Hajj And Umrah

THE BLACK STONE

Author Unknown

1. The Black Stone was sent down by Allaah to this earth from Paradise. It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The Black Stone came down from Paradise.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 877; al-Nasaa’i, 2935. The hadeeth was classed as saheeh by al-Tirmidhi)

2. The Stone was whiter than milk, but the sins of the sons of Adam made it black. It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “When the Black Stone came down from Paradise, it was whiter than milk, but the sins of the sons of Adam made it black.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 877; Ahmad, 2792. Classed as saheeh by Ibn Khuzaymah, 4/219. Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar classed it as qawiy (strong) in Fath al-Baari, 3/462).

(a) Al-Mubaarakfoori said in al-Marqaah: This means, the sins of the sons of Adam who touched the stone, caused it to turn black. The hadeeth should be taken at face value, because there is no reason not to, either narrated in a report or by virtue of common sense. (Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 3/525)

(b) Al-Haafiz ibn Hajar said: Some heretics tried to criticize this hadeeth by saying: How come the sins of the mushrikeen turned it black and the worship of the people of Tawheed did not make it white?

I answer by quoting what Ibn Qutaybah said: If Allaah had willed, that would have happened. But Allaah has caused it to be the case that black usually changes other colours and its not itself changed, which is the opposite to what happens with white.

(c) Al-Muhibb al-Tabari said: The fact that it is black is a lesson for those who have insight. If sins can have this effect on an inanimate rock, then the effect they have on the heart is greater. See Fath al-Baari, 3/463

3. The Black Stone will come forth on the Day of Resurrection and will testify in favour of those who touched it in truth. It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said concerning the Stone: “By Allaah, Allaah will bring it forth on the Day of Resurrection, and it will have two eyes with which it will see and a tongue with which it will speak, and it will testify in favour of those who touched it in sincerity.” Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 961; Ibn Maajah, 2944 This hadeeth was classed as hasan by al-Tirmidhi, and as qawiy by al-Haafiz ibn Hajar in Fath al-Baari, 3/462

(4) Touching, kissing or pointing to the Black Stone – this is the first thing to be done when starting Tawaaf, whether it is for Hajj or ‘Umrah, or voluntary Tawaaf. It was narrated from Jaabir ibn ‘Abd-Allaah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that when the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came to Makkaah, he came to the Black Stone and touched it, then he walked to the right of it and ran three times and walked three times [around the Ka’bah]. (narrated by Muslim, 1218).

(5) The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kissed the Black Stone, and his ummah followed his lead in doing so. It was narrated that ‘Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) came to the Black Stone and kissed it, then he said: “I know that you are only a stone which can neither bring benefit nor cause harm. Were it not that I had seen the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) kiss you, I would not have kissed you.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 1520; Muslim, 1720)

(6) If a person is unable to kiss the Stone, he should touch it with his hand or something else, then he can kiss the thing with which he touched it.

(a) It was narrated that Naafi’ said: I saw Ibn ‘Umar touch the Stone with his hand then he kissed his hand. I said, I have never ceased to do this since I saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) do it. (Narrated by Muslim, 1268)

(b) It was narrated that Abu Tufayl (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I saw the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) performing Tawaaf around the House, touching the corner [where the Stone is] with a crooked staff which he had with him, then kissing the staff. (Narrated by Muslim, 1275).

(7) If a person is unable to do the above, then he can point to it with his hand and say “Allaahu akbar”. It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) performed Tawaaf on his camel, and every time he came to the corner [where the Stone is] he would point to it and say “Allaahu akbar.” (Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 4987).

(8) Touching the Stone is one of the things by means of which Allaah expiates for sins. It was narrated that Ibn ‘Umar said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Touching them both [the Black Stone and al-Rukn al-Yamani] is an expiation for sins.” (Narrated by al-Tirmidhi, 959. This hadeeth was classed as hasan by al-Tirmidhi and as saheeh by al-Haakim (1/664). Al-Dhahabi agreed with him).

It is not permissible for a Muslim to annoy other Muslims at the Stone by hitting or fighting. The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told us that the Stone will testify in favour of those who touched it in sincerity, which is not the case when a person touches it by disturbing the slaves of Allaah.

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UMRAH

Source http://www.troid.org

The Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: An Umrah to an Umrah is an expiation for what is between the two. And a blessed Hajj does not have a reward for it except paradise. [Agreed Upon. Bulooghul Maraam (no. 693)] Shaykh Safee’ur Rahmaan Al Mubaarakfooree says: Hajj: In the language, it is an endeavor.

Al Khaleel said: Most endeavors are to glorification. In Islaamic law: The endeavor to the Sacred House with specified actions. It is a pillar from the five pillars of Islaam by agreement. It was first obligated in the sixth year according to the majority, and it has been said that it may have been in the seventh or tenth year. And Ibnul Qayyim has chosen that in Al Hudaa. [It’haaful Karaam (p. 198)]

The Blessings for making Umrah during Ramadaan is equivalent to making Hajj with the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa salaam). [Reported by Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Ibn Maajah and others]

The Umrah

If a pilgrim wishes to be ritually pure for Umrah, he should shed his clothing and bathe as he would after sexual defilement, if convenient. He should perfume his head and beard with the best oil he can find. There is no harm in what remains of it after Ihram.

Bathing for Ihram is Sunnah for both men and women, including menstruating women and those experiencing postnatal bleeding. After bathing and preparing himself, a. pilgrim, other than those menstruating or experiencing postnatal bleeding, prays the obligatory prayer, if it is time. Otherwise, he makes his intention by praying the two Sunnah Rakass which are made each time Wudhu is performed.

When he finishes his prayer he should say: “Here I am for Umrah, here I am, Oh Allaah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace and dominion is yours, and you have no partner.” [Talbeeyah].

A man raises his voice when saying this and a woman says it so that only one beside her may hear her.

One in Ihram should say the Talbeeyah as often as possible, especially when times and places change. For example: when descending or ascending during travel or when day or night approach. He should also ask Allaah for His pleasure, for Heaven and seek refuge in Allaah’s mercy from Hellfire.

One should say the Talbeeyah during Umrah, starting from the time he puts on his Ihram till he starts Tawaf. During Hajj he should say it starting from the time he puts on his Ihram till he starts to stone Jamrah Al-Aqaba on the Eid day.

When a pilgrim enters the Holy Mosque he puts forth his right foot first and says: “In the name of Allaah, may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger of Allaah. Oh Allaah, forgive me my sins and open to me the doors of Your mercy. I seek refuge in Allaah the Almighty and in His Eminent Face and in His Eternal Dominion from the accursed Satan.”

He approaches the Black Stone, touches it with his right hand and kisses it. If this isn’t possible, he should face the Black Stone and point to it.

It is best not to push and shove, causing harm and being harmed by other people.

When touching the Stone, a pilgrim should say the following: “In the name of Allaah, Allaah is the greatest. Oh, Allaah, with faith in you, belief in Your book, loyalty to you, compliance to the way of your Prophet Muhammad (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).”

A pilgrim must walk, keeping the Ka’bah on his left. When he reaches the Rukn Al Yamani he should touch, but not kiss it, and say: ” Our Lord, grant us good in this life and good in the hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Hell fire. Oh Allaah, I beg of You for forgiveness and health in this life and in the Hereafter.”

Each time he passes the Black Stone he should say: “Allaah is the Greatest.”

