Sabr

SABR (PATIENCE)

According to `Abd al-Rahmaan bin Mahdee – Sufyaan: `Umar bin `Abd al-`Azeez said: He who acts without knowledge causes more corruption than good,and he who does not consider his speech to be part of his actions sins repeatedly. Satisfaction is scarce, and the true believer should rely on patience. Allaah never bestowed a blessing upon one of His servants and then took it away from him, giving him patience in return for that which was taken away, except that the replacement was better than what was taken away from him.” Then he recited the following verse: “Surely the patient will be paid their wages in full without reckoning.” [39:10]

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

THE STORY OF PROPHET AYUB (JOB)

From: The Stories of the Prophets

By: Al Imam Ibn Kathir [(701 – 774 AH) or (1301 – 1372 AD)]

Ibn Ishaaq stated that he was a man of Rum. His names was Job Ibn Mose Ibn Razeh Ibn Esau Ibn Isaac Ibn Abraham. Someone else said he was Job Ibn Mose, Ibn Rimil Ibn Esau Ibn Isaac Ibn Jacob. There have also been other statements in his lineage. Ibn Asaker narrated that his mother was a daughter of Prophet Lot.It was said, also, that his father was one who believed in Abraham when he was cast into the fire.

The first opinion is the most plausable as he was a descendant of Abrahams offspring as Allah Almighty declared: “That was the reasoning about Us which We gave to Abraham (to use) against his people: We raise whom We will degree after degree: for thy Lord is full of wisdom and knowledge. We gave him Isaac and Jacob: all (three) We guided: and before him We guided Noah and before him We guided Noah and among His progeny David Solomon Job Joseph Moses and Aaron: thus do We reward Those who do good” Quran 6:83-84

Allah the Almighty praised His worshipper Job in His Glorious Quran: “Truly! We found him patient. How excellent a slave! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance to Us” Quran 38:44

Job was repentant, remembering Allah with thankfulness, patience and steadfastness. This was the cause of his rescue and the secret of Allah’s praising him.

A group of angels were discussing Allah’s other human creatures, how those who were humble earned Allah’s displease, while those who were arrogant incurred His displeasure. One of the angels remarked: “The best creature on earth today is Job, a man of noble character who displays excellent patience and always remembers his Generous Lord. He is an excellent model for the worshippers of Allah. In return, his Lord has blessed him with a long life and plenty of riches, yet he is never haughty or selfish. His family, his servants, as well as the needy and the poor share in his good fortune; he feeds and clothes the poor and buys slaves to set them free. He makes those who receive his charity feel as if they are favouring him, so kind and gentle is he.”

Iblis, overhearing all this, became annoyed. He planned to tempt Job to corruption and disbelief, so he hastened to him. He tried to distract Job from his prayers by whispering to him about the good things in life, but Job was a true believer and would not let evil thoughts tempt him. This distrubed Iblis more; thus he began to hate Job even more.

Iblis complained to Allah about Job. He said that althought he was continously glorifying Allah, he was not doing so out of his sincerity but to satisfy Allah so that his wealth should not be taken away. It was all a show, all out of greed. “If You remove his wealth then You will find that his tongue will no longer mention Your name and his praying will stop.”

Allah told Iblis that Job was one of His most sincere devotees. He did not worship Him because of the favors; his worship stemmed from his heart and had nothing to do with material things. But to prove Iblis the depth of Job’s sincerity and patience, Allah allowed him to do whatever he and his helpers wished with Job’s wealth.

Iblis was very happy. He gathered his helpers and set about destroying Job’s cattle, servants, and farms until he was left with no posessions. Rubbing his hands in glee, Iblis appeared before Job in the guise of a wise old man and said to him: “All your wealth is lost. Some people say that it is because you gave too much charity and that you are wasting your time with your continuous prayers to Allah. Others say that Allah has bought this upon you in order to please your enemies. If Allah had the capacit to prevent harm, then He would have protected your wealth”

True to his belief, Job replied: “What Allah has taken away from me belongs to Him. I was only its trustee for a while. He gives to whom He wills and witholds from whom He wills”

With these words, Job again prostrated to his Lord.

When Iblis saw this, he felt frustrated, so he again addressed Allah: “I have stripped Job of all his posessions, but he still remains grateful to You. However, he is only hiding his dissapointment, for he places great store by his many children. The real test of a parent is through him children. You will then see how Job will reject You”

Allah granted Iblis authority, but warned him that it would not reduce Job’s faith in his Lord nor his patience.

Iblis again gathered his helpers and set about his evol deeds. He shook the foundation of the house in which Job’s children were living and sent the building crashing, killing all of them. Then he went to Job disguised as a man who had come to sympathise with him. In a comforting tone he said to Job: “The circumstances under which your children died were sad. Surely, your Lord isnot rewarding youproperly for all your prayers?”

Having said this Iblis waited anxiously, hoping Job was now ready to reject Allah. But again Job dissapointed him by replying: “Allah sometimes gives and sometimes takes. He is sometimes pleased and sometimes displeased with our deeds. Whether a thing is beneficial or harmful to me, I will remain firm in my belief and remain thankful to my Creator”

Then Job prostrated to his Lord. At this Iblis was extremely vexed. Iblis again called on Allah: “O my Lord, Job’s wealth is gone, his children are dead, but he is still healthy in body, and as long as he enjoys good health he will continue to worship You in the hope of regaining his wealth and producing more children. Grant me authority over his body so that I may weaken it. He will surely neglect worshipping You and with thus becomes disobedient”

Allah wanted to teach Iblis a lesson that Job was a devoted servant of his Lord, so He granted Iblis his third request but placed a condition: “I give you authority over his body but not over his soul, intellect, or heart, for in these places reside the knowledge of Me and My religion”

Armed with this new authority, Iblis began to take revenge on Job’s body and filled it with disease until it was reduced to mere skin and bone and he suffered severe pain. But through all the suffering Job remained string in his faith, patiently bearing all the hardships without complaining. Allah’s righteous servant did not despair or turn to others for help but remained hopeful of Allah’s Mercy. Even close relatives and friends deserted him. Only his kind loving wife stayed with him. In his hour of need, she showered her kindness on him and cared for him. She remained his sole companion and comforter through many years of his suffering.

