Shaykh Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil Wahhaab al ‘Aqeel

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Question: We know that smoking is prohibited, however what is the evidence that it breaks your fast? What about second hand smoke, does it break ones fast?

Response: Whatever enters your throat may Allaah bless you; is either in the form of food, drink or whatever takes their ruling. Smoke is in reality, something that was previously solid that turned into smoke [by burning in this case]. So if a person breathes in this smoke, [some of it] turns back into a liquid form, and any liquid that enters a person’s throat invalidates his fast.

Smoking is prohibited to begin with, because it is harmful. The scholars state that this smoke turns into a liquid after it is breathed in, and it is this liquid that brakes your fast.

Likewise even Bakhoor (incense), which is a fragrance in the form of smoke, the scholars say that it is not permissible for a fasting person to breathe it in because it turns into a liquid.

As far as second hand smoke, if a smoker is next to you, you must take the necessary precautions by closing your mouth and nostrils, or ask him/her to stop smoking, just as you would do if you came across a small sand storm [i.e you would cover your mouth and nostrils].



Author Unknown

Most Muslims are aware of and try to avoid the major sins in Islam – murder, suicide, adultery, alcohol, gambling, usury, etc. Muslims are forbidden to harm themselves or others. Yet millions of Muslims all over the world are doing just that – harming, even killing themselves and their families. Islamic scholars have historically had mixed views on the subject, and the actions of these Muslims have not been unanimously forbidden or even discouraged.

The danger is tobacco use – cigarette and cigar smoking, chew, etc. The mixed views on the subject came about because cigarettes are a more recent invention and did not exist at the time of the revelation of the Qur’an in the 7th century A.D. Therefore, one cannot find a verse of Qur’an or words of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) saying clearly that “Cigarettee smoking is forbidden.” However, there are many instances where the Qur’an gives us general guidelines, and calls upon us to use our reason and intelligence, and seek guidance from Allah about what is right and wrong. In the Qur’an, Allah says, “…he [the Prophet] commands them what is just, and forbids them what is evil; he allows them as lawful what is good, and prohibits them from what is bad…” (Surah al-Ar’af 7:157). So what are the evils of tobacco use, for your health and for your deen (religion)?

1. Danger to your health

Allah says, “…make not your own hands contribute to your destruction…” (Surah al-Baqarah 2:195); “…nor kill yourselves…” (Surah al-Nisaa 4:29). It is universally understood that cigarette smoking causes a number of health problems that often ultimately result in death. Men who smoke contract lung cancer at 22 times the rate of non-smokers. Smokers are also highly at risk for heart disease, emphysema, oral cancer, stroke, etc. There are hundreds of poisonous and toxic ingredients in the cigarette itself that the smoker inhales straight into the lungs. In an authentic hadith, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said that “Whomsoever drinks poison, thereby killing himself, will sip this poison forever and ever in the fire of Jahannum (Hell).” Over 3 million people worldwide die from smoking-related causes each year.

2. Danger to your family’s health

In the Qur’an, Allah says: “Those who annoy believing men and women undeservedly bear on themselves a glaring sin” (Surat al-Ahzaab 33:58). And the Prophet (peace be upon him) said that “there should be neither harming, nor reciprocating harm.” In another hadith, the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should not hurt his neighbor.” Those around the smoker inhale what is known as “second-hand smoke” – the unfiltered, poisonous waste that goes in the air around the smoker. There are over 4,000 chemicals in cigarette smoke, over 40 of which are known to cause cancer. Second-hand smoke causes or aggravates asthma, bronchitis, and other respiratory problems, especially in children.

3. Addictive

The addiction to tobacco is a physical response that often interferes with one’s life and worship. For example, most Muslims are aware that it is forbidden to smoke during the fasting days of Ramadan. Many of these addicted smokers spend their fasting days sleeping, cranky, and short-tempered, just counting the hours until they can have their fix. There have been times when the most severely addicted will wait outside the masjed door for the adhan, and break their fast by lighting up, before taking even food or water.

