By Imaam ibn al-Qayyim al-Jawziyyah (d.751H) [The sayings of Imaam ibn al-Qayyim are from his book Madaarij us-Salikeen unless otherwise stated]

    Imaam ibn al-Qayyim said: “Jihad is of four types:

  1. 1.. Jihad an-Nafs (one’s own self)
  2. 2.. Jihad ash-Shaytaan (Satan)
  3. 3.. Jihad al-Kuffar (the disbelievers) and al-Munafiqeen (the hypocrites)
  4. 4.. Jihad ahlu (the people of) ath-Thulm (injustice), al-Bid’ah (innovation) and al-Munkaraat (sin and evil)”

1. Jihad an-Nafs

He (rahimahullah) continued by saying: “Jihad an-Nafs (one’s striving against his desires) is also four types:

Firstly: Striving hard to learn the true guidance and the religion of truth, meaning Islamic Monotheism (Tawheed), without which the soul will have no success or happiness in this life or the Last Life. When the Nafs (soul) does not acquire knowledge in the religion, it will be miserable in both places of dwelling (this life and the next).

Secondly: One’s striving hard to implement what he has learnt. Knowledge without implementation will not be beneficial and may even bring about harm.

Thirdly: Striving to deliver the Message and teach it to those who do not have knowledge in it. Otherwise one will be among those who hide the Guidance and the Clear Proofs that Allah has sent down. Such are those whose knowledge will neither bring about benefit to them nor safety form Allah’s punishment.

Fourthly: Striving to be patient in the face of hardships of conducting Da’wah (inviting mankind) unto Allah, while disregarding the threat of being harmed by other people and the enemies of Islam, all the while striving to endure all these difficulties”

2. Jihad ash-Shaytaan

Imaam ibn al-Qayyim said: “There are two types of Jihad ash-Shaytaan:

First: Jihad against him to disregard the misgivings and doubts he raises to invalidate Imaan (faith).

Second: Jihad against him by ignoring what he tempts one with erroneous intentions and desires. Achieving certainty (concerning Faith) comes after practicing first type of this Jihad, while successfully observing patience is the result of practicing the second type. Allah says: “And We made from among them (children of Israel) leaders, giving guidance under Our Command, when they were patient and used to believe with certainty in Our Ayaat (Signs, Verses etc.)” [33:24]

In this Ayah Allah stated that achieving the status of being leaders in the religion is done by practicing patience and feeling Yaqeen (certainty in Allah and that Islam in the only true guidance, etc.). Patience defeats desires and ill intentions, while certainty defeats doubts and misgivings”

Some verses regarding Jihad ash-Shaytaan:

”Surely, Shaytaan is an enemy to you, so treat his as an enemy” [35:6]

“He (Shaytaan) said: My Lord! Because you have sent me astray I shall verily adorn the path of error for them in the earth, and shall mislead them everyone, except such of them as are Your perfectly devoted slaves” [al-Hijr 39:40]

“And say: ‘My Lord! I seek refuge with You from the suggestions of the shayateen (devils). And I seek refuge with You, My Lord! Lest that they may attend (or come near) me'” [23:97-98]

3. Jihad al-Kuffar wal-Munafiqeen

Imaam ibn al-Qayyim said: “As for Jihad al-Kuffar wal-Munafiqeen, they are also four types: with the heart, tongue, wealth and one’s self (body). Jihad al-Kuffar is usually practiced with the hand, while Jihad al-Munafiqeen is usually practiced by the tongue (by refuting them and exposing their misguided ways, etc.)” Abu Dawud narrated that the Prophet (saw) said: “Perform Jihad against the disbelievers with your wealth, with yourself and with your tongues”

Imaam ibn al-Qayyim also said: “Jihad with the clear proofs and the tongue comes before Jihad with the sword and the spear” [Qaseedah an-Nooniyyah]

In another place he said: “I heard my Shaikh (ie. Shaykh-ul-Islam ibn Taymiyyah) saying: ‘The Jihad against one’s self and against al-Hawwa (desires) constitutes the basis for the Jihad against the Kuffar and and the Munafiqeen, because one is unable to make Jihad against them until he makes Jihad against himself and his Hawwa first, so that he can go out to (confront) them” [Rawdaat-ul-Muhibeen wa Nuzhat-ul-Mushtaqeen]

Some verses regarding Jihad al-Kuffar wal-Munafiqeen

“But strive hard against them (ie. the Kuffar), (by preaching) with the utmost endeavor, with it (ie. the Qur’an)” [25:52]

“O Prophet! Perform Jihad against the disbelievers and the hypocrites and be severe against them” [66:9]

“O you who believe! What is the matter with you, that, when you are asked to go forth in the Cause of Allah, you cling heavily to the earth? Do you prefer the life of this world to the Hereafter? But little is the comfort of this life, as compared with the Hereafter” [at-Tauba 9:38]

”Those who believe fight in the cause of Allah, and those who reject Faith fight in the cause of Evil: so fight you against the friends of Shaytaan – feeble indeed is the cunning of Shaytan” [an-Nisaa’ 4:76]

Some Ahaadeeth regarding Jihad al-Kuffar wal-Munafiqeen

The Messenger of Allah said: “The example of the Mujahid (who performs Jihad) in the Cause of Allah, and only Allah knows who is truly performing Jihad in His Cause, is the example of he who is both a Saa’im (fasting) and a Qaa’im (standing up in voluntary prayers).” [Al-Bukhari]

‘Ubaydah ibn Rifa’ah said: Once, Abu ‘Abs caught up with me when I was going for Jum’ah prayer, and then said, ‘I heard the Messenger of Allah (saw) say : “He whose feet become dusty in the Sake of Allah (such as when fighting the disbelievers, etc.), Allah will prohibit Hell for him (he will not enter Hell)”‘[Al-Bukhari]

The Messenger of Allah said: “He who supports a Ghazi (Mujahid) in the Cause of Allah, will have performed Ghazw (fighting in Jihad) himself. He who takes care of a Ghazi’s family in a way that is better, will have performed Ghazw himself.” [Al-Bukhari]

4. Jihad Against those who Practice Injustice, Innovations and Sin

Imaam ibn al-Qayyim said: “There are three types of this Jihad. First, with the hand, when able to do so. But when one is unable, then he should revert to Jihad with the tongue, and if again unable, then with the heart.”

