THE CHARITY MOST REWARDED
Abu Hurairah (RAA) reported that a man asked the messenger of Allah (SAW) about what charity is rewarded most. The messenger of Allah (SAW) said what translated means: “(The charity that is most rewarded is) To give when you are healthy, anxious to accumulate money, afraid of poverty and hoping for wealth, not wait until you are on your death bed to say: give this (money) to so and so and this to so and so and this person had that. ” Sahih Al-Bukhari
CHARITY REQUIRED OF EVERY MUSLIM
Abu Moosa Al-Ash’aree (RAA) reported that the messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “Every Muslim is required to offer charity. ” The companions said: “Oh messenger of Allah, what if one did not find any (excess money to give in charity)?” He (SAW) said: “He should employ his hands in work and thus benefit himself and give in charity.” The companions asked: “Oh messenger of Allah, what if one could not?” He (SAW) answered: “Then he can assist someone who is desperately in need for something.” The companions asked: “Oh messenger of Allah, what if one could not? ” He (SAW) replied: “Let him do good and abstain from evil. That will be charity for him.” Sahih Al-Bukhari
TYPES OF SADAQAH
Fiqh Us-Sunnah 3.98
Sadaqah is not restricted to any special deed of righteousness. The general rule is that all good deeds are sadaqah. Some of them are as follows:
The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said: “Every Muslim has to give sadaqah.” The people asked: “O Prophet of Allah, what about the one who has nothing?” He said: “He should work with his hands to give sadaqah.” They asked: “If he cannot find [work]?” He replied: “He should help the needy who asks for help.” They asked: “If he cannot do that?” He replied: “He should then do good deeds and shun evil, for this will be taken as sadaqah.” This is related by al-Bukhari and others.
The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said: “Sadaqah is prescribed for every person every day the sun rises. To administer justice between two people is sadaqah. To assist a man upon his mount so that he may ride it is sadaqah. To place his luggage on the animal is sadaqah. To remove harm from the road is sadaqah. A good word is sadaqah. Each step taken toward prayer is sadaqah.” This is related by Ahmad and others.
Abu Dhar al-Ghafari said: “The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said: ‘Sadaqah is for every person every day the sun rises.’ I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, from what do we give sadaqah if we do not possess property?’ He said: ‘The doors of sadaqah are takbir [i.e., to say: Allahu-akbar, Allah is Great]; Subhan-Allah [Allah is free from imperfection]; Alhamdulillah [all praise is for Allah]; La -ilaha-illallah [there is no god other than Allah]; Astaghfirul-lah [I seek forgiveness from Allah]; enjoining good; forbidding evil; removing thorns, bones, and stones from the paths of people; guiding the blind; listening to the deaf and dumb until you understand them; guiding a person to his object of need if you know where it is; hurrying with the strength of your legs to one in sorrow who is appealing for help; and supporting the weak with the strength of your arms. These are all the doors of sadaqah. [The sadaqah] from you is prescribed for you, and there is a reward for you [even] in sex with your wife.’ ” This is related by Ahmad, and the wording is his. According to Muslim, they said: “O Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, is there a reward if one satisfies his passion?” He said: “Do you know that if he satisfies it unlawfully he has taken a sin upon himself? Likewise, if he satisfies it lawfully, he is rewarded.”
It is related following Abu Dhar that the Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said: “Sadaqah is prescribed for each descendant of Adam every day the sun rises.” It was asked: “O Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, from what do we give sadaqah every day?” He said: “The doors of goodness are many–the tasbih [to say ‘Subhaan-Allah’], the tamhid [to say ‘Alhamdu lillah’], the tahlil [to say ‘La-ilaha-illallah], enjoining good, forbidding evil, removing harm from the road, listening to the deaf, leading the blind, guiding one to the object of his need, hurrying with the strength of one’s legs to one in sorrow who is asking for help, and supporting the feeble with the strength of one’s arms–all of these are sadaqah prescribed for you.” This is related by Ibn Hibban in his Sahih. Al-Bukhari related it in a shortened form and added in his report: “Your smile for your brother is sadaqah. Your removal of stones, thorns, or bones from the paths of people is sadaqah. Your guidance of a person who is lost is sadaqah.”
The Messenger of Allah also said: “He from among you who is able to protect himself from the Fire should give sadaqah, even if but with half a date. If he does not find it, then with a good word.” The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said: “Allah, the Majestic and Mighty, shall say on the Day of Judgment: ‘O son of man! I was ill and you did not visit me.’ He will reply: ‘O my Lord! How could I visit You and You are the Lord of the Worlds?’ Allah shall say: ‘Did you not know that My slave, so-and-so, was ill and you did not visit him? If you had visited him, you would have found Me with him. O son of man! I asked you for food and you did not give it to me.’ He will reply: ‘O my Lord! How could I give You food–You are the Lord of the Worlds?’ Allah shall say: ‘Did you not know that My slave, so-and-so, asked you for food and you did not give it to him? Did you not know that if you had given the food, you would have found that with Me? O son of man! I asked you to quench My thirst and you did not.’ He will say: ‘O my Lord! How could I quench Your thirst–You are the Lord of the Worlds?’ Allah shall say: ‘My slave, so-and-so, asked you to quench his thirst and you did not. If you had given him to drink, you would have found that with Me.’ ” This is related by Muslim.
The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said: “A Muslim does not plant or sow anything from which a person, an animal, or anything eats but it is considered as sadaqah from him.” This is related by al-Bukhari.
The Messenger of Allah, upon whom be peace, said: “Every good deed is sadaqah. To meet your brother with a smiling face and to pour out from your bucket into his container are sadaqah.”
By Shaykh Ahmed Fareed
© JIMAS 1996
From the morals and manners of the Salaf was that they would practice abundant charity with ah that was beyond their needs, day and night, secretly and openly. Whoever did not have food or wealth to spend, they would be charitable by sparing the people their harms and by bearing the harms of others.
Allaah the Most High said, “Those who spend their wealth by night and day, in secret and in public, shall have their reward with their Lord. On them shall be no fear nor shall they grieve.” [Sooratul-Baqarah (2):274] He also said, “You shall not attain piety (birr) until you spend out of that which you love. Whatever good you spend Allaah knows well.” [Soorah Aali-‘lmraan (3):92]
‘Abdul-‘Azeez ibn ‘Umair (rahimahullaah), said, “Salaat will reach you half the road, fasting lets you reach the door of the king, and charity allows you to enter into the king’s company.” He also used to say, “Wealth to us are deposits for generosity.” Their manners was to smile cheerfully at the face of the beggar and not to suspect him. They would always think that he only begged out of dire need.
Sufyaan ath-Thawri (rahimahullaah), used to be overjoyed if he saw beggar at his door saying, “Welcome to the one who has come wash my sins.”
Fudhayl ibn ‘Iyaad (rahimahullah), said, “Beggars are such good people! They carry our provision to the Afterlife without pay me until they place it on the scale in front of Allaah the Most High.”