During the remainder of his Tawaf he may say what he pleases of supplications, mentioning Allaah, and recitation of Quran. This is because Tawaf, Sa’yi, and Stoning the Jamrah have been devised for the purpose of mentioning Allaah.

During this Tawaf it is necessary for a man to do two things:

1. Al-ldhtebaa’ from the beginning of Tawaf until the end. Al-ldhtebaa’ means placing the middle of one’s Reda’ under his right arm and the ends of it over his left shoulder.

When he is finished performing Tawaf, he may return his Reda’ to its original state because the time for Idhtebaa’ is only during Tawaf.

2. Al-Raml during the first three circuits. Al-Raml means speeding up one’s pace with small steps. A pilgrim should walk at a normal pace during his last four circuits.

When he completes seven circuits of Tawaf, he approaches Maqam Ibrahim and recites: “And take ye the station of Abraham as a place of Prayer” Chapter 2, Verse 125 [2:125].

He prays two short Rakaas, as close as conveniently possible, behind Maqam Ibrahim. During the first Rakaa he recites Surah Al-Kafirun [Chapter 109] and during the second one Surah Al-lkhlas [Chapter 112].

When he completes the two Rakaas he should return to the Black Stone and touch it, if convenient. He goes out to the Mesa’a and when he nears As-Safaa he recites: ” Verily As-Safaa and Al-Marwah are among the shrines of Allaah ” [2:158].

He ascends As-Safaa until he is able to see the Ka’bah. Facing the Ka’bah and raising his hands, he praises Allaah and makes any supplications he chooses. The Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) prayed thus: “There is no Deity but Allaah alone,” three times, supplicating in between.

He descends As-Safaa and heads for Al-Marwah at a normal pace until he reaches the green marker. He should then run fast until the next green marker. He continues toward Al-Marwah at a normal pace. When he reaches it, he ascends it, faces the Qibla, raises his hands and repeats what he said on As-Safaa. He descends Al-Marwah heading towards As-Safaa, taking care to walk where walking is designated, and run where running is designated.

He continues this procedure until he completes seven laps. Going from As-Safaa to Al-Marwah is a lap and returning is another lap.

During his Sa’yi he may recite what he wills of supplications, recitation of Qur’an, and mentioning Allaah.

In completion of Sa’yi he shaves his head. A woman clips her hair the length of a finger tip.

Shaving is preferable, except when Hajj is near and there isn’t sufficient time for hair to grow back. In this case it’s best to clip so that hair will remain for shaving during Hajj.

With that, Umrah is completed. and a pilgrim is free to dress in other clothing, wear perfume and engage in marital relations, etc.

Visiting The Prophet’s Mosque

1. A pilgrim goes to Madina before or after Hajj with the intention of visiting the Prophet’s mosque and praying in it. Prayer there is better than a thousand prayers elsewhere except in the Holy Mosque in Makkah.

2. Upon reaching the mosque he prays two Rakaas of salutation or performs any obligatory prayer that is due.

3. He goes to the grave of the Prophet (may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and he stands before it. He greets him saying the ” May the peace, mercy, and blessings of Allaah be upon you, oh Prophet. May Allaah grant you a good reward on behalf of your people. ”

He takes a step or two to his right to position himself before Abu-Bakr and greets him saying : “May the peace, mercy, and blessing of Allaah be upon you. oh Abu-Bakr, Caliph of the Messenger of Allaah. May Allaah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad’s people.”

Then he takes a step or two to his right to position himself before Umar and greets him saying: ” May the peace, mercy and blessings of Allaah be upon you, oh Umar, Prince of the believers. May Allaah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad’s people.”

4. In a state of purity, he goes to pray in Qubaa Mosque.

5. He goes to Al-Baqee to visit Uthman’s grave (may Allaah be pleased with him). He stands before it and greets him saying: “May the peace, mercy and blessing of Allaah be upon you, oh Uthman Prince of the believers. May Allaah be pleased with you and grant you a good reward on behalf of Muhammad’s people.” He greets any other Muslims in Al-Baqee.

6. He goes to Uhud and visits the grave of Hamza (may Allaah be pleased with him) and the other martyrs there with him. He greets them and preys to Allaah to grant them forgiveness, mercy, and pleasure.

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THE VIRTUES AND RULINGS OF HAJJ

By Sheikh ‘Ali Al-Huthayfi

Fellow Muslims! Fear Allaah and be dutiful to Him, for piety is the best provision for the Last Day and by it, Allaah improves the affairs of His servants, as He says which means, “…And whoever fears Allaah – He will make for him of his matter ease.” (At-Talaaq: 4)

Brethren in Faith! Be aware that worship is the right of Allaah alone and it is an obligation upon mankind and the jinn. Allaah says which means, “And I did not create the jinn and mankind except to worship Me.” (Adh-Dhaariyaat: 56)

Acts of worship are the best deeds with which Allaah honors His slaves and by which He elevates the pious among them. They illuminate the hearts, refine the souls, reform one’s manners and please the Lord; acts of reverence also raise one’s rank in Paradise, expiate the sins and multiply the rewards.

Furthermore, it is from Allaah’s favors upon us that He sent to us, the best of His creation in order to explain to us sayings, deeds and beliefs that can make us win the pleasure of our Lord, and to warn us against all that can make Him displeased with us. Allaah says which means, “Just as We have sent among you a messenger from yourselves reciting to you Our verses and purifying you and teaching you the Book and wisdom and teaching you that which you did not know. So remember Me; I will remember you. And be grateful to Me and do not deny Me.” (Al-Baqarah: 151-152)

Had Allaah not sent the Messengers and revealed the Books, mankind would have been worse than animals, but He blessed humanity by establishing a religion and laying out the straight path for them; so, the fortunate ones received guidance and the wretched ones went astray.

Among the blessings of Allaah upon His slaves is that He ordained for them acts of worship that can reform their souls, like prayer, alms giving, fasting, Hajj (major pilgrimage) and other such deeds so that man may become fully nurtured and purified in all aspects. Allaah says which means, “…Allaah does not intend to make difficulty for you, but He intends to purify you and complete His favor upon you that you may be grateful.” (Al-Maa’idah: 6)

Hajj is a pillar of Islaam in which Allaah has combined all types of ‘Ibaadah (worship). It comprises the testimony that there is no God but Allaah and that Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam is His Messenger, as well as prayer, spending in the way of Allaah, fasting (for those who cannot afford to pay for the sacrificial animal), enjoining good and forbidding evil, (characteristics of) patience, perseverance, mercy and abstention from forbidden things.