Some Ahaadeeth regarding this type of Jihad

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: “He amongst you who witnesses an evil, let him change (remove, stop) it with his hand. If unable, then with his tongue, and if unable, then with his heart, and this indeed is the weakest Imaan.” [Muslim]

Furthermore, Ibn Masud narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: “There was no Prophet whom Allah has sent before me but who had disciples and friends from among his nation who would follow his Sunnah and obey his commands. Then, new generations will come, those who would say that which they do not practice, and practice that which they were not commanded. He who performs Jihad against them (such misguided and deviated people) with his hand is a believer ; he who performs Jihad against them with his tongue is a believer ; and he who perform Jihad against them with his heart is a believer. There is nothing (no Imaan) after this, even the weight of a mustard seed.” [Muslim]

Some sayings of other scholars regarding this type of Jihad

Shaykh-ul-Islam ibn Taymiyyah said: “Refuting ahlul-bida’ (the innovators) is a Jihad, to the extent that Yahyaa ibn Yahyaa (d.226H) said: ‘Defence of the Sunnah is more excellent than Jihad in the path of Allah'” [Naqdul-Mataq wal-Kalaam]

Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) said: “When some people asked Ahmad bin Hanbal (d.24 I H) that they felt uneasy about (criticizing people) by saying that such and such is this, and such and such is that, he replied: “If I were to remain silent, how would the ignorant ones know the authentic (narrations) from the inauthentic?” Similarly, the innovators who introduce heretical writings which oppose the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, and those who innovate in matters of worship, then explaining their true condition and warning the Ummah against them is an obligation by the unanimous agreement of the Muslim Scholars. In fact, when lmaam Ahmad bin Hanbal was asked whether a person who fasted, prayed and secluded himself in the mosque for worship was dearer to him than a person who spoke out against ahlul-bid’ah (the innovators), he replied: “When he fasts and prays and secludes himself, then he does so for the benefit of his own self. However, when he speaks out against the innovators, he does so for the benefit of the Muslims in general, and this is more virtuous.” So it is clear that opposing the Innovators is of general benefit to the Muslims and is considered one of the types of Jihad in the path of Allaah. Since purifying the Religion of Allaah, and its minhaaj (methodology), its Sharee’ah, and defending it from their attacks and that of their enemies is a collective obligation – a fact which is agreed upon by the Scholars. For if Allah did not raise up some people to repel the harms (caused by) others, then the Religion would become corrupted. Indeed, this type of corruption is even greater than the corruption resulting from the disbelievers conquering the Muslims. This is because when the disbelievers conquer the Muslims, they do not corrupt their hearts nor their Religion, except after some time. Whereas the innovators corrupt the hearts from the very outset” [Majmoo’ Fatawaa (28/231-232)]


After Imaam ibn al-Qayyim explained the types and categories of Jihad, he then summarized his research by saying, “These are thirteen types of Jihad, and he who dies without indulging in Jihad or encouraging himself to perform Jihad, will die on a way (method, part, manner etc.) of hypocrisy”.



Excerpted & translated from the book: “The Roads of Desires to the Fate of the Admirers”

A man called Abu Qudamah Ash-Shamy, who lived in the Prophet’s Madinah, was known for his love for Jihad in Allah’s cause and participating in expeditions to the land of the Romans. One day, while conversing with some of his companions in the Prophet’s Holy Mosque in Madinah, they said: “O Abu Qudamah, tell us about the most amazing thing you have witnessed while in Jihad”. He replied:

I once arrived at the city of Riqqa (in Iraq) seeking to purchase a camel to carry my weapons. One day, a woman entered to where I was sitting and said: “O Abu Qudamah, I was listening to what you mentioned about Jihad and your incitement for Muslims to join it. I have been blessed with more hair than many other women; I have cut it and made a horse’s rein out of, and I have covered it with dust so that no one can recognise it. I wish that you take it with you, so that when you arrive to the land of the disbelievers, and the horsemen engage in battle, the arrows are fired, the swords are drawn, and the spears are pulled out, either use it if you find the need for it, or hand it to whoever needs it, for I wish that my hair will witness the battle and will get the dust in the Way of Allah. I am a widowed woman who had a husband and a number of relatives, who were all killed in Allah’s Path; I would have joined Jihad had it been required of me.” She then handed over the rein to me.

She then said: “O Abu Qudamah, know that my husband left me a son who is amongst the finest of youths: He has learnt the Qur’an, the art of swordsmanship, as well as archery; he prays at night and fasts during the day, and he is 15 years of age. He is currently away at a property which he has inherited from his father. Hopefully he will get back before your departure, for I wish to send him with you as a gift to Allah the Exaltand most High. And I ask you by Allah that you do not deprive me from gaining the rewards I seek.”

Abu Qudamah said: I had departed from Riqqa with my companions, when I heard a horseman calling out from behind: “O Abu Qudamah, wait for me for a while, may Allah have mercy on you.” I stopped and said to my companions: Go forth while I check who it is. The horseman then approached me, hugged me, and said: “Praised be Allah who did not deny me from your company and did not turn me back disappointed”. I said: “My beloved, let me see your face, for, if it is imperative on someone of your age to fight, I would command you to join us, otherwise I would turn you back”. When he uncovered his face, I saw a young man who is like a full moon (in beauty), and who seems to have been living a wealthy life. I said: “My beloved, do you have a father?” He said: “No, in fact I am coming with you seeking revenge for my father who was martyred, perhaps Allah will grant me martyrdom as he granted my father”. I said: “My beloved, do you have a mother?” “Yes”, he replied. I then said: “Then go and ask her permission, if she permits you to go then come back, otherwise stay back with her”.

The young man said: “O Abu Qudamah! Don’t you recognise me?” “No”, I replied. He said: “I am the son of the woman who gave you the trust. How fast did you forget my mother’s request! I am -Insha’ Allah- the martyr son of the martyr! I ask you by Allah not to stop me from going forth with you in Allah’s way, for I memorise Allah’s Book, and have knowledge of the Prophet’s Sunnah, and I am experienced in horsemanship and shooting, and I have not left behind someone who is a better fighter than myself, so despise me not for my young age. My mother has taken an oath that I should not come back, and said: ‘O son! If you meet the disbelievers, turn not your back to them, and offer your soul to Allah, and seek to be close to Allah, and the company of your father and your righteous uncles in the Heaven; and if Allah grants you martyrdom, then intercede on my behalf, for I was told that the martyr can plead on behalf of seventy of his relatives, and seventy of his neighbours’. She then hugged me, lifted her head to the heavens and said: ‘My Lord, Master and God, this is my son, the flower of my heart and the dearest to my soul, I present him to you,so draw him nearer to his father’.”