Ibn Asaker narrated: “Job was a man having much wealth of all kinds: beasts, slaves, sheep, vast lands of Haran and many children. All those favors were taken from him and he was physically afflicted as well. Never a single organ was sound except his heart and tongue, with both of which he glorified Allah, the Almighty all the time day and night. His disease lasted for a long time until his visitors felt disgusted with him. His friend kept away from him, and people abstained from visiting him. No one felt sympathy for him except his wife. She took good care of him, knowing his former charity and pity for her”

Therefore, Iblis became desperate. He consulted his helpers but they could not advise him. They asked: “How is it that your cleverness cannot work against Job, yet you succeeded in misleading Adam, the father of man, out of paradise?”

Iblis went to Job’s wife in the form of a man. “Where is your husband?” he asked her.

She pointed to an almost lifeless form crumpled on the bed and said: “There he is, suspended between life and death.”

Iblis reminded her of the days when Job had good health, wealth and children. Suddenly, the painful memory of yeas of hardship overcame her, and she burst into tears. She said to Job: “How long are you going to bear this torture from our Lord? Are we to remain without wealth, children or friends forever? Why don’t you call upon Allah to remove this suffering?”

Job sighed, and in a soft voice replied: “Iblis must have whispered to you and made you dissatisfied. Tell me, how long did I enjoy good health and riches?”

She replied, “For eighty years”

Then Job asked, “How long am I suffering like this?”

She said, “for seven years”

Then Job told her: “In that case I am ashamed to call on my Lord to remove the hardship, for I have not suffered longer than the years of good health and plenty. It seems your faith has weakened and you are dissatisfied with the fate of Allah. If I ever regain health, I swear I will punish you with a hundred strokes! From this day onward, I forbid myself to eat or drink anything from your hand. Leave me alone and let my Lord do with me as He pleases.”

Crying bitterly and with a heavy heart, she had no choice but to leave him and seek shelter elsewhere. In his helpless state, Job turned to Allah, not to complain but to seek His mercy: “Verily, distress has seized me, and You and the Most Merciful of all those who show Mercy. So We answered his call, and We removed the distress that was on him, and We restored his family to him (that he had lost) and the like thereof along with them – as a mercy from Ourselves and a Reminder for all who worship Us” Quran 21:83-84

Almighty Allah also instructed: “Commemorate Our servant Job behold he cried to his Lord: “The Evil One has afflicted me with distress and suffering”! (The command was given:) “Strike with thy foot: here is (water) wherein to wash cool and refreshing and (water) to drink.” And We gave him (back) his people and doubled their number as a Grace from Ourselves and a thing for commemoration for all who have Understanding.” Quran 38:41-43

Job obeyed, and almost immediately his good health was restored. Meanwhile, his faithful wife could no longer bear to be parted from her husband and returned to beg his forgiveness, desiring to serve him. On entering he house, she was amazed at the sudden change: Job was again healthy! She embraced him and thanked Allah for His mercy.

Job was now worried, for he had taken an oath to punish her with a hundred strokes if he regained health, but he had no desire to hurt her. He knew if he did not fulfill the oath, he would be guilty of breaking a promise to Allah. Therefore, in His wisdom and mercy, Allah came to the assistance of His faithful servant, and advised him: “And take in your hand a bundle of thin grass and strike therewith (your wife), and break not your oath. Truly we found him patient. How excellent a slave! Verily, he was ever oft-returning in repentance to Us” Quran 38:44

Abu Huraira (ra) narrated that the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) said: “While Job was naked, taking a bath, a swarm of locusts fell on him, and he started collecting them in his garment. His Lord called him: ‘O Job! Have I not made you too rich to need what you see?’ He said: ‘Yes, O Lord! But I cannot shun Your Blessings” (Bukhari)

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

SEEK HELP IN PATIENCE AND PRAYER (EXPLANATION OF SOORAT AL-BAQARAH 2 AYAT 153-154)

By Imam Ibn Kathir

Taken from “Tafsir Ibn Kathir”, Part 2

Abridged by Shaikh Muhammad Nasib Ar-Rifa`I

© 1998 al-Firdous Ltd., London

“O you who believe! Seke help in patience and prayer. Truly! Allah is with the patient. And say not of those who are killed in the Cause of Allah, ‘They are dead.’ Nay, they are living, but you perceive not.” [Soorah al-Baqarah (2):153-154]

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala proceeds by explaining patience, guidance and seeking help in patience and prayer. The servant is either grateful for a blessing that is bestowed on him or patient for a trial which has been inflicted upon him. Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has explained that the best means that canb e sought in enduring disasters are patience and prayer.

It is mentioned in the Hadith that “Whenever something happened to the prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam, he would pray” (Sahih). There are two types of patience: The first is restraint from committing sins and the second type is showing obedience to Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala and making sacrifices. The latter is the most rewarding because it is the purpose. There is a third type of patience, it is the endurance of disasters and crises and includes seeking Allah’s subhanahu wa ta`ala forgiveness from mistakes. Ali ibn Al Husain Zin Al `Abidin said: “When Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala gathers people from the first generations and people from the later generations, an announcer will announce: ‘Where are the patient people, so that they will enter Paradise before trial?'” This is supported by Allah’s subhanahu wa ta`ala statement “Only those who are patient will receive their rewards in full without reckoning.” (39:10)

Sa`id ibn Jubair said “Patience is the servant’s appreciation of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala for a disaster that has happened to him, considering it as a sacrifice in anticipation of Allah’s subhanahu wa ta`ala reward in the Hereafter, and a man may be suffering a great deal but does not show his feelings. Instead, all you can see from him is endurance.