Hajj is one of the greatest signs of Allaah that what Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam has come with, is in reality the religion of truth, for no human power can gather pilgrims every year from all parts of the world; (pilgrims) with hearts full of yearning and love, who experience difficulties yet rejoice at leaving their homes and families, feeling that the hours of performing Hajj are the greatest of their lives and spending generously for this purpose. Indeed, it is only Allaah who can bring about such a situation. He says which means, “And proclaim to the people the Hajj (pilgrimage); they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass – That they may witness (i.e., attend) benefits for themselves and mention the Name of Allaah on known (i.e., specific) days over what He has provided for them of (sacrificial) animals. So eat of them and feed the miserable and poor.” (Al-Hajj: 27-28)

The interpreter Ibn Jareer, may Allaah have mercy upon him, and others, reported that Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him, said, “When Allaah commanded Prophet Ibraaheem to proclaim Hajj among people, he said: ‘My Lord, how can I convey the message to the people as my voice cannot reach them?’ Allaah said, ‘You call; it is Our duty to make it reach (everyone)!’ So, he stood in his position and said, ‘O you people! Your Lord has chosen a House, so perform pilgrimage to it.’ It was said that the mountains became leveled and his voice reached all parts of the earth and all that are in the wombs and loins of men were made to hear the call and everything that heard it, responded. So those for whom Allaah has decreed to perform Hajj till the Day of Judgment responded with the saying, ‘Labbayka Allaahumma Labbayk (Here I am at your service, O Allaah, here I am).’ ”

Dear Muslims! Purify your intention for Allah in your Hajj and emulate the Messenger of Allaah in all its rites, for he, sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, has said, “Take your Hajj rites from me.” (Muslim) If you do so, your Hajj will be accepted; the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “Whoever performs Hajj and does not engage in sexual relations nor acts sinfully, he will return (after Hajj free from all sins) like (he was) the day his mother gave birth to him.” (Bukhaari & Muslim) He also said, “Performing ‘Umrah after ‘Umrah will erase the sins committed between them and the well-performed Hajj has no reward but < I>Paradise.” (Bukhaari & Muslim) The good Hajj is the one done with sincerity, according to Prophetic guidance and in which one abstains from sins and harming other Muslims.

It is obligatory for the pilgrims to be aware of the rituals of Hajj and to perform its pillars accordingly. The pillars of Hajj are: Ihraam (the state of a pilgrim in which he performs Hajj and ‘Umrah, and during which he is prohibited from certain acts that are lawful otherwise), staying at ‘Arafah, the Tawaaf Al-Ifaadhah (circumambulation of the Ka’bah on the tenth day of Dhul-Hijjah) and the pacing between Safa and Marwah. He should also perform the obligatory acts of Hajj which are: Ihraam from the Meeqaat (the place from where people must get into the state of Ihraam), standing at ‘Arafah till sunset, passing the night at Muzdalifah, throwing the stones (at the Jamaraat, i.e., three stone-built pillars in Mina), shaving or trimming of the hair, spending the n ights at Mina, sacrificing an animal if necessary (according to the type of Hajj one is performing) and doing the farewell Tawaaf (circumambulation).

On the day of slaughtering (i.e., the 10th day of Dhul-Hijjah), the pilgrim throws stones at the Jamrat Al-‘Aqabah, slaughters, runs between Safa and Marwah and performs Tawaaf Al-Ifaadhah. Once he does the first three acts, all the prohibitions stipulated by Ihraam are removed for him except sexual intercourse. However, if he has performed Tawaaf Al-Ifaadhah in addition to that, everything becomes permissible for him again, including sexual relations.

It is recommended for the pilgrim to increase in the performance of acts of worship and in Talbiyah (a prayer recited by pilgrims going to Makkah) till he starts throwing the stones at ‘Aqabah. He should endeavor to read the Qur’aan and supplicate much, especially on the day of ‘Arafah, for the Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “The best supplication is that of (the day of) ‘Arafah, and the best word that I and all Prophets have said on the day of ‘Arafah is, ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah wahdahu laa shareeka lahu lahul-mulk walahul hamd, wahuwa ‘alaa kulli shay’in qadeer’ (None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah alone, Who has no partner. His is the dominion and His is the praise, and He is Able to do all things).” (Tirmidhi) The pilgrim should also guard his tongue and abstain from backbiting, fighting and arguments.

The Muslim should also recite the prescribed Takbeer from right after Fajr (dawn) prayer on the day of ‘Arafah till the afternoon of the 13th day of Dhul-Hijjah. The Takbeer is as follows, “Allaahu Akbar, Allaahu Akbar, La ilaaha illallaah, wallaahu akbar, Allaahu akbar walillaahil hamd.” It is also recommended for the pilgrims and others to perform many good deeds in the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. The Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said, “There are no days in which good deeds are dearer to Allaah than in these days (i.e. the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah).” The Companions asked, “O Messenger of Allaah! Not even Jihaad in the way of Allaah?” He replied, “Not even Jihaad in the way of Allaah, except fo r a man who goes out for Jihaad with his life and wealth and comes back with none of the two.” (Bukhaari & Muslim)

Fellow Muslims! The first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah are the best days in the sight of Allaah; He terms them “the well-known days” in His Book, according to Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him. It is recommended, therefore, to remember Allaah much in the mosques, streets, marketplaces and everywhere during this period.

The day of ‘Arafah occurs in these days and if you do not have the opportunity to be at ‘Arafah on that day, you can fast. The Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam was asked about the fasting of that day, so he said, “It erases the sins of the previous year and the present one.” (Muslim)

Dear pilgrim! Allaah says which means, “Hajj is (during) well-known months, so whoever has made Hajj obligatory upon himself therein (by entering the state of Ihraam), there is (to be for him) no sexual relations and no disobedience and no disputing during Hajj. And whatever good you do – Allaah knows it. And take provision, but indeed, the best provision is fear of Allaah. And fear Me, O you of understanding.” (Al-Baqarah: 197)

Hold fast unto the sublime Islaamic manners and let your Hajj be an act of repentance from (previous) sins, and (a source of) reform and piety for the rest of your life. Thank Allaah and praise Him for His bountiful blessings of peace, faith and worldly commodities; and (also for) the opportunities He affords you to do righteous deeds and for the disasters He has averted from befalling you.

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HIGHLIGHTING SOME FALLACIES REGARDING HAJJ

By Sheikh Muhammad ibn Al-‘Uthaymeen

O people! Fear Allaah and learn the rulings of your religion so that you can worship Allaah with clear understanding. The example of one who worships Allaah on the basis of sound knowledge in comparison to one who worships Allaah in ignorance is like the example of one who walks on a well-lit road while the other walks on a totally dark one; the former is aware of his footsteps and is sure of his safety, while the latter is ignorant and constantly fears slipping and straying.

O people! It has become a widespread belief among the masses that Hajj is not acceptable to Allaah if it is made by a pilgrim whose parents did not present a sacrificial offering seven days after his birth (i.e., for his ‘Aqeeqah). In reality, the ‘Aqeeqah has nothing to do with Hajj, for the soundness and acceptability of one’s Hajj is not affected by whether or not one has had an ‘Aqeeqah.

There is another widespread belief that a person who is in Ihraam is not permitted to change the clothes that he is wearing. This belief is also incorrect, since a male or female in Ihraam is permitted to change the clothes in which he or she assumed Ihraam. (However, in the case of a male it must be replaced by the two cloths of Ihraam and not regular clothing).

It is also believed by some that a person in Ihraam is not permitted to cut down trees from the moment he assumes Ihraam. However, cutting down trees outside the Haram area is permissible for both those in Ihraam, and those who are not, as long as such trees are outside the sanctuary of the Haram. Thus, it is permissible for those in Ihraam and those who are not to cut down trees in ‘Arafah, but not in Minaa and Muzdalifah, since ‘Arafah lies outside the Haram, while Minaa and Muzdalifah are within its sanctuary.