4. Noxious Smell

Muslims are advised to refrain from eating raw onions and garlic – simply as a courtesy to those around them. Nobody likes the smell. The same goes even more so for the reek of cigarettes, which permeates everything around the smoker – hair, clothing, home, car, etc. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Whoever has eaten from such greens as garlic, onions or leek should keep away from our mosque.” Many smokers try to hide the smell by using breath mints or perfume. This does not get rid of the smell, it only masks it. Often the combination of smells is even more nauseating.

5. Waste of Money

Allah says, “…But spend not wastefully (your wealth) in the manner of a spendthrift. Verily spendthrifts are brothers of the devils…” {Surah al-Israa’ 17:26-27} And in an authentic hadith the Prophet (peace be upon him) said that: “Allah hates for you three things: gossiping, begging, and wasting money.” In the U.S. and other countries, cigarettes are taxed heavily in order to discourage this habit and reimburse the government for the overwhelming health care costs to care for those afflicted with diseases caused by smoking. Smokers often spend thousands of dollars a year that literally just go up in smoke.

Recent Opinions of Scholars

In more recent times, as these dangers of tobacco use have come to be proven beyond any doubt, scholars have become more unanimous in pronouncing tobacco use clearly haram (forbidden) to believers. They now use the strongest terms to condemn this habit.

How to Quit?

As mentioned, one of the dangers of tobacco is that it is so addicting. It causes a physical response in your body when you try to give it up. Therefore, quitting is often difficult. However, with the help of Allah and the personal commitment to improve yourself for the sake of Allah, and for your own health, it is possible. It is first recommended to make the firm intention, from deep in your heart, to give up this evil habit. Trust in Allah’s words: “…When you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah. For Allah loves those who put their trust in Him. If Allah help you, none can overcome you; if He forsakes you, who is – after that – that can help you? In Allah, then, let believers put their trust” (Surah Al-‘lmran 3:159-160).

Secondly, one must avoid situations where you are used to smoking, and people who do so around you. For example, if you have certain friends who gather together and they all constantly smoke – make a choice (Allah gave you free will to choose!) to stay away from that environment for the time being. At a vulnerable stage, it is too easy to get sucked back in by having “just one.” Remember, tobacco causes a physical addiction and you must stay away completely. Drink a lot of water and keep yourself busy in other endeavors. Go to the masjed. Play sports. And remember the words of Allah: “And those who strive hard in Our Cause, We will certainly guide them to Our Paths, for verily Allah is with those who do right” (Surah al-Ankabut 29:69).

For more information about the proven dangers of smoking, and advice on how to quit, visit’s Smoking Cessation website.

Living With a Smoker

If you live with or are friends with smokers, first of all encourage them to quit, for the sake of Allah, their deen, and their health. If they refuse (and ultimately we will face Allah alone), you have the right to protect your own health and the health of your children. Do not allow it in the house. Do not allow it in enclosed quarters with your family. Even if the smoker is a parent, we are not to obey our parents in things which are forbidden by Allah.



Muhammad al-Jibaly

Introduction: Discovery Of Tobacco

Tobacco was discovered by the Spanish sailors on the American shores at about 1500 CE (900 AH).
Since its discovery, the epidemic of smoking has continued to spread all over the world. In our times,
one seldom finds a house not afflicted by it.

As early as the Seventeenth Century, the European countries realized the dangers of smoking and fought
against it Laws were ordained in England, Russia, Denmark, Sweden, Austria, and other countries,
prohibiting smoking and punishing violators.

Nowadays, the Western countries continue their attempts to protect their peoples from the harms of
smoking. They employ media means, ordain laws and regulations, and apply other methods to
discourage people from smoking. Because of that, the rate of smokers has declined to a certain degree in
those countries.

Smoking Among Muslims

Smoking was introduced to the Muslim countries by the Europeans around 1000 AH. Its spread among
the Muslims was similar to that in the West. The unfortunate fact, however, is that in the Muslim
countries, no similar measures were exerted to protect the people from it. To the contrary, the media
continues to adom smoking and encourage people to do it. This caused the epidemic of smoking to
continue to spread in those countries to such an extent that it has become hard to control.
Smoking has become the rule, and abstaining from it the exception. Often, people look with
astonishment and disdain at a person who when a cigarette is offered to him, declines to smoke
explaining that he does not smoke.