In the verse, “And say not of those who are killed in the Cause of Allah, ‘They are dead.’ Nay they are living.” (2:154) Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala informs us that those who are killed in the Cause of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala are in their Barzakh (period between death and resurrection), finding their sustenance in the presence of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. In Sahih Muslim, it is mentioned that: “The souls of the martyrs live in the bodies of green birds who have their nests in chandeliers hung from the `Arsh of Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala. At one time their Lord took a glance at them and said: ‘Do you want anything?’ They said: ‘What more can we desire after You have given us that which you have not given to any of Your Servants?’ Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala asked them the same question again. When they realised that they would continue to be asked, they said: ‘We wish that You (Allah) may return us to the Earthly life so that we would be slain in Your Way another time’ – they wanted to do that because of the reward involved in martyrdom – Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala would say: ‘I have prescribed that to it (Earthly life) they shall not return.'” (Sahih Muslim)

On the authority of Ka`b ibn Malik, Imam Ahmad narrated: “The Prophet sallallahu `alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Ar-Ruh (the soul) of the believer is a bird sitting in the trees of the Paradise waiting until Allah returns it to his body on the day He resurrects him.'” (Sahih) This also implies that all the believers, though the martyrs were specifically mentioned and honoured in the Qur’an as a recognition of their greatness.

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

ALLAH GRANTS HELP AND VICTORY OF FOLLOWERS OF THE TRUE DEEN

By Imam Ibn ul Qayyim al Jawziyyah

Taken from Ighaathatul-Lahfaan min Masaa’id ish-Shaytaan [2/229]

A lot of people think that followers of the True Religion are humiliated, subdued and always defeated, unlike those who follow other paths. So they do not have certainty in Allah’s promise of victory for His religion and His servants. Rather, even if they don’t say it, they think that this promise is either particular to a specific group, or to a specific time, or they link it to Allah’s will (not related to any rules that Allah set in His creation).

This (attitude and understanding) is due to absence of certainty in the Promise of Allah, the Most High, and due to a poor understanding of His Book.

1. Allah subhanahu has explained in His Book that He is the Helper of believers in this world and the next.

He said, the Most High, “Indeed We will support Our messengers and those who believe during the life of this world and on the Day when the witnesses will stand.” [Ghafir 40:51]

“And whoever is an ally of Allah and His Messenger and those who have believed – indeed, the party of Allah – they will be the predominant.” [al-Ma’idah 5:56]

“Indeed, the ones who oppose Allah and His Messenger – those will be among the most humbled. Allah has written [i.e. decreed], ‘I will surely overcome, I and My messengers.’ Indeed, Allah is Powerful and Exalted in Might.” [al-Mujadilah 58:20-21]

There are many such verses in the Qur’an.

2. Allahu subhanahu has also explained in the Qur’an that what befalls a servant from calamity, or defeat, or other than that, is because of his sins .

Allah subhanahu has explained both of these principles in His Book, so when you join them, the reality of the matter will become clear to you, problems will completely disappear, and you will be in no need of unnecessary, burdening explanations, or far-fetched interpretations.

Allah subhanahu wa ta`ala has explained the first principle in different ways, including what has preceded (in the verses above).

Likewise, He censured one who seeks help and honor from other than the believers, as in His saying::

“O you who have believed do not take the Jews and the Christians as allies. They are [in fact] allies of one another. And whoever is an ally to them among you then indeed, he is [one] of them. Indeed, Allah guides not the wrongdoing people.

So you see those in whose hearts is disease [i.e. hypocrisy] hastening into [association with] them, saying, ‘We are afraid a misfortune may strike us.’ But perhaps Allah will bring conquest or a decision from Him, and they will become, over what they have been concealing within themselves, regretful.

And those who believe will say [i.e. about the hypocrites and their exposure], ‘Are these the ones who swore by Allah their strongest oaths that indeed they were with you?’ Their deeds have become worthless, and they have become losers.

O you who have believed, whoever of you should revert from his religion – Allah will bring forth [in place of them] a people He will love and who will love Him [who are] humble toward the believers, powerful against the disbelievers; they strive in the cause of Allah and do not fear the blame of a critic. That is the favor of Allah; He bestows it upon whom He wills. And Allah is all-Encompassing and Knowing.

Your ally is none but Allah and [therefore] His Messenger and those who have believed – those who establish prayer and give zakah, and they bow [in worship].

And whoever is an ally of Allah and His Messenger and those who have believed – indeed, the party of Allah – they will be the predominant.” [al-Ma’idah 5:51-56]

So Allah rebuked those who seek help from other than His party and informed that His party – they will be the predominant.

In this regards, He said, “Give tidings to the hypocrites that there is for them a painful punishment. Those who take disbelievers as allies instead of the believers. Do they seek with them honor [through power]? But indeed, honor belongs to Allah entirely *.” [al-Nisaa’ 4:138-139]

[* Being the source of all power and honor, Allah grants them to whom He wills.]

“They say, ‘If we return to Al-Madinah, the more honored [for power] will surely expel therefrom the more humble.’ And to Allah belongs [all] honor, and to His Messenger, and to the believers, but the hypocrites do not know.” [Al-Munafiqoon 63:8]

“Whoever desires honor [through power] – then to Allah belong all honor. To Him ascends good speech, and righteous work raises it *.” [Fatir 35:10]

[*For acceptance by Allah, meaning that righteous deeds are confirmation and proof of what is uttered by tongue.]

That is, whoever seeks honor, let him seek it by obedience to Allah through good speech and righteous work.

“It is He who has sent His Messenger with the guidance and the religion of truth to manifest it over all religion, although they will associate others with Allah dislike it.” [at-Taubah 9:33]

“O you who have believed, shall I guide you to a transaction that will save you from a painful punishment?

[It is that] you believe in Allah and His Messenger and strive in the cause of Allah with your wealth and your lives. That is best for you, if you should know.

He will forgive for you your sins and admit you to gardens beneath which rivers flow and pleasant dwellings in gardens of perpetual residence. That is the great attainment.