Some people believe that Hajj is annulled if a pilgrim does not touch or kiss the Black Stone. But this is not true because touching the black stone or kissing it is recommended when it is affordable to do so, but is preferable to be overlooked in the case of dense crowding. This view is based on the saying of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam to ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab, may Allaah be pleased with him: “O ‘Umar! You are a strong man; don’t jostle (through the crowds) to reach the (Black) Stone, lest you should hurt the weak. If you find a gap then you may touch it, otherwise, you may face its direction and utter Tahleel and Takbeer (i.e., saying: ‘laa ilaaha illallaah and Allaahu akbar”) (i.e., there is nothing worthy of worship except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest). Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him, disapproved of jostling against the crowds and would say in this regard: “No one should inflict harm on others nor be harmed by them.” Thus, the circumambulation of a person who avoids jostling against the crowds is better and more perfect than one who is given to jostling, thus causing harm to himself and to others.

Some people worry about circumambulating behind the Station of Prophet Ibraaheem, peace be upon him, but I say to them that there is no cause for worry as it is permissible to circumambulate even from behind the Station of Prophet Ibraaheem. The people of knowledge, may Allaah shower His Mercy on them, maintained that the whole Sacred Mosque (Al-Masjid Al-Haram) is a place for circumambulation, even if it is done in the courtyard of the Sacred Mosque. However, the nearer to the Sacred House, the better the circumambulation, provided that the pilgrim does not expose himself or others to harm.

O people! We see many pilgrims jostling behind the Station of Prophet Ibraaheem in order to be as near to it as possible, thinking that the two Rak’ahs of Tawaaf will not be valid except when performed near the Station. This is not correct, since proximity to the Station is not a condition of the validity of the two Rak’ahs. Rather the two Rak’ahs are valid even if the pilgrim is far from the Station, though he should have the Station between himself and the Ka’bah, even if he is in the courtyard or extension of the Mosque – if there are large crowds.

O people! Sometimes prayer is established while a pilgrim is circumambulating or walking between Mounts Safaa and Marwah (i.e., doing Sa’i), if this is the case then he must observe that prayer and then complete the Tawaaf or Sa’i from the point at which he stopped.

Sometimes a pilgrim feels tired and wishes to postpone his Sa’i to another time, either till the beginning of the day or the end of night, which is permissible. It is also permissible for a pilgrim who feels tired during Sa’i to sit down, take a rest and then continue Sa’i again, or to resume while being carried on a carrier.

O people! Certain questions are frequently asked about women who are menstruating or who have puerperal blood; what should they do in their Ihraam? The answer to such questions is found in the reply given by the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her: “Do all that a pilgrim does except that you are not permitted circumambulate the House.” Thus, a menstruating woman or one who has a puerperal blood may perform all the rites of Hajj, except that she is not permitted to circumambulate the Ka’bah until after she is purified. Sa’i is attached to Tawaaf in this regard. Thus, if a woman assumes Ihraam to make ‘Umrah while she is menstruating, or if she begins menstruating after assuming Ihraam, she may only complete her ‘Umrah if she becomes pure before sunrise. She may then take her Ihraam off (as usual) and subsequently make Ihraam intending to perform Hajj with the people. However, if the sun rises before she becomes purified, she should intend Hajj and merge it with ‘Umrah, thus performing Qiran Hajj, for which it is sufficient for her to make one Tawaaf and one Sa’i to complete both her Hajj and ‘Umrah.

Allaah the Almighty said that which means: “And strive for Allaah with the striving due to Him. He has chosen you and has not placed upon you in the religion any difficulty. [It is] the religion of your father, Ibraaheem. He [i.e., Allaah] named you ‘Muslims’ before [in former scriptures] and in this [revelation] that the Messenger may be a witness over you and you may be witnesses over the people. So establish prayer and give zakaah and hold fast to Allaah. He is your protector, and excellent is the helper.” (Al-Hajj: 78).

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ACTIONS THAT NULLIFY IHRAAM

By Sheikh Muhammad ibn Al-‘Uthaymeen

O people! Fear Allaah and learn the rulings of your religion so that you can worship Allaah with clear understanding. The example of one who worships Allaah on the basis of sound knowledge in comparison to one who worships Allaah in ignorance is like the example of one who walks on a well-lit road while the other walks on a totally dark one; the former is aware of his footsteps and is sure of his safety, while the latter is ignorant and constantly fears slipping and straying.

O people! It has become a widespread belief among the masses that Hajj is not acceptable to Allaah if it is made by a pilgrim whose parents did not present a sacrificial offering seven days after his birth (i.e., for his ‘Aqeeqah). In reality, the ‘Aqeeqah has nothing to do with Hajj, for the soundness and acceptability of one’s Hajj is not affected by whether or not one has had an ‘Aqeeqah.

There is another widespread belief that a person who is in Ihraam is not permitted to change the clothes that he is wearing. This belief is also incorrect, since a male or female in Ihraam is permitted to change the clothes in which he or she assumed Ihraam. (However, in the case of a male it must be replaced by the two cloths of Ihraam and not regular clothing).

It is also believed by some that a person in Ihraam is not permitted to cut down trees from the moment he assumes Ihraam. However, cutting down trees outside the Haram area is permissible for both those in Ihraam, and those who are not, as long as such trees are outside the sanctuary of the Haram. Thus, it is permissible for those in Ihraam and those who are not to cut down trees in ‘Arafah, but not in Minaa and Muzdalifah, since ‘Arafah lies outside the Haram, while Minaa and Muzdalifah are within its sanctuary.

Some people believe that Hajj is annulled if a pilgrim does not touch or kiss the Black Stone. But this is not true because touching the black stone or kissing it is recommended when it is affordable to do so, but is preferable to be overlooked in the case of dense crowding. This view is based on the saying of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam to ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab, may Allaah be pleased with him: “O ‘Umar! You are a strong man; don’t jostle (through the crowds) to reach the (Black) Stone, lest you should hurt the weak. If you find a gap then you may touch it, otherwise, you may face its direction and utter Tahleel and Takbeer (i.e., saying: ‘laa ilaaha illallaah and Allaahu akbar”) (i.e., there is nothing worthy of worship except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest). Ibn ‘Abbaas, may Allaah be pleased with him, disapproved of jostling against the crowds and would say in this regard: “No one should inflict harm on others nor be harmed by them.” Thus, the circumambulation of a person who avoids jostling against the crowds is better and more perfect than one who is given to jostling, thus causing harm to himself and to others.

Some people worry about circumambulating behind the Station of Prophet Ibraaheem, peace be upon him, but I say to them that there is no cause for worry as it is permissible to circumambulate even from behind the Station of Prophet Ibraaheem. The people of knowledge, may Allaah shower His Mercy on them, maintained that the whole Sacred Mosque (Al-Masjid Al-Haram) is a place for circumambulation, even if it is done in the courtyard of the Sacred Mosque. However, the nearer to the Sacred House, the better the circumambulation, provided that the pilgrim does not expose himself or others to harm.

O people! We see many pilgrims jostling behind the Station of Prophet Ibraaheem in order to be as near to it as possible, thinking that the two Rak’ahs of Tawaaf will not be valid except when performed near the Station. This is not correct, since proximity to the Station is not a condition of the validity of the two Rak’ahs. Rather the two Rak’ahs are valid even if the pilgrim is far from the Station, though he should have the Station between himself and the Ka’bah, even if he is in the courtyard or extension of the Mosque – if there are large crowds.

O people! Sometimes prayer is established while a pilgrim is circumambulating or walking between Mounts Safaa and Marwah (i.e., doing Sa’i), if this is the case then he must observe that prayer and then complete the Tawaaf or Sa’i from the point at which he stopped.

