Prayer Beads

RULING ON USING MASBAHAH (PRAYER BEADS)

Some scholars say that it is permissible to use the masbahah, but they say that it is preferable to do tasbeeh on one’s fingers; others say that it is bid’ah (reprehensible innovation).

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah said in al-Fataawa (22/187): “Some of them might show off by putting their prayer-mats over their shoulders and carrying their masbahahs in their hands, making them symbols of religion and prayer. It is known from the mutawaatir reports that neither the Prophet (saws) nor his Companions used these as symbols. They used to recite tasbeeh and count on their fingers, as the hadeeth says: “Count on your fingers, for they will asked, and will be made to speak.” Some of them may count their tasbeeh with pebbles or date stones. Some people say that doing tasbeeh with the masbahah is makrooh, and some allow it, but no one says that tasbeeh with the masbahah is better than tasbeeh with the fingers.” Then he (may Allaah have mercy on him) goes on to discuss the issue of showing off with the masbahah, saying that it is showing off with regard to something that is not prescribed by Islam, which is worse than showing off with regard to something that is prescribed.

Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (al-Liqa’ al-Maftooh, 3/30) was asked whether using the masbahah for tasbeeh is bid’ah, and his reply was: “It is better not to do tasbeeh with the masbahah, but it is not bid’ah, because there is a basis for it, which is the fact that some of the Sahaabah did tasbeeh with pebbles. But the Messenger (saws) taught that tasbeeh with the fingers is better, as he said, ‘Count with the fingertips, for they will be made to speak.’ Doing tasbeeh with the masbahah is not haraam or bid’ah, but it is better not to do it, because the one who does tasbeeh with the masbahah has shunned something better. Using the masbahah may also be contaminated with some element of showing off, because we see some people carrying masbahahs that contain a thousand beads, as if they are telling people, ‘Look at me, I do a thousand tasbeehs!’ Secondly, those who use the masbahah for tasbeeh are usually absent-minded and not focused, so you see them doing tasbeeh with the beads, but their gaze is wandering all over the place, which indicates that they are not really concentrating. It is better to do tasbeeh with one’s fingers, preferably using the right hand rather than the left, because the Prophet (saws) used to count his tasbeeh on his right hand. If a person counts his tasbeeh using both hands, there is nothing wrong with that, but it is better to use the right hand only.”

Shaykh Muhammad Naasir al-Deen al-Albaani said in Al-Silsilat al-Da’eefah (1/110), where he quotes the (weak) hadeeth “What a good reminder is the subhah [masbahah],”

“In my view, the meaning of this hadeeth is invalid for a number of reasons:

Firstly, the subhah [masbahah] is bid’ah and was not known at the time of the Prophet (saws). It happened after that, so how could he (saws) have encouraged his Sahaabah to do something that was unknown to them? The evidence for what I have said is the report narrated by Ibn Waddaah in Al-Bid’ wa’l-Nahy ‘anhaa from al-Salt ibn Bahraam, who said: ‘Ibn Mas’ood passed by a woman who had a [masbahah] with which she was making tasbeeh, and he broke it and threw it aside, then he passed by a man who was making tasbeeh with pebbles, and he kicked him then said, “You think you are better than the Sahaabah, but you are following unjustified bid’ah! You think you have more knowledge than the Companions of Muhammad (saws)!”‘ Its isnaad is saheeh to al-Salt, who is one of the trustworthy (thiqah) followers of the Taabi’een.

Secondly, it goes against the guidance of the Prophet (saws). ‘Abd-Allaah ibn ‘Amr said, ‘I saw the Messenger of Allaah (saws) counting the tasbeeh on his right hand.'”

He also said (1/117): “If there is only one bad thing about the masbahah, which it is that it takes the place of the Sunnah of counting on the fingers, even though all are agreed that counting on the fingers is preferable, then that is bad enough. How rarely I see people counting their tasbeeh on their fingers!

Moreover, people have invented so many sophisticated ways of following this bid’ah, so you see the followers of one of the [Sufi] tareeqahs wearing the masbahah around their necks! Or some of them counting with the beads whilst talking or listening to you! Or another one – the like of whom I have not seen for some time – riding his bicycle through a street crowded with people, with the masbahah in one of his hands! They are showing the people that they are not distracted from the remembrance of Allaah for even an instant, but in many cases this bid’ah is a cause of their neglecting what is obligatory (waajib). It has happened many times – to others as well as myself – that when I greet one of these people with salaam, they answer only by waving and not by saying the words of the greeting. The bad results of this bid’ah are innumerable, and no one can say it better than the poet: ‘All goodness is in following that which went before (the salaf) All badness is in the innovations of those who came later.'” And Allaah knows best.

4 thoughts on “Prayer Beads”

  1. salams, I am so happy to find such a complete article about this as I have felt this to be true for the following reasons, and forgive me I am in no position to make any thing near a fatwa, these are just humble ideas:
    1. Using the masibha seems to me to be imitating the rosary and the main difference is the lack of the cross. If you look at many of them you will notice that they still have 3 strands dangling from the end — i.e god , son and holy ghost.
    2. Doing some research on the use of rosaries I found out that the purpose of the dangly strands which almost all of them have in one form or another, is to ward off the devil as he supposedly dislikes thinks which dangle. IF one is aware of this, and the intention of carrying it around is to protect oneself as some Christians do, then this is a form of shirk is it not?
    3. As was pointed out in the article, using this is often seen as showing off that you are remembering Allah, when doing so should be done quietly and its between a worshiper and Allah swt. It is also very distracting and nerve racking to those around you.

    Allahu alim may He guide us to the right and keep us on the straight way.

  2. Wa alaikum salam Hanin,

    I agree that the masbahah are an imitation of the Christian’s rosary beads. I also feel that if you can do dhikr on your fingers then there is no need for the masbahah. In the Mid East, I have seen these beads become a fashion fad with so many different designs. Some of the Arab men play with them, twirling them around their fingers or swinging them back and forth.

  3. I disagree that the masbahah are an imitation of the Christian rosary because they differ significantly in form. A Christian rosary is divided into (most commonly) five sets of ten beads (called a “decade”) with and aditional short strand of five whereas masbahah most often are made of three groups of 33 beads (totaling 99 as the 99 names of Allah swt). The Christian rosary has one single short strand, not three. It does not represent the Trinity. It is used to recite specific prayers and marks the starting point of the rosary.

    Furthermore, many other religions also use strands of beads to count prayers including Buddhists (111 beads), Hindus (108 beads), Baha’i (95 beads) and Sikhs (108 beads), suggesting to me that development was more or less independent as just a useful mnemonic device. I would say that any objection to the masbahan would only come from the fact that it is not necessary and can lead to showing off, not that there is any overt connection to Christianity. Therefore, if one is sincere (ie. not intending to show off) when making dhikr with the masbahah, it should be a good, not a bad thing.

  4. Noah,

    The point is that since its not from Islam and its well known that the non-Muslims have similar beads they pray with, it is an imitation of them. It is also therefore a bid’ah or innovation. It is much better to count dhikr on the right hand as our limbs will be a witness against us on the Day of Judgment. In this case, our right hands.

A penny for your thoughts...

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s