When I heard the youth’s words, I wept in grief over his good character and the beauty of his youth, and out of pity for his mother’s heart, and over my astonishment at her patience on being away from him.

We went on with our journey; we rested at nightfall, and took off in the morning. During that time the youth did not cease remembering Allah and glorifying Him. I observed his movements, and found that he was better than us when riding, and our servant once we dismounted. As we got closer and closer to the enemy, he would strengthen our determination, his spirit would fortify, his heart would purify, and the signs of happiness would cover him.

We proceeded until we were close to the land of the Kuffar. It was near sunset when we alighted. The young man was cooking food for us to break our fast when he fell asleep. He slept for a long time, and I could see him smiling during his sleep. When he woke up, I said to him: “My beloved, I saw you smiling while asleep”. He said: “I saw a vision which I liked and made me laugh”. I said: “What was it you saw?” He said: “I saw myself in an elegant green garden. While wandering in it, I faced a silver castle which had balconies made of pearls and jewels. Its doors were made of gold, and its curtains were lowered. I then saw some maids, whose faces were like the moons (in beauty), lifting the curtains. Upon seeing me, they said: ‘Welcome’. I then heard some of them saying to the others: ‘This is the husband of the ‘Mardhiyyah’ (Blessed)’. They then said to me: ‘Come forth, may Allah have mercy on you’. When I approached, I saw a room on the top of the castle, it was made of red gold, and had a green bed made of jewels, and its legs were made of white silver. There was a girl on the bed whose face was like the sun, and had it not been for Allah’s help I would have lost my sight, and I would have lost my mind, because of the brilliance of the room, and the beauty of the girl. Upon seeing me, the girl greeted me saying: ‘Welcome, O Allah’s servant and His beloved! You are mine and I am yours.’ I wanted to hug her, but she said: ‘Slow down, do not rush, you are not one of those who do wrong. However, we shall meet tomorrow at the time of Zuhur prayers, so rejoice!’.”

Abu Qudamah said: I then told him: “My beloved, you saw but good, and good it shall be Insha’ Allah.”

Amazed at the youth’s dream, we went to sleep. When we woke up, we rushed, mounted our horses, and the caller cried: “O Allah’s horsemen! Mount, and rejoice with Paradise, ‘March forth, whether you are light or heavy’ [Qur’an, 9:41].” It was only an hour before the army of Kufur, may Allah humiliate it, approached as if they were locusts spread abroad. The first of us to attack them was the youth, who scattered them, dispersed their lines, and plunged into their ranks; he killed many of their men, and knocked down their heroes. When I saw him doing this, I caught up with him, grabbed his horse’s rein, and said: My beloved, retreat! You are a young boy who is inexperienced in warfare. He replied: “O uncle! Did you not hear Allah’s saying: ‘O you who believe! When you meet those who disbelieve, in battle a field, never turn your backs to them’, do you wish for me to enter the Fire of Hell?”

While talking, the Mushriks launched a great offensive, which caused us to separate, and each of us had to look after himself. When the two parties separated, the killed were countless. I rode around examining the killed, whose blood was flowing on the ground, and who could not be recognised due to the dust and blood which covered their faces.

While riding, I saw the youth between the horses’ hooves, covered with dust and blood; he was saying: “O Muslims! For Allah’s Sake, get my uncle Abu Qudamah to come to me!” Upon hearing his crying, I ran towards him. I could not recognise his face because of the blood, and the marks from the horses’ footsteps. I said: “Here I am, this is Abu Qudamah”. He said: “O uncle, by the Lord of the Ka’bah, my dream has come true. I am the son of the rein’s owner!” Upon hearing this, I threw myself on him, kissed him between the eyes, wiped the dust and blood off his face, and said: O my beloved! Do not forget your uncle Abu Qudamah, make him amongst those you intercede on their behalf on the Day of Judgement! He replied: “The likes of you cannot be forgotten! You wipe my face with your gown? My gown is worthier.O uncle, leave it, for I wish to meet Allah in this state. O uncle! The Hoor (girl of Paradise) that I described to you, she’s at my head, waiting for my soul to depart from my body, and she is saying to me: ‘Hurry, I am longing for you.’ O uncle, for the Sake of Allah, if He was to bring you back safely, take my blood-stained clothes to my poor, grieved and sad mother, present them to her, and tell her: ‘Allah has accepted your gift’.” He then smiled and said: “I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, no partner has He; He has kept His promise, and I bear witness that Muhammad is Allah’s servant and Messenger; this is what Allah and His Messenger has promised us, and Allah and His Messenger were true to their promise.” His soul then left his body.

We then enshrouded him with his clothes, and buried him, may Allah be pleased with him and us.

When we returned from our expedition and entered the Riqqa, I headed towards the house of the young man’s mother. She came out, and seemed very worried. I greeted her, she answered my Salam and said: “Did you come as a condoler or as a rejoicer?” Explain to me what is a condolence and what is a rejoice to you, may Allah have mercy on you, I replied. She said: “If my son has come back safe, then you are indeed a condoler. Whereas if he has been killed in Allah’s Path, then you are a rejoicer!” I said: Rejoice, for Allah has accepted your gift!

Upon hearing this she wept and said: “Did He accept it?” I said: Yes. Thereupon she said: “Praise be to Allah who spared him for me on the Day of Judgement.”.

May Allah (SWT) give us the hikmah to take correct lesson from this and give us the iman and taqwa to act upon it. Ameen.



By Alia Amer

Nusaybah’s life and example as a Muslimah, wife & mother can be surpassed only by a few other women in the history of Islam.

She was one of only two women who traveled with seventy-three men to Makkah, and pledged allegiance to the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, to believe in Allah alone and not to associate others with Him. They also pledged themselves to jihad in complete obedience to the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, in ease and hardship and harsh circumstances. That historical meeting is known as the second pledge of al-Aqabah.

Nusaybah, known as Um Imarah, was a rare kind of Muslim. A pious and noble woman, Um Imarah was also a daring courageous fighter in the cause of Allah, and she proved more than once to be truthful to her pledge.

