn on the outside, when their sole goal and objective is to cause you to reject Islam. Do not talk to missionaries. Do not open a discussion of Islam with them. Do not visit their sites. Do not waste your time with them. Your time can be used in a much more beneficial way than trying to argue with someone who has been trained to cause you to doubt.

– Don’t insult the other person’s faith. No matter how tempting it would be to talk about the errors and inconsistancies in other people’s beliefs, don’t do it. It offends people, and will possibly give them a bad impression of Islam. Talk about how Islam is different, and in that perhaps exposing the other belief’s errors, but do not openly insult another person’s faith. Be respectful. A daawah horror story: a Muslim was speaking at a local high school, and began his speech with: “You’re all going to Hell.” With that, he lost his whole audience before he even started his speech.

– Discuss what makes Islam beautiful to you. Daawah doesn’t have to mean repeating the five pillars. Sometimes we are so busy discussing the pillars of Islam we forget the actual building itself. Islam plays a part in every aspect of our lives. Talk about how it plays a role in how you sleep, how you dress, how you speak, how you marry, how you deal with animals, parents, elders, children, the opposite sex. Talk about Islam’s respect for women, the concepts of purity or modesty, it’s call to reflect and think about the world around us. I know that one brother became Muslim in part because of Islam’s respect and honor for nature. Islam is a deen, a whole way of life. Go into more detail then the 9th grade social studies text book.

And lastly, have sabr. Your job is not to convert people – it is not an obligation in Islam to make a certain amount of people Muslim. But it is your obligation to call people to Islam, to distinguish between right and wrong. Who is guided and who is not, however, is solely up to Allah swt.

And Allah, the Guide, knows best.

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WARNINGS TO THE DAA’EE

Sh. ‘Abdul-‘Azeez Ibn ‘Abdullah Ibn Baaz

Excerpted from the book “Words Of Advice Regarding Da’wah”

1. Beware of being extreme

It is correct to name this awakening which pleases and excites every believer, an Islamic movement, an Islamic revival and an Islamic movement. It is necessary to encourage and guide this awakening towards adhering and clinging to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) as well as warning leaders and individuals within this awakening from exceeding the limits, exaggerating and being extreme in their actions. In accordance with what Allah says in the Qur’aan, O people of the scripture, do not exceed the limits in your religion. [An-Nisaa 171] The Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) is reported to have said: “O you people, beware of being extreme and exceeding the limits in the religion, for that which destroyed the people before you was none other than extremism in the religion.” He (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) also said: “The extremists are destroyed, the extremists are destroyed, the extremists are destroyed.”

2. Speaking about Allah without knowledge

Beware of speaking about Allah, the Most High, without knowledge. It is not permissible for one who believes in Allah, the Most High, and the Last Day to say: ‘This is halaal and this is haraam’ or ‘This is permissible and this is prohibited’, except with a proof and completely depending upon that. It should be sufficient for him to do what the people of knowledge did before him, and that is to restrain oneself from rushing into saying that which he does not know but rather to say: “Allah knows best” or “I do not know”.

How excellent is the speech of the angels when they said to their Lord, Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except that which You taught us. [Al-Baqarah 32]

When the Companions of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) were asked about something that they did not know, they would say: “Allah and His Messenger know best.” This is only because of the completeness of their knowledge and their faith and their glorification of Allah, and being far removed from embarking on matters beyond them.

3. Beware of accusing someone of disbelief or being sinful without proof

Indeed it is a most dangerous matter for one to dare to accuse some one of disbelief or of being sinful without proof and authorization from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam). There is no doubt that this is insolence towards Allah and His religion and it is also speaking about Him without knowledge. This is also in contradiction to the behavior of the people of knowledge and faith from among the pious predecessors, radiallaahu ‘anhum. May Allah make us from amongst their followers in righteousness.

It has been authentically reported that the Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said: “Whoever says to his brother, ‘O kaafir!’ It returns to one of them.” He also said: “Anyone who called his brother ‘O kaafir!’ Or ‘O enemy of Allah!’ And it was not correct, it would return back to him.” [Saheeh al-Bukhaari] i.e., whatever he said falls back on him. This is a strong threat, warning the people of accusing others of disbelieving and being sinful, except when they have sure knowledge and understanding. This and other evidences are also a warning that one should be careful to guard his tongue, and only say that which is good.

4. Beware of being hasty.

How many calamities, difficulties and problems have afflicted those who are hasty! The days and nights are going and leaving behind the traces and consequences of hastiness! How much corruption and destruction and un-praiseworthy consequences have occurred because of partisanship and the following of desires? We ask Allah to keep us safe from that.

5. Beware of partisanship to a group.

It is not permissible for one to blindly follow this person or that person, or the opinion of such and such a person. Nor should he follow blindly the methodology, or group of any individual.