Sometimes a pilgrim feels tired and wishes to postpone his Sa’i to another time, either till the beginning of the day or the end of night, which is permissible. It is also permissible for a pilgrim who feels tired during Sa’i to sit down, take a rest and then continue Sa’i again, or to resume while being carried on a carrier.

O people! Certain questions are frequently asked about women who are menstruating or who have puerperal blood; what should they do in their Ihraam? The answer to such questions is found in the reply given by the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam ‘Aa’ishah, may Allaah be pleased with her: “Do all that a pilgrim does except that you are not permitted circumambulate the House.” Thus, a menstruating woman or one who has a puerperal blood may perform all the rites of Hajj, except that she is not permitted to circumambulate the Ka’bah until after she is purified. Sa’i is attached to Tawaaf in this regard. Thus, if a woman assumes Ihraam to make ‘Umrah while she is menstruating, or if she begins menstruating after assuming Ihraam, she may only complete her ‘Umrah if she becomes pure before sunrise. She may then take her Ihraam off (as usual) and subsequently make Ihraam intending to perform Hajj with the people. However, if the sun rises before she becomes purified, she should intend Hajj and merge it with ‘Umrah, thus performing Qiran Hajj, for which it is sufficient for her to make one Tawaaf and one Sa’i to complete both her Hajj and ‘Umrah.

Allaah the Almighty said that which means: “And strive for Allaah with the striving due to Him. He has chosen you and has not placed upon you in the religion any difficulty. [It is] the religion of your father, Ibraaheem. He [i.e., Allaah] named you ‘Muslims’ before [in former scriptures] and in this [revelation] that the Messenger may be a witness over you and you may be witnesses over the people. So establish prayer and give zakaah and hold fast to Allaah. He is your protector, and excellent is the helper.” (Al-Hajj: 78).

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HAJJ AND ‘UMRAH DESCRIBED

By Sheikh Muhammad bin Saalih al-‘Uthaimeen

O people! These are the days in which you are setting about traveling towards the Sacred Mosque, seeking the atonement of your sins, attainment of the Home of Peace (i.e., Paradise) and immediate reward as a compensation for the money you have spent in this cause.

O Muslims! You are heading for the House of your Lord and the blessed places that He has sanctified, in order to perform one of the best kinds of worship. You have not traveled for fun or out of pride or showing off, rather intending an act of devotion with which you seek the pleasure of your Lord, submitting your souls to His Majesty. You should therefore observe this obligation according to the commandments of your Lord, without excessiveness or negligence, maintaining other obligations as well, such as Wudhoo’ or Ghusl (for purification), Salaah (prayer), etc.

When you set off for Hajj or ‘Umrah (minor pilgrimage), you should hold the conviction that your sole aim is to observe one of the most sacred acts of reverence; during your journey, bind yourself to conform to other obligations such as purification and congregational Salaah, for many people neglect the principles of purification and perform Tayammum (dry ablution with dust) despite the availability of water, in which case the Tayammum becomes invalid. Some people may disregard the congregational Salaah, busying themselves with things that they can carry out after performing prayer. You should shorten the four < I style=”mso-bidi-font-style: normal”>Rak’ah (units of) prayers, performing two only, right from your departure from your town until you return to it. However, if you perform Salaah behind an Imaam who completes the Salaah (i.e., makes the entire Salaah), you should complete your Salaah likewise, whether you attended it from the beginning or if you missed any number of Rak’ahs. As for combining prayers, according to the Prophet’s sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam actions, a traveler should not combine prayers unless in the course of journeying. With regards for one who settles in a place, it is preferable for him not to combine them. Concerning Rawaatib (supererogatory prayers performed before and after the obligatory prayers), it is preferable not to perform them during travel, except the two Rak’ahs of Fajr. As for the Witr (a supererogatory prayer that consists of an odd number of Rak’ahs, the minimum of which is one Rak’ah) and other kinds of optional voluntary prayers, they are to be similarly performed in residence as well as in journey.

You must possess good manners – being kind, generous, cheerful, patient and forbearing. Indeed, circumstances are ever-changing and patience always has a good result.

Once you reach the Meeqaat (the location that a pilgrim should not go beyond without entering into the state of Ihraam), you should take a bath and scent your bodies, including your heads and beards. You should then assume Ihraam for ‘Umrah intending Tamattu’ (type of Hajj, i.e., performing ‘Umrah then waiting until the commencement of Hajj days, to perform Hajj) and proceed to Makkah while uttering the Talbiyah (saying: ‘Labbayka Allaahumma Labbayk, Labbayka Laa Shareeka Laka Labbayk, Innal-hamda Wan-ni’mata Laka Wal-mulk, Laa Shareeka Lak’ – ‘I re spond to Your call, O Allaah, I respond to Your call; I am obedient to Your orders and You have no partner, I respond to Your call; all the praises and blessings are for You, all the sovereignty is for You and You have no partners.’) When you reach the Ka’bah, you should make seven rounds of Tawaaf (circumambulation) around it for ‘Umrah. You must know that the entire Sacred Mosque is a place for Tawaaf, no matter if you are close to the Ka’bah or far away from it. However, Tawaaf close to it is preferable, so long as the pilgrim is not harmed by the crowds. If there are throngs of pilgrims, one may do it from afar and this will suffice. After making Tawaaf, you should offer two Rak’ahs behind Maqaam Ibraaheem (station of Prophet Ibraaheem, where a stone with his footprints lie) either near the Ka’bah or far from it. The most important thing is that the Maqaam Ibraaheem must be between you and the Ka’bah. You should then make Sa’i (pacing seven times between Safa and Marwah) beginning from Safa. When you finish the seven rounds, you should shorten the hair of your head, cutting it from your entire scalps, contrary to what is done by many people now, who cut hair from only one part.

On the eighth of the month of Dhul-Hijjah, you should take a bath and perfume your bodies in preparation for Ihraam for Hajj. You should assume Ihraam right from the place where you are staying, then you should go to Mina, where you are supposed to perform the Dhuhr (noon), ‘Asr (afternoon), Maghrib (sunset), ‘Ishaa’ (night) and Fajr (morning) prayers, shortening the four Rak’ah ones without combining them. This is based on the conduct of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam who used to do the same in Mina and Makkah.

Upon the crack of dawn on the Day of ‘Arafah, you should march to ‘Arafah, pronouncing Talbiyah solemnly with submissiveness. When you reach there, you should combine the Dhuhr and ‘Asr prayers, performing each as two Rak’ahs at the time of Dhuhr. You should then devote yourselves to supplication of Allaah, while in a state of Wudhoo’, facing the Qiblah (direction towards the Ka’bah in Makkah). You should pay attention to the p recincts of ‘Arafah and its landmarks, as many pilgrims mistakenly stand outside its boundaries; whoever does not stand within the plain, his pilgrimage will be imperfect. The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “Hajj is (the Day of) ‘Arafah.” (Ahmad) A pilgrim may stand at any place on the plain of ‘Arafah – east, west, north or south – except at the bottom of the valley of ‘Urnah. The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said: “I stand here and the entire ‘Arafah is a standing place.” (Muslim)

At sunset, when the setting of the sun is confirmed, you should rush to Muzdalifah, pronouncing Talbiyah with humility and gentleness as much as possible. This is according to the command of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam: when he hurried from ‘Arafah, he straitened the bridle of his she-camel, bending her neck until her head was about to reach his saddle and said: “O people! (With) tranquility! (With) tranquility!” When you reach Muzdalifah, you should perform the Maghrib and ‘Ishaa’ prayers, then spend the night there until dawn. The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam did not permit anyone to leave Muzdalifah before then, except the weak, who were permitted to leave by the end of the night.