And [you will obtain] another [favor] that you love – victory from Allah and an imminent conquest; and give good tidings to the believers.” [Saff 61:10-13]

That is, He will give them another [favor] besides forgiveness of their sins and entrance to the Paradise – help and victory:

“O you who have believed, be supporters of Allah, as when Jesus, the son of Mary, said to the disciples, ‘Who are my supporters for Allah?’ The disciples said, ‘We are supporters of Allah.’ And a faction of the Children of Israel believed and a faction disbelieved. So We supported those who believed against their enemy, and they became dominant.” [Saff 61:14]

Allah said to Jesus, `alayhis salam, “‘Indeed I will take you and raise you to Myself and purify [i.e. free] you from those who disbelieve and make those who follow you [in submission to Allah alone] superior to those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection.” [Aal `Imran 3:55] So because the Christians follow him, they are superior to the Jews until the Day of Resurrection, and because Muslims follow him more than the Christians, they are superior to them until the Day of Resurrection.

Allah ta`ala said to the believers, “And if these [Makkans] who disbelieve were to fight you, they would certainly turn their backs [in flight]. Then they would not find a protector or a helper.

[This is] the established way of Allah which has occurred before. And you will never find in the way of Allah any change.” [Fath 48:22-23] This is addressed to the believers who fulfilled both outward and inward realities of faith.

“Indeed, the [best] outcome is for the righteous.” [Hud 11:49] And, “The [best] outcome is for [those of] righteousness.” [Taha 20:132] The intended here is the outcome in this world before the next, because He mentioned this after the story of Nooh, and his victory over his people and patience with them. So He said, “This is from the news of the unseen which We reveal to you, [O Muhammad]. You knew it not, neither you nor your people, before this. So be patient, indeed, the [best] outcome is for the righteous.” [Hud 11:49] That is, the outcome of help for you and those with you, as it was for Nooh – `alayhis salam – and those who believed with him.

Likewise His saying, “And enjoin prayer upon your family [and people] and be steadfast therein. We ask you not for provision; We provide for you and the [best] outcome is for [those of] righteousness.” [Taha 20:132]

“If good touches you, it distresses them; but if harm strikes you, they rejoice at it. And if you are patient and fear Allah, their plot will not harm you at all. Indeed, Allah is encompassing of what they do.” [Aal `Imran 3:120]

“Yes, if you remain patient and conscious of Allah and they [i.e. the enemy] come upon you [attacking] in rage, your Lord will reinforce you with five thousand angels having marks [of distinction].” [Aal `Imran 3:125]

He said, relating the words of Yusuf – `alayhis salam – that he was helped due to his taqwa and his patience. So he said, “‘I am Joseph, and this is my brother. Allah has certainly favored us. Indeed, he who fears Allah and is patient, then indeed, Allah does not allow to be lost the reward of those who do good.'” [Yusuf 12:90]

“O you who have believed, if you fear Allah, He will grant you a criterion and will remove from you your misdeeds and forgive you. And Allah is the possessor of great bounty.” [al-Anfal 8:29]

The criterion is honor and help, and victory and light, which distinguish between the Truth and the falsehood.

“And whoever fears Allah – He will make for him a way out. And will provide for him from where he does not expect. And whoever relies upon Allah – then He is sufficient for him. Indeed, Allah will accomplish His purpose. Allah has already set for everything a [decreed] extent.” [at-Talaq 65:3-4]

Ibn Maajah and Ibn Abi Dunya have related on the authority of Abu Dharr, radhiallahu `anhu, that the Prophet, sallallahu ta`ala `alayhi wa alihi wa sallam said: “If all people acted in accordance with this ayah, it would suffice them.” [Narrators of the hadeeth are trustworthy except that the chain is disconnected, so the hadeeth is weak] This is related to the first principle.

As for the second principle:

“Why [is it that] when a [single] disaster struck you [on the day of Uhud], although you had struck [the enemy in the Battle of Badr] with one twice as great, you said, ‘From where is this?’ Say, ‘It is from yourselves [ i.e. due to your sin].’ And Allah, over all things, is competent.” [Aal `Imran 3:165]

“Indeed, those of you who turned back on the day the two armies met [at Uhud] – it was Satan who caused them to slip because of some [blame] they had earned. But Allah has already forgiven them. Indeed, Allah is Forgiving and Forbearing.” [Aal `Imran 3:155]

“And whatever strikes you of disaster – it is for what your hands have earned; but He pardons much.” [ash-Shura 42:30]

“Corruption has appeared throughout the land and sea by [reason of] what the hands of people have earned so He [i.e. Allah] may let them taste part of [the consequence of] what they have done that perhaps they will return [ i.e. refrain].” [ar-Rum 30:41]

“But if they turn away – then We have not sent you [O Muhammad], over them as a guardian; upon you is only [the duty of] notification. And indeed, when We let man taste mercy from Us, he rejoices in it; but if evil afflicts him for what his hands have put forth, then indeed, man is ungrateful.” [ash-Shura 42:48]

“And when We let the people taste mercy, they rejoice therein, but if evil afflicts them for what their hands have put forth, immediately they despair.” [ar-Rum 30:36]

“Or He could destroy them for what they earned; but He pardons much.” [ash-Shura 42:34]

“What comes to you of good is from Allah, but what comes to you of evil, [O man], is from yourself. And We have sent you, [O Muhammad], to the people as a messenger, and sufficient is Allah as Witness.” [an-Nisaa’ 4:79]

This is why Allah subhanahu ordered His Messenger and believers to follow what was sent to them, that is, to be obedient to Him. This is the first principle. He also ordered them to wait for His Promise, and this is the second principle. And He ordered them to seek forgiveness and practice patience because the servant will certainly have shortcomings and seeking forgiveness will clear those shortcomings. Likewise, patience is required while waiting for the Promise. Obedience is perfected and completed with seeking forgiveness, and certainty in the Promise is perfected and completed with patience. Allah subhanahu has joined the two in His saying, “So be patient. Indeed, the promise of Allah is truth. And ask for forgiveness of your sin and exalt [Allah] with praise of your Lord in the evening and the morning.” [Ghafir 40:55]