Differing, It’s Effects and Cure

There is no doubt that differing is one of the greatest trials and calamities to befall the Muslim Ummah. It is one of the reasons why efforts are being wasted and truth is lost. Differing among Islamic groups and Islamic centers, harms the Islamic da’wah. The only way that they can succeed is to have a unification of goals and is that they all exert their efforts and work together towards the goal which will secure the power and glory of Islam and the safety of the Muslims. It is necessary for every group, institution and community who want success in the Hereafter to help each other enjoin al-Birr (righteousness) and taqwa (piety). They should be sincere in their actions towards Allah and their primary concern should be the victory of Allah’s deen, so that everyone can join together upon the truth and work upon what Allah has said in His Book, Help you one another in al-Birr and at-Taqwa. [Al-Maaidah 2]

My advice for the daa’ees is that they should make sure that the actions should be done sincerely and purely for the sake of Allah, the Most High, alone. They should help one another in al-Birr and Taqwa and agree to rule by the Qur’aan and Sunnah whenever a disagreement breaks out amongst them, in accordance to what Allah says in the Qur’aan, “And if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination.” [An-Nisaa 59]

By this the goal will be one and the same and the efforts to search for success and warn away from following desires will be unified. Allah, the Most High, says, But if they answer you not, they know that they only follow their own lusts, and who is more astray than one who follows his own lusts, without guidance from Allah? [Al-Qasas 50]

Allah says in the Qur’aan addressing His Prophet and His Messenger Daawood, ‘alaihis-salaam, O Dawood! Verily We have placed you as a successor on earth, so judge you between men in truth and follow not your desire, for it will mislead you from the Path of Allah. [ Saad 26]

Beware of Blind Support or Opposition Because Their Opinion Agrees or Conflicts With Yours

The deen of Allah must be the authority that judges everything. Beware of following your brother just because he agrees with you over an opinion and oppose another because he disagrees with you over an opinion or an issue. This is not being just or fair. We know that the sahaabah differed in issues, but this did not effect the good faith, support and love between them, radiallaahu ‘anhum. So the believer acts by Allah’s laws and he accepts and submits to the truth and he makes it precede everything else.

The believer should not oppress his brother, or act unjustly towards him if he differs with him over an opinion from the issues of Ijtihaad, in which the proofs may not be clear or issues in which there may be differing interpretations of the text. He may have an excuse, so you must advise him and love the khair (goodness) for him and do not allow the differing to induce and prompt aggression and discord between you. Do not enable the enemy to take advantage of you and your brother. And there is no movement or power except with Allah the Most High.

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CAN MUSLIMS USE THE BIBLE IN DAWAH?

Source http://www3.sympatico.ca/shabir.ally/new_page_18.htm

The hadith of Umar is often given as a reason against the use of the Bible in Dawah. However, this use of Umar’s hadith is based on a failure to distinguish between using the Bible for guidance and using the Bible for Dawah. Umar’s hadith teaches that we cannot use the Bible for guidance. That hadith does not prevent us from using the Bible for Dawah.

In brief, the hadith says that Umar, raa, came to the prophet, saws, with a copy of the Torah saying here is a copy of the book that was revealed to the prophet Moses, as. As he began to read it the prophet’s face showed displeasure until Abu Bakr, raa, alerted Umar to notice this. Umar, raa, then promptly closed the scroll and reaffirmed his satisfaction with Allah as Lord, with Islam as religion, and with Muhammad, saws, as prophet and messenger. The prophet then remarked that if the prophet Musa, as, were alive today he would have to follow the prophet Muhammad, saws.

That in a nutshell is the gist of the hadith. Obviously, the Hadith deals with the question of where to find guidance today. The Bible therefore cannot be used for our guidance. The hadith does not prevent us from making reference to the Bible in the limited manner which I will now describe.

The easiest way to prove a point to a person who believes in the Bible is to make reference to the Bible. This does not mean you believe in the Bible or consider it true in even that portion. It makes no difference whether or not you the caller to Islam believes in the Bible passage you are citing. It is important to believe what you preach, but remember that you are not preaching the Bible. You are simply reminding Christians and Jews that if they had read their Bibles carefully they would have to accept Islam.

To illustrate this point, consider that you quote the saying of Jesus in the Gospel of John where Jesus says: “The Father is greater than I.” This verse will refute anyone who says he believes the Bible and yet he says that Jesus is equal to the Father. Now you do not call God “Father.” But the Christian cannot turn around and demand that on the strength of the same verse you should now dare to call God Father.” You will have to remind him that the Bible is a proof against him, not against you. You were just asking him why his statement about Jesus is opposite to his Bible’s statement about Jesus. He cannot now ask you why your statement about God is different from the Bible because you never claimed to believe in the entire bible.

The Christian can only have a point if he shows that what the Muslim says is contrary to what the Qur’an says. But he will not have a point because Islam is built on the Qur’an. Islam cannot possibly be opposite to the Qur’an. On the other hand, Christianity was not built on the Bible. Christianity began long before the Bible was written and developed independently of the Bible. Some of Christianity’s central doctrines are contrary to the Bible; herein lies the problem.

The best way to deal with this problem is to show Christians where the Bible teaches that Jesus is not equal to God, that he could not have died for the sins of the world, and that Jesus directed his followers to believe in the prophet who was to come after him.

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DA’WAH: WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO US?

Source http://isoc-unsw.org.au/main/

“Say: ‘This is my way: I invite you unto Allah with sure knowledge, I and those who follow me in calling to Allah. And glorified and exalted be Allah. And I am not of those who associate partners to Allah’ (i.e. the musrikh).” Surah Yusuf Verse 108

Invite to the Way of your Lord with wisdom, and good, well-behaved teaching, and discuss with them in the best way possible. Truly, your Lord knows best who has gone astray from his path, and He is the best aware of those who are guided.” Surah An-Nahl Verse 125

“And invite them to your Lord. Verily you are indeed on the straight guidance.” Surah Al-Hajj Verse 67

First Khutbah

The above are but a few of the verses that mention the importance of Da’wah – calling people to the path of Allah. There are similar Ahadeeth (i.e. Whatever the Prophet Muhammad (saws) did, said, or approved of. This is the second sacred source of Islam), such as “ballighua `anny wa-law bi-`Ayah” (meaning ‘Impart it even if you know one verse!’), and many that mention that if someone becomes a Muslim at your hands, then it is better than the world and its contents.