After you perform Salaah, you should face the Qiblah, pronounce Takbeer (saying: Allaahu Akbar – ‘Allaah is the Greatest’), praise Allaah and supplicate to Him until the daylight becomes visible. You should then move on to Mina before sunrise and pick up seven pebbles. Then, you should go to Al-Jamrah Al-‘Aqabah (one of the three stone-built pillars at which pebbles are thrown, which is situated at the entrance of Mina from the direction of Makkah) and throw seven stones at it after sunrise, saying Takbeer upon each toss, while being submissive to Allaah and honoring Him. Know that the aim of throwing stones is to remember Allaah and glorify Him; remember that the pebbles should fall within the wire fence and it is not necessary that they hit the stone column.

When you finish throwing the pebbles, you should slaughter your Hadi (the animal offered as a sacrifice by the pilgrim). The same conditions of Udhiyah (animal sacrificed on ‘Eed Al-Adha) apply also to the Hadi. Moreover, a pilgrim may commission a person to slaughter the Hadi on his behalf. You should then shave your entire head after the slaughtering; it is not lawful to shave a part of the head and leave another part. Women should cut as much as a fingertip from the end of their hair. By doing so, you will be in the first state of Tahallul (minor release, meaning you will be partially free from the restrictions of Ihraam). Thus you may wear your regular clothing, clip your fingernails and apply perfume, but may not have sexual intercourse with your spouses. You should then go to Makkah before the Dhuhr prayer, where you will make Tawaaf for Hajj and then do Sa’i; then, you must return to Mina. It is after this Tawa af, Sa’i, throwing of pebbles and shaving your head that you will be in the second state of Tahallul (major release) after which you are then permitted to do all things you were previously forbidden due to being in the state of Ihraam, even having sexual relations with your spouses.

O people! A pilgrim should perform four rituals on the day of ‘Eed: (he ought to) throw the pebbles, slaughter a sacrificial animal, shave his head and perform Sa’i and Tawaaf – this is the most perfect type of sequence. If you do any of the four above-mentioned steps before the other, such as shaving the head before slaughtering, making Sa’i and Tawaaf after leaving Mina, delaying slaughtering until the thirteenth of Dhul-Hijjah in Makkah, (your Hajj) will still be valid, especially if there is a need to do so.

You should spend the night of the eleventh day of Dhul-Hijjah in Mina. When the sun passes its zenith (noon), you should throw the pebbles at the three positions of the Jamaraat, starting with Al-Jamrah Al-Oola (As-Sughraa), then Al-Jamrah Al-Wustaa, then Al-Jamrah Al-‘Aqabah (Al-Kubraa), each one with seven stones, accompanied by Takbeer at every throw. The time for this practice on the Day of ‘ Eed begins from sunrise for the physically fit people; the weak, however, may do so from the latest hours of the night of the first day of ‘Eed until sunset. Its timings after ‘Eed is from once the sun passes its zenith until sunset. It is not permissible to throw stones before midday. It is permissible, however, to throw the stones at night, if it is too crowded during the daytime. If a pilgrim cannot throw pebbles in person, due to his being too young or old, or due to illness, he may appoint another person to do it on his behalf. It is lawful that the app ointed person throw pebbles for himself and for the other person who assigned him at the same instance, but he should begin with himself.

Upon throwing the small stones on the twelfth day of the month of Dhul-Hijjah, the Hajj is completed. The pilgrims, at this point, have the option to either hurry and leave, or stay and spend the night of the thirteenth day and throw stones at the three Jamaraat after the sun passes its high point (i.e., noon). The latter is preferable because it is in agreement with the actions of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam. If you want to leave Makkah, you should perform the Farewell Tawaaf. The menstruating woman and a woman in post-natal bleeding are exempt from the Farewell Tawaaf; in fact, they are not even permitted to come to the gate of the mosque or stand in front of it.

O Muslims! This is a brief description of the procedures of Hajj. So, fear Allaah as much as you can, and listen and obey; He said which means: “And proclaim to the people the Hajj (pilgrimage); they will come to you on foot and on every lean camel; they will come from every distant pass – That they may witness (i.e., attend) benefits for themselves and mention the name of Allaah on known (i.e., specific) days over what He has provided for them of (sacrificial) animals. So eat of them and feed the miserable and poor. Then let them end their untidiness and fulfill their vows and perform Tawaaf (circumambulation) around the ancient House.” (Al-Hajj: 27-29)

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HUMAN RIGHTS FROM THE PROPHET’S (PEACE BE UPON HIM) HAJJ KHUTBAH

By Sheikh ‘Abdul-Baari Ath-Thubayti

First Khutbah

O pilgrims! Whenever the month of Dhu’l-Hijjah comes and the time for Hajj nears, a radiant chapter from the history of Islaam becomes apparent. One important factor of Hajj, aside from the rituals, is the extremely significant and poignant words and principles that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam conveyed to the Muslims during his Hajj, which was a year before his death. The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam did not merely express these principles as empty slogan s, rather these were the same principles that he had propagated from the very dawn of Islaam when he was vulnerable, oppressed and had few followers. These principles never changed for any reason, whether it was the small number of his followers, the particular circumstances of war or peace, or the fact that life was extremely difficult and he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was at times in a state of great difficulty and dire need. These were well-grounded principles that he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam instilled in the souls of his followers so that they could convey them to the world in order for mankind to achieve felicity, tranquil lity and success.

Since these principles were firm and well-founded, they did not fade away or weaken due to the passing of time; nor did they fade as generations succeeded one another; rather, they are solid and are actually revived when people act on these teachings and propagate them. Tears were shed when these principles were being laid down, as this was the last sermon of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and this is why it was called ‘The Final Hajj Sermon’. The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam wa rned during his speech against the fatal disease of shirk that destroys humanity, disunites it, detaches it from the source of goodness and causes it to be driven by its whims and desires. Therefore, the meaning or focal point of Hajj and indeed the entire religion of Islaam is the unity of Allaah.

During his speech he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “Your blood, wealth and honour are as sacred as this day (the day of ‘Arafah), this land and this month (Dhu’l-Hijjah)” (Muslim & Bukhaari). These are eternal human rights which no man-made law or system could ever dictate or administer. To safeguard people’s blood, Allaah says that which translates as: “There is for you in legal retribution (saving of ) life” (Al-Baqarah: 179). To safeguard peoples wealth Allaah says that which translates as: “As for the thief, the male and female, amputate their hands” (Al-Maa’idah: 38). To preserve the honour and dignity of mankind, Allaah says that which translates as: “The (unmarried) woman or (unmarried) man found guilty of sexual intercourse – lash each of them with a hundred lashes” (An-Noor: 2).

Islaam respects and safeguards life if it is led in a pure and righteous manner and not when it is led in an immoral, oppressive and tyrannical way. This respect would be of no value if it was not supported by a comprehensive and just system which is well organised.