Allah subhanahu has mentioned in His book the stories of the Prophets and their followers and how they saved themselves with patience and obedience. Then He said, “There were certainly in their stories a lesson for those of understanding.” [Yusuf 12:111]

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

TAFSIR OF SOORAT AN-NAHL 16 AYAT 126-127

Ibn Kathir

Surah An Nahl (16:126) “And if you punish (your enemy, O you believers in the Oneness of Allah), then punish them with the like of that with which you were afflicted. But if you endure patiently, verily, it is better for As-Sabirun (the patient)”

a) The Statement of Allah: “Only those who are patient shall receive their reward in full, without reckoning” {39:10} Narrated Abu Musa (radi’Allahu anhu): The Prophet (sall’Allahu alayhi wasalam) said, “None is more patient than Allah against the harmful saying He hears from the people, they ascribe a son (or offspring) to Him, yet He gives them health and (supplies them with) provision” {Sahih Al Bukhari 8/6099}

b) Narrated Abdullah (radi’Allahu anhu): The Prophet (sall’Allahu alayhi wasalam) divided and distributed something as he used to do with his distributions. A man from the Ansar said “By Allah! in this division the Pleasure of Allah has not been intended” I said, “I will definately tell this to the Prophet (sall’Allahu alayhi wasalam)”. So I went to see him while he was sitting with his Companions and told him of it secretly. That was hard upon the Prophet (sall’Allahu alayhi wasalam) and the colour of his face changed, and he became so angry that I wished I had not told him. The Prophet (sall’Allahu alayhi wasalam) then said, “Musa (Moses) was harmed with more than this, yet he remained patient” {Sahih Al Bukhari 8/6100}

Surah An-Nahl (16:127) “And be patient, and your patience will not be, but by the help of Allah. And do not grieve over them, and do not be distressed by their plots.”

Tafsir Ibn Kathir {Surah An-Nahl Ayah 126-127}

The Command for equality in punishment

Allah commands justice in punishment and equity in settling the cases of rights. Abdur-Razzaq recorded that, concerning the Ayah: “then punish them with the like of that with which you were afflicted…”

Ibn Sirin said, “If a man among you takes something from you, then you should take something similar from him {Abdur-Razzaq 2:236}. This was the opinion of Mujahid, Ibrahim, Al Hasan, Al Basri and others {At-Tabari 17:524, 525}. Ibn Jarir also favoured this opinion. Ibn Zayd said: They had been commanded to forgive the idolators, then some men became Muslim who were strong and powerful. They said, “O Messenger of Allah, if only Allah would give us permission, we would sort out this dogs!” Then this Ayah was revealed, then it was later abrogated by the command to engage in Jihad” {At-Tabari 17:324}

And be patient, and your patience will not be but by the help of Allah.

This emphasises the command to be patient and tells us that patience cannot be aquired except by the will, help, decree and power of Allah.

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

TAFSIR OF SOORAT AZ-ZUMAR 39 AYAH 10

Ibn Kathir

The Command for Taqwa

{Surah Az-Zumar Ayah 10} “Say: O My servants who believe, have Taqwa of your Lord. Good is for those who do good in this world, and Allah’s earth is spacious! Only those who are patient shall receive their reward in full, without reckoning”

Allah commands His believing servants to remain steadfast in their obedience and have Taqwa of Him.

“Say: O My servants who believe, have Taqwa of your Lord. Good is for those who do good in this world…” means, the one who does good deeds in this world, will have a good (reward) in this world and the Hereafter.

“…and Allah’s earth is spacious!”

Mujahid said, “So emigrate through it and strive hard to keep away from idols.” {At-Tabari 21:269}

“Only those who are patient shall receive there reward in full, without reckoning.” means, “In Paradise” {At-Tabari 21:270}

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

RULING REGARDING THE ONE WHO BECOMES ANGRY WHEN AN AFFLICTION BEFALLS HIM

By Shaykh Muhammad bin Saalih al-`Uthaymeen

Taken from Fataawa Arkaan al-Islaam – Fatwaa 64, page 126

Source http://www.masjiduthaymeen.org

Question: What is the ruling regarding the one who becomes angry when an affliction befalls him?

Answer: People are upon 4 levels regarding the circumstances of affliction:

The First Level: Being angry, and this is in various ways:

The first type: That the anger is by the heart as if he is angry at his Lord. So he becomes angry with what Allaah has decreed for him, and this (level) is haraam. And it is possible that this could lead to kufr (disbelief). Allaah said: “And among mankind is he who worships Allaah as it were, upon the very edge (i.e. in doubt); if good befalls him, he is content therewith; but if a trial befalls him, he turns back on his face (i.e. reverts back to disbelief after embracing Islaam). He loses both this world and the Hereafter.” – Al-Hajj (22):11

The second type: That the anger is by the tongue like making duaa for destruction or ruin and what is similar to that, and this is haraam.

The third type: That the anger is by the limbs like slapping the cheeks, ripping the clothes, pulling out hair, and similar to that, and all of this is haraam in contradiction to patience which is waajib (obligatory).

The Second Level: Being patient, just as the poet said: “Patience is like its name – bitter in taste, yet its outcomes are sweeter than honey.”

So the person sees this thing (the affliction) weighs very heavy upon him, yet he bears it although he dislikes that it happened. Rather, his eemaan bears it and restrains him from being angry. So the time of affliction and the time of no affliction is not the same to him, and this (level) is waajib, because Allaah commanded the people to be patient, saying: “…and be patient. Surely, Allaah is with those who are As-Saabireen (the patient ones, etc.).” – Al-Anfaal (8):46

The Third Level: Being pleased with the affliction in that the person is pleased with the affliction and whether it happened or not, it is the same to him so he it is not difficult upon him. He does not bear it as if it is something weighing heavy on him, and this (level) is mustahabb (preferred – between haraam and waajib) and it is not waajib according to the most correct opinion. The difference between this level and the one before it is apparent because the affliction happening or not happening is the same due to the pleasure of the one on this level. As for the level before it, the affliction is hard upon him, yet he remains patient over it.