We can see from this that Da’wah is an obligation on the Muslim community. It is up to us to ensure that every person today hears about Islam. Otherwise, on the Day of Judgment, they will tell Allah that we did not tell them about Islam, and it was not their fault. We must therefore do Da’wah, at the very least, to acquit ourselves of this accusation.

But even without this reason, Da’wah is a very important aspect to Islam; it is the foundation of Islam as we see it today. Islam was not spread, as many Western scholars incorrectly announce, spread by the sword, but by Da’wah – people who spread word of Islam. The biggest Muslim country now, Indonesia, never fought with the Muslims, but became Muslim through peaceful means. Early Islam spread in this manner. The Prophet sent nobody to attack Madinah, people there heard about Islam and embraced it whole-heartedly.

We all know that the more well-educated, religiously-aware Muslims there are, the better we will be able to achieve the goals that Allah has set us. And Da’wah is the easiest way to achieve this end.

No matter what we say, we really can not emphasise the importance of Da’wah enough. Some scholars have gone so far as to say that there is no justification for Muslims to live in non-Muslim countries, unless they do Da’wah. And it is true. We have the greatest opportunity for Da’wah here.

To whom do we make Da’wah? Here we can focus on two main groups: Muslims who have become misguided, and non-Muslims who have not heard about Islam. The former is easier, but we cannot at the same time ignore the latter; since it is our responsibility to tell all people about the beauty of Islam. In either case, the goal is the same: to illustrate to them the unsurpassed beauty of Islam, its simplicity, and its implications on our actions. We want them to be attracted to Islam, in the same way that we are, or I hope we are – after all, we claim we are. After each meal we say, “Thanks to Allah who has given us food and drink and made us Muslims.” I mean we say it so much – do we really think about it? Do we mean it?

Da’wah can take many, many forms, but I want to highlight what I think are some important forms that are often ignored. Basically, we can divide Da’wah into things that we can do as individuals and things we can do as groups.

Let’s start with what we can do as individuals. Now, we often forget that as Muslims in this country, we are walking emissaries. Each one of us represents Islam, whether we like it or not. People will associate Islam with us. So, we should be models of Islamic behaviour; and this is in itself a form of Da’wah. What does this mean?

It means that at all times we should behave as Muslims. This means being polite, well mannered clean, honest, sincere and all those other characteristics that Islam imbues us with.

It means we should be proud to be Muslim and should be openly Muslim. There are some people I had known for several years, and would never have guessed that they were Muslim. Wear a Muslim T-shirt, put Islamic bumper stickers on your cars, and begin your assignments with Bismillah. This has two effects.

Firstly, it will cause other Muslims to feel pride in the fact that you are unabashedly displaying the fact that you are Muslim. When you see someone wearing an ISOC T-shirt in the University, don’t you feel it? You know sort of like “Hey, look! There’s another Muslim brother! I’m not the only one! Look how many of us there are.” This, obviously, increases Muslim pride and improves the strength of the Islamic brotherhood.

Secondly, it will evoke curiosity in the non-Muslims who you interact with, and they might ask questions – and when they ask questions, it is an opportunity for you to tell them about Islam; and that’s just what you’ve been waiting for!

We should also be open about why we do something. When you need to pray, and you need to excuse yourself, don’t lie and say I need to use the washroom, or I’m meeting somebody or some other lame excuse. Be honest, say “Excuse me for a few moments, I need to pray.” Or when someone invites you to lunch and you are fasting, say proudly, “Unfortunately I can’t. I am fasting.”

You may get a strange look the first few times, but having done this myself; I have not regretted it once. Responses do vary. When I told one person I needed to go pray, he asked, “Can I watch?” which I was most happy to allow. Other people just excuse themselves and apologise. People, even though they may be atheistic, still have a respect for religion, for some reason. If you tell them you have gone to pray, they will, most likely, respect you for being so diligent. And again, it evokes a great deal of curiosity.

And just by being Muslim, you will find that situations where you are asked about your Islam will arise. In these situations, it is important to remember the verse I have written at the top “Invite to the Way of your Lord with wisdom, and good, well-behaved explanation, and discuss with them in the best way possible.” Don’t argue in a violent or aggressive manner, it is likely to backfire.

Do not expect that the people you will have met with will become Muslim, although Allah guides whom He wills, and nobody is saying it is impossible. But at least this way, you would have fulfilled your religious obligation for Da’wah; and those you have met with can no longer claim that they did not know about Islam.

What about at a community level? Well, we have mosques; we can invite misguided Muslims to the mosque, and teach them about prayer and the fundamentals of Islam. For non-Muslims, we can arrange talks specifically for them. We can also provide information about Islam via whatever technologies exist: fax, phone, e-mail, whatever. But this is just one part.

We also do Da’wah by acting responsibly as a community, and as representatives of the Islamic viewpoint. The same general principles apply as did for the individual: If we appear as proud of being Muslim as a community, and act in a way that is representative of true Islam, people will be attracted.

Unfortunately, this is not the case, as you well know. The Muslim Ummah (i.e. Muslim nation) is in a mess, with personal rivalries and ethnic cultures causing disunity and chaos. Furthermore, the Muslim Ummah is closed in on itself, with an inferiority complex. One non-Muslim told me that Muslims could not organise a booze-up in a brewery. Look at other groups; at our enemies and those that would like to destroy us. Look how far they have come: whether it be Zionists, Gays and Lesbians or Secularists. They are not much larger than our own communities, yet look what they have achieved: widespread acceptance of their illegitimate activities in less than 20 years. Why? Because they are proud of who they are, and they act as a community.