Islaam protects the human’s right to have an honourable and upright life which is led in peace, security and stability. Islaam also ensures that Muslims do not become a source of harm and danger and therefore establishes justice based on the Sharee’ah of Allaah; Islaam also establishes the power and influence that is required to establish itself as a comprehensive system. Also, Islaam builds the brotherhood and fraternity between the Muslims that leads to the honouring of rights and obligations towards all; this includes the upkeep of family ties, dutifulness to parents, kindness to neighbours, honouring the rights of marriage and ultimately, relations between nations who are to be judged and ranked by virtue of their piety.

One of the protected principles in Islaam is that a Muslim cannot be impartial while a fellow Muslim is being harmed in his presence, nor can he allow anyone to insult them in their absence, whether this harm is physical or emotional, by action or words. Therefore, Islaam forbade hitting others without due right as well as bad mouthing, mocking, making fun of and cursing. ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab, may Allaah be pleased with him, narrated the story of a man who used to drink khamr (intoxicants) often and be punished. One day he was brought before the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam who commanded him to be flogged, then a man said: “O Allaah! Curse him for he did this many times” the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam responded: “Do not curse him, for I swear by Allaah I know that he loves Allaah and His Messenger” (Bukhaari & Muslim).

Islaam not only honours and protects mankind during life but also after death as it has commanded that the dead be washed, shrouded, prayed over and respectfully buried. Islaam forbids breaking the bones of the dead or damaging corpses in any other way. ‘Aa’ishah narrated that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “Do not curse the dead for they are facing the consequences of what they have set forth” (Bukhaari).

O pilgrims! The new civilisation, or to put it more accurately, the purely materialistic civilisation, propagates its own version of the principles of human rights. In reality, these rights are weak, deficient, geared only towards greed and driven by foul racism. Moreover, these rights are not underpinned by faith, nor is there any belief behind them that would revive them, nor any enforceable legislation that would protect them. Consequently, you see them violated in the worlds most materialistically advanced civilizations, the very places from which they are propagated! Where are these human rights when Jerusalem is occupied, the sanctity of Al-Aqsaa violated, its peoples wealth confiscated and their blood spilt – for many years? W here are the human rights in such a war that has no principles to control it; does not respect human morals and flagrantly destroys the very notion of human rights?

Another thing that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said during his Hajj speech was: “All matters from Jaahiliyyah (The pre-Islamic era) are under my foot (i.e. valueless)” (Muslim).

During Jaahiliyyah the shedding of blood was easy and widespread; killing was simple and done as a business and initiating wars was a common practice. The people were unguided with no divine message or faith to purify and regulate them. Then Islaam came to change and uplift their principles and use these as a basis to govern all areas of life. Islaam valued the sanctity of human life and made murder a crime against humanity, Allaah says that which translates as, “We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul – unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it is as if he had slain mankind entirely” (Al-Maa’idah: 32).

Before the message of Islaam, tribalism was deeply rooted in society and well structured, yet the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was able to eliminate all types of prejudice and racism, which people lived for, praised and boasted about. Stressing this point in his speech, he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “All of you descend from Aadam and Aadam was created from clay; The most honourable amongst you in the sight of Allaah are the most pious. There is no preference for an Arab over a non-Arab, a non-Arab over an Arab, a coloured person over a white person or a white person over a coloured person except based on piety” (Al-Bayhaqi, Ahmad and others). Therefore, based on this, all worldly values and differences vanish. People’s colour, wealth, worldly position and lineage are not to be taken into consideration when evaluating a person, because these are things which where granted by Allaah without a person having any choice on whether to accept these or not. Therefore, the only criterion is as Allaah says that which translates as: “Indeed, the most noble of you in the sight of Allaah is the most righteous of you” (Al-Hujuraat: 13). < /SPAN>Having mentioned all of this, it is distressing to see some of our own people trying to revive the tribalism and racialism of Jaahiliyyah, boast about it and trying to spread its evil, despite the fact that the messenger of Allaah sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “Abandon it (tribalism and racialism), for it is foul” (Bukhaari & Muslim).

He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam further said: “The first ribaa (interest-based transaction) I cancel is that of Al-‘Abbaas Ibn Al-Muttalib (his uncle) – I cancel it all” (Muslim). Allaah forbade ribaa because of its great harm and evil; it ruins man’s conscience and corrupts societies due to it causing greed and selfishness to spread. It also kills the sense of community spirit, causes enmity between people and instils hatred in their hearts. For all these reasons, Allaah decl ared war against all those who deal with ribaa and spread it. The war in this life is by causing prices to inflate, financial crises, psychological problems and the deprivation of the sense of cooperation and sacrifice. As for the Hereafter, the war is in the form of a painful punishment. Allaah says that which translates as: “Those who consume interest cannot stand (on the Day of Resurrection) except as one stands who is being beaten by Satan into insanity” (Al-Baqarah: 275). The ribaa based financial-system of the world is responsible for many of the financial and economical crises that have overwhelmed individuals, communities and countries throughout recent history.

Islaam has honoured women and protected their rights; the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said in his speech: “Fear Allaah in your dealings with women, for they are entrusted with you” (Muslim). Islaam honoured the woman as a mother, wife and daughter; it took care of her from the time of her birth until her death; Islaam protected her body and made it unlawful to be looked at after it was openly on display for all to see; Islaam gave her the right to inherit, be educated and made her equal to man in worship, obligations and rewards. Allaah says that which translates as: “Whoever does righteousness, whether male or female, and has faith – We will surely cause them to live a good life” (An-Nahl: 97). We will not address women’s rights as deceitful hollow theories or thoughtless conventions, instead, we invite all people to read the biographies of the believing women like Khadeejah, Sumayyah, Asmaa’, ‘Aa’ishah, Hafsah and Al-Khansaa’, may Allaah be pleased with them all. This will show the glorious pages of our history and present the lives of the Muslim women as living examples and brilliant role-models. We invite everybody to observe and reflect on how Islaam elevated the status of women, purified her soul, reformed her behaviour and made her objectives and wishes far more dignified and honourable than what they were prior to Islaam.

Actions of the believing women throughout history will eternally be remembered as clear proofs and real evidence of their dignity and status in Islaam. We are aware of those who claim to be reformers, leading women to ‘enlightenment’ and accusing those who want to preserve the chastity of women as being stupid, old fashioned and narrow-minded. However, when one analyses their methodology and looks closely at their objectives, one would clearly notice abnormality and irrationality in thinking, perversion from human-nature and sick souls that have became captives of their base-desires. In actuality, these people only seek to deprive women of their dignity, chastity, honour and ultimately render her valueless.

Second Khutbah

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “I have left with you that which if you adhere to, you will never be misguided – The Book of Allaah” (Muslim). Allaah created man and He knows that his ultimate happiness and contentment lies in his adherence to the Qur’aan and the Sunnah of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. Allaah says that which translates as: “Indeed this Qur’aan guides to that which is most suitable” (Al-Israa’: 9). The Qur’aan will guide to that which is best in dealings, financial transactions, judicial laws, politics, economics, finance, education, upbringing and morals, Allaah says that which translates as, “We have omitted nothing from the Book” (Al-An’aam: 38).