The Fourth Level: Thanking/being grateful and this is the highest level. This is that the person thanks Allaah for the affliction which has struck him in that he knows that this affliction is an expiation for his sins and perhaps a cause for an increase in his good deeds. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “There is no affliction which strikes the Muslim except that Allaah expiates with it (sins), even with a thorn that may poke him.” (Recorded by Bukhaari and Muslim)

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

WHICH OF THE TWO IS BETTER?

By Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah

Taken from Ikhtiyaaraat al-Fiqhiyyah min Fataawaa Shaikh ul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah page 113

Translated by Aboo Haatim Muhammad Farooq

Question: Which of the two is better; the affluent one who is thankful or the poor one who is patient?

Answer: Of the affluent (wealthy) one who is thankful and the poor one who is patient then the better of the two is the one who has more Taqwaa (fearfulness/dutifulness) for Allaah The Most High. So if then they are equal in Taqwaa, then they are equal in rank.

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

ATIENCE UPON THE DECREE OF ALLAH

By Sheikh Muhammed ibnul Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him)

All praise is due to Allaah Who has promised those with patience a reward without measure. He has rewarded those who are thankful for His bounties with preservation and protection as well as with a generous increase with regard to these bounties. I testify that there is nothing worthy of worship except Allaah, with Whom there is no associate, beyond any shadow of doubt. I testify that Muhammad is His servant and Messenger; the leader of all Messengers and the chosen one from among all mankind. May the blessings of Allaah be upon him, his family, his companions and all those who will follow them sincerely until the Day of Judgement.

O people! Fear Allaah and be among those who are patient; for these are the people who will receive a reward without measure. The true meaning of patience is to observe obedience to Allaah and to refrain from all those things which displease Him as well as refraining from feeling desperation or dissatisfaction with His decree.

There is no bounty that can compare to that of patience. If one persists in patience with regard to the obligations of Allaah, it will eventually become part of their instinct and nature. Through this patience, a person will always feel deep satisfaction and contentment with life, and in its absence; they will always feel dissatisfaction and discontentment. Also, those who can accustom themselves to beware of and stay far from evil will find that this will become inculcated into their character and form part of their natural instinct. Such people will feel immense happiness when avoiding that which Allaah dislikes and deep sorrow when they commit sins until they are guided by Allaah to sincerely repent from them.

When a person avoids discontentment with the destiny of Allaah, he becomes satisfied with everything that Allaah has destined for him; when evil afflicts him, he observes patience which is good for him; and when he is granted goodness, he offers praise to Allaah which is also good for him.

Man is susceptible to afflictions which may affect himself, his family, his wealth, his friends and others around him. Therefore, if he can remain patient through these, awaiting a release from Allaah, then all of these afflictions will be reasons for the forgiveness of his sins and the elevation of his rank in the sight of Allaah. There are numerous verses in the Qur’aan and Ahadeeth regarding this. Almighty Allaah says that which translates as: “And we will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to the patient. Who, when disaster strikes them, say, ‘Indeed we belong to Allaah and indeed to Him we will return.’” (Al-Baqarah: 155-156).

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “No Muslim is afflicted with harm such as disease or anything else except that Allaah will cause his sins to be removed, as a tree sheds its leaves, as a consequence.” In another incident, he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam addressed a female companion saying: “Have glad tidings, for Allaah will cause the sins of a Muslim to be wiped out due to sickness just as fire removes the impurities from iron and silver.” He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam also said: “The believing man or woman will continue to be afflicted by hardships in themselves and their families until they meet Allaah with absolutely no sins.” On another occasion, he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said: “No Muslim is afflicted with any harm, even if it was (as minor as) the prick of a thorn, except that Allaah will grant him (a higher) rank and wipe out a sin due to this.” He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam also said: “If a Muslim is afflicted by a headache or a prick of a thorn or any other harm, Allaah will elevate him on the Day of Judgement one rank and expiate his sins due to this.”

The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said in a Hadeeth Qudsi: “Almighty Allaah says ‘If I afflict my servant in his two dearest bounties (i.e., if his eyes go blind) and he is patient with this, then I shall reward him with paradise in return (for his loss).’” He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam also said: “A Muslim who loses three children before the age of puberty will be granted Paradise by Allaah due to His mercy upon the children.” On another occasion, he< B> sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam addressed a group of women saying: ?“There is no woman among you who has lost three children (i.e., that they died) except that they will screen her from the Hellfire.” A woman among the group asked: “O Allaah’s Apostle! What if she (only) lost two children?” Thereupon, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam replied: “Even (if it was only) two.”

These sayings of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and many others bear glad tidings for any Muslim and helps him to observe patience when he is afflicted by calamities seeking the reward from Allaah. Such a person is firm in his belief that all hardships are decreed by Allaah and were a result of what his own hands earned. In this regard Almighty Allaah says that which translates as: “And whatever strikes you of disaster – it is for what your hands have earned; but He pardons much.” (Ash-Shuraa: 30).

O Allaah! We beg You to make us among those who observe patience when afflicted and tried; and among those who offer praise when granted good; and among those who seek forgiveness after committing sin. We seek Your forgiveness and mercy for You are All-Forgiving and Merciful.

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

PATIENCE THROUGH DECREES

By Sheikh Abdul-Muhsin Al Qaasim

All praise is due to Allaah, may peace and blessings be upon the Messenger, his household and companions.

Fellow Muslims! Fear Allaah as he should be feared, for fear of Allaah brings more blessings and prevents afflictions.