Second Khutbah

I ask Allah’s forgiveness, there is no God other than He, the Merciful, the Beneficient. I declare there is no companion for Him, and that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is his servant and messenger.

Brothers, we here at this University have a responsibility to the Muslim community. I know you’ve heard it before, but nothing’s being done about it, so I’ll say it again. We are the people that are supposed to be the most educated. We are the ones who will hold positions of some importance in the outside community once we leave.

Closing Supplication

I say this and I ask for Allah’s Forgiveness.

O Allah, forgive Muslim men and women and believing men and women, the living and the dead, whether they be Arab or non-Arab, O Most Merciful of the Merciful. O Allah, help all of those who strive in your path wherever they may be, in Palestine, in Afghanistan, in Kashmir and in Bosnia-Herzegovina or wherever they may be. O Allah, give us in this world Your blessing and in the hereafter Your blessings and make the punishment of Fire less upon us. O Allah, whosoever wishes evil upon Islam, make him obsessed with his own matters. O Allah, whosoever wishes evil upon Islam, make him obsessed with his own matters. O Allah, whosoever wishes evil upon Islam, make him obsessed with his own matters. O Allah, help us in guiding the people to your blessed religion. O Allah, to you is this Du’a made and from you is the reply. And praises be upon the Prophet Muhammad and his family and followers.

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MESSAGE FOR MUSLIMS IN THE WEST

Maulana Syed Abul Hasan Ali Nadwi (rahimahullah)

Summary of a speech delivered in Urdu at Dewsbury in 1982.

Prepared by Sulaiman Kazi

Source: Al-Jamiat Publications

Your warm reception and friendliness is a source of great happiness for me. If I do not respect your wishes and express my inner feelings, I would be most ungrateful. If I desire, I could shower you with praises, for Almighty Allah has bestowed me with an abundance of vocabulary, but I would not be fulfilling the right of friendship.

As you are aware, the Prophet (saws) had a burning desire to invite humanity to accept Islam. Despite 13 years of untiring effort in Makkatul Mukarramah and 7 years in Madinatul Munawwarah, there was no large scale conversion of non-Muslims into Islam. However, between 7 AH and 10 AH, after Fateh Makkah until the Prophet’s demise, there was such an influx of people entering into Islam as was not witnessed in the preceding 20 years.

Imam Zuhri (rah), an eminent Muhaddith and Tabee, expresses surprise on this sea change, with so many people embracing Islam in a matter of just 3 years. He along with other distinguished Muhaddith have commented that this large scale conversion was due to non-Muslims having an opportunity, for the first time, to observe and intermingle with Muslims, witnessing their honesty, fair dealing, compassion, and their sole reliance on Almighty Allah. This left such a deep and profound impression on non-Muslims that thousands entered into the fold of Islam within a relatively short period of time.

This incident also contains abundant lessons on how Muslims should live in this country. Their conduct should be so sublime and captivating that whosoever sees us accepts Islam. Whosoever sits with us should be inclined towards Islam. There should be no need to convince anyone to accept the Truth.

Therefore, in this country, if you wish to live peacefully and have an opportunity to present Islam to the host community, you will need to inculcate and manifest sterling qualities, not just inside the Mosques, but also outside in the streets, in the markets, in your daily activities, and at home. A life of Taqwah will immediately attract non-Muslims towards Islam.

As an ordinary student of Islam it is my religious responsibility to warn you. If you do not lead an upright life, if you continue to live an insular lifestyle, and if you fail to manifest the beauty of Islam to non-Muslims, then you face some real dangers. In such a case, there is no reason for you to feel content and secure in this country.

If ever the fire of race, religion or nationalism rages here, then you will not be saved. In Spain, there were Mosques a hundred times more beautiful than yours. So do not feel content and self-satisfied. As an ordinary student of religion, I would wish to express my joy and happiness at this wonderful new Mosque. But how shall I congratulate you on your achievement when the words of congratulation are self-evident on the walls. How better can I compliment you?

Others may not speak to you as plainly, but remember the glorious Masjid-e-Cordova still stands in Spain. Iqbal so eloquently reminisces the great legacy of Islamic Spain in his famous poem Masjid-e-Qurtaba. In Islamic Spain there were such brilliant Mosques, celebrated Madressahs, famous scholars, for instance Shaykh-e-Akbar, Ibne Hazm, Qurtubi, Shatbi – and how many others shall I mention? However, when the flames of religious sectarianism raged, then the Mosques and Madressahs became deserted. Once Islamic Spain boasted such magnificent structures, distinguished educational centres, and a refined culture and society. Regrettably the Muslims, despite such a high standard of living, did not draw the native non-Muslims of that country to see the Truth of Islam, to warn them of the dangers of disbelief, with the result that religious violence subsequently consumed Muslims like a morsel. The Arabs with their glowing history, architectural splendour, vast ocean of knowledge, were displaced from the country, and today the ears eagerly wait to hear the Adhaan and the empty Mosques thirst for your Salaat.