Offering cigaretles to the guests has become among the first rules of hospitality. Anyone who does not
offer them to his guests or insist on them to smoke would be violating the ethics of hospitality and

Furthermore, some of those who pretend to represent the Deen are among the worst addicts to smoking.
When they are reproached or reminded of their vice, they respond by providing weak excuses to justify
it in the name of Islaam. They slyly remark that there is no clear text prohibiting smoking. Therefore,
they conclude, smoking is not prohibited, but is only makruh (disliked). By this, they provide a poor
excuse for the ignorant, and establish a very bad example for others.

Many Muslims have been influenced by such statements, falling into the snares of addiction to smoking.
This is observed all over the world. A striking example is that all American airlines now prohibit
smoking, even on most international flights; on the other hand, for Muslim airlines, one travels in a
near-suffocation state, even on short trips, because of the high number of smokers.

Thus, it becomes incumbent to write an article which provides evidence concerning the ruling of
smoking in Islam. We hope that this will benefit our Muslim brothers and sisters; and we ask Allah (T)
to accept it from us as a sincere deed for His pleasure.


Smoking refers to the action of lighting a cigarette, a pipe, a cigar, a water pipe, or any other object
made from tobacco or materials of similar effects. The object is then sucked on with the lips to extract
smoke. This smoke is inhaled into the chest and then exhaled from the nose and mouth as a thick white
smoke. “Smoking” is now used to refer to the action of producing this smoke in English, Arabic, and
other languages.

Evidence for the Prohibition of Smoking

There are many reasons, any one of which aufficient to rule smoking prohibited. Most importantly, it is
harmful in numerous ways. It is harmful to the Deen, health, environment, family, brotherhood and
social relations, property, etc. The following sections will briefly outline some of its harms and evils.

Haram To The Deen
Smoking spoils a person’s acts of worship and reduces their rewards. For instance, it spoils the prayer,
which is the pillar of Deen. Allah’s Messenger said: Whoever eats garlic or onion, let him avoid
us and our masjid, and stay in his home. The angels are surely hurt by things that hurt the human

Those with clean and undefiled fitrah (nature) have no doubt that the smell emanating from the mouth of
a smoker is worse and more foul than that from the mouth of one who ate garlic or onion. Thus, a
smoker is in between two options, either to harm the praying people and the angels with his foul smell,
or miss the prayer in jama’ah.

Smoking also spoils fasting. Fasting is very hard for the smoker. As soon as the day is over, he hastens
to break his fast on an evil cigarette instead of sweet dates or pure water. Even if he fasts through the
month Ramadan, a smoker is reluctant to fast on other days. Thus he loses the great reward of those who
fast even one day in Allah’s way.

Harm To The Human Body

No one can deny the harm of smoking to the human body. The medical evidence for this is well
established and overwhelming. Because of this, the law in the United States and many other countries
requires including a warning on any smoking advertisement.

Smoking contains poisonous materials, such as nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, arsenic, benzopyrene,
etc., that the smoker swallows in small proportions. Their harm accumulates with time to result in a
gradual killing of the human organs and tissues.

The hazards of smoking to the health are hard to enumerate. Cancer, tuberculosis, heart attacks, asthma,
coughing, premature birth, infertility, infections in the digestive system, high blood pressure,
nervousness, mouth and teeth diseases, etc., are among the many health hazards that have been strongly
linked to smoking.

These diseases may not appear all at once, however a smoker is most likely to suffer from some of them,
and his suffering increases as he grows older. Furthermore, statistics have established that smokers’ age
is, on the average, ten years less than other people’s.

This is aufficient to prohibit smoking. Islam prohibits any action that causes harm to oneself or to other
people. Allah (T) says (what means):

<<Do not kill yourselves, Allah is indeed merciful to you.>> (2)

<<Do not cast yourselves, with your own hands, into destruction.>> (3)

And the Messenger (peace be upon him) says: No harm may be inflicted on oneself or others.(4)

The feet of a human being will not depart, on the day of Judgement, from his standing before his
Lord, until he is questioned about five things: his lifetime – how did he pass it, his youth – how did
he used it, his wealth – where did he earn it and how did he spend it, and how did he follow what
he knew.(5)

Whoever consumes poison, killing himself with it, then he will he consuming his poison in the
hellfire, and he will abide in it permanently and eternally. (6)

Harm To The Mind and Will Power

Smoking is harmful to the human mind and reason. An obvious demonstration of this is that one who is
addicted to it passes through periods of severe craving, making it hard for him to think, concentrate,
solve a problem, or do any important matter, until he smokes.