Hearing that the Makkan pagans were preparing for a great battle to take revenge for their heavy losses during the battle of Badr, and that they were moving towards Uhud, the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, mobilized the Muslim men in Madinah. Um Imarah went out with her husband and her two sons, Abdullah and Habib, to join the fighters. In the beginning she brought water to the wounded and tended to their needs, but as the battle raged, and the Muslims were being defeated, she saw that some were fleeing the enemy leaving the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam without protection. She tied her belt around her waist so that she would not trip,brandishing a sword at times and throwing arrows at others, she cut through the ranks of the enemy and took sides with the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam. She fought fiercely that day, striking fatal blows to her opponents until she suffered many wounds, one of them left a deep gash in her shoulder, which took a whole year to heal. She herself related some of what had happened during that battle. “I realized that people fled leaving the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, exposed,” she said, “So less than ten men remained to protect him, while the others were passing by, defeated. The Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, saw me without a shield and saw a man leaving the battlefield carrying his shield, he said, ‘Surrender your shield to the one who is fighting.’ He surrendered it and I picked it up and used it to shield the Messenger of Allah. But those who gave us the hardest time were the horsemen, if they were on foot like us; we would have defeated them insha’Allah. A cavalier came towards me, but he was unable to strike at me because I protected myself with the shield. As he was turning back I dealt a blow to his horse’s hamstring and he fell on his back. The Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, cried out, ‘O son of Um Imarah, your mother, your mother!’ So he helped me kill the horseman.”

Her own son related later more of her heroic behavior during the battle. He said, “I was wounded during the battle of Uhud, and the blood would not stop. The Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, said, ‘Bandage your wound.’ My mother was busy fighting the enemy, but when she heard the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, she came toward me carrying bandages tied to her side, she bandaged my wound while the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, was standing by. She then told me, ‘Get up my son, and fight.’ The Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, said, ‘Who can endure what you are enduring, Um Imarah!’ A short time later, the man who hit me was coming our way, so the Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, said, ‘Here is the man who hit your son, O Um Imarah.’ She went up to him and hit him in the leg; she left him kneeling on the ground. The Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, smiled at what she has done so broadly that his molar teeth were showing and said, ‘You avenged yourself, Um Imarah.’ Then more men came and struck the man and killed him. The Prophet, sallallahu alayhe wa sallam, said to her, ‘Praise is due to Allah Who gave you victory over your enemy and satisfied you by showing you his death’.”

A few months later when the call was announced to prepare for the battle of Hamra-ul-Asad, Um Imarah got ready but she was not able to continue in her way because her wound got worse and she was bleeding profusely.

The battle of Uhud was not the only occasion when Um Imarah showed her bravery. She was among those who gave the pledge of ar-Ridhwan, to fight until martyrdom. She also witnessed the battle of Hunayn.

When the Prophet sallallahu alayhe wa sallam passed away, some of the Arab tribes apostatized, at their head was Musaylimah The Liar. Khalifah Abu Bakr rallied the Muslims to fight the renegades. Um Imarah asked permission from Abu Bakr to join the army, accompanied by her two sons. “We knew your bravery during the war,” he said, “Come on in the name of Allah.”

This battle was a great test for Um Imarah. The fight was hard and the two parties adamantly set to win it. She held her grounds, always advancing. Now she heard that her son Habib fell prisoner to Musaylimah the liar. He asked him, “Do you testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah?” When he said that he did, he went on, “And do you testify that I am the messenger of Allah?” he answered, “I do not hear.” So Musaylimah began to cut him to pieces, organ by organ until he died. He asked him the same questions over and over, but he could not get a different answer. Um Imarah went to al-Yamamah with the Muslims and took part in the war against Musaylimah. She was eager to see the end of Musaylimah, and it was the will of Allah that he be slain by her other son Abdullah, and another companion. Um Imarah returned from the war having suffered twelve wounds inflicted by spear and sword, and having lost an arm, and her beloved son.

Um Imarah, Nusaybah bint Ka’b, was a woman who was true to her words, a woman who occupies a special place in the history of Islam.



Author Unknown

His hair looked dishevelled and his whole appearance was unkempt. He was thin and wiry with so little flesh on his bones that it was painful to look at him. Yet in single handed combat he defeated and killed many opponents and in the thick of battle he was an outstanding fighter against the mushrikeen. He was so courageous and daring that Umar once wrote to his governors throughout the Islamic state that they should not appoint him to lead any army out of fear that he would have them all killed by his daring exploits. This man was al-Baraa ibn Malik al-Ansari, the brother of Anas ibn Malik, the personal aide of the Prophet.

If the tales of Baraa’s heroism were to be told in detail pages and pages could be written. But let one example suffice.

This particular story begins only hours after the death of the noble Prophet when many Arabian tribes took to leaving the religion of God in large numbers, just as they had entered it in large numbers. Within a short space of time only the people of Makkah, Madinah and Taif and scattered communities here and there, whose commitment to Islam was unwavering, remained within the religion.

Abu Bakr as-Siddiq, the successor to the Prophet, stood firm against this blind and destructive movement. From the Muhajireen and Ansar, he mobilized eleven armies each under a separate commander and dispatched them to various parts of the Arabian peninsula. Their purpose was to make the apostates return to the path of guidance and truth and to confront the leaders of the rebellion.

The strongest group of apostates and the greatest in number were the Banu Hanifah among whom Musaylamah the Imposter arose, claiming that he was a prophet. Musaylamah managed to mobilize forty thousand of the best fighters among his people. Most of these however followed him for the sake of Allah or tribal loyalty and not because they believed in him. One of them in fact said, “I testify that Musaylamah is an impostor and that Muhammad is true but the impostor of Rabiah (Musaylamah) is dearer to us than the true man of Mudar (Muhammad ). ”

Musaylamah routed the first army sent against him under the leadership of Ikrimah ibn Abi Jahl. Abu Bakr dispatched another army against Musaylamah led by Khalid ibn al-Walid. This army included the cream of the Sahabah from both the Ansar and the Muhajireen. In the front ranks of this army was Baraa ibn Malik and a group of the most valiant Muslims.