You must earn your place in this country. You should leave an imprint on the host community of your usefulness. You must demonstrate your existence here is more beneficial than that of the native people. You must impart on them the lessons of humanity. You should demonstrate how noble and principled you are, and that there cannot be found more upright humans elsewhere besides you. You need to establish your worth, that you are a blessing and mercy for this country. However if you decide to live in an enclosed environment content with your Prayers and Fasting, apathetic to the people and society you live in, never introducing them to the high Islamic values, and your own personal qualities, then beware lest any religious or sectarian violence flares up. In such a situation you will not find safety.

I pray to Almighty Allah my prediction is totally untrue and baseless. Remember, you are guests here. Your Tabligh, Mosques, Madressahs, Ibaadah, and religious sacrifices are all worthy of commendation. May Almighty Allah grant you Barakah, but do not forget to earn your place in this country. Gain mastery of the national language and become proficient so that you can use it effectively to propagate Islam. Prepare writers and orators and, although you will distance yourself from their religion, do not distance yourself from them. Earn credibility through your daily activities, so much so that if you are entrusted with onerous responsibilities, as was Prophet Yusuf (as), you do not shirk but embrace all challenges wholeheartedly.

You will have to present a new pattern of life to this country. You will not earn recognition by exerting yourselves in the workplace. If you overwork, you will looked upon disparagingly and be likened to horses and bulls and labeled as money making machines. However if you can show to the natives here that you are worshippers of Almighty Allah and not wealth, you do not bow before power but only before virtue, you are humans and think like humans, you are concerned not only about yourselves but also about others, and you are compassionate not just to your own children but also to theirs – and to them – you are earnestly concerned about the path of destruction they have chosen for themselves, you will then earn their respect. They will begin to respect Islam and become desirous of studying it. They will ask you for literature concerning Islamic beliefs and practices, and an opportunity will arise here for you to propagate Islam.

However if you remain preoccupied in eating and working and engaged in Prayers, indifferent to what is happening in the country, insulated within Muslims, totally apathetic to what is happening outside, which direction the country is taking, in such a situation if there is any trouble you will not be able to save yourselves.

I have been meaning to convey and emphasise this message to you, because I do not know whether I will be able visit you in the future. You gathered here with love and affection and therefore it was easy for me. As a student of religion it would have been convenient for me to suggest virtues of reciting various Zikr or prescribe certain Wazifahs, but you might not have had an opportunity of listening to the message I have just conveyed from anyone else.

Please strengthen your position in this country and earn your recognition. Do not be like a straw or crop that is uprooted by the slightest breeze. You should be so firm that not even a hurricane is able to shift you. Display such noble character that you enslave the natives, then see how these people will stand to defend you. If there is the slightest opposition against you, they will be the first ones to argue on your behalf and vouch what a blessing you are for them.

May Almighty Allah grant us the ability to understand what is right; may He bless and protect you. Ameen.

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HELP PROPOGATE ISLAM IN BRAILLE

Braille Quran in Arabic: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Ministry of Islamic Affairs, Endowments, Da’wah and Guidance. King Fahd Complex for the Printing of the Holy Qur’an. General Secretariat. P.O. Box 6262. Al-Madinah Al-Munawwarah. Tel.: 011 + 966 + 4 + 861-5600. Fax: 966-4-8615495

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Brail Quran English Translation: Available for sale in seven volumes from the Arizona Instructional Resource Center. For more information, send e-mail to Inge Durre, Director (idurre@the-fbc.org). Telephone: (602) 331-1470.

Braille transcriptions available of the following books, among others: American Islam: Growing Up Muslim in America (Wormser) and Discovering Religions: Islam (Penney). Contact: The American Printing House for the Blind, Inc. 1839 Frankfort Avenue. P.O. Box 6085. Louisville, Kentucky 40206-0085 U.S.A. Phone: 502-895-2405. Toll-Free Customer Service: 800-223-1839 (U.S. and Canada). Fax: 502-899-2274. Email: info@aph.org or resource@aph.org

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THE QUALIFICATIONS OF THE DA’EEYAH

By Ash Shaykh Al ‘Allaamah Saaleh ibn Fawzaan Al-Fawzaan

Translated by: Abu Sumayyah Abdur-Raoof Muhammad

Taken from “Beneficial Answers to Questions on New Methodologies: Q:114” (Al Ajwibah Al Mufeedah ‘An As-ilat Al Manaahij Al Jadeedah)

Question: During these days, there are many who affiliate themselves to the Da’wah. Which makes it necessary to know who are the reliable people of knowledge, those who stand with directing the Ummah and its youth to the true and correct Manhaj? So who are the scholars whom you advise the youth to benefit from, follow their lessons and recorded tapes, take knowledge from and to return to in the important affairs and at the occurrence of events and in times of Fitan (trials)?

Answer: The Da’wah to Allah is an affair that must be carried out, and the Deen has indeed stood upon the Da’wah and Jihaad after beneficial knowledge. The Most High has said: “By time, all of mankind is in a state of loss, except those who believe, do righteous deeds and advise one another with the truth and with patience.” [Suratul-‘Asr]

So what is meant by Eemaan is the knowledge of Allaah the Perfect the Most High, His names and attributes and His worship. And the righteous action is a branch of knowledge, because the action must be built upon knowledge, along with the call to Allaah, the ordering of good and mutual advice between the Muslims, this is what is desired. However not everyone is best suited to take on such duties. No one undertakes these affairs except the people of knowledge and mature reasoning, because these affairs are heavily important, no one undertakes them except those who are qualified to do so. And from the calamities of today is that the field of Da’wah has become wide, where everyone has entered into it.