Dear Muslims! Allaah has foreordained the fate of all creatures, written down their impacts and deeds, portioned out between them their livelihood and wealth and created death and life that He may test them which of them is best in deed. Indeed, belief in Allaah’s decree and preordainment is one of the pillars of faith. Nothing happens in this universe except by His will.

This life is full of misfortune and sorrow. It is destined to be a place of hardships and trouble. Trials and tribulations are as inevitable in this life as cold and heat. Allaah says, “And certainly We shall test you with something of fear, hunger, loss of wealth, lives and fruits, but give glad tidings to those who are patient.â€‌ (Al Baqarah: 155)

Pre-destination is a test by which the truthful ones are distinguished from untruthful ones. Allaah says, “Do people think that they will be left alone because they say, ‘We believe,’ and will not be tested.â€‌ (Al â€کAnkaboot: 2).

The human soul does not become pure except through trials, and it is during tribulations that real men are known. Ibn Al Jawzie said, “Whoever wants to have everlasting peace and well-being with no affliction does not understand the meaning of Allaah’s commandments, nor does he perceive the meaning of submission to Allaah. Every soul (either believing or disbelieving) shall inevitably taste suffering in this world, for this life is based on hardships. Man lives between comfort and suffering. Prophet Aadam, for instance, had the angels prostrated before him and yet was soon after expelled from paradise. A believer is afflicted with trials in order to refine him, not to punish him. He is tested in ease as well as in hardship. Allaah says, “And We tried them with good (blessings) and evil (calamities) in order that they might turn (to Allaah’s obedience).â€‌ (Al-A’raaf: 168).

Brothers in faith! Something undesirable may sometimes have a pleasant result, while something seemingly desirable may turn out to have an unpleasant and abominable result. Do not therefore feel that harmful things cannot come to you through hardship. Allaah says, “…And it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allaah knows, and you do not knowâ€‌ (Al-Baqarah: 216).

Prepare yourself mentally for afflictions before they occur so as to make their occurrence light on you. Do not be worried because of tribulations, for they have their limits, and watch what you utter during your hard times for many a word has ruined its utterer. A resolute Muslim stands firm during hardships, his heart does not change and he does not complain. Console yourself whenever afflicted with a promise of reward from Allaah. Wise people show endurance whenever they are stricken with misfortune so as not to add to their misfortune the malicious joy of their enemies, for whenever your enemies know of your misfortune they are overjoyed.

Brothers in Islaam! Endeavor to keep your misfortunes and pains to yourself, for concealment of afflictions and pains are of the qualities of noble people. Be patient over afflictions, they will soon be removed from you. Those who perished only suffered that because of their impatience while the patient ones are being recompensed with good rewards. Allaah says, “And those who are patient, we will certainly pay them a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do.â€‌ (Al-Anaam: 96).

The reward of the patient ones will be doubled for their patience and Allaah will be with them, remove their afflictions and make them victorious.

O afflicted one! Your Lord does not deny you what you want except what is better than that, He does not test you but for your well-being and He does not subject you to tribulations but to purify you. He tries His slaves with pleasure as he blesses them with calamity. Do not therefore waste your time thinking over what has already been guaranteed for you. As long as one is still alive his provision will no doubt come to him. Allaah says, “And no (moving) living creature is there on earth but its provision is due from Allaah.â€‌ (Hood: 6).

Further, if Allaah – out of His wisdom – closes a door against you, He opens out of His mercy a door better for you than the closed one. It is by afflictions that righteous and understanding people are increased in rank and reward. Sa’d bin Abee Waqqaas said: I said, “O Messenger of Allaah, who are the most afflicted of all people?â€‌ He replied, “The Prophets, then the righteous people, then those who are nearest to them in perfection and those who are nearest to them. Man is tested according to his religiosity; if he is strong religiously, his test is increased and if he is weak in religion, his test is reduced And a believer will be tested until he walks on the earth sinless [i.e. his sins have been erased by series of afflictions that he endured.]” (Al-Bukhaarie).

Fellow Muslims! Prophet Aadam labored along difficult paths beset with affliction; Prophet Ibraahiem was thrown into a blazing fire; Isma’iel was laid down for slaughter; Yoonus was swallowed by a whale; Prophet Ayyoob suffered from a severe illness; Yoosuf was sold for a pittance, thrown into a well and wrongfully jailed and Muhammad suffered different kinds of injury. You also are in path of calamities moving, for the life does not give pleasure only to anyone. The Prophet said, “If Allaah wants to do good to somebody, He afflicts him with trials.” (Al-Bukhaarie). Some people of knowledge said, “Whoever Allaah creates for paradise will be having trials and undesirable things.”

Real trial, dear brothers, is the trial in one’s religion and whatever trial besides that is regarded as well being, for it raises one in the rank and erases ones sins. Also all comforts that do not bring one closer to Allaah is a tribulation. Do not therefore grieve over what you miss in worldly materials, for worldly pleasure begets pain and disobedience. Aboo Dardaa’ said, “Of the insignificance of this world to Allaah is that He is not disobeyed except in it, while what is with Him cannot be obtained except by abstaining from it. Engage yourself in what will benefit you more. Keep away from what is in peoples’ hands you will be the wealthiest of them; do not lose hope in Allaah’s mercy lest you are disgraced; always remember Allaah’s favor on you and drive away your distress by being pleased with Allaah’s decree, for however long the night may be, it will be followed by the dawn. Supplicate to Allaah. He will give you relief and if you are patient Allaah will provide a way out for you. Ponder over the story of Prophet Ya’qoob who lost a son for a long period and yet did not lose hope of relief from the Almighty One, but rather said, “Maybe Allaah will bring them all (back) to me.”

Dear brother! It is only Allaah who deserves all praise and is capable of attending to all complaints. It is only Him you must beseech to remove your misfortunes. Pray to Him during the night with submission and humbleness and request Him to make your affairs easy for you. He says, “Is it not He who responds to the distressed one when he calls Him (better than your gods.)â€‌ (An Naml: 62).