The two armies met in the territory of the Banu Hanifah at Yamamah in Najd. Before long, the scale of battle tilted in favor of Musaylamah and his men. The Muslim armies began to retreat from their positions. Musaylamah’s forces even stormed the tent of Khalid ibn Walid and drove him from his position. They would have killed his wife if one of them had not granted her protection.

At that point, the Muslims realized in what a perilous situation they were. They were also conscious of the fact that if they were annihilated by Musaylamah, Islam would not be able to stand as a religion and Allah–the One God with whom there is no partner–would not be worshipped in the Arabian peninsula after that.

Khalid mustered his forces once more and began reorganizing them. He separate(i the Muhajireen and the Ansar and kept men from different tribes apart. Each was put under the leadership of one of its own members so that the losses of each group in the battle might be known.

The battle raged. There was much destruction and death. The Muslims had not experienced anything like this in all the wars they had fought before. Musaylamah’s men remained firm amidst the tumult, as firm as immovable mountains although many of them had fallen.

The Muslims displayed tremendous feats of heroism. Thabit ibn Qays, the standard bearer of the Ansar, dug a pit and planted himself in it and fought until he was killed. The pit he dug turned out to be his grave. Zayd ibn al-Khattab, brother of Umar ibn al-Khattab, may God be pleased with them both, called out to the Muslims: “Men, bite with your jaw teeth, strike the enemy and press on. By God, I shall not speak to you after this until either Musaylamah is defeated or I meet God.” He then charged against the enemy and continued fighting until he was killed. Salim, the mawla of Abu Hudhaifah, and standard bearer of the Muhajireen displayed unexpected valor. His people feared that he would show weakness or be too terrified to fight. To them he said, “If you manage to overtake me, what a miserable bearer of the Quran I shall be.” He then valiantly plunged into the enemy ranks and eventually fell as a martyr.

The bravery of all these, however, wanes in front of the heroism of al-Baraa ibn Malik, may God be pleased with him and with them all.

As the battle grew fiercer and fiercer, Khalid turned to al-Baraa and said, “Charge, young man of the Ansar.” Al-Baraa turned to his men and said, “O Ansar, let not anyone of you think of returning to Madinah. There is no Madinah for you after this day. There is only Allah, then Paradise.”

He and the Ansar then launched their attack against the mushrikeen, breaking their ranks and dealing telling blows against them until eventually they began to withdraw. They sought refuge in a garden which later became known in history as The Garden of Death because of the many killed there on that day. The garden was surrounded by high walls. Musaylamah and thousands of his men entered and closed the gates behind them and fortified themselves.

From their new positions they began to rain down arrows on the Muslims.

The valiant Baraa went forward and addressed his company, “Put me on a shield. Raise the shield on spears and hurl me into the garden near the gate. Either I shall die a martyr or I shall open the gate for you.”

The thin and wiry al-Baraa was soon sitting on a shield. A number of spears raised the shield and he was thrown into the Garden of Death amongst the multitude of Musaylamah’s men. He descended on them like a thunderbolt and continued to fight them in front of the gate. Many fell to his sword and he himself sustained numerous wounds before he could open the gate.

The Muslims charged into the Garden of Death through the gates and over the walls. Fighting was bitter and at close quarters and hundreds were killed. Finally the Muslims came upon Musaylamah and he was killed.

Al Baraa was taken in a litter to Madinah. Khalid ibn al-Walid spent a month looking after him and tending his wounds. Eventually his condition improved. Through him the Muslims had gained victory over Musaylamah.

In spite of recovering from his wounds, al-Baraa continued to long for the martyrdom which had eluded him at the Garden of Death. He went on fighting in battle after battle hoping to attain his aim. This came at the battle for Tustar in Persia.

At Tustar the Persians were besieged in one of their defiant fortresses. The siege was long and when its effects became quite unbearable, they adopted a new tactic. From the walls of the fortress, they began to throw down iron chains at the ends of which were fastened iron hooks which were red hot. Muslims were caught by these hooks and were pulled up either dead or in the agony of death.

One of these hooks got hold of Anas ibn Malik, the brother of al-Baraa. As soon as al-Baraa saw this, he leapt up the wall of the fortress and grabbed the chain which bore his brother and began undoing the hook from his body. His hand began to burn but he did not let go before his brother was released.

Baraa himself died during this battle. He had prayed to God to grant him martyrdom.



By the Scholar of Hadeeth Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee

Translated by Abu Rumaysah

[The following is a translation from ‘Fataawaa al-Albaanee’ (a transcription of some of the cassettes of the shaykh) when the shaykh was asked his opinion on Jihaad.]


“With respect to Jihaad, O my brother, in this time and before this time it is fard ’ayn, because the problem at hand is not a problem of Bosnia and Chechnya (alone) which has again moved the emotions of the Muslim youth. For here we have neighbouring us, the Jews who have occupied Palestine, and not a single Islaamic country has moved to establish the obligation of making Jihaad with them, and evicting them and throwing them in the sea, as some of or one of the presidents of the Islaamic lands used to say. And the point is that Jihaad is fard ’ayn, because many of the Muslim lands have been occupied in the past and the present by the disbelievers. And the likes of this occupation is not hidden from the Muslim who concerns himself with the affairs of the Muslims, not to speak of the Islaamic groups or Islaamic sects or Islamic lands.

But Jihaad has pillars and conditions, and we – the group of Muslim scholars – believe that the obligatory Jihaad is only obligatory upon those Muslims who would help one another to establish what Allaah has obligated upon them from the Jihaad against the disbelievers, and evicting them from the lands they have occupied.

And we do not need now to relate the evidences from the Book and Sunnah, for this point has no difference of opinion over it between the scholars – that Jihaad is fard ’ayn when an area of the Muslim land is occupied, so how about when the occupation has occurred in many lands?!

But, unfortunately I wish to say that this Jihaad which is fard – rather fard ’ayn – is not possible to be established by individuals as occurs in the question, rather not even by some of the Islaamic groups. Because the likes of this Jihaad, especially in our times in which the means of fighting have become many, is not possible to be established by the Islaamic groups not to speak of individuals! But the obligation is upon the countries, and those Islaamic countries that have the strength to prepare for war, and the means of modern day warfare, by which if they gathered together sincerely for this Jihaad they would establish the fard ’ayn. But, very unfortunately, these countries have not moved a limb to establish this.