So in the name of the Da’wah, perhaps an individual is Jaahil (ignorant), not suited to give Da’wah, so he corrupts more than he rectifies. Due to his eagerness he takes on affairs with hastiness and recklessness and from his action more evil is produced than cure, without having intended its rectification. Rather maybe he is from those who affiliate themselves to the Da’wah and has goals and desires that he calls to and wants to realize them at the expense of the Da’wah and by troubling the minds of the youth, in the name of the Da’wah and earnest concern for the Deen. Rather the person intends the opposite, by way of deviating the youth and driving them away from their communities, from their leaders and their scholars. So he comes to them manifestly by way of advice and Da’wah, like the hypocrites in this Ummah, those who intend evil for the people in the form of goodness…

So consideration is not given to affiliation or the apparent nature of things, rather what is considered are the realities and the results of affairs. Along with this, it is Waajib to look into those individuals who affiliate themselves to the Da’wah, where did they study? Where did they take their knowledge from? Where did they grow and develop? And what is their Aqeedah? The Most High has said: “Or is it that they did not recognize their Messenger, so they deny him?” [Surah Al-Mu’minoon: 69]

So it is Waajib to look into their actions and the effect they have upon the people, and what have they produced from goodness? And what effect have their actions had on rectification? So it is Waajib to study their state of affairs before their statements and outward appearances are relied upon. This affair is a must, specifically in this time, where there are many callers to Fitnah and indeed the Prophet Sallaahu ‘Alaihee Wasallam described the callers to Fitnah, that they will be a people from ourselves, speaking our language and when the Prophet Sallaahu ‘Alaihee Wasallam was asked about the trials, he said: “Callers to the gates of hellfire, whoever obeys them, will be thrown into it.” He Sallaahu ‘Alaihee Wasallam called them callers, so it is upon us to be aware of this and that we do not gather in the Da’wah everyone and anyone who says “I call to Allaah” and “This Jamaa’ah calls to Allaah”, as it is a must to look into the reality of the affair and the reality of the individual and the groups. For indeed Allaah the Perfect the Most High has restricted the Da’wah, to be a Da’wah to Allaah and to His way, the Most High has said: “Say this is my way, I call to Allah.” (Surah Yusuf :108)

This indicates that there are people who call to other than Allaah… Shaykh-ul-Islaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahaab Rahimahullah said about this Ayah: “Say this is my way, I call to Allah:” in it is sincerity, for indeed many from amongst the people only call to themselves and do not call to Allaah, the Mighty the Majestic.”

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THE CALL TO ALLAAH

By Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank[1]

All praise is for Allaah, Lord of the Worlds, who ordered us to follow His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and to call to His Way, and may Allaah send praises and blessings of peace upon our Prophet Muhammad, and upon his family, his companions, and those who truly follow them until the Day of Judgement. To proceed: Calling to Allaah (ad-Da’wah ilallaah) is the way of the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and his followers, as Allaah, the Most High, says: “Say, O Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): This is my way, I call to Allaah (i.e to the testification that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone, with no partner) upon certain knowledge – I, and those who follow me. I declare Allaah free and far removed from all that they associate as partners with Him, and I am free of those who worship anything else along with Him.” [Soorah Yoosuf 12:108]

Indeed calling to Allaah was the mission of all the Messengers and their followers, in order to bring the people out of darkness and into light, from unbelief (kufr) to true Faith (eemaan), from shirk to tawheed, and from the Fire to Paradise. This call to Allaah rests upon firm pillars, and is established upon foundations which are absolutely essential. If any of these are missing the da’wah will not be correct and will not produce the desired results – no matter how much effort is expended and time wasted – and this is the reality which we witness with regard to many of the present day calls which are not supported by those pillars and built upon those foundations. These pillars which support the correct da’wah are clearly shown in the Book and the Sunnah, and can be summarised as follows:

[1] Knowledge of that which one calls to: Since the ignorant person is not suitable to be a caller (daa’ee). Allaah, the Most High, said to His prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): “Say, O Muhammad (): This is my way, I call to Allaah (to the testification that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone, having no partner) upon certain knowledge (baseerah). I, and those who follow me.” [Soorah Yoosuf 12:108]

‘Baseerah’ is knowledge. So the caller is certain to face those who are scholars of misguidance, those who will attack him with doubts and futile arguments in order to rebut the truth. Allaah, the Most High, says: “And argue with them in a way that is better.” [Soorah an-Nahl 16:125]

Furthermore the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said to Mu’aadh (radhiyAllaahu ‘anhu), “You are going to a people from the People of the Book.”[2] So if the caller is not armed with sufficient knowledge for him to face every doubt and contend with every opponent, then he will be defeated in the first counter, and will be halted at the beginning of the way.

[2] Acting in accordance with that which he calls to: So that he will be a good example – his actions attesting to his words, and leaving no excuse for the opponents of the Truth. Allaah, the Most High, said about His Prophet Shu’ayb that he said to his people: “I do not wish to forbid you from something and then do it myself. rather I only wish to rectify you as far as I am able.” [Soorah Hood 11:88]

Allaah, the Most High, said to His Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): “Say, O Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): Indeed my Prayer, my sacrifice, my living and my dying are all purely and solely for Allaah, Lord of all the Worlds. There is no share in any of that for other than Him. That is what my Lord ordered me, and I am the first of this nation to submit to Allaah as a Muslim.” [Soorah al-An’aan 6:162-163]

Allaah the Most High, said: “Who is better in speech than one who calls the people to Allaah and does righteous deeds?” [Soorah Fussilat 41:33]