Put your trust in the Omnipotent Lord and take refuge with Him with a humble heart, He will open the doors of His mercy for you. Fudayl Ibn ‘Iyaadh said, “If you lose hope in all people and you do not ask anything from them, your Lord will give you all that you want.” Whoever leaves his affairs to the hands of Allaah will achieve what he aspires: Always recite the prayer of Prophet Yoonus: “None has the right to worshipped except You (O Allaah) Glorifed (and exalted) are You (above all that they associate with You) Truly I have been of the wrong doers. â€‌ (Al Anbiyaa’: 87).

The ‘Ulamaa said, “No one in distress recites this prayer except that Allaah gives him relief from his distress.” Ibn al-Qayyim said, “It has been tested that whoever says: “Verily distress has seized me and You are the most merciful of all those who show mercy!â€‌ (Al Anbiyaa’: 83), Seven times Allaah relieves him of his distress!â€‌ Put then yourself under the protection of Allaah, depend upon Him, submit your affairs to Him and ask Him for relief. Try to supplicate in the most appropriate periods like during prostration and the last hour of the night. Do not feel uneasy if your supplications have not yet been answered, and do not lose hope of Allaah’s mercy even though the period of your affliction may seem long, for relief is near, and continue to pray to Allaah. Also know that when Allaah afflicts you no one except Him is capable of removing that affliction for He does whatever He wills.

If your provision seems delayed, do a lot of Istighfaar, for misdeeds necessitate punishment; and if it does not seem that your supplications are having any impact, then examine yourself, for it may be that you have not been sincere in your repentance. Endeavor also, to give charity to the needy, for charity prevents and removes affliction. However, if your affliction is removed, give a lot of thanks and praise to your Lord and know that a false sense of safety is a big trial. Allaah says, “Say: Nothing shall ever happen to us except what Allaah has ordained for us. He is our Lord and Protector, and in Allaah let the believers put their trustâ€‌ (At-Tawbah: 51).

Dear Muslims! No condition is permanent. Fortunate is he who is always God-conscious. Fear Allaah in any condition you may find yourself. You can do nothing to prevent what has been destined to happen as you do nothing to attain what has not been pre-ordained. The ability to choose and control is with Allaah alone and His choice for His slave is better for him than his choice for himself. Daawood Ibn Sulaimaan said, “Three things indicate the piety of a believer; his trust in Allaah in what he has not attained; his satisfaction with whatever he has attained and his patience over what he has missed.” A wise man was asked, “What is wealth?” He replied, “Fewness of one’s mundane desires and one’s contentment with what suffices him.” Shurayh said, “A slave will not be afflicted by a trial except that he finds three blessings therein, (1) that the trial has nothing to do with his religion, (2) that the trial was not bigger than it is, and (3) that Allaah gives him patience to bear it.”

~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~*~~~

FIVE CATEGORIES OF PATIENCE

By Imâm Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah

Taken from Patience and Gratitude, an abridgement of his original work entitled, “Uddat as-Sâbireen wa Dhâkirat ash-Shâkireen”

© 1997 TA-HA

Source http://www.siraat.org

Five Categories of Patience Patience can also be divided into categories following the five categories of deeds, namely wâjib (obligatory), mandûb (encouraged), mahdhûr (forbidden), makrûh (disliked) and mubâh (permissible).

Obligatory (wâjib) patience

1. Patience in abstaining from forbidden (harâm) things and actions,

2. Patience in carrying out obligatory deeds,

3. Patience in facing adversity which is beyond one’s control, such as illness, poverty, etc.

Encouraged (mandûb) patience

1. Patience in abstaining from disliked (makrûh) things,

2. Patience in performing acts of worship which are liked and encouraged (mustahabb)

3. Patience in refraining from taking revenge.

Forbidden (mahdhûr) patience

1. Patience in abstaining from food and drink until death.

2. Patience in abstaining from eating harâm meat, carrion and blood, when the alternative is death and starvation. Tawus and Ahmad ibn Hanbal said, “Whoever has no choice but to eat carrion, harâm meat and blood, but refuses to eat it and dies as a consequence, will enter Hell.”

3. Patience in refraining from begging. There is a dispute as to whether begging from people is forbidden or permissible. Imam Ahmad said that this kind of patience and abstention is allowed. He was asked, “What if a person fears that if he does not do this, he will die?” Imam Ahmad answered, “No, he will not die. Allâh will send him his due provision (rizq).”Imam Ahmad did not allow begging: when Allâh knows the need of a person and his sincerity in abstaining from begging, Allâh will send him rizq. Other scholars, including some of Imam Ahmad’s companions and Imam ash-Shafi`î said, “It is obligatory on such a person to beg, and if he did not beg, than he would be a wrongdoer, because by begging he protects himself from death.”

4. Patience in enduring things that may lead to death, such as predators, snakes, fire and water.

5. Patience at times of fitnah when the Muslims are fighting Muslims. Patience in abstaining from fighting at such a time, when Muslims are killing Muslims, is mubâh (permissible), indeed it is mustahabb (liked and preferred). When the Prophet (sallallahu alayhi wa salaam) was asked about this, he said, “Be like the better of the two sons of Adam.” In other, similar reports he said, “Be like the slave of Allâh who was killed, and not like the one who has killed,” and “let him (the killer) carry his own wrong action and your wrong action.” In another report, he said, “If the sword is too bright, put your hand on your face.” Allâh has told us the story of the better of the two sons of Adam, and how he surrendered himself and did not fight back, and how Allâh commended him for that. This is different to the case when Muslims are fighting kâfirûn: in that situation the Muslim has to defend himself, because the meaning of Jihad is to defend himself and Islâm.

Disliked (makrûh) patience

1. Patience in abstaining from physical appetites (food, drink, sex) to the extent of causing damage to one’s health.

2. Patience in doing a makrûh deed.

Permissible (mubâh) patience

Patience in abstaining from mubâh deeds.

A penny for your thoughts...

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s