So maybe they refer the matter of this jihad to the various Islaamic groups and sects, while these are not capable of doing anything to stop the advance/attack of the disbelievers. And the current affairs bear witness to the fact that any Islaamic group that tries, either to fight the aggressor as occurred in Afghanistan for example, or by revolting against the ruler whose kufr has become clear, like in Algeria for example – then these unfortunate occurrences indicate that the individual Jihaad or group Jihaad does not produce the expected fruit, and that is that the Word of Allaah be made supreme.

So therefore, we believe that this Jihaad is not possible except under an Islaamic authority firstly, and under an Islaamic group comprising of people from different lands, not just one land or one region. And add to this the necessity that taqwaa (fear) of Allaah be present, by staying away from what Allaah has prohibited from the matters that are well known amongst the Muslims, but unfortunately they are very far from putting into practice.

And we have mentioned – and I am trying to summarise my words as much as possible – many times that what has befallen the Muslims today, this humiliation and abasement/ignominy that has not been known in the history of Islaam at all, is that the Muslims have misapplied, at the very least, one verse of the Qur’aan, and that is the saying of Allaah: “And if you help Allaah, Allaah will Help you.” [Soorah Muhammad 47:7]

And there is no doubt that this Help of the Muslims from Allaah, is Help in making the Laws of the Sharee’ah an observable reality, and this unfortunately is not realised in the majority of the Islaamic lands, or in the Muslim individuals. And those amongst the Muslim lands that do have some remnants of ruling by the Law of Allaah have not, up until now proclaimed the call to Jihaad. And due to this the Muslim individuals and nations will remain weak as long as none of the Islaamic lands lift the flag of Jihaad, and that Jihaad which calls for fighting those nearest them, not those that are far, far away. For the Muslims, with their lands, and groups, and sects, and as individuals, if they cannot establish Jihaad with those that neighbour them or are close to them then they are not capable of making Jihad with those that are distant from them…for example Eritrea, Somalia, Bosnia and Chechnya. And due to this we mention now, that it is upon the Muslim youth as individuals and groups and sects that they spread the correct Islaamic awareness in the lands firstly, and then in the rulers secondly – and that (correct understanding) is that all of these people rule by what Allaah has revealed.

The ruler that he rules by what Allaah has revealed and ordered. The individual that he rules by what Allaah has revealed… I know that today many of the individuals, and groups and sects, throw the responsibility (of the state of affairs) onto the rulers only, while in my certain belief the responsibility equally falls upon these individuals, groups and sects, as it falls upon these rulers! This is because these governments arose from the lands of these Muslims…these Muslims who were addressed by two hadeeths from the Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)…the first his (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: “When you deal with interest, and hold fast to the tail of the cow, and become contented with agriculture, and you leave Jihaad in the Way of Allaah, Allaah will permit your humiliation and will not lift it from you until you return to your Religion.” [1]

And the second hadeeth, his (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: “The nations summon each other upon you as you call guests to eat from a plate of food”, they said “Will we be few in number on that day O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “No rather you will be many on that day, but you will be like the foam on the ocean. And Allaah will remove the fear in the hearts of your enemies and place in your hearts al-wahn.” They said, “What is al-wahn O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “Love of this world and hatred of death.” [2] And these occurrences which are mentioned by the Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) in this hadeeth have now occurred in every Muslim society, and they are from the clear afflictions that necessitate the descent of this humiliation upon the Muslims until the hearts of the rulers, and individuals become totally covered in black (due to their sins).

The Muslim lands do not rule by what Allaah revealed, and if there is one amongst them that does (claim to) rule by what Allaah revealed, then the first clear indication that it does not rule by what Allaah revealed is that it does not raise the call for Jihaad.

So if this time is not the time in which Jihaad in the Way of Allaah does not become obligatory, and many of the Muslims lands have been occupied, then when will this Jihaad become obligatory?

But the problem – and this is the heart of the matter – is that there is no one amongst us who is capable of undertaking (this jihaad), why?…Because we are drowning in sins, and drowning in sectarian differences and national differences, and we know that one of the doorways to weakness and defeat is that the Muslims differ amongst themselves.

And we have been tried recently with a very sad trial, and that is the Afghani Jihaad, where we were hoping that its endpoint would be victory for the Muslims, and there were strong signs for placing the seed of the Islaamic state. Then the end and result turned out to be totally opposite (to what was hoped) due to the early signs of victory over the enemy, the communists (shuyoo’iyyeen), diminished when the differences between the tribes made them split into seven groups, and their Islam which they took as the Religion did not prevent them from doing this, and our Lord says: “And do not be from the polytheists. From those that split their Religion and became sects, each sect rejoicing in what it has.” [Sooratur-Room 30:31-32]

Therefore, it is upon the one who desires to go on Jihaad that he gets the means of Jihaad, and the means of acquiring victory, and that is not realisable in our times unfortunately. And Allaah says in the Noble Qur’aan: “Indeed Allaah will not change the state of a people until they change what is in themselves.” [Sooratul-An’aam 6:53]

Therefore we call the Muslim individuals, and groups and sects, not to speak of the governments that they concern themselves by spreading the purified, authentic Islaam, purified from every spurious element that has entered it with the passing of time, and then bring up the Muslims on this purified Islaam.

The day when these signs begin, and become clear in this vast Islaamic land, that day shall the signs of getting ready to establish this fard ’ayn Jihaad begin.

These anxious individuals that go to many of the Muslim lands invaded/attacked by the disbelievers like Bosnia and Chechnya for example, what are the weapons that they have with them? Who are the leaders who can discipline them and make them fight under one authority and under one flag? So if there was a single authority then we would see the (fruits) of the Jihaad as we saw them in Afghanistan (i.e victory over the aggressor).

Therefore Allaah says: “And prepare for them what you can from strength and weapons to strike fear into the hearts of the enemies of Allaah and your enemies.” Where is this preparation?! And who is the one capable of this preparation? The individual?! No, the governments?…yes the governments, and it is possible for us to say that they do establish a small amount of this preparation…..but this preparation is taken from their enemies….. so if there was a jihaad established between the disbeliever and Muslims, then soon these Muslims would not be capable of supplying their armies with the necessary weapons except by buying them from their enemies.