[3] Purity of intention (al-ikhlaas): Such that the call is made purely and sincerely to seek the Face of Allaah (and seeking His Reward) – not for show, or repute, or status, or leadership, nor desiring worldly goals – since if any of these goals adulterate it, the call will not be for Allaah, rather it would then be a call for oneself or for the attainment of the worldly goal – as Allaah informs that His Prophets said to their people: I do not ask you for any reward for conveying this Qur`aan. [Soorah al-An’aam 6:90]

I do not ask you for any wealth for my admonition. [Soorah Hood 11:29]

[4] Beginning With What is of Primary Importance, Then With What Comes Next In Importance, And So On:

So firstly he calls to the correction of ‘aqeedah (beliefs and creed), by ordering that all worship is made purely for Allaah, and that shirk is forbidden. Then ordering the establishment of prayer, and the paying of zakaah, and that the obligatory duties are carried out, and that the forbidden matters are avoided. This was to procedure followed by all the messengers, as Allaah-the Most High-says:

We sent a Messenger to every nation, ordering them that they should worship Allaah alone, obey Him, and make their worship purely for Him; and that they should avoid everything worshipped besides Allaah. [Soorah An-Nahl 16:36]

We did not send any Messenger before you, O Muhammad, except that We revealed to him that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, so make all your worship purely for Allaah. [Soorah al-Anbiyaa 21:25]

Furthermore, when the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) sent Mu’aadh to Yemen, he said to him: “Indeed you are going to a people from the People of the Book, so let the first thing you call them to be the testification that none has the right to be worshipped excepted Allaah. So if they accept this, then inform them that Allaah has obligated five prayer upon them in every day and night…” [3]

Then there is in his (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) way and method of giving da’wah, the best example, and the most perfect and complete methodology – in tha he (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) remained in Makkah for thirteen years, calling the people to Tawheed and forbidding them from Shirk, before he ordered them with prayer, Zakaah, fasting, and Hajj, and before he forbade them from usury, fornication, theft and murder.

[5] Patient Perseverence in Facing Difficulties Encountered in Calling To Allaah, And in Facing Harm From the People: For the path of da’wah is not strewn with roses, rather it is covered with hardships, and hazards. The best example of this is the case of the Messengers – may Allaah’s praises and blessings of peace be upon them all – with regards to the harm and the mockery which they suffered from their people. As Allaah – the Most High – said to His Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam): Indeed Messengers were also mocked before you, but those who mocked them were overtaken by the punishment which they made light of. [Soorah al-An’aam 6:10]

And He also said: Indeed Messengers were also denied before you, but they bore these denials with patient perseverence, and they suffered harm until Our help came to them. [Soorah Al-An’aam 6:34]

Likewise, the followers of the Prophet met with the same harm and hardship, in porportion to their efforts in calling to Allaah, following the examples of those noble messengers – may Allaah’s praise, and purest blessings of peace be upon them all.

[6] The Caller Must Be a Person of Good Manners Using Wisdom in His Call: Since this will be an important reason for the acceptance of his call. Just as Allaah ordered His two noble prophets: Moosaa and Haaroon – ‘alayhimus-salaatu was-salaam – that this was the manner in which they were to face the worst Unbeliever upon the face of this earth: Fir’awn (Pharoah), who claimed lordship for himself. Allaah – the one free from all imperfections – said: “And speak mildly to him, that he might accept admonition or fear and obey Allaah.” [Soorah Taa Haa 20:44]

And Allaah said to Moosaa – ‘alayhis salaatu was salaam: “Go to Fir’awn who has trangressed all bounds in his haughtiness, pride, and disbelief, and say: Will you not purify yourself from the sin of disbelief and be obedient to your Lord? And that I guide you to the worship of your Lord, so that you may submit fearfully to Him and be obedient to Him.” [Soorah an-Naazi’aat 79-17-19]

And Allaah – the Most High – said, concerning the Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam: “By the Mercy of Allaah you behaved with gentleness towards them, and had you been severe and harsh-hearted, they would have left you and departed.” [Soorah Aali-‘Imraan 3:159]

“Indeed you, O Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam! Call mankind to the way presecribed by your Lord with the Revelation that has been sent down to you, and admonish them with the examples and warnings that Allaah provided in His Book, and argue with them in a way that is better.” [Soorah an-Nahl 16:125]

[7] The Caller Must Remain Firm in His Expectation and Hope for Good:

He should not despair in the effect of his call, nor about the guidance of his people. Nor should he despair about the aid and the help of Allaah – even if a long tim passes. Again, he has the best of examples in this matter in the Messengers of Allaah. So the Prophet of Allaah, Nooh (‘alayhis salaatu was salaam) remained among his people for nine hundred and fifty years calling them to Allaah.

Also, when the harm and the hurt caused by the Unbelievers became severe, and the Angel of the ,ountain came to our Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), asking if he wanted him to crush them with the two mountains, he replied: “No! I wish to have patience with them. Hopefully Allaah will produce from them offspring who will worship Allaah alone, not giving any partner to Him.” [4] So if the daa’ee lacks this attribute, he will halt at the start of the path and feel discouraged and frustrated.