He who seeks might will find it in the guidance of the Qur’aan, Allaah says that which translates as: “And to Allaah belongs all honour, and to His Messenger, and to the believers” (Al-Munaafiqoon: 8). He who wants to attain peace and security, will find the solution in the Qur’aan, Allaah says that which translates as: “It is those who believe and do not mix their belief with injustice – those will have security” (Al-An’aam: 82). He who wants the economy to flo urish, will achieve it by following the instructions in the Qur’aan, Allaah says that which translates as: “If only the people of the cities had believed and feared Allah, We would have opened (i.e. bestowed) upon them blessings from the heaven and the earth” (Al-A’raaf: 96). As for he who seeks power, the Qur’aan instructs the Islamic state to acquire and prepare the required power, Allaah says that which translates as: “Prepare against them whatever you are able of power and of steeds of war by which you may terrify the enemy of Allaah and your enemy” (Al-Anfaal: 60). The Qur’aan also lays the foundation for the protection of human rights and sets principles for the preservation of human dignity, Allaah says that which translates as: “We have certainly honoured the children of Aadam and carried them on the land and sea and provided for them of the good things and preferred them over much of what We have created, with (definite) preference” (Al-Israa’: 70).

The Salaf (first three generations of Muslims) became leaders of guidance, by the will of Allaah, when they took it upon themselves to live by and adhere to the teachings of Qur’aan. Therefore, they were able to establish a merciful Islamic state. When Muslims abandoned these morals and teachings, they disintegrated into groups that cursed and fought one another. This was something that the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam warned against in his speech saying, “Do not go back to disbelief after my death by killing one another” (B ukhaari & Muslim).

When the Muslims gave up these fine teachings and principles, our sacred places were lost, our women raped and our blood easily spilt. This is the Khutbah of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, it is a call to the Muslim nation to re-evaluate itself as well as to respond and adhere to the call of the master of messengers.

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

ADVICE AND GUIDELINES FOR THOSE PERFORMING HAJJ

By Muhammad Jameel Zaynoo

Taken from Al-Asaalah Magazine Issue 11 (pg. 45-47)

Source http://www.al-ibaanah.com/articles.php?ArtID=42

Know, my fellow brother, that there are certain etiquettes to the Hajj, which one must abide by and adorn himself with, such as:

1. Maintain cleanliness in your clothes, your tent, the place where you stay, and in your food and drink. This is because keeping clean will aid in preserving your health and in repelling sicknesses.

2. Beware of dropping filth or spoiled food in the roads that people use, for it will cause those performing Hajj to be bothered, and it will cause diseases to spread. So one must remove harmful objects from the road and put them in their proper place (i.e. garbage).

3. Bear the harm that comes from your neighbors with patience, and do not (let that cause you to) harm any of your brothers. Instead, repel their harm in a manner that is better, such as by using kind words.

4. Avoid sexual relations, committing sins, arguing and debating with falsehood, so that your Hajj can be accepted. Listen to the words of Allaa h: “So whoever intends to perform Hajj therein (in the months of Hajj), then he must NOT have sexual relations, nor commit sin, nor debate unjustly during Hajj.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 197] And the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever goes to Hajj and he does not have sexual relations in it nor does he commit sin, he returns back (from Hajj) like the day when his mother gave birth to him (i.e. free from sins).” [Reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim]

5. Be lenient in your buying and selling, and show good manners. And do not deal with anyone in a manner that he is not pleased with.

6. Beware of smoking, displaying bad manners and insulting others, for reviling a Muslim is sinfulness and fighting against him is disbelief.

7. Do not waste your time in the market places – buying and selling – or in gossiping with the “he said/she said” talk.

8. Be gentle with those around you when performing Tawaaf, kissing the St one, the Sa’ee, and when throwing the stones (Ramee) and so on. This is from the gentleness that is required, for Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever is deprived of gentleness, he is deprived of all kinds of good.” [Reported in Saheeh Muslim]

9. Do not raise your voice out loud when making du’aa (supplication) during Tawaaf, because it disturbs the others making Tawaaf.

10. Do not push and shove people, especially when kissing the Black Stone. If it is too crowded and there is too much shoving, it is enough for you to just point in its direction. And when casting the stones (Ramee), it is not permissible for you to use large stones, because this has been forbidden in the religious texts and because it will cause harm to those standing (in front of you). Also, do not throw your shoes (instead of rocks) – as some ignorant people do – for this is a reprehensible act! Avoid touching the glass surrounding t he Prophet’s grave, and avoid touching the walls of the Ka’abah. Rather what is to be touched and kissed from it is (only) the Black Stone. The Yemeni Corner is also touched. [1]

11. You must shave your head or cut your hair very short when in the state of Hill (out of Ihraam), but beware of shaving the beard off, for that is forbidden according to the unanimous agreement of the scholars. Allaah says: “…with (the hair on) their heads shaven or cut short…” Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Trim the moustaches and leave the beards to grow – Do the opposite of the Majoos.” {Reported by Muslim]

12. Beware of supplicating and calling out to other than Allaah, such as calling to deceased people or others not present. This is from the types of Shirk that Allaah has forbidden in His saying: “And do not call besides Allaah that which can neither bring you benefit nor cause you harm. If you do that, then you will b e from the wrong-doers.” What is meant by “wrong-doers” in this ayah are the polytheists (those who commit shirk). If a Muslim commits Shirk, his good deeds become nullified and his Hajj is lost, as Allaah says: “And if you commit Shirk, We will surely cancel out your good deeds and you will indeed be from the losers.” [Surah Az-Zumar: 65]

13. Beware of Riyaa, which is doing a deed for the sake of being seen or heard. An example of this when someone goes to Hajj so that it can be said of him “Hajji so and so.” The title Hajji (or Al-Hajj in Arabic) was not a term that was known to the righteous predecessors (Salaf as-Saalih), so we cannot hear from any of them that he said about his brother “Hajji so and so.” Rather, this is from the innovations of those in recent times. So have sincerity in your Hajj and say as Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “O Allaah, (this is) a Hajj with no riyaa or sam’ah in it.” [2]

14. Increase in your recitation of the Qur’aan and acting on what is in it, your performing of Tawaaf, your sending of Salaat on the Prophet. And make a lot of supplication, especially at night, because Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever wakes in the night and says when he awakens: ‘Laa Ilaaha IllAllaah wahdahu laa shareeka lahu. Lahul-Mulk wa lahul-Hamd wa Huwa ‘alaa Kulli shay’in Qadeer. SubhaanAllaah wal-Hamdu Lillaah wa Laa Ilaaha IllAllah wa-Allaahu Akbar wa laa Hawla wa laa Quwata Illaa Billaah.’[3] And then he says: ‘Allaahumma Ighfir Lee’ or some supplication, he will be answered. And if he makes ablution and prays, his prayer will be accepted.” [Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree]

Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s Note: The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Touching the Black Stone and the Yemeni Corner removes sins.” [Reported by At-Timrimidhee and Ibn Khuzaimah and authenticated by Al-Albaanee in his book on Hajj.

[2] Translator’s Note: Riyaa means doing deeds to be seen and Sam’ah means doing deeds to be heard.

[3] Translator’s Note: This means: “There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah – alone and with no partner. To Him belongs the Dominion and the Praise and He is Able over all things. Glory be to Allaah, all praise be to Allaah, and there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah. And there is no movement nor power except by Allaah’s permission.” The next phrase means: “O Allaah, forgive me.”

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4 thoughts on “Hajj And Umrah”

  1. These are very good suggestions and guidelines. If you could include some pictures, it would be great for pilgrims.

  2. I didn’t write the article but insha’Allah in the future I will consider posting an article which does have pictures.

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