When one smokes, his muscles slacken, and he passes through a brief period of delirium that curtains
the thought. His digestive system is also affected, causing him frequent nervousness and trembling of
the hands. He passes through periods of excitability, in itation, and insomnia.

Thus, instead of being Allah’s slave, a smoker becomes slave to his cigarette. He develops a weaker
control of his sense and reason. The faculty of reason, clear and unobstructed, is one of Allah’s great
bounties on people. He (T) praised it in numerous places of the Qur’an; and He called on people to use it
to see the truth and obey Him in a better way. Allah wants of the believer to be strong and capable of
controlling the reigns of his desires. He (T) said (what means):

<<AIIah (T) wants to let you into His mercy, whereas those who follow the desires want you to
drift far away (from the right path).>>(7)

Harm To The Environment
A smoker emits his poisons in the faces of his companions, wife, children, and the environment. It is
well established that second-hand smoke is almost as dangerous as first-hand. Thus, whether they like it
or not, a smoker’s associates are forced to inhale the smoke and be themselves smokers as well.

In addition to the poisons normally carried in the smoke, if a smoker has an contagious disease, such as
tuberculosis or influenza, his exhaled smoke and coughing carry the disease to those around him.

Furthermore, a smoker irritates people by the foul smell and poisonous nature of his smoking. If they
suffer from asthma or allergies, they are forced to move away from his vicinity. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said:
Anyone who believes in Allah and the Last Day should not hurt his neighbor. (8)

Thus, smoking constitutes a definite harm to other people; this is prohibited, as was indicated in the
hadith cited earlier.

Also, a smoker is certainly a bad companion to sit with, as is depicted in the following hadith:
Verily, the example of a good companion and a bad one is like that of a perfume merchant and a
blacksmith: As for the perfume merchant, he would either grant you (some perfume), or you
would buy (some perfume) from him, or (in the least) you would get a good smell from him. And
as for the blower of the bellows (ironsmith), you would either get a foul odor from him, or he
would burn your clothes.(9)

Harm To The Property

A smoker wastes his wealth on that which harms and has no benefit; he will be asked about his wealth
and how he spent it, as has been cited in the hadith earlier. His wealth belongs to Allah, so how would
he dare to waste it in disobedience to Him? Allah (T) says (what means):

<<And do not entrust to the imprudent ones the possessions that Allah has placed in your charge..

<<And do not waste (your resources) extravagantly. Indeed the squanderers are the brethren of
the devils>>(11)

And the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allah hates for you three things: gossiping, begging, and wasting

Furthermore, there are numerous cases of burnt carpets, furniture, and even complete houses and
establishments that have resulted from this disastrous vice.

Moral Decadence

Smoking is a form of moral decadence. It is most spread among the low-class immoral people. It reflects
blind imitation of the non-Muslims. It is mostly consumed in bars, discos, casinos, and other: places of
sin. A smoker may beg or steal if he does not have the money to buy cigarettes. He is ill-mannered with
his friends and family, especially when he misses taking his necessary “dose” at the usual time.

Evil Substance

Smoking involves the consumption of an evil substance (khabeeth). It has a foul smell, foul taste, and is
harmful to the body. This is aufficient to: prohibit it, because Allah (T) says (what means):

<<(The Prophet) who will enjoin upon them the doing of what is right, forbid them the doing of
what is wrong, make lawful to them the good things of life, prohibit for them the evil things, and
lift from them their burdens and the shackles that were (previously) upon them.>>(13)

Resembling The People Of The Fire

A smoker inhales the smoke that does not give him any nourishment. This is similar to the action of the
people of the Hell fire who eat harmful thorny plants:

<<No food will be there for them but a poisonous thorny plant, which will neither nourish them
nor still their hunger.>>(14)

Bad Example

A smoker, whether he likes it or not, makes of himself an example for his children and others to follow.
He leads them to commit this evil. Actions sometimes have a stronger effect than words. Thus, even if
he advises them or forbids them from smoking, his partaking of it provides them with a strong excuse to
do it.

The problem is worse when the smoker is of known piety or knowledge. In such case, his harm becomes
more emphasized, because more people take him as guide and example, and are thus lead astray by him.
This multiplies his sins and increases his burden.

Hostility Toward The Good People

The majority of good people avoid smoking and stay away from smokers. Therefore, a smoker would be
forced to stay away from them – at least while he smokes. He puts himself in a selective exile, creating a
spiritual distance and hostility between him and the good people, and a closeness to the evil people. The
effects of this become more apparent and acute with time. Note that this applies equally to any sin that a
person commits, small or large.

Low Self Esteem

A smoker despises himself, because he feels that a little cigarette is controlling him. Realizing his
weakness before desires, this creates in him a feeling of defeat in the face of hardships.

Scholars’ Verdict

Since smoking became known to Muslims, all of the great scholars who have the capability of Ijtihad
(deriving verdicts in new situations) agree to its prohibition. Thus, there is no value for baseless
opinions, conflicting with this, provided by self-proclaimed lesser scholars.


In discussing the subject of the prohibition of smoking, there are some important warnings that need to
be mentioned:

1. As indicated before, the prohibition of smoking is not restricted to cigarettes, but applies as well
to other objects that have similar effects such as cigars, pipes, water-pipes, chewing tobacco or
sniffing tobacco, etc.
2. The reasons mentioned above for prohibiting smoking apply as well, and more strongly, to
various types of drugs and hashish such as marijuana and -tat. These materials have additional
problems such as causing drunkenness, death, madness, etc.
3. The prohibition of smoking is not restricted to consuming it, but applies as well to offering it to
people, sitting with those who are smoking, or selling it. All of this involves helping people
commit sins, which is prohibited, as Allah (T) says (what means):
<<Help one another in righteousness and piety, and do not help one another in sinning and
transgression. And fear and revere Allah; verily, Allah is severe in punishment.>>(15)
Also, Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said: Indeed when Allah prohibits something, he prohibits
eating its price. (16)

Treating the Disease of Smoking

Only few of those addicted to smoking are able to stop it. The reasons for this are many, among which
are the following:

a. The addictive nature of the poisonous substances contained in it.
b. The smokers are not totally convinced of its prohibition.
c. They do not have a strong determination to refrain from it.

The following are some suggestions to help a person stop smoking:

1. Rely on Allah sincerely, with full determination not to return to smoking, in compliance with
Allah’s command:
<<When you decide on a certain course of action, place your trust in Allah.>>(17)
2. Stop immediately instead of claiming it is best to do it gradually. The gradual approach is the way
of one who does not trust his determination and the will power that Allah has granted him. Let the
example be taken from the Sahabah who, as soon as Allah’s command reached them regarding
<<Will you not then desist?>>(18) they immediately poured out all the alcohol that they had and
said, “We desist our Lord, we desist!” They did this despite the fact that alcohol has a greater
addictive power over those who drink it.
3. Avoid the bad company of smokers and smoking environments that are full with the smell of
4. Change the food diet by abstaining from foods and drinks that would entice the craving to smoke
such as spices, meat, tea, and coffee; and eating a lot of vegetables and fruits.
5. Use medically tested and established procedures to help stop smoking, as directed by physicians,
such as nicotine patches, nicotine gum, etc.
6. Expel the secret whispers of Satan who continuously dictates to the human being that he is weak
and incapable of refraining from sinning, as Allah (T) says (what means)
<<It is but Satan who instills (into you) fear of his allies; so do not fear them, but fear Me if
you are (truly) believers.. >>(19)
<<Fight then against the allies of Satan; indeed, Satan’s guile is weak.. >> (20)


“The Ruling of Smoking” by Muhammad bin Ibraaheem (r)
“The Ruling of Smoking” by `Abdur-Rahman Bin Naasir as-Sa`di (r).
“The Ruling of Smoking” by `Abdul-`Aziz Bin ‘Abdullaah Bin Baaz.
“The Ruling of Smoking” by Muhammad Bin Salih al-‘Uthaymin.
Hukm ul-lslami fit-Tadkhin by Muhammad Jamil Zinu.
Hukm ud-Dini fil-Lihyati wat-Tadkhin by ‘Ali Hasan al-Halabi.
“Smoking and Its Effects on Health” by Dr. Muhammad ‘Ali al-Barr.


Al-Bukhaari and Muslim from Jabir and other Sahaabah .
An-Nisa’ 4-29.
Al-Baqarah 2:195.
Recorded by Ahmad and Ibn Maajah from Ibn `Abbaas and `Ubaadah; authenticated by al-Albaani
and others.
Recorded by at-Tirmithi and others from Ibn Mas`ud and AbO Barzah ,
authenticated by al-Albaani.
Al-Bukhaari and Muslim from Jaabir
An-Nisa 4:27.
Al-Bukhaari and Muslim.
An-Nisa 4:5.
Al-lsra’ 17:26-27.
Al-Bukhaari and Muslim.
Al-A’raf 7:157.
Al-Ghaashiyah 88:6-7.
Al-Maidah 5:2.
Recorded by Ahmad and Abu Dawud from Ibn `Abbas; authenticated by al-Albaani.
Al-‘lmran 3:159
Al-Maa’idah 5 91
Al-`Imraan 3:175.
An-Nisaa’ 4:76.


9 thoughts on “Smoking”

  1. Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh.
    Very educational article MashaAllah.
    Many tell themselves lies that allow them to smoke with some level of comfort. The excuse they make we have time to quit…that cancer doesn’t run in our family…that we can quit any time we want to…that the bad things happen to other people. And because smoking is typically a slow killer, those lies support the framework of our wall of denial for years and years.
    Eventually though, most smokers find that the wall begins to crumble, and bit by bit, smoking becomes a fearful, anxious activity. This is when most smokers start seriously thinking about how they might find a way to quit smoking for good.
    Tobacco offers us a life of slavery, a host of chronic, debilitating illnesses and ultimately death. And think about it: We pay big bucks for those “benefits.” Sad, but true.
    Take your life back!
    If you’re a smoker wishing you could quit, make your mind up to dig your heels in and do the work necessary to get this addiction off your back now. You’ll never regret it.

  2. Sarah- Wa alaikum salam wa rahmatullah wa barakatuh. Masha’Allah thanks. Smokers should realize that they are being ungrateful and abusing the body that Allah gave them. He also granted them good health but they seem oblivious to this blessing. To me, smoking is akin to suicide…smokers are slowly killing themselves with cancer sticks. And they are harming others with second hand smoke! Additionally, they attract the jinn. They should fear Allah and stop for His sake alone and then for their health.

  3. The pity thing is only non-smokers are reading these articles and think about them, while smokers are completely ignorant about it. Insha’Allah Allah(cc) will end this torment.

  4. Smoking like other addictions is all about craving. (Excess sweet, food, shopping addictions etc similarly all are from a place of craving). I believe that to all cravings there is a spiritual not just physical dimension. Just as bacteria and viruses can enter our bodies and subvert us from good health, dangerous spiritual entities can enter our beings, sabotaging and breaking our will and subverting us from following Allah. In Islam these spiritual entities that effectively work as Sheytan’s army are the Jinn. Sheytan and Jinn can’t turn everyone into a murderer or thief but they can put enough wass – wass into the ear of a vulnerable human being to create mental illness or addiction and a range of other things. When I finally successfully gave up smoking I recognised that the craving was not originating from me but an outside entity (Jinn) sent to weaken my conviction & make me lose my confidence. Each time I got a craving for cigarettes I firmly recited al Falaq & stated to the cigarette craving Jinn that they are expelled from my life. I would then ask Allah to give me His full protection from the Jinn and Satan. I asked God directly to not leave me in harms way and provide me with spiritual protection. I ask all who are fighting addiction to not “own your addiction “. But disown it. It’s from hell. Wass – Wass (the Devils hell chatter) is from Sheytan. Keep taking refuge in God and not give in. Read Surat al Jinn & recognise that the Jinn are real. Allah help all

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