So whichever call is not built upon these foundations, and whose manhaj (methodology) is not the methodology of the Messengers – then it will be frustrated and fail, and it will be toild without benefit. The clearest proof of this are those present day jamaa’ahs (groups) which set out a methodology and programme for themselves and their da’wah, which is different to the methodology of the Messengers. These groups have neglected the importance of ‘aqeedah (correct beliefs and creed) – except for a very few of them – and instead they call for the correction of side issues. So one group calls for the correction of rule and politics and demands establishment of the hudood (prescribed punishments), and that the Sharee’ah (Islaamic Law) be applied in judging amongst the people – and this is indeed something very important, but it is not what is most important; Since how can one seek to establish and apply Allaah’s Judgement upon the thief and the fornicator, before seeking to establish and apply Allaah’s Judgement upon the mushrik – the one who attributes worship to others besides Allaah. How can we demand that Allaah’s Judgement be applied to two men disputing about a sheep or a camel, before demanding that Allaah’s Judgement be applied upon those who worship idols and graves, and those who deny or hold heretical beliefs with regards to Allaah’s Names and Attributes – divesting them of their true meaning, or distorting them. Are these people not greater criminals than those who fornicate, drink wine, and steal?!! Since those are crimes against mankind, whereas shirk and denial of Allaah’s Names and Attributes are crimes against the Creator – the One free from all imperfections – and the rights of the Creator have precedence over the rights of the creation.

Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) says in his book: al-Istiqaamah (1/466): “So these sins along with correct tawheed are better than corrupted tawheed in the absence of these sins.” [5]

Then another jamaa’ah (group) affiliate themselves with da’wah, except that their methodology is also at variance with the methodology of the Messengers. They give no importance to the correct ‘aqeedah, rather they give importance to some acts of worship and practicing dhikr (remembrance of Allaah) in the way of the Soofees. They concentrate upon upon khurooj (going out) and touring the lands, and what is important to them is that they manage to attract they people without caring about their ‘aqeedah. And all of these are innovated ways, taking as their starting point, matters which were left until last in the call of the Messengers. This is just like the case of the one who seeks to cure a body whose head has been decapitated – since the place of the ‘aqeedah in religion is like the head with regard to the body.

Thus it is necessary for these groups to correct their concepts and understanding, by referring back to the Book and the Sunnah, in order to know the methodology of the MEssengers in calling to Allaah. For indeed Allaah – the One free from all imperfections – informed that the correct rule and sovereignty, which the central part of the call of the central jamaa’ah whom we mentioned, cannot be achieved except after correcting ‘aqeedah, such that all worship is for Allaah alone and worship of everything else is abandoned. Allaah the Most High – says: “Allaah promised to those amongst you who truly have eemaan (true faith and belief) and act in obedience to Allaah and His Messenger, that he will grant them rulership upon the earth, just as He granted it to those before them, and that He will establish their Religion for them and grant them authority to practice the Religion which He ordered them with. And He will certainly change their situation to one of security, after their fear. Providing that they worship Me, not associating any partners with Me. Then, whoever rejects this favour by acting in disobedience to their Lord – then they are the rebellious transgressors.” [Soorah an-Noor 24:55]

So these people wish to establish the Islaamic State before purifying the lands of idolatrous belief which take the form of worship of the dead, and devotion to the tombs – such as is no different from the worship of al-Laat, al-‘Uzzaa and the thrid of them al-Manaat, rather it is worse. So they are attempting that which is impossible: “And whosoever seeks greatness without effort or exertion Will only be wasting his life in seeking something impossible.”

Indeed, establishment and application of the Sharee’ah and the prescribed punishments, and the establishment of the Islaamic State, and avoidance of whatever is prohobited, and the achievement of whatever is obligatory – all of these things are from the rights of Tawheed; and matters which perfect it and follow on from it. So how can we give attention to that which is subsidiary whilst neglecting that which is of primary importance?

    FOOTNOTES:

  1. [1] From the Shaykh’s introduction to the book: Manhajul Anbiyaa fid Da’wah ilallaah feehil Hikmah wal Aql (p. 10-16) of Shaykh Rabee’ Ibn Haadee. The translations of the meanings given for all Qur’aanic Aayaat are summarised from the tafseers of at-Tabaree, al-Baghawee, al-Qurtubee, Ibn Katheer, and ash-Shawkaanee.
  2. [2] Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 7372) and Muslim (no. 29) from Abdullaah Ibn Abbaas (radiallaahu ‘anhu).
  3. [3] Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 7372) and Muslim (no. 29) from Abdullaah Ibn Abbaas (radiallaahu ‘anhu).
  4. [4] Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 454) and Muslim (no. 4425), from Aa’ishah radiallaahu ‘anhaa.
  5. [5] The proof for this is the Saying of Allaah – the Most High: “Allaah does not forgive that partners should be set up with Him in worship, but He forgives whatever is lesser than that to whomsoever he pleases.” [Soorah an-Nisaa 4:48]

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~
THE RULING CONCERNING NON-MAHRAM BROTHERS SENDING LETTERS To SISTERS BY POST
By Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan
Al-Muntaqaa min Fataawaa Fadheelatush Shaikh Saalih al Fawzaan Vol 3 p.160-161
Translated by Abu Hakeem Bilal Davis

Question: What is the ruling concerning non-mahram brothers sending letters to sisters by post. Also what is its ruling if the letter is beneficial like writing to a woman versed in arabic literature or poetry?

Answer: As for posting letters to sisters the origin concerning that is is that it is not permissable if they are from men who are non-mahram, because of that which comes from this by way of fitan (trials) and affairs that require caution, even if she is a woman versed in arabic literature or poetry, because repelling evil takes precedence over bringing about good. The majority of (situations that have lead to) evil consequences (i.e. adultery etc.) have occured due to sending letters between brothers and sisters and due to the likes of this dubious manner of becoming aquainted.

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