So can their be victory and Jihaad by buying weapons from the enemies of the Muslims?! This is impossible, and due to this, this preparation ordered us, cannot be established even by the Islaamic countries, because the Islaamic countries buy their weapons of destruction from their enemies and aggravated states. And there are ways of making these weapons malfunction when they (the Muslims) intend to use then against the kaafir enemy. And due to this I say, and I finish my words and reply upon this question that Allaah, when He said: “And prepare for them what you can…”

This address was to the Companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), then the address is directed to the generality of Muslims due to the generality of the text. But this address was directed to the Companions after they were brought up on the authentic Islaamic upbringing until it was possible for them to establish the likes of this address – preparing the worldly might after preparing the spiritual might in themselves or with themselves, due to the upbringing they went through at the hands of their Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam).

And history repeats itself…..So there has to be an upbringing of a nation from the Islaamic nations so that is may be possible for this nation to establish this worldly preparedness, and we today do not find a nation that has established this obligation which we can depict in two words: tasfiyah (correction) and tarbiyah (education/cultivation).

(Rather) we see us as scattered individuals here and there. And if there were a group, and over this group a leader who has the allegiance of all the Muslims, and he raises the flag of Jihaad against the enemies: this has not happened yet, and due to this we call for the existence of this introduction/predicate to this holy Jihaad.

And as for running (of these people) behind emotions when the spiritual Jihaad has not even been realised in them – and that is the correct understanding of Islaam, and applying it collectively, and that there be over them a leader after that, and he enjoins them to prepare what they can from strength and weapons: So the day we see the likes of this, that day the Muslims will rejoice in the victory of Allaah, and Allaah Helps whom He Wills.

This is my answer to your question.”


[1] Related by Aboo Daawood (no.. 3462), it was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in as-Saheehah (no. 11).

[2] Related by Aboo Daawood (no. 4297) and in al-Mishkaat (3/1475). It was authenticated by Shaykh al-Albaanee in Silsilatul-Ahaadeethus-Saheehah (no. 957) and in Saheehul-Jaami’ (no. 8183)



Shaykh Ibn Baaz

Majmoo’ Fataawa wa Maqaalaat Mutanawwi’ah – Volume 4, Pages 137-139, Question No.3

Translated by: Maaz Qureshi

Published on Thursday 11 October 2001

Question: The enemies of Allaah are very eager to enter into the Muslim lands by various methods. So what efforts do you believe should be exerted in order to put a stop to this surge that has threatened the Islaamic societies?

Response: This is not something strange coming from the callers to Christianity, Judaism, or other religions of kufr (disbelief). Since Allaah, the Most Perfect – and to Him belongs all praise – has informed about this in His clear Revelation, when He said: (Never will the Jews and the Christians be pleased with you until you follow their ways of life. Say: Indeed the Guidance of Allaah, that is the only true guidance. And if you were to follow their false desires after what you have received of the knowledge of Revelation, then you would have neither a guardian, nor any helper against Allaah}, [Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 120]

Allaah – the Most Perfect – also said: {And they will never stop fighting you, until they turn you away from your Religion, if they can}, [Soorah al-Baqarah, Aayah 217]

This is why they utilise every possible means to penetrate into the Muslim lands, and use various methods and tactics to achieve this. One of their methods is to plant the seeds of doubt and uncertainty into the minds and thoughts – and they continue to do so without easing up, nor becoming weary – utilising the church to spread their hatred and enmity, and directing their efforts through it.

Therefore, it is obligatory upon the leaders and scholars to exert every possible effort in cautioning and directing the Muslim children, and to oppose the efforts of the enemies of Islaam with countermeasures. For indeed the Ummah of Islaam is an Ummah that has been entrusted with a responsibility of carrying this Religion and conveying it to others. So when we – in the Islaamic societies – are determined to arm our sons and daughters with correct knowledge, and true understanding of the Religion; beginning this process at an early age, then we will never fear the enemy – by the permission of Allaah. Thus, as long as we continue to cling to the Religion of Allaah, glorifying and venerating Him, following His Sharee’ah (prescribed laws), and fighting those who oppose Him, then the opposite will happen; it will be the enemies of Allaah who will fear the Muslims. Allaah – the Most Perfect, the One to Whom belongs all praise – said: {O you who believe! If you help Allaah by acting upon what you have been commanded with, then Allaah will plant your feet firmly by giving you victory over your enemies}, [Soorah Muhammad, Aayah 7]

Allaah – the Mighty and Majestic – also said: {But if you have sabr (patient perseverance) and have taqwaa (piety) by doing what Allaah orders and refraining from what He refraining from what He has prohibited, then no harm will their cunning plots be to you at all. Indeed Allaah encompasses everything by His Knowledge}, [Soorah Aal-’Imraan, Aayah 120]

And there are plenty of other aayaat with a similar meaning. So the most important factor in stopping this attack is to prepare a generation that truly knows and understands the realities of Islaam. This can be achieved by giving them the correct guidance and cultivation at home, and by utilising the various means of education in order to help the society. Add to this the role of guiding, which is the duty of those in authority, and their duty of being constant in doing beneficial acts, being constant in reminding the people with what is of benefit to them, and doing that which cultivates the correct Islaamic ‘aqeedah (belief) in the people: {Indeed in the remembrance of Allaah do the hearts truly find tranquility}, [Soorah ar-Ra’d, Aayah 28]

And there is no doubt that negligence is one of the causes that lets the enemies of Islaam into the Muslim lands – along with their ideological attack – which gradually distances the Muslims from their Religion, step by step. So with this, evil will increase amongst them and they will be affected by the false ideologies of their enemies. And Allaah – the One free from all defects, the Most High – ordered the Believers to have sabr (patience), to call to patience, and to strive in His Path using every method at their disposal; as He – the Most Majestic, Most High – said: {O you who Believe! Persevere and be more patient, and guard your territory by stationing army units permanently at the places from where the enemy can attack you, and have taqwaa of Allaah (by doing what He orders and keeping away from what He prohibits)in order that you may be successful}, [Soorah Aal-’Imraan, Aayah 200]

And Allaah – the Most Perfect – said: {And those who strive hard in our cause, we shall surely guide them to Our avenues. Indeed Allaah is with the doers of good}, [Soorah al-’Ankaboot, Aayah 69]

I ask Allaah by His Beautiful Names and Lofty Attributes that He improves and corrects the affairs of the Muslims, and that He grants to them the understanding of the Religion, gathers the word of their leaders upon the truth, and improves and corrects their close advisors. Indeed, He is the Most Kind, Most Generous. And may Allaah extol and send abundant blessings of peace upon our Leader and our Prophet, Muhammad, and upon his Family, his Companions, and his true followers.



By Shaykh Hamood at-Tuwayjiree

Source http://www.bakkah.net/articles/rallies-demonstrations-protests.htm

Shaykh Hamood at-Tuwayjiree refutes the claim of Shaykh Aboo Bakr al-Jazaa’iree that rallies, demonstrations, and protests have been specifically foretold in Islam by the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam)

[In the Name of Allah, the All-Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy…]

Al-Jazaa’iree said (in his book about the foretold signs of the Day of Judgement), “Demonstrations will take the place of battles and jihaad.” [2]

Furthermore, he (Aboo Bakr al-Jazaa’iree) said, “Verily the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) mentioned this quite explicitly, and spoke of it being from the signs of the Last Day… Here is at-Tabaraanee in his book al-Kabeer, with his chain of transmission, relaying the statement of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam): “When you see three things, then the Hour will be established.” Then he clarified them, saying, “That buildings will be demolished and rebuilt without need, that battles will turn into nidaa (loud announcements), and that a person will take care of his trusts how a (hungry) camel nibbles at a tree.”

Then, he (Aboo Bakr al-Jazaa’iree) mentioned in a footnote that the hadeeth was collected by al-Baghawee in his book, Mu’jam as-Sahaabah, and Ibn ‘Asaakir in his book, at-Taareekh.

Then, he (Aboo Bakr al-Jazaa’iree) said, “The point of relevence from this hadeeth is the Prophet’s (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) statement, “That battles will turn into nidaa (loud announcements),” The meaning of nidaa here is when the demonstrators raise their voices saying, “Long live So-and-So,” or, “Down with So-and-So,” or the likes. They feel that raising their voices as loudly as they can with such slogans in their demonstrations is a battle and a kind of jihaad, or perhaps even greater than a battle or jihaad. [3]

In response to this, I (Hamood at-Tuwayjiree) say: The hadeeth which al-Jazaa’iree has mentioned was collected by at-Tabaraanee with a weak chain, from the narration of ‘Urwah ibn Muhammad ibn ‘Atiyyah as-Sa’dee, by way of his father, who narrates from the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) that he (allegedly) said, “When you see three things, then it (the Last Day) is near, it is near! That buildings will be demolished and rebuilt without need, that battles will take place with rifd (assistance), and that a person will take care of his trusts how a (hungry) camel nibbles at a tree.” [4]

About this hadeeth, Al-Haythamee said, “It was collected by at-Tabaraanee, and in its chain is Yahyaa ibn ‘Abdillaah al-Baabbalatee, an unreliable narrator (dha’eef).” [5]

It was also collected by al-Baghawee and Ibn ‘Asaakir with the wording: “Verily from the signs of the Hour are: That buildings will be demolished and rebuilt without need, that battles will take place with fidaa (ransom), and that a person will take care of his trusts how a (hungry) camel nibbles at a tree.” [6]

A handwriting mistake has lead to the word rifd (assistance) being changed into the word fidaa’ (ransom) in this hadeeth. [7] Al-Jazaa’iree has built on this mistake and erred even further by reading the mistaken word fidaa as nidaa (loud announcements), with an “N” instead of an “F”. I have not seen anyone else make the same error. [8]

The correct word is rifd (assistance), as found in at-Tabaraanee’s narration, and quoted by al-Haythamee in his book, Majma’ az-Zawaa’id. And the meaning of battles taking place with rifd is that assistance will be sought by hired fighters and by offering them incentives. This has been specifically mentioned in a hadeeth collected by Ibn Mandah, by way of ‘Abdur-Razzaaq’s narration [9] from Ma’mar, who narrated from Katheer ibn ‘Ataa’ al-Janadee, who said that ‘Abdullaah ibn Zubayb al-Janadee said that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) said: “O ‘Ubaadah ibn as-Saamit! O Abal-Waleed! When you see charities being kept hidden, fighters being hired for battles, people taking care of their trusts how a (hungry) camel nibbles at a tree, and the demolition and rebuilding of buildings without need, then you and the Hour will be like these two.”

Then he held up his index finger along with his middle finger. This narration was mentioned by al-Haafith Ibn Hajr in his book, al-Isaabah [10], in the biography of ‘Abdullaah ibn Zubayb al-Janadee.

However, the proclomations of the ignorant people in their demostrations and their shouting, “Long live So-and-So,” or, “Down with So-and-So,” is not something that intelligent people do, let alone a kind of jihaad. It is merely a manifestation of ignorance, foolishness, and chaos.

Had only al-Jazaa’iree mentioned the advent of demonstrations in the last days as something foretold in a general way by the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) when he spoke about the spread of ignorance, it would have been more appropriate.


[1] Translator: From the book Tanbeehaat ‘alaa Risaalatayn lish-Shaykh Abee Bakr al-Jazaa’iree (p.36-39) of Shaykh Hamood at-Tuwayjiree (may Allaah have Mercy on him). The title of this article is from the translator: Moosaa Richardson.

[2] al-Luqataat fee Ba’dh Maa Thahar lis-Saa’ah min ‘Alaamaat (p.54)

[3] al-Luqataat fee Ba’dh Maa Thahar lis-Saa’ah min ‘Alaamaat (p.55-56)

[4] al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer (19/243)

[5] Translator: Majma’ az-Zawaa’id (7/330)

[6] As found in Kanz al-‘Ummaal (17/186)

[7] Translator: The words rafd and fidaa’ look very similar in Arabic writing.

[8] Translator: Refer to: Silsilatul-Ahaadeethidh-Dha’eefah (3436), where Shaykh al-Albaanee (may Allaah have Mercy on him) also mentioned the hadeeth with the word nidaa and ruled that the hadeeth is unauthentic.

[9] Translator: al-Musannaf (9464), without mention of Ma’mar in the chain.

[10] Translator: al-Isaabah (p.1492 of the Daar al-Ma’rifah printing); Ibn Hajr concluded that ‘Abdullaah ibn Zubayb was not a Companion, and thus the chain of narration is broken. However, its meaning is supported by the other weak narration mentioned previously from al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer, and thus it may be considered hasan lighayrihi, and thus acceptable, excluding the mention of the hiding of charities, and Allaah